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A C S C E N E I. An Antichenker in the English Court, at Kenelworth. Enter the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Bishop
I'll tell you, that self bill is rg’d, Which, in the eleventh year o'the last king's reign, Was like, and had indeed against us past, But that the scambling' and unquiet time Did push it out of further question. Ely. But how, my lord, shall we resist it now Cant. It must be thoughton. If it pass against us, We lose the better half of our possession: For all the temporal lands, which men devout By testament have given to the church, ould they strip from us; being valued thus, As much as would maintain to the king's honour, Full fifteen earls, and fifteen hundred knights; Six thousand and two hundred good esquires; And, to relief of lazars, and weak age, Of indigent and faint souls, past corporal toil, A hundred alms-houses, right well supply'd; And to the coffers of the king, beside, A thousand pounds by the year: Thus runs the bill. Ely. This would ğ. deep. Cant. 'Twould drink the cup and all. Ely. But what prevention : Cant. The king is full of grace, and fair regard. Ely. And a true lover .# the holy church. Cant. The courses of his youth promis'd it not. The breath no sooner left his father's body, But that his wildness, mortify'd in him, Seem'd to die too: yea, at that very moment, Consideration like an angel came, And whipp'd the offending Adam out of him; Leaving his body as a paradise, To envelop and contain celestial spirits. Never was such a sudden scholar made: Never came reformation in a flood", With such a heady current, scouring faults; Nor never Hydra-headed wilfulness So soon did lose his seat, and all at once, As in this king. Ely. We are blessed in the change. Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity, And, all-admiring, with an inward wish You would desire, the king were made a prelate: "Hear him debate of common-wealth affairs, You would say, it hathbeen all-and-all his study: List his discourse in war, and you shall hear
* Meaning, when every one scambled, i.e., scrambled and shifted for himself as well as he could. g to the method by which Hercules cleansed the Augean stables when he turned a river through *That is, his theory must have been taught by art and practice. Theoric or the origue is “ i. e. The wild fruit so called, which grows in the woods. creasing in its proper power. The passages of his titles are the linésof succession by which his claims
*Alludin them. what terminates in speculation.
descend. Unlikidon is open, clear.
- And, generally, to the crown and so at of France,
A fearful battle render'd you in music:
Turn him to any cause of policy,
The Gordian knot of it he will unloose,
Familiar as his garter; that, when he speaks,
5|The air, a charter'd libertine, is still,
And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears,
To steal his sweet and honey'd sentences;
So that the art, and practic part of life
Must be the mistress to this theorique': -
Which is a wonder, how his grace should glean it,
Since his addiction was to courses vain;
His companies unletter'd, rude, and shallow;
His hours fill'd up with riots, banquets, sports;
And never noted in him any study,
Any retirement, any sequestration
From open haunts and popularity.
Ely. The strawberry grows underneath the
And wholesome berries thrive, and ripen best,
Neighbour'd by fruit of baser quality: . .
And so the prince obscur'd his contemplation
Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt,
Grew like the summer grass, fastest by night,
Unseen, yet crescive in his faculty".
Cant. It must be so: for miracles are ceas'd :
And therefore we must needs admit the means,
How things are perfected.
Ely. But, my good lord,
How now for mitigation of this bill .
Urg'd by the commons? Doth his majesty
Incline to it, or no?
Cant. He seems indifferent; -
Or, rather, swaying more upon our part,
Than cherishing the exhibiters against us:
For I have made an offer to his majesty,+
Upon our spiritual convocation;
And in regard of causes now in hand,
Which I have open'd to his grace at large,
As touching France,—to give a greater sum |
Than ever at one time the clergy yet
Did to his predeeessors part withdl.
Ely. How did this offer seem receiv'd, my lord?
Cant. With good acceptance of his majesty :
Save, that there was not time enough to hear
(As, I perceiv'd, his grace would sain have dene)-
The severals, and unhidden passages.
Of his true titles" to some certain dukedoms:
Deriv'd from Edward, his great grandfather.
Ely. What was the impediment that broke this
Cant.The French ambassador, upon that instant,
Crav'd audience: and the hour, I think, is come,
To give him hearing ; Is it four o'clock?
Ely. It is.
Cant. Then go we in, to know his embassy; 5
Which I could, with a ready guess, declare,
Before the Frenchman speaks a word of it.
Ely. I'll wait upon you; and 1 long to hear it.
S C E N E II. 10
Opens to the presence.
Snter King Henry, Gloster, Bedford, Warwick,
Westmoreland, and Exeter.
K. Henry. Where is my gracious lord of Can-
- terbury : 15
Ere. Not here in presence.
K. Henry. Send for him, good uncle".
#est. Shall we call in the ambassador, my liege?
K. Henry. Not yet, my cousin; we would be
Before we hear him, of some things of weight,
That task our thoughts’, concerning usand France.
Enter the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Bishop
Cant. God, and his angels, guard your sacred|25
And make you long become it!
K: Henry. Sure, we thank you.
My learned lord, we pray you to proceed;
And justly and religiously unfold, 30
Why the i. Salique, that they love in France,
Or should, or should not, bar us in our claim.
And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord,
That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your
Qr nicely charge your understanding soul
With opening titles' miscreate, whose right
Suits not in native colours with the truth;
For God doth know, how many, now in health,
Shall drop their blood in approbation " 40
Of what your reverence shall incite us to:
Therefore take heed how you impawn our person,
How you awake the sleepingsword of war;
We charge you in the name of God, take heed:
For never two such kingdoms did contend, 45
Without much fall of blood; whose guiltless drops
Are every one a woe, a sore complaint,
'Gainst him, whose wrong gives edge unto the
That makes such waste in brief mortality. 50
Under this conjuration, speak, my lord;
For we will hear, note, and believe in heart,
That what you speak is in your conscience wash'd
As pure as sin with baptism.
ant. Then hear ine, gracious sovereign, and 55
That owe your lives, your faith, and services,
To this imperial throne;— There is no bar
To make against your highness' claim to France,
But this, which they produce from Pharamond,-60
In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant,
Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze
To be the realm of France, and Pharamond
The founder of this law and female bar.
Yet their own authors faithfully affirm,
That the land Salique lies in Germany,
Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe:
Where Charles the great, having subdu'd the
There left behind and settled certain French;
Who, holding in disdain the German women,
For some dishonest manners of their life,
Establish'd there this law, to wit, no female
Should be inheritrix in Salique land;
Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Flbe and Sala,
Is at this day in Germany call’d—Meisen.
|Thus doth it well appear, the Salique law
Was not, devised for the realm of France:
Nor did the French possess the Salique land
Until four hundred one and twenty years
After defunction of king Pharamond,
Idly suppos'd the founder of this law;
Who died within the year of our redemption
Four hundred twenty-six; and Charles the great
Subdu'd the Saxons, and did seat the Frenc
Beyond the river Sala, in the year -
Eight hundred five. Besides, their writers say,
King Pepin, which deposed Childerick,
Did, as heir general, being descended
Of Blithild, which was daughter to king Clothair,
Make claim and title to the crown of #. -
Hugh Capet also, that usurp'd the crown
Of Charles the duke of Lorain, sole heir male
Of the true line and stock of Charles the great,
To fine" his title with some shew of truth,
(Though, in pure truth, it was corrupt and naught)
Convey'd himself as heir to the lady Lingare,
Daughter to Charlemain, who was the son
To Lewis the emperor, and Lewis the son -
Of Charles the great. Also king Lewis the ninth,
Who was sole heir to the usurper Capet, -
Could not keep quiet in his conscience,
Wearing the crown of France, ’till satisfy'd
That fair queen Isabel, his grandmother,
Was lineal of the lady Ermengare,
Daughter to Charles the foresaid duke of Lorain;
By the which marriage, the line of Charles the great
Was re-united to the crown of France.
So that, as clear as is the summer's sun,
King Pepin's title, and Hugh Capet's claim,
King Lewis his satisfaction, all appear
To hold in right and title of the female: -
So do the kings of France unto this day;
Howbeit they would hold up this Salique law,
To bar your highness claiming from the female;’
And rather chuse to hide them in a net,
Tian amply to imbare’ their crookd titles,
Usurp'd from you and your progenitors. -
K. Henry. May 1, with right and conscience,
make this claum
Cant. The sin upon my head, dread sovereigii;
For in the book of Numbers it is writ—
No woman shall succeed in Salique land.
"John Holland, duke of FXeter, was married to Elizabeth the king's aunt. -
our mind busied with scruples and laborious disquisi
supporting that title which shall be now set up.
* i.e. to make it she: y -
is by some appearance of justice.
When the son dies, let the inheritance
- , - - - - -
* Meaning, keep
tions. 'i.e. spuriots. ... ." i.e.-in-proving and
‘This whole speech is copied from Holished.
'i.e. lay open, display to view.
Descend unto the daughter. Gracious lord,
Stand for your own; unwind your bloody flag;
Look back unto your mighty ancestors:
Go, my dread lord, to your great grandsire's tomb,
From whom you claim; invoke his warlike spirit,
And your great uncle's, Edward the black prince;
Who on the French ground play’d a tragedy,
Making defeat on the full power of France;
Whiles his most mighty father on a hill
Stood smiling, to behold his lion's whelp
Forage in blood of French nobility.—
Q noble English, that could entertain
With half their forces the full pride of France;
And let another half stand laughing by,
All out of work, and cold for action
Ely. Awake remembrance of these valiant dead,
And with your puissant arm renew their feats:
You are # heir, you sit upon their throne;
The blood and courage that renowned them,
Runs in your veins; and my thrice-puissant liege
Is in the very May-morn of his youth,
Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprizes.
Are. Your brother kings and monarchs of the
Do all expect that you should rouse yourself,
As did the former lions of your blood.
h'est. They know, your grace hath cause, and
means and might;
Sohath your highness; never king of England
Had nobles richer, and more loyal subjects;
Whoseheartshavelefutheir bodies herein England,
And lie pavilion'd in the fields of France.
Cant. O, let their bodies follow, my dear liege,
With blood, and sword, and fire, to win your right:
In aid whereof, wo of the spiritualty
Will raise your highness such a mighty sum,
As never did the clergy at one time
Bring in to any of your ancestors. [French;
K. Henry. W. must not only arm to invade the
But lay down our proportions to defend
Against the Scot, who will make road upon us
W. all advantages. [reign,
Cant. They of those marches', gracious sove-
Shall be a wall sufficient to defend
Our inland from the pilfering borderers. [only,
K.Henry.We do not mean the coursing snatchers
But fear the main intendment of the Scot,
Who hath been still a giddy neighbour to us:
For you shall read that my great grandfather
Never went with his forces into France,
But that the Scot on his unfurnish'd kingdom
Came pouring, like the tide into a breach,
With ample and brim fulness of his force;
Galling . gleaned land with hot assays;
Girding with grievous siege castles and towns;
That ... being empty of defence,
Hath shook, and trembled at the ill neighbourhood.
Cant. She hath been then more fear'd than
- harn'd, my liege:
For hear her but exampled by herself-
Who all her chivalry hath been in France,
And she a mourning widow of her nobles,
She hath herself not only well defended,
But taken, and impounded as a stray,
5 The king of Scots; whom she did send to France,
To fill king Edward's fame with prisoner kings;
And make your chronicle as rich with praise,
As is the ouze and bottom of the sea
With sunken wreck and sumless treasuries.
10| Ere. But there's a saying very old and true,
If that you will France win,
Then with Scotland first begin:
For once the eagle England being in prey, -
To her unguarded nest the weases Scot
15|Comes sneaking, and so sucks her princely eggs;
Playing the mouse, in absence of the cat,
To taint and havock more than she can eat.
Ely. It follows then, the cat must stay at home:
Yet that is but a curs'd' necessity;
20|Since we have locks to safeguard necessaries,
And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves.
While that the armed hand doth fight abroad,
The advised head defends itself at home:
For government, though high, and low, and lower,
25|Put into parts, doth keep in one consent";
Congruing in a full and natural close,
Like musick. -
Cant. True: therefore doth heaven divide
The state of man in divers functions,
30 Setting endeavour in continual motion;
To which is fixed, as an aim or butt,
Obedience": for so work the honey bees;
Creatures, that, by a rule in nature, teach
The art of order to a peopled kingdom.
35|They have a king, ..". of sorts:
Where some, like magistrates, correct at home;
Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad;
Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings,
Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds;
40|Which pillage they with merry march bring home
To the tent royal of their emperor:
Who, busy'd in his majesty, surveys
The singing masons building roofs of gold;
The civil citizens kneading up the honey;
43|The poor mehanick porters crowding in
Their heavy burdens at his narrow gate;
The sad-ey'd justice, with his surly hum,
Delivering o'er to executors pale
The lazy yawning drone. I this infer,
50|That many things, having full reference
To one consent, may work contrariously;
As many arrows, loosed several ways,
Fly to one mark;
As many several ways meet in one town;
55As many fresh streams run in one self sea;
As many lines close in the dial's centre;
So may a thousand actions, once afoot,
End in one purpose, and be all well borne
Without defeat. Therefore to France, my liege.
60 Divide your happy England into four;
*The marches are the borders, the limits, the confines. Hence the Lords Marchers, i.e. the lords presidents of the marches, &c. *i.e. inconstant, changeai.le. i.e. an unfortunate necessity, or a necessity to be erecrated. * Consent is unison. * The sense is, that all endeavour is to ter
minate in obedience, to be subordinate to the public good and general design of government.
is his beadle, war is his vengeance; so that here
mea are punished, for before-breach of the king's
laws, in now the king's quarrel: where they
feared the death, they have borne life away; and
where they would be safe, they perish: Then if 5
they die unprovided, no more is the king guilty of
their damnation, than he was before guilty of those
impieties for the which they are now visited.—
Every subject's duty is the King's; but every sub-
ject's soul is his own. Therefore should every 10
soldier in the wars do as every sick man in his
bed, wash every moth out of his conscience; and
dying so, deathis to him advantage; or not dying,
the time was blessedly lost, wherein such prepa-
ration was gained; and, in him that escapes, it 15
were not sit to think, that, making God so free an
offer, he let him out-live that day to see his great-
ness, and to teach others how they should pre-
to ill.’ Tis certain, that every man that dies ill, 20
the iii is upon his own head, ine king is not to
answer for it.
Bates. I do not desire he should answer for me:
and yet I deterinine to fight lustily for him.
A. Henry. I myself heard the king say, he would '3
not be ransom'd.
hill. Ay, he said so, to make us fight chear.
fully: but, when our throats are cut, he may be
ransom'd, and we ne'er the wiser.
A. Henry. If I live to see it, I will never trust 30
his word after.
#ill. You pay him then! that's a perilous shot
out of an elder gun', that a poor and private dis-
pleasure can do against a monarch' you may as
well go about to turn the sun to ice, with fanning|35
in his face with a peacock's feather. You'll never
trust his word after! come, ’tis a foolish saying.
A. Henry. Your reproof is something too round:
I should be angry with you, if the time were con-
Hill. Let it be a quarrel between usif you live.
K. Henry. I embrace it.
Hill. How shall I know thee again?
K. Henry. Give me any gage of thine, and I
will wear it in my bonnet: then, if ever thoujo,
dar'stacknowledge it, I will make it my quarrel.
Will. Here's my glove; give me another of
K. Henry. Indeed, the French may lay twenty French crowns to one, they will beat us; for 'hey bear them on their shoulders: But it is no 2nglish treason to cut French crowns; and, to morrow, the king himself will be a clipper.
Upon the king' let us our lives, our souls.
t)ur debts, our careful wives, our children, and
Our sins, lay on the king; he must bear all.
O hard condition' twin-born with greatness,
Subjected to the breath of every fool, [ing!
Whose sense no more can feel but his own wring-
What infinite heart's ease must kings neglect,
that private men enjoy ; and what have kings,
That privates have not too, save ceremony?
Save general ceremony?
And what art thou, thou idol ceremony?
What kind of God art thou, that suffer'st more
Of mortal griefs, than do thy worshippers?
What are thy rents? what are thy comings-in?
() ceremony, show me but thy worth !
What is thy soul, O adoration?
Art thou alight else but place, degree, and form,
Jreating awe and fear in other men
Wherein thou art less happy being fear'd,
I han they in fearing.
What drink'st thou ost, instead of homage sweet,
3ut poison'd flattery? O, be sick, great greatness,
And bid thy ceremony give thee cure!
Think'st thou, the fiery fever will go out
With titles blown from adulation? -
Will it give place to flexure and low bending
Can'st thou, when thou cominand'st the beggar's
Command the health of it? No, thou proud
That play'st so subtly with a king's repose,
I am a king, that find thee; and I know,
'i is uot the balm, the scepter, and the ball,
The sword, the mace, the crown imperial,
The enter-tissued robe of gold and pearl,
The fared’ title running 'fore the king,
The throne he sits on, nor the tide of pomp
That beats upon the high shore of the world,
No, not all these, thrice-gorgeous ceremony,
Not all these, laid in bed majestical,
Çan sleep so soundly as the wretched slave;
Who, with a body fill'd, and vacant mind,
thine. Gets him to rest, cramm'd with distressful bread,
A. Henry. There. Will. This will I also wear in my cap: if ever 50 thou come to me and say, after to-morrow, This is my glore, by this hand, I will take thee a box on the ear. K. Henry. If ever I live to see it, I will challenge it. Hill. Thou dar'st as well be hang'd. K. Henry. Well, I will do it, though I take thee in the king's company. Hill. Keep thy wo fare thee well. Bates. Befriends, you English fools, befriends;|60
Never sees horrid night, the child of hell;
But, like a lacquey, from the rise to set,
Sweats in the eye of Phoebus, and all night
Sleeps in Elysium; next day, after dawn,
Doth rise, and help Hyperion to his horse;
And follow so the ever-running year
With profitable labour, to his grave:
And, but for ceremony, such a wretch,
Winding up days with toil, and nights with sleep,
Had tile fore-hand and vantage of a king.
The slave, a member of the country's peace,
Enjoys it; but in gross brain little wots,
What watch the king keeps to maintain the peace,
we have French quarrels enough, if you could tell how to reckon.
Whose hours the peasant best advantages.
spleasure that an elder gun can do against a cannon. * Fared is stuffed
Now, my lord Constable 45
Con. Hark, how our steeds for present service neigh! Dau. \o them, and make incision in their hides; That their hot blood may spin in English eyes, And daunt them with supertiuous courage. Ha! Ram. What, will you have them weep our horses' blood? How shall we then behold their natural tears? Enter a Messenger. J. Mes. The English are embattled, you French - peers.
* Wiat is an old hortatory exclamation, as allons ! an introductory flourish on the trumpet.
Con.Tolorse,yougallantprinces' straightto horse! Do but behold yon poor and starved band, And your fair sirew shall suck away their souls, Leaving them but the shales and husks of men. There is not work enough for all our hands; Scarce blood enough in all their sickly veins, To give each naked curtle-ax a stain, That our French gallants shall to-day draw out, And sheath for lack of sport: let us but blow on them, The vapour of our valour will o'erturn them. 'Tis positive 'gainst all exceptions, lords, Thatour superfluous lacqueys,and our peasants, Who, in unnecessary action, swarm About our squares of battle-were enough To purge this field of such a hilding foe; Though we, upon this mountain's basis by, Took stand for idle speculation: But that our honours must not.—What's to say? A very little little let us do, And all is done. Then let the trumpets sound The tucket sonuance” and the note to mount: For our approach shall so much dare the field, That England shall couch down in fear, and field. y Enter Grandpré. Grand. Why do you stay so long, my lords of France? Yon island carrions, desperate of their bones, Ill-favour'dly become the morning field: Their ragged curtains poorly are let loose, And our air shakes them passing scornfully. Big Mars seems bankrupt in their beggar'd host, And faintly through a rusty beaver peeps. Their horsemensit like fixed candlesticks, With torch-staves in their land': and their poor jades Lob down their heads, dropping the hide and hips: The gum down-roping from their pale-dead eyes; And in their pale dull mouths the gimmal" bit Lies foul with chew’d grass, still and motionless ; And their executors, the knavish crows, Fly o'er them all, impatient for their hour. Description cannot suit itself in words, To demonstrate the life of such a battle In life so lifeless as it shews itself. Con. They have said their prayers, and they stav for death. Dau. Shall we go send them dinners, and fresh suits, And give their fasting horses provender,
|And after fight with them?
Con. I stay but for my guard"; On, to the field: I will the banner from a trumpet take, And use it for my haste. Come, come away! The suu is high, and we out-wear the day.
* The tucket-sonuance was probably the name of
* Grandpré alludes to the form of the ancient candlesticks,
which frequently represented human figures holding the sockets for the lights in their extended hands. * Commal is, in the western counties, a ring; a gimmal bit is therefore a bit of which the parts played
* It seems, by what follows, that guard in this place means rather somethin of ornament or of distinction than a body of attendants. will best elucidate this passage—“The duke of Brabant, when his standa
The following quotation from Holinshed was not corne, caused a
banner to be taken from a trumpet and fastened upon a spear, the which he commanded to be borne
before him instead of a standard.”