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And, in this resolution, here we leave you;-
Come, citizens, we will entreat no more. [Ereunt.
Cates. Call them again, sweet prince, accept
their suit; -
If you deny them, all the land will rue it.
lo. Will you enforce me to a world of cares?
Well, call them again; I am not made of stone,
[Erit Catesby.
But penetrable to your kind entreaties,
Albeit against my conscience and my soul—
Re-enter Buckingham, and the rest.
Cousin of Buckingham,_and sage, grave men,
Since you will buckle fortune on my back,
To bear her burden, whe'r I will or no,
I must have patience to endure the load:
But if black scandal, or foul-fac’d reproach,
Attend the sequel of your imposition,

Your meer enforcement shall acquittance me

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From all the impure blots and stains thereof;
For God doth know, and you may partly see,
How far I am from the desire of this.
Mayor. God bless your grace! we see it, and
will say it.
Glo. In saying so, you shall but say the truth.
Buck. Then I salute you with this royal title,
Long, live king Richard, England's worthy king!
Žil. Amon. [crown'd?
Buck. To-morrow may it please you to be
Glo. Even when youplease, for you will haveitso.
Buck.To-morrow then we will attend your grace;
And so, most joyfully, we take our leave.
Glo. [To the Clergymen.] Come, let us to our
holy work again:-
Farewell, good cousin;–farewell, gentle friends.
[Exeunt.

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S C E N E I. Before the Tower.

Enter the 2ueen, Dutchess of York, and Marquis of Dorset, at one door; Anne Dutchess of Gloster, deading Lady Margaret Plantagenet, Clarence's Ayoung daughter, at the other.

Dutch. HO meets us here?—my niece W Plantagenet, y Led in the hand of her kind aunt of Gloster? Now, for my life, she's wand'ring to the Tower, On pure heart's love, togreet the tenderprince.— Daughter, well met. Anne. God give your graces both A happy and a joyful time of day! away? 2ueen. As much to you, good sister! Whither Anne. No further than the Tower; and, as I Upon the like devotion as yourselves, [guess, To gratulate the gentle princes there. ther: 2ueen. Kind sister, thanks; we'll enter all togeEnter Brakenbury. And, in good time, here the lieutenant comes.— Master lieutenant, pray you, by your leave, How doth the prince, and my youngson of York? Brak. Rightwell, dearmadam: By yourpatience, I may not suffer you to visit them; The king hath strictly charg’d the contrary. 2ueen. The king!" who's that? Brak. I mean, the lord protector. [title! 2ueen. The lord protect him from that kingly Hath he set bounds between their love and me? I am their mother, Who shall bar me from them?

Dutch, Iam their father's mother, I will see them.]

Anne. Their aunt am I in law, in love their mother: Thenbring me to their sights; I'll bear thy blame, And take thy office from thee, on my peril.

T IV.

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Brak. No, madam, no, I may not leave it so;

I am bound by oath, and therefore pardon me.
[Erit Brakenbury.
Enter Stanley. [hence,
Stan. Let me but meet you, ladies, one hour
And I'll salute your grace of York as mother,
And reverend looker-on, of two fair queens.—
Come, madam, you must straight to Westminster,
[To the Dutchess of Gloster.
There to be crowned Richard's royal queen.
2ueen. Ah, cut my lace asunder!
That my pent heart may have some scope to beat,
Or else I swoon with this dead-killing news.
Anne. Despightful tidings! O unpleasing news!
Dor. Be of good chear:-Mother, how fares
your grace? [gone,
2ueen. O Dorset, speak not to me, get thee
Death and destruction dog thee at the heels;
Thy mother's name is ominous to children:
If thou wilt out-strip death, go cross the seas,
And live with Richmond, from the reach of hell.
Go, hie thee, hie thee from this slaughter-house,
Lest thou increase the number of the dead;
And make me die the thrall of Margaret's curse,"
Nor mother, wife, nor England's counted queen.
Stanl. Full of wise care is this your counsel,
madam:
Take all the swift advantage of the hours:
You shall have letters from me to my son
In your behalf, to meet you on the way:
Be not ta'en tardy by unwise delay.
Dutch. O ill-dispersing wind of misery!—
O my accursed womb, the bed of death;
A cockatrice hast thou hatch'd to the world,
Whose unavoided eye is murderous! [sent.
Stan. Come, madam, come; I in all haste was
Anne. And I with all unwillingness will go.-
O, would to God, that the inclusive verge

Of golden metal, that must round my brow; Were

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Were red-hot steel, to sear me to the brain'! And thy assistance, is king Richard seated:—
Anointed let me be with deadly venom; But shall we wear these glories for a day
And die, ere men can say—God save the queen!| |Orshall they last, and we rejeice in them
2ueen. Go, go, poor soul, I envy not thy glory; Buck. Still live they, and for ever let them last!
To feed my humour, wish thyself no harm. 5| K. Rich. Ah, Buckingham, now do I play the

Anne. No! why?—When he, that is my hus- touch',

band now, Totry if thou be current gold indeed:— [speak. Came to me, as Ifollow'd Henry's corse; [hands, Young Edward lives;–Think now what I would When scarce the blood was well wash’d from his Buck. Say on, my loving lord. Which issued from my other angel husband, 10| K. Rich. Why, Buckingham, I say, I would be And that dead saintwhich then Iweeping follow'd; king. [liege. Q, when, I say, I look'd on Richard's face, Buck. Why, so you are, my thrice-renowned This was my wish-Be thou, quoth I, accurs'd, K. Henry. Ha! am I king? 'tis so; but Edward For making me, so young, so old a widow ! . Buck. True, noble prince. [lives. And, when thou wed'st, let sorrow haunt thy bed;|15|. K. Rich. O bitter consequence, [prince — And be thy wife (if any be so mad) That Edward still should live—True : noble Asore miserable by the life of thee, Cousin, thou wast not wont to be so dull:Than thou hast made me by my dear lord's death!| |Shall I be plain? I wish the bastards dead; Lo, ere I can repeat this curse again, And I would have it suddenly perform'd. E’en in so short a space, my woman's heart 20|What say'st thou now? speak suddenly, be brief. Grossly grew captive to his honey words, Buck. Your grace may do your pleasure. And prov'd the subject of mine own soul's curse: K. Rich. Tut, tut, thou art all ice, thy kindness Which eversince hath held mine eyes from rest; freezes: For never yet one hour in his bed Say, have Ithy consent, that they shall die? Did I enjoy the golden dew of sleep, 25. Buck. Give mesome breath, some little pause, But with his timorous dreams was still awak'd. Before I positively speak in this: [dear lord, Besides, he hates me for my father Warwick; I will resolve your grace immediately.

And will, no doubt, shortly be rid of me. - [Exit Buckingham. 2ueen. Poorheart,adieu; Ipity thy complaining. Cates. The king is angry; see, he gnaws his lip. Anne. No more than with my soul I mourn for 30 K. Rich. I will converse with iron-witted fools, yours. And unrespective “boys; none are for me, , Dor. Farewell, thou woeful welcomer of glory! That look into me with considerate eyes:– Anne. Adieu,poorsoul,thoutak'stthyleaveofit!| |High-reaching Buckingham grows circumspect.-Dutch. Gothouto Richmond, and good fortune Boy!— guide thee!— [To Dorset.[35]. Page. My lord. [gold Gothou to Richard, and goodangelstend thee!— K.Rich. Know'st thounotany, whom corrupting To Anne. Would tempt unto a close exploit" of death Gothou to sanctuary, and good thoughts possess Page. I know a discontented gentleman,

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Tower. K. Rich. I partly know the man: Go, call him
Pity, you ancient stones, those tender babes, 45 "hither, boy.— [Exit boy.
Whom envy hath immur'd within your walls! The deep-revolving witty" Buckingham -
Rough cradle for such little pretty ones! No more shall be the neighbour to my counsels:
Rude ragged nurse! old sulsen play-fellow Hath he so long held out with me untir’d,
For tender princes, use my babies well! And stops he now for breath?—Well, be it so.--
So foolish sorrow bids your stones farewell. 50 Enter Stanley.

- [Ereunt. How now, lord Stanley what's the news?
S C E N E II. Stan. Know, my loving lord,
The Court. The marquis Dorset, as I hear, is fled

Flourish of trumpets. Enter Richard, as King,| To Richmond, in the parts where he abides. Buckingham, Catesby, a Page, and others, |55 K. Rich. Come hither, Catesby: rumour is

K. Rich. Stand all apart.—Cousin of Bucking- abroad,

Buck. My gracious sovereign. [ham,_- That Anne my wife is very grievous sick;

A. Rich. Give methy hand. Thus high, by thy I will take order for her keeping close, advice, Enquireme out some mean-born gentleman,

* This seems to allude to the ancient mode of punishing a regicide, viz. by placing a crown of iron heated red-hot, upon his head. * i.e. sorrow. *To play the touch, means, to represent the touchstone. * i.e. inattentive, inconsiderate. . . * i.e. secret act. . * Witty implies in this place judicious, or cunning. A wit was not in our author's time employed to signify a man of fancy, but

was used for wisdom or judgement. U u whom Tyr. Please you, but I had rather kill two ene-20

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... mles. [mies,

K. Rich. Why, then thou hast it; two deep ene

Foes to my rest, and my sweet sleep's disturbers, Are they that I would have thee deal upon :

Tyrrel, I mean those bastards in the Tower. 23.

, Tyr. Let me have open means to come to them, And soon I'll rid you from the fear of them. K. Rich. Thou sing'st sweet music. Hark, come hither, Tyrrel;

Go, by this token —Rise, and lend thine ear: 30

[It'hispers. There is no more but so :-Say, it is done, And I will love thee, and prefer thce for it.

Tyr. I will dispatch it straight. [Exit.

Re-enter Buckingham. 35

Buck. My lord, I have consider'd in my mind The late demand that you did sound me in.

K. Rich. Well, let that rest. Dorset is fled to

Buck. I hear the news, my lord... [Richmond.

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look to it. [mise,

Buck. My lord, I claim the gift, my due by pro

For which your honour and your faith is pawn'd; The earldom of Hereford, and the moveables,

Which you have promised I shall o 4 e

K. Rich.Stanley, look to your wife,if she convey tters to Richmond, you shall answer it.

Buck.Whatsaysyour highnesstomyjust request? K. Rich. I do remember me, Henry the sixth

Did prophesy, that Richmond should be king, 30

When Richmond was a little peevish boy.
A king!--perhaps--- -
Buck. My lord, - [that time
K. Rich. #. chance, the prophet could not at
Have told me, I being by, that I should kill him :
Buck. Mylord, your promise for the earldom, -
K. Rich. Richmond!—When last I was at Exeter,
The mayor in court’sy shew'd me the castle,
And . it--Rouge-mont; at which name, Il.

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Because a bard of Ireland told me once,
I should not live long after I saw Richmond.
Buck. My lord,
K. Rich. Ay, what's o'clock? -
Buck. I am thus bold to put your grace in mind
Of what you promis'd me.
K. R. }. Well, but what's o'clock?
Buck. Upon the stroke of ten.
K. Rich. Well, let it strike.
Buck. Why let it strike *
K. Rich. Because that, like a Jack', thout
keep'st the stroke
Betwixt thy begging and my meditation.
I am not in the giving vein to-day. [or no.
Buck. Why, then resolve me whe'r you will
K. Irich. %. troublest me; I am not in the
vein. - [Erit.
Buck. Is it even so? repays he my deep service
With such contempt? . him king for this?
Q, let me think on Hastings; and be gone
To Brecknock, while my fearful headison. [Exit.

S C E N E III. Enter Tyrrel. Tyr. The tyrannous and bloody act is done; The most arch deed of piteous massacre, That ever yet this land was guilty of: Dighton, and Forrest, whom I did suborn To do this piece of ruthless butchery, Albeit they were flesh'd villains, bloody dogs, Melting with tenderness and mild compassion, Wept like two children, in their deaths’ sad story. Othus, quoth Dighton, lay the gentle babes;— Thus, thus, quoth Forrest, girdling one another //ithin their alabaster innocent arms: Their lips were four red roses on a stalk, //hich, in their summer beauty, kiss'd each other. A book of prayers on their pillow lay; Ishich oncé, Quothl'orrest, almost chang'd my mind? But, O, the devil—there the villain stopp'd : When Dighton thus told on, we smothered The most replenished sweet work of nature, That, from the prime creation, ere she fram’d— Hence both are gone with conscience and remorse, They could not speak; and so I left them both, To bear these tidings to the bloody king. Enter King Richard. And here o comes:--All health, my sovereign lord 1

K. Rich. Kind Tyrrell am I happy in thy news?

Tyr.lf to have done the thing you gavein charge Beget your happiness, be happy then, For it is done.

K. Rich. But didst thou see them dead?

£" I did, my lord.

. Rich. And buried, gentle Tyrrel?

Tyr.The chaplainofthe Tower hathburiedthem; But where, to say the truth, I do not know. K. Rich.Cometo me, Tyrrel, soon after supper,

When thou shalt tell the process of their death.

An image like those at St. Dunstan's church in Fleet-street, and at the market-houses at several towns in this kingdom, was usually called a Jack of the clock-house.—Perhaps these figures were called Jacks, because the ongines of that name which turn the spit were anciently ornamented with * Meaning that timorous thought and cautious disquisition are the dull attendants on o: le

such a puppet.

Mean

Mean time, but think how I may do thee good,
And be inheritor of thy desire.
Farewell, 'till then.

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close; His daughter meanly have I match'd in marriage; The sons of Edward sleep in Abraham's bosom, And Annemy wife hath bid the world good night. Now, for I know the Bretagne Richmond aims At young Elizabeth, my brother's daughter, And, by that knot, looks proudly on the crown, To her go I, a jolly thriving wooer. Enter Catesby. Cates. My lord, -K. Rich. Good news or bad, that thou com'st in so bluntly [Richmond; Cates. Bad news, my lord: Morton is fled to And Buckingham, back'd with the hardy WelshIs in the field, and still his powerincreaseth. [men, K. Rich. Ely with Richmond troubles me more near, Than Buckingham and his rash-levied strength. Come, I have learn'd, that fearful commenting Is leadenservitor to dull delay '; Delay leads impotent and snail-pac’d beggary: Then fiery expedition be my wing, Jove's Mercury, and herald for a king! Go, muster men; My counsel is my shield; We must be brief, when traitors brave the field.

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Enter 2ueen Margaret. so. Mar. So, now prosperity begins to mellow, And drop into the rotten mouth of death. Here in these confines slily have I lurk'd, To watch the waining of mine enemies. A dire induction” am I witness to, And will to France; hoping, the consequence Will prove as bitter, black, and tragical.- [here? Withdraw thee, wretched Margaret! who comes Enter the 2ueen and the Dutchess of York. 2ueen. Ah, my poorprinces, ah, my tenderbabes! My unblown flowers, new-appearing sweets If yet your gentle souls fly in the air, And be not fix’d in doom perpetual, Hover about me with your airy wings, And hear your mother's lamentation . . [right" 2. Mar. Hover about her; say, that right for Hath dimm'd your infant morn to aged night. Dutch. So many miseries have craz'd my voice, at my woe-wearied tongue is still and mute.— Edward Plantagenet, why art thou dead? 2. Mar. Plantagenet doth quit Plantagenet, Edward for Edward pays a dying debt. Ilambs, 2ueen. Wilt thou, O God! fly from such gentle And throw them in the entrails of the wolf? Why didstthousleep,when such a deedwas done?

duction means preface, introduction, first part. of justice.

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* Signiory is here used for seniority. . still say of persons in the same difficulties, that they are in the same bor.

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> Brief abstract and record of tedious days, Rest thy unrest on England's lawful earth, - [Sitting down. Unlawfully made drunk with innocent blood 2ueen. Ah, that thou wouldst as soon afford a As thou canstyield a melancholy seat; [grave, Then would I hide my bones, not rest them here: Ah, who hath any cause to mourn, but we? [Sitting down by her. 2. Mar. If ancient sorrow be most reverent, Give mine the benefit of “signiory, And let my griefs frown on the upper hand. Sitting down with them. If sorrow can admit society,

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25 Dutch. I had a Richard too, and thou didst kill

him; I had a Rutland too, thou holp'st to kill him. 2. Mar. Thou hadst a Clarence too, and Richard kill'd him. From forth the kennel of thy womb hath crept A hell-hound, that doth hunt us all to death: That dog that had his teeth before his eyes, To worry lambs, and lap their gentle blood; That foul defacer of God's handy-work; That excellent grand tyrant of i. earth, That reigns in galled eyes of weeping souls, Thy womb let loose, to chase us to our graves.— Q upright, just, and true-disposing God, How do I thank thee, that this carnal cur Preys on the issue of his mother's body, And makes her pue-fellow with others' moans Dutch. O, Harry's wife, triumph not in my

woes;

God witness with me, I have wept for thine ! 2. Asar. Bear with me; I am hungry for re;

venge, And now I cloy me with beholding it. Thy Edward he is dead, that kill'd my Edward; Thy other Edward dead, to quit my Edward; Young York he is but boot", because both they Match not the high perfection of my loss. Thy Clarence heis dead, that stabb’d my Edward; And the beholders of this tragic play, The adulterate. Hastings, Rivers,Vaughan,Grey, Untimely smother'd in their dusky graves. Richard yet lives, hell's black intelligencer; Only reserv'd their factor, to buy souls, And send them thither: But at hand, at hand, Ensues his piteous and unpitied end:

* In* Right for right is justice answering to the claims

* Pue fellow seems to be companion.—We * Boot is that which is

thrown in to mend a purchase. i.e. Faithless; or adulterate may be put for adult.rer,

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Earth *. hell burns, fiends roar, saints pray,
To have him suddenly convey'd from hence:—
Cancel his bond of life, dear God, I pray,
That I may live to say, The dog is dead!"[come,
Queen. 3, thou didst prophesy, the time would
That I should wish for the to ğı. curse
Thatbottled spider, that foul hunch-back'd toad.
2. Mar. I call'd thee then vain flourish of my
- fortune;
I call'd thee then poor shadow, painted queen;
The presentation of but what I was,
The #. index of a direful pageant",
One heav'd a-high, to be hurl’d down below;
A mother only mock'd with two fair babes;
A dream of what thou wast; a garish flag,
To be the aim of every dangerous shot";
A sign of dignity, a breath; a bubble;
A queen injest, only to fill the scene.
hereisthyhusband now? wherebethy brothers?

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Who sues, and kneels, and says—God save the
queen 2
Where be the bending peers that flatter'd thee?
Where be the thronging troops that follow'd thee?
Decline all this, and see what now thou art.
For happy wife, a most distressed widow;
For joyful mother, one that wails the name;
For one being su'd to, one that humbly sues;
'or queen, a very caitiff crown'd with care;

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For one being fear'd of all, now fearing one;
For one commanding all, obey'd of none.
Thus hath the course of justice wheel'd about,
And left thee but a very prey to time;
Having no more but thought of what thou wert,
To torture thee the more, being what thou art.
Thou didst usurp my place: And dost thou not
Tsurp the just proportion of my sorrow
Nowthy proudneckbearshalf my burden'd yoke;
From which even here I slip my wearied 3.
And leave the burden of it all on thee.
Farewell, York's wife,andqueen of sad mischance,
These English woesshall make mesmile in France.
2ueen. Othouwellskill'dincurses! stay a while,
And teach me how to curse mine enemies.

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25

Queen. Windy attorneys to their client-woes, Airy succeeders of intestate joys, Poor breathing orators of miseries! ..[part Let them have scope: though what they do imHelpnothingelse, yet they doease the heart.[me, Dutch. If so, then be not tongue-ty'd: go with And in the breath of bitter words let's smother, My damned son, that thy two sweet sons smother'd. [Drum, within. I hear his drum, be copious in exclaims.

Enter King Richard, and his train, marching.

K. Rich, Who intercepts me in my expedition? Dutch.Q, she, that might have intercepted thee,

5|By strangling thee in her accursed womb,

From all the slaughters, wretch, that thou hast
done. [crown,
2ueen. Hid'st thou that forehead with a golden
Where should be branded, ifthat right were right,
The slaughter of the prince that ow'd that crown,
And the dire death of my poor sons, and brothers?
Tell me,thou villain-slave,wherearem y children?
Dutch. Thou toad, thou toad, where is thy bro-
ther Clarence?
And little Ned Plantagenet his son? [Grey;
2ueen. Where is the gentle Rivers, Vaughān,
Dutch. Where is kind Hastings? [drums |
K. Rich. A flourish, trumpets' strike alarum,
Let not the heavens hear these tell-tale women
Rail on the Lord's anointed: Strike, I say.—
- [Flourish. Asarums.
Either be patient, and entreat me fair,
Or with the clamorous report of war,
Thus will I drown your exclamations.
Dutch. Art thou inv son [self.
K. Rich, Ay, I .. God, my father, and your-
Dutch. Then patiently hear my impatience,
K. Rich. Madam, I have a touch" of your con-
dition,

40 That eannot brook the accent of reproof.

Dutch. O, let Ine speak. K. Rich. Do, then; but I'll not hear. Dutch. I will be mild and gentle in my words. A. hio, And brief, good mother; for I am in aste. Dutch. Art thou so hasty? I have stay’d for thee, God knows, in torment and in agony. K. Rich. And came I notatlast to comfort you? Dutch. \; by the holy rood, thou know'st it Well, Thou cam'st on earth to make the earth my helk A grievous burden was thy birth to me; Tetchy and wayward was thy infancy; Thy school-days, frightful, desperate, wild, and furious; [turons; Thy prime of manhood, daring, bold, and ven

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• The pageants displayed on public occasions in those days, were generally preceded by a short

account of the order in which the characters were to walk.

These inderes were distributed amon

the spectators, that they might understand the meaning of the also exhibited. The index o every book was anciently placed before the beginning of it. * This alludes to the dangerous

situation of those persons to whose care the standards of armies were entrusted.

* i.e. words,

tun'd to complaints, succeed joys that are dead; and unbequeath'd to them, to whom they should

properly descend. : i.e. a spice or particle of your disposition.

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