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Suf. How is the king employ'd? Clam. I left him private, Full of sad thoughts and troubles. Nor. What's the cause * [wife Cham. It scems, the marriage with his brother's 5 Has crept too near his conscience. Suf. No, his conscience Has crept too near another lady. A or. 'Tis so; This is the cardinal's doing, the king-cardinal: That blind priest, like the eldest son of fortune, Turns what he lists. This king will know him one day. [else. Suf. Pray God, he do! he'll neverknow himself Nor. How holly he works in all his business' And with what zeal For, now he has crack'd the league Between us and the emperor, the queen's great nephew,

He dives into the king's soul; and there scatters 20

Doubts, dangers, wringing of the conscience,
Fears, and despairs, ...i all these for his marriage:
And, out of all these to restore the king,
He counsels a divorce: a loss of her,
That, like a jewel, has hung twenty years
About his neck, yet never lost her lustre;
Of her, that loves him with that excellence
That angels love good men with; even of her,
That, when the greatest stroke of fortune falls,
Will bless the king: And is not this course pious?
Cham. Heaven keep me from such counsel!
'Tis most true, ['em,
These news are every where; every tongue speaks
And every true heart weeps for’t: All, that dare
Look into these affairs, see his main end, [open
The French king's 'sister. Heaven will one day
The king's eyes, that so long have slept upon
This bold bad man.
Suf. And free us from his slavery.
Nor. We had need pray,
And heartily, for our deliverance;
Or this imperious man will work us all
From princes into pages: all men's honours
Lie like one lump before him, to be fashion'd
Into what pitch he please.
Suf. For me, my lords,
I love him not, nor fear him; there's my creed:
As I am made without him, so I'll stand,
If the king please; his curscs and his blessings
Touch me alike, they are breath I not believe in.
I knew him, and I know him; so I leave him
To him that made him proud, the pope.
Nor. Let's in ;
And, with some other business, put the king
From these sad thoughts, that work too much
upon him:
Mylord, you'll bear us company?
Cham. Excuse me;
The king hath sent me other-where: besides,
You'll find a most unfit time to disturb him:
Health to your lordships.

The duchess of Alençon.

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Nor. Thanks, my good lord chamberlain. [Erit Lord Chamberlain. A door opens, and discovers the King sitting and reading pensively. Suf. How sad he looks! sure, he is much afflicted. King. Who's there ha? Nor. Pray God, he be not angry! King. Who's there, I say? How dare you thrust yourselves Into my private meditations? Who am I ? ha} Nor. A gracious king, that pardons all offences; Malice ne'er meant: our breach of duty, this way, Is business of estate; in which, we come To know your royal pleasure. King. You are too bold: Goto; I'll make ye know your times of business: Is this an hour for temporal affairs? ha? Enter solsey, and Campeius with a Commission. Who's there? my good lord cardinal?—O my Wolsey, The quiet of my wounded conscience, Thou art a cure fit for a king, You're welcome, To Campeius. Most learned reverend sir, into our kingdom; Use us, and it:—My good lord, have#}. care I be not found a talker. [To Holsey. If ol. Sir, you cannot. I would, your grace would give us but an hour. Of private conference. • King. We are busy; go. . [To Norf and Suj. Nor. This priest has no pride in him?\ Suf. Not to speak of; I would not be so sick though , for his lace: But this cannot continue. . Nor. If it do, I'll venture one heave at him. Suf. I another. [Ereunt Norf, and Suf. Isol. Your grâce has given a precedent of wisdom Above all princes, in committing freely . . Your scruple to the voice of Christendom: Who can be angry now? what envy reach you? The Spaniard, ty’d by blood and favour to her, Must now confess, if i. have any goodness, The trial just and noble. All the clerks, I mean, the learned ones, in christian kingdoms, Have their free voices: Rome, the nurse of judge

Aside.

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* Meaning, that the cardinal can, as he pleases, make high or iow. Pitch here implies height. i.e. so sick as he is proud. l

Your

You are so noble: To Your highness' hand I tender my commission; by whose virtue, {The court of Rome commanding)—you, my lord Cardinal of York, are join'd with me their servant, In the unpartial judging of this business. King. Two equal men. The queen shall be acquainted [diner: Forthwith, for what you come:–Where's GarHol. I know, your majesty has always lov'd So dear in heart, not to deny her that [her A woman of less place might ask by law, Scholars, allow'd freely to argue for her. King. Ay, and the best, she shall have; and - my favour To him that does best, God forbid else. Cardinal, Pr'ythee, call Gardiner to me, my new secretary; I find him a fit fellow. Cardinal goes out, and re-cnters toith Gardiner. hool. Give me your hand: much joy and favour You are the king's now. [to you; Gard. But to be commanded [ine. For ever by your grace, whose hand has raised [21side. King.Comehither,Gardiner.[Halksandwhispers. Cam. My lord of York, was not one doctor Pace In this man's place before him? Wol. Yes, he was. . Cam. Was he not held a learned man?

Hol. Yes, surely. [then

Cam. Believeme, there's an ill opinion spread Even of yourself, lord cardinal. . Wol. How ! of me? [him;

Cam. They will not stick to say, yon envy'd And, fearing he would rise, he was so virtuous, Kept him a foreign man' still: which so griev'd That he ran mad, and dy’d. [him,

//ol. Heaven's peace be with him That's christian care enough for living murmurers, There's places of rebuke. Ile was a fool; For he would needs be virtuous: that good fellow, If I command him, follows my appointment; I will have none so near else. }. this, brother, We live not to be grip'd by meaner persons.

King. Deliver this with modesty to the queen. - Erit Gardiner. The most convenient place that I can think of, For such receipt of learning, is Black-friars;

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My Wolsey, see it furnish'd.—O my lord, Would it not grieve an able man, to leave So sweeta bedfellow?but, conscience, conscience,—O,’tisatender place,and I must leave her.[Exeuilt. S C E N E III. An Antichamber of the 2ueen's Apartments. Enter Anne Bullen, and an old Lady. , Anne. Not for that neither;-Here's the pang - that pinches:

i.e. kept him out of the king's prosence, by employing him in foreign embassies, * Dr. Warburton ..". “she calls fortune a quarrel or arrow, from her

her away contemptuously. striking so deep and suddenly. Quarrel was a

His highness having liv'd solong with her; and she So good a lady, that no tongue could ever Pronounce dishonour of her, by my life, She never knew harm-doing;-O now, after So many courses of the sun enthron'd, Still growing in a majesty and pomp, the which To leave is a thousand-fold more bitter, than Tis sweet at first to acquire, after this process, To give her the avaunts it is a pity Would move a monster. Old L. Hearts of most hard temper Melt and lament for her. Anne. O, God's will much better, She ne'er had known pomp: though it be temporai, Yet, if that quarrel", fortune, do divorce It from the bearer, 'tis a sufferance, panging As soul and body's severing. Old L. Alas, poor lady! She's stranger now again". o Anne. So much the more Must pity drop upon her. Verily, I swear, 'tis better to be lowly born, And range with humble livers in content, Than to be perk'd up in a glistering grief, And wear a golden sorrow. Old L. Our content, is our best having". Anne. By my troth, and maidenhead, I would not be a queen. Old L. Beshrew ime, I would, And venture maidenhead fort; and so would you, For all this spice of your hypocrisy: You, that have so fair parts of woman on you, Have too a woman's heart; which ever yet Affected eminence, wealth, sovereignty; Which, to say sooth, are blessings; and which (Saving your mincing) the capacity [gists Of your soft cheveril" conscience would receive, If you might please to stretch it. Anne, Nay, good troth- [be a queen 2 Old L. Yes, troth and troth, You would not Anne. No, not for all the riches under heaven. Old L. 'Tis strange; a three-pence bow’d would hire me, 5|Old, as I am, to queen it: but, I pray you, What think you of a dutchess? have you limbs To bear that load of title? Anne. No, in truth. [a little’; Old I. Then you are weakly made: pluck off I would not be a young count in your-way, For more than blushing comes to; if your back Cannot vouchsafe this burden, 'tis too weak Ever to get a boy. Anne, How you do talk! I swear again, T would not be a queen For all the world.

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Old L. In faith, for little England * i. e. to send

arge arrow so called.”—Dr. Johnson, however,

thinks the poet may be easily supposed to use quarrel for quarreller, as murder for murderer, the act

for the agent. woman. ° i.e. our best possession.

“ i.e. she is again an alien; not o no longer queen, but no longer an English: - * Cleveril, ki still lower, and more upon a level with your own quality.

d-skin, soft leather, i.e. let us descend

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You'd venture an emballing': I myself
Would for Carnarvonshire, although there’long'd
No more to the crown but that. i. who comes
here?
Futer the Lord Chamberlain.
Cham. Good morrow, ladies. What were’t
worth, to know
The secret of your conference?
Anne. My good lord,
Not your demand; it values not your asking:
Our mistress' sorrows we were pitying.
Cham. It was a gentle business, and becoming
The action of good women: there is hope,
All will be .#
Anne. Now I pray God, Amen! [blessings
Cham. You bear a gentle mind, and heavenly
Follow such creatures. That you may, fair lady,
Perceive I speak sincerely, and high notes
Ta'en of your many virtues, the king's majesty
Commends his good opinion to you, and
Does purpose honour to you no less flowing
Than marchioness of Pembroke; to which title
A thousand pounds a year, annual support,
Out of his grace he adds.
Anne. I do not know,
What kind of my obedience I should tender:
More than my all is nothing: nor my prayers
Are not words duly hallow’d, nor my wishes
More worth, than empty vanities; yet prayers,
and wishes,
Are all I can return. 'Beseech your lordship,
Worchsafe to speak my thanks, and my obedience,
As from a blushing handmaid, to his highness;
Whose health, and royalty, I pray for.
Cham. Lady,
I shall not fail to approve the fair conceit
The king hath of you.-I have perus’d her well;
Beauty and honour in her are somingled, [Aside.
That they have caught the king: and who knows
set,
But from 3. lady may proceed a gem,
To lighten all this isle.**—I'll to the king,
And say, I spoke with you.
Anne. My honour'd lord. [Erit Lord Chamber-
Old L. Why, this it is; see, see : [lain.
I have been begging sixteen years in court,
{. yet a courtier beggarly) nor could
Some pat betwixt too early and too late,
For any suit of pounds; and you, (O, fate")

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A very fresh fish here, (sye, fye upon
This compell'd fortune 1) have your mouth fill'd
Before you open it. [up,
Anne. This is strange to me. [no.
Old L. How tastes it? is it bitter? forty pence ,
There was a lady once, ('tis an old story)
That would not #: a queen, that would she not,
For all the mud in AEgypt:-Have you heard it?
Anne. Come, you are pleasant.
Old L. With your theme, I could
O'er-mount the lark. The marchioness of Pem-
broke
A thousand pounds a year! for pure respect;
No other obligation: by my life,
That promises more thousands: honour's train
Is longer than his fore-skirt. By this time,
I know, your back will bear a dutchess;–say,
Are you not stronger than you were :
Anne. Good lady, -
Make yourself mirth with your particular fancy,
And leave me out on't. 'Would I had no being,
If this salute my blood a jot; it faints me,
To think what follows.
The queen is comfortless, and we forgetful

5|In our long absence: pray, do not deliver

What here you have heard, to her. Old L. What do you think me?

'S C E N E IV. A Hall in Black-Fryars. Trumpets, “Sennet, and Cornets. Entertwo Vergers, with short Silver Hands; next them, two Scribes, in the hallits of Doctors; after them, the Archbishop of Canterbury alone; after him, the Bishops of Lincoln, Ely, Rochester, and Saint Asaph; neat them, with some small distance, follows a Gentleman bearing the Purse, with the Great Seal, and a Cardinal's Hat; then two Pricsts, bearing each a Silver Cross; then a Gentleman-usher bareheaded, accompanied with a Serjeant at Arms, bearing a Silver Mace; thentwo Gentlemen, bearing two great Silver Pillars"; after them, side by side, the two Cardinals; two Noblemen with the Sword and Mace. The King takes place under the Cloth of State; the two Cardinals sit under him, as Judges. The 2ueen takes place some distance from the King. The Bishops place themselves on each side the Court, in manner of a Consistory;

[Ereunt.

below them, the Scribes. The Lords sit next the

* The meaning, according to Dr. Johnson, is, “You would venture to be distinguished by the

ball, the ensign of royalty.”

right, because a queen-consort, such as Anne Bullen was, is n xy of royalty, nor has the poet expressed that she was so distinguished.

Mr. Tollet, however, says, “Dr. Johnson's explanation cannot be

is not distinguished by the ball, the ensign * From this and many other

artful strokes of address, the poet has thrown in upon queen Elizabeth and her mother, it should som, royal mistress's time; if so, some lines were added

that this play was written and performed in his

by him in the last scene, after the accession of her successor, king James. - “Forty pence was in those days the proverbial expression of a small wager, or a small - unds, marks, and nobles. Forty pence is half a noble, or the sixth or three and four pence, still remains in many offices the legal and • Dr. Burney in his General History of Music conjectures, that sciulet may mean - or apprizing the people of their approach. Mr. Steeyens

passage remarks, sum. Money was then reckoned by part of a pound. Forty pence, established fee.” a flourish for the purpose of assembling chiefs,

adds, that he has been informed that seneste is the name of an

* Mr. Steevens on this

antiquated French tune... • Pillars

were some of the ensigns of dignity carried before cardinals. Wolsey had two great silver, pillars usually borne before him by two of the tallest priests that he could get within the realm. This re

markable piece of pageantry did not escape the notice of Shakspeare,

Bishops. tenient order about the Stage.

Bishops. The rest of Attendants stand in con- Besecch you, sir, to spare me, ’till I may

Be by my friends in Spain advis'd; whose counsel"

Wol. Whilst our commission from Rome is read, I will implore: If not; i' the name of God,

Letsilence be commanded.
King. What's the need -
It hath already publicly been read,
And on all sides the authority allow'd;
You may then spare that time.
Wol. Be't so:—Proceed.

Your pleasure be fulfill'd - Isol. You have here, lady, - 6. of your choice) these reverend others; men ) singular integrity and learning, . . Yea, the elect of the land, who are assembled To plead your cause: It shall be therefore bootless,

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Scribe. Say, Henry king of England, come into 10 Thät longer you defer the court; as well

, the court. Crier. Henry king of England, &c. King. Here.

For your own quiet, as to revuly What is unsettled in the king. Cam. His grace

Scribe. Say, Katharine queen of England, come Hath spoken well, and justly: Therefore, madam,

into the court.

Crier. Katharine, queen of England, &c. [The 2ueen makes no answer, rises out of her chair,

goes about the Court, comes to the King, and

incels at his feet; then speaks.]

Queen. Sir, I desire you, |. me right and justice; And to bestow your pity on me: for I am a most poor woman, and a stranger, Born out of your dominions: having here No judge indifferent, nor no more assurance Of equal friendship and proceeding. Alas, sir, In what have I offended you? what cause Hath my behaviour given to your displeasure, That this you should proceed to put me off,

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It's fit this royal session do proceed; And that, without delay, their arguments Be now produc'd, and heard. 2ueen. Lord cardinal, To you I speak. 20 Hol. Your pleasure, madam? 2ueen. Sir, I am about to weep; but, thinking that We are a queen, (orlong have dream'dso) certain, . The daughter of a king, my drops of tears 25|I'll turn to sparks of fire. IFol. Be patient yet. 2ueen. I will, when you are humble; nay, buOr God will punish me. I do believe, [fore,

And take your good grace from me? Heaven wit-_Induc’d by potent circumstances, that

I have becil to you a true and humble wife, [ness,
At all times to your will conformable:
Ever in fear to kindle your dislike,

30|You are mine enemy; and make my challenge', You shall not be my judge: for it is you Have blown this coal betwixt my lord and mc.—

ea, subject to your countenance; glad, or sorry, Which God's dew quench!—Therefore, I say

As I saw it inclin'd. When was the hour, I ever contradicted your desire,

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Qr made it not mine too? Or which of your friends I hold my most malicious foe, and think not

Have I not strove to love, although I knew He were mine enemy? what friend of mine, That had to him deriv'd your anger, did I

Continue in my liking? may, gave not notice

At all a friend to truth.

Hol. I do profess, You speak not like yourself; who ever yet 40|Have stood to charity, and display'd the effects

He was from thence discharg'd? Sir, call to mind, Of disposition gentle, and of wisdom [wrong:

That I have been your wife, in this obedience,
Upwards of twenty years, and have been blest
With many children by you: If, in the course
And process of this time, you can report,
And prove it too, against mine honour aught,
My bond to wedlock, or my love and duty
Against your sacred person, in God's name,
Turn mé away; and let the foul'st contempt .
Shut door upon me, and so give me up

O'er-topping woman's power. Madam, you do me I have no spleen against you; nor injustice. For you, or any : how far I have proceeded, 5|Or how far further shall, is warranted o a commission from the consistory, ea, the whole consistory of Rome. You charge That I have blown this coal: I do deny it: [me. The king is present: If it be known to him, 50 That I gainsay *my deed, how may he wound,

To the sharpest kind of justice. Please you, sir, And worthily, my falsehood? yea, as much

The king, your father, was reputed for A prince most prudent, of an excellent

As you have done my truth. If he know That I am free of your report, he knows,

And unmatch'd wit and judgement: Ferdinand, I am not of your wrong. Therefore in him

My father, king of Spain, was reckon'd one

55|It lies, to cure me; and the cure is, to ... [before

The wisest prince, that there had reign'd by many |Remove these thoughts from you: The which

A year before: It is not to be question'd
That they had gather'd a wise council to them
Of every realm, that did debate this business,

His highness shall speak in, I do beseech . . You, gracious madam, to unthink your speaking, And to say so no more.

Who deem'd our marriage lawful; Wherefore 160 2ueen. My lord, my lord,

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To oppose your cunning. , You are meek, and Or touch of her good person
humble-mouth'd; King. My lord cardinal,
You sign' your place and calling, in full seeming,| | do excuse you; yea, upon mine honour,
With meekness and humility: but your heart 1 free you from 't. You are not to be taught
Is cramm'd with arrogancy, spleen, and pride. 5 That you have many enemies, that know not
You have, by fortune, and his highness' favours, Why they are so, but, like to village curs,
Goneslightly o'er low steps; andnoware mounted, Bark when their fellows do; by some of these
Where powers are your retainers: and your words, the queen is put in anger. You are excus'd :

Domestics to you, serve your will, as 't please But will you be more justified ? you ever
Yourself pronounce their office'. I must tell you, 10||ave wish'd the sleeping of this business; never
You tender more your person's honour, than Desir'd it to be stirr’d: but oft have hindred, oft.
Your high profession spiritual : That again The passages made toward it:—” on my honour,
I do refuse you for my judge ; and here, I speak my good lord cardinal to this point,
Before you all, appeal unto the Pope, - And thus far clear him. Now, what mov’d me
To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness, 15 to 't,-
And to be judg’d by him, I will be bold with time, and your attention:—
[She curt'sies to the King, and offers to depart. Then mark the o Thus it came ;-
Cam. The queen is obstinate, give heed to 't:—
Stubborn to #. apt to accuse it, and My conscience first receiv'd a tenderness,
Disdainful to be try’d by it; 'tis not well. 20|cruple, and prick", on certain speeches utter'd
She's going away. oo o o . to:
Aing. Call her again. [the court. Who had been hither sent on hobating Lolor;
§. Koen of England, come into ox! the duke of Orleans and
Usher. Madam, you are cali'u pack. QurdaughterMary: I'theprogressofthis business,
£ueen. What need you note it? pray you, keeps” Ere a determinate resolution, he -
your way: (I mean the bishop) did require a respite;

'l-...-- - - - When you are calld, return.—Now the Lord help, Wheroin he might the king his lord advertise They vex me past my patience!—play you, pass § both our daught r solo 1 will not tarry; no, nor ever more, ū. f {especting this our marriage wo the . Upon this business, my appearance make 30|Sometime our brother's wife. This respite shook In any of their courts. The bosom of my conscience, enter dome, [Ercunt Queen and her Attendants. Yo with a o lo o: o o: he region of my breast; which forc'd such way King. Gothy ways, Kate: That many maz'd considerings did throng That man i' the world, who shall report he has 35|And press'd in with this caution. First methough, A better wife, let him in nought be trusted, | stood not in the smile of heaven; who had For speaking false in that: Thou art, alone,

- Commanded nature, that my lady’s womb, * thy rare qualities, sweet gentleness, If it conceiv'd a male child by me, should

hy meeknesssaint-like,wife-like government, Do no more offices of life to 't, than
Obeying in commanding, -and thy parts 40|The grave does to the dead: for her male-issue
Sovereign and pious else, could speak thee out'). Or died where they were made, or shortly after
The queen of earthly queens:–She is noble born;| || his worldhadair'd them: Hence I took a thought
And like her true nobility, she has This was a judgement on me; that my kingdom,
Carried herself towards me. Well worthy the best heir o'the world, should not

Wol. Most gracious sir, 45|Be gladded in't by me: Then follows, that In humblest manner I require yo, highness, I weigh’d the danger which my realms stood in That it shall please you to declare, in hearing By this my issue's fail; and that gave to me Qfall these ears,(for where I am robb’d and bound, Miany a groaning throe. Thus hulling’ in There must I be unloos'd; although not there The .. sea of my conscience, I did steer At once and fully satisfied") whether ever I 50Toward this remedy, whereupon we are

Did broach this business to your highness; or
Lay’d any scruple in your way, which might
Induce you to the question on't or ever
Have to you, but with thanks to God for such
Aroyallady, -spake onetheleastword,thatunight|55
Be to the prejudice of her present state,

Now present here together; that's to say,
I meant to rectify my conscience,—which
I then did feel full sick, and yet not well,—
By all the reverend fathers of the land,
And doctors learn'd.—First, I began in private
With you, my lord of Lincoln; you remember

* i.e. you shew or denote. * That is, Having now got power, you do not regard your word. * i. e. if § several qualities could speak thy praise. * The sense is, “I owe so much to my own innocence, as to clear up my character, though I do not expect my wrongers will do me justice.” * The king, having first addressed Wolsey, breaks off; and declares upon his honour to the whele court, that he speaks the cardinal's sentiments upon the point in question; and clears him from any attempt, or wish, to stir that business. * i. e. prick of conscience, which was the term in confession. ' A ship is said to hull, when she is dismasted, and only her lull, or hulk, is left at the direction and mercy of the waves. -

How

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