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How under my oppression I did reek,
When I first mov’d you.
Lin. Very well, my liege. [say,
King. I have spoke long; be pleas'd yourself to
How far you satisfy'd me.
Lin. So please your highness,
The question did at first so stagger me,
Bearing a state of mighty moment in't,
And consequence of i...". I committed
The daring'st counsel which I had, to doubt;
And did entreat your highness to this course,
Which you are running here,
King. I then mov’d you,
My lord of Canterbury; and got your leave
To make this present summons:—Unsolicited
I left no reverend person in this court; -
But by particular consent proceeded,
Under your hands and seals. Therefore, go on;
For no dislike i' the world against the person
Of my alledged reasons, drive this forward: -
Prove but our marriage lawful, by my life,
And kingly dignity, we are contente
To wear our mortal state to come, with her,
Katharine our queen, before the primest creature
That's paragon'd o' the world.
Cam. So please your highness,
The queen being absent, 'tis a needful fitness
That we adjourn this court to further day:
Mean while must be an earnest motion
Made to the queen, to call back her appeal
She intends unto his holiness. [They rise to depart.
King. I may perceive, These cardinals trifle with me: I abhor This dilatory sloth, and tricks of Rome. My learn'd and well-beloved servant, Cranmer, Pr'ythee, return with thy approach, I know, My comfort comes along. Break up the court: I say, set on.
Of our good queen, but the sharp thorny points
[Ereunt in manner as they entered.
Ent, r isolsey and Campeius. Isol. Peace to your highness! [wife z 2ueen. Your grâces find me here part of a houseI would be all, against the worst may happen. What are yourpleasures with me, reverendlords? hol. May it please you, noble madam, to withdraw Into your private chamber, we shall give yout The full cause of our coming. Queen. Speak it here; There's nothing I have done yet,o' my conscience, Deserves a corner: Would, all other women Could speak this with as free a soul as I do! My lords, I care not, (so much lam happy Above a number) if my actions Were try’d by every tongue, every eye saw 'em, Envy and base opinion set against 'em, I know my life so even: If your business Seek me out, and that way I am wife in, Out with it boldly; Truth loves open dealing. Wol. Tanta estergate mentis integritas, regins seremissima, 2ueen. O, good my lord, no Latin; I am not such a truant since my coming, As not to know the language I have liv'd in : A strange tongue makes my cause more strange, suspicious; Pray, speak in English: here are some will thank
Ou, If you o: truth, for their poor mistress' sake; Believe me, she has had much wrong: Lord cardinal, The willing'st sin I ever yet committed, May be absolv’d in English. ol. Noble lady,
But, all hoods make not monks.
: i.e. in the presence-chamber.
|I am sorry, my integrity should breed
: Affairs for professions. (And
(And service to his majesty and you)
So deep suspicion, where all faith was meant.
We come not by the way of accusation,
To taint that honour every good tongue blesses;
Nor to betray you any way to sorrow;
You have too much, good lady: but to know .
How you stand minded in the weighty difference
Between the king and you; and to deliver,
Like free and honest men, our just opinions,
And comforts to your cause.
Cam. Most honour'd madam,
My lord of York,-out of his noble nature,
Zeal and obedience he still bore your grace;
Forgetting, like a good man, your late censure
Both of his truth and him, (which was too far)—
Offers, as I do, in a sign of peace,
His service, and his counsel.
2ueen. To betray me. [Aside.
My lords, I thank you both for your good wills,
Y espeak like honest men, (pray God, ye prove so!)
But how to make ye suddenly an answer,
In such a point of weight, so near mine honour,
(More near my life, I fear) with my weak wit,
And to such men of gravity and learning,
In truth, I know not. I was set at work
Among my maids; full little, God knows, looking
Either for such men, or such business.
For her sake that I have been , (for I feel
The last fit of my greatness) good your graces,
Let me have time, and counsel, for my cause;
Alas! I am a woman, friendless, hopeless.
Hol. Madam, you wrong the king's love with
Your hopes and friends are infinite.
2ueen. In England,
But little for my profit: Can you think, lords,
That any Englishman dare give me counsel ?
Or be a known friend, 'gainst his highness' plea-
(Though he be grown so desp'rate to be honest)
And live a subject? Nay, forsooth, my friends,
They that must weigh out my afflictions,
They that my trust must grow to, live not here;
They are, as all my other comforts, far hence,
In mine own country, lords.
Cam. I would, your grace
Would leave your griefs, and take my counsel.
&ueen. How, sir? [tection;
Cam. Put your main cause into the king's pro-
He's loving, and Inost gracious: 'twill be much
Both for your honour better, and your cause;
For, if the trial of the law o'ertake you,
You'll part away disgrac'd.
//ol. He tells you rightly. [ruin:
2ueen. Ye o me what ye wish for both, my
Is this your christian counses? out upon ye
Heaven is above all yet; there sits a Judge,
That no king can corrupt.
Cam. Your rage mistakes us. [thought ye,
2ueen. The more shame for ye; holy men I
* i. e. for the sake of that royalty I have formerly possessed.
’ i.e. served him with superstitious attention.
Upon my soul, two reverend cardinal virtues;
But cardinal sins, and hollow hearts, I fear ye:
Mend'em for shame, my lords. Is this your
The cordial that ye bring a wretched lady?
A woman lost among ye, laugh’d at, scorn'd?
I will not wish ye half my miseries,
I have more charity: But say, I warn'd ye;
Take heed, for heaven's sake, take heed, lest at
The burdens of my sorrows fall upon ye.
hool. Madam, this is a mere distraction;
You turn the good we offer into envy.
2ueen. Yeturn me into nothing: Woe upon ye,
And all such false professors Would ye have ine
(If you have any justice, any pity;
of you be any thing but churchmen's habits)
Put my sick cause into his hands that hates me?
Alas! he has banish'd me his bed already;
His love, too long ago; I am old, my lords,
And all the fellowship I hold now with him
Is only my obedience. What can happen
To me, above this wretchedness? all your studies
Make me a curse like this.
Cam. Your fears are worse. [myself,
2uccm. Have I liv'd thus long,-let me speak
Since virtue finds no friends,--a wife, a true one?
A woman, (I dare say, without vain-glory)
Never yet branded with suspicion?
Ilave I with all my full affections [him
Still met the king; lov'd him next heaven? obey'd
Been, out of fondness, superstitious' to him?
Almost forgot my prayers to content him
And am I thus rewarded : 'tis not well, lords.
Bring me a constant woman to her husband,
One that ne'er dream'd a joy beyond his pleasure;
And to that woman, when she has done most,
Yet will I add an honour, a great patience.
Hol. Madam, you wander from the good we
aim at. [guilty,
2ueen. My lord, I dare not make myself so
To give up willingly that noble title
Your master wed me to: nothing but death
Shall e'er divorce my dignities. -
hol. Pray, hear me. [earth,
2ueen. 'Would I had never trod this English
Or felt the flatteries that grow upon it! -
Ye have angels” faces, but heaven knows your
What will become of me now wretched lady:
I am the most unhappy woman living.—
Alas! poor wenches, where are now your for-
tunes : [To her women.
Shipwreck’d upon a kingdom, where no pity,
No friends, no hope; no kindred weep for me;
Almost, no grave allow'd me:–Like the lily, ,
That once was mistress of the field, and iod,
I'll hang my head, and perish.
If ol. If your grace [nest,
Could but be brought to know, our ends are ho-
* To weigh out here implies the * A quibble, said to have
been originally the quibble of a saint-" England, a little island, where, as Saint Augustin saith,
there be people with angels' faces, so the inhabitants have the courage and hearts of lyons.”
You'd feel more comfort: why should we, good
Upon what cause, wrong you? alas! our places,
The way of our profession is against it;
We are to cure such sorrows, not to sow 'em.
For goodness' sake, consider what you do;
How you may hurt yourself, ay, utterly
Grow from the king's acquaintance, by this car-
The hearts of princes kiss obedience, [riage.
So much they love it; but, to stubborn spirits,
They swell, and grow as terrible as storms.
I know, you have a gentle, noble temper,
A soul as even as a calm ; Pray, think us
Those we profess, peace-makers, friends, and
servants. - [virtues
Cam.Madam, you'll finditso. You wrong your
With these weak woman's fears. A noble spirit,
As yours was put into you, ever casts
Such doubts, as false coin, from it. The king
loves you ; Beware, you lose it not: For us, if you please To trust us in your business, we are ready To use our utmost studies in your service. 2ueen. Do what ye will, my lords: And, pray, forgive me, If I have us'd myself unmannerly; You know, I am a woman, lacking wit To make a seemly answer to such persons. Pray, do my service to his majesty: He has my ño. yet; and shall have my prayers, While I shall have my life. Come, reverend fathers, Bestow your counsels on me: she now begs, That little thought, when she set footing here, She should have bought her dignities so dear. [Excunt. S C E N E II.
Antichamb:r to the King's Apartment. Enter Duke of Norfolk, Duke of Suffolk, the Earl of Surrey, and the Lord Chamberlain.
Nor. If you will now unite in your complaints, And force' them with a constancy, the cardinal Cannot stand under them : If you omit The offer of this time, I cannot promise, But that you shall sustain more new disgraces, With these you bear already.
Sur. I am joyful
To meet the least occasion, that may give me
Remembrance of my father-in-law, the duke,
To be reveng'd on him.
Suf. Which of the peers
Have uncontemn’d gone by him, or at least
Strangely neglected? when did he regard
The stamp of nobleness in any person,
Out of himself"?
Cham. My lords, *. speak your pleasures: What he deserves of you and me, I know; What we can do to him, (though now the time
i.e. enforce, urge. public procedure. path. : To trace is to follow.
ives way to us) I much fear. If you cannot Bar his access to the king, never attempt Any thing on him; for he hath a witchcraft Over the king in his tongue.
Mor. O, fear him not; -
His spell in that is out: the king hath found
Matter against him, that for ever mars
The honey of his language. No, he’s settled,
Not to come off, in his displeasure.
I should be glad to hear such news as this
Once every hour.
Nor. Believe it, this is true.
In the divorce, his contrary proceedings
Are all unfolded; wherein he appears,
As I would wish mine enemy.
Sur. How came
His practices to light?
Suf. Most strangely.
Sur. O, how, how?
Suf.The cardinal's letter to the pope miscarried,
- And came to the eye o' the king: whereinwas read,
How that the cardinal did entreat his holiness
To stay the judgement o' the divorce; For if
It did take place, I do, quoth he, perceive,
My king is tangled in affection to
A creature of the queen's, lady Anne Bullen.
Sur. Has the king this?
Suf. Believe it.
Sur. Will this work? o:
Cham. The king in this perceives him, how he
And hedges', his own way. But in this point
All his tricks founder, and he brings his physick
After his patient's death; the king already
Hath married the fairlady.
Sur.—Would he had -
Suf. May you be happy in your wish, my lord;
For, I profess, you have it.
Sur. Now all my joy
Trace’ the conjunction :
Sis. My amen to 't!
Nor. All men's.
Suf. There's order given for her coronation:
Marry, this is yet but young, and may be left
To some ears unrecounted.—But, my lords,
She is a gallant creature, and complete
In mind and feature: I persuade me, from her
Will fall sonne blessing to this land, which shall
In it be memoriz'd ".
Sur. But, will the king
Digest this letter of the cardinal's 2
The Lord forbid!
Nor. Marry, Amen :
Suf. No, no; There be more wasps that buz about his nose, Willinake this sting thesooner.CardinalCampeius Is stol’n away to Rome; hath ta'en no leave; Has left the cause of the king unhandled; and
* i. e. except in himself. “To hedge, is to creep along by the hedge: not to take the direct and open * To memorize is to make incunorable
Is posted, as the agent of our cardinal,
* i.e. his private practices opposite to his
To second all his plot. I do assure you,
The king cry'd has at this.
Cham. Now, God incense him,
And let him cry ha! louder.
Nor. But, my lord,
When returns Cranmer?
Suf. He is return'd, in his opinions'; which
Have satisfy'd the king for his divorce,
Together with all famous colleges
Almost in Christendom: shortly, I believe,
His second marriage shall be publish'd, and
Her coronation. Katharine no more
Shall be call’d queen; but princess dowager,
And widow to prince Arthur.
Nor. This same Cranmer's
A worthy fellow, and hath ta'en much pain
In the king's business.
Suf. He has ; and we shall see him
For it, an archbishop.
Mor. So I hear.
Suf. 'Tis so.
Enter Holsey, and Cromwell. Nor. Observe, observe, he's moody. Wol. The packet, Cromwell, Gave’t you the king? Crom. To his own hand, in his bed-chamber. Hol. Look'd he o' the inside of the paper? Crom. Presently He did unseal them: and the first he view'd, He did it with a serious mind; a heed Was in his countenance: You, he bade Attend him here this morning. h'ol. Is he ready To come abroad? Crom. I think, by this he is. Hol. Leave me a while.— ... [Erit Cromwell. It shall be to the dutchess of Alençon, The French king's sister: he shals marry her.— Anne Bullen! No; I'll no Anne Bullens for him : There's more in't than fair visage.—Bullen! No, we'll no Bullens!—Speedily I wish To hear from Rome.—The marchioness of Pembroke!— Nor. He's discontented. Suf. May be, he hears the king Does whet his anger to him. Sur. Sharp enough, Lord, for thy justice hol. Thelate queen's gentlewoman; a knight's To be hermistress' mistress! the queen's queen!— This candle burns not clear: 'tis I must snuff it; Then, out it goes.—What though I know her virtuous, And well-deserving? yet I know her for A spleeny Lutheran; and not wholesome to Our cause, that she should lie i' the bosom of Our hard-rul’d king. Again, there is sprung up
Hath crawl'd into the favour of the king,
And is his oracle.
Nor. He is vex'd at something.
Sur. I would, 'twere something that would
fret the string,
The master-cord of his heart!
Enter the King, reading a schedule”; and Lovel.
Suf. The king, the king.
King. What piles of wealthhath he accumulated
To his own portion! and what expence by the hour
Seems to flow from him . How, i' the name of
Does he rake this together!—Now, my lords;
Nor. My lord, we have [tion Stood here observing him: Some strange commoIs in his brain: he bites his lip, and starts; Stops on a sudden, looks upon the ground, Then, lays his finger on his temple; straight, Springs out into fast gait; then, stops again, Strikes his breast hard; and anon, he casts His eye against the moon; in most strange postures We have seen him set himself.
King. It may well be; - -
There is a mutiny in his mind. This morning,
Papers of state he sent me to peruse,
As I requir’d; And, wot you, what I found
There; on my conscience, put unwittingly?
Forsooth, an inventory, thus importing, -
The several parcels of his plate, his treasure,
Rich stuffs, and ornaments of household; which
| find at such proud rate, that it out-speaks
Possession of a subject.
Nor. It is heaven's will;
Some spirit put this paper in the packet,
To bless your eve withal.
Åing. | we did think
His contemplations were above the earth,
And fix’d on spiritual objects, he should still
Dwell in his musings; but, I am afraid,
His thinkings are below the moon, not worth
His serious considering.
[He takes his seat; and whispers Lovel, who goes to 4.
Wol. Heaven forgive me!— Ever God bless your highness!
King. Good my lord, story You are full of heavenly stuff, and bear the invenOf your best graces in your mind; the which You were now running o'er: you have scarce
To steal from spiritual leisure a brief span,
To keep your earthly audit: sure, in that
To have you therein my companion.
For holy offices I have a time; a time
To think upon the part of business, which
An heretic, an arch one, Cranmer; one
beari' the state; and nature does require
i.e. with the same sentiments he entertained before he went abroad, which sentiments jy the
*Mr. Steevens on this passage remarks thus: “That the cardinal gave the king an
inventory of his own private wealth, by mistake, and thereby ruined himself, is a known variation from the truth of history. Shakspeare, however, has not injudiciously represented the fall of that great man, as owing to a similar incident which he had once improved to the destruction of another.”
See Holinshed, vol. ii. p. 796.
Her times of preservation, which, perforce,
I her frail son, amongst my brethren mortal,
Must give my tendance to.
King. You have said well.
%.Andever may your highness yokctogether,
As I will lend you cause, my doing well
With my well saying !
King 'Tis well said again;
And 'tis a kind of good deed, to say well:
And yetwords are no deeds. My fatherlov'd you:
Ile said, he did; and with his deed did crown
His word upon you. Since I had my office,
I have !" you next my heart; have not alone
Employ'd you where high profits might come
But par'd my present havings, to bestow
My bounties upon you.
Wol. What should this mean? [Aside.
Sur. The Lord increase this business! [Aside.
King. Have I not made you
The prime man of the state? I pray you, tell me,
If what I now pronounce, you have found true:
And, if you may confess it, say withal,
If you are bound to us, or no. What say you?
Wol. Mysovereign, I confess, your royal graces,
Shower'don me daily, have been more than could
My studied purposes requite; which went
Beyond all man's endeavours": my endeavours
Have ever come too short of my desires,
Yet, fil'do with my abilities: Mine own ends
Have been mine so, that evermore they pointed
To the good of your most sacred person, and
The profit of the state. For your great graces
Heap'd upon me, poor uoi
Can nothing render but allegiant thanks;
My prayers to heaven for you; my loyalty,
Which ever has, and evershall be growing,
*Till death, that winter, kill it.
King. Fairly answer'd:
A loyal and obedient subject is
Therein illustrated: the honour of it
Does pay the act of it; as, i' the contrary,
"The o is the punishment. I presume,
That, as my hand has open'd bounty to you,
My Heart dropp'd love, my power rain'd honour,
On you, than ally; so your hand, and heart,
Your brain, and every function of your power,
Should, notwithstanding that your bond of duty,
As 'twere in love's particular, be more
To me, your friend, than any.
//ol. I do profess,
That for your highness' good I ever labour'd
More than mine own; that am, have, and will be.
Though all the world should crack their duty
And throw it from their soul; though perils did
Abound, as thick as thought could make 'em, and
Appear in forms more horrid; yet my duty,
As doth a rock against the chiding flood,
Should the approach of this wild river break,
And stand unshaken yours. -
* The sense is, my purposes went beyond all human endcatour.
- equal pace with my abilities.
King, 'Tis nobly spoken: Take notice, lords, he has a loyal breast, For you have seen him open’t.—[Read o'er this; Giving him papers. And, after, this: and then to breakfast, with What appetite you have. [Erit King, frowing upon Cardinal solsey; the Nobles throng after him, whispering and smiling. Isol. What should this mean? What sudden anger's this? how have I reap'd it? He parted frowning from me, as if ruin Leap'd from his eyes: So looks the chafed lion Upon the daring huntsman that has gall'd him; Then makes him nothing. I must read this paper; I fear, the story of his anger.—"sis so: This paper has undone me:—'Tis the account Qf all that world of wealth I've drawn together For mine own ends: indeed, to gain the popedom, And fee my friends in Rome. Onegligence, Fit for a fool to fall by What cross devil Made me put this main secret in the packet I sent the king? Is there no way to cure this? No new device to beat this from his brains? I know, 'twill stir him strongly; yet I know A way, if it take right, in spite of fortune, Willbring me of again. What'sthis—Tothe Pope? The letter, as I live, with all the business I writ to his holiness. Nay then, farewell! I have touch'd the highest point of all my greatness; And, from that full meridian of my i. I haste now to my setting: I shall fi Like a bright exhalation in the evening, And no man see me more. Re-enter the Dukes of Norfolk, and Suffolk, the Earl of Surrey, and the Lord Chamberlain. Nor. Hear the king's pleasure, cardinal: who commands you To render up the great seal presently Into our hands; and to confine yourself so Esher house, my lord of Winchester's,
"Till you hear further from his highness. hol. Stay, [carry Where's your commission, lords? words cannot Authority so mighty. Suf. Who dare cross 'em : Bearing the king's will from his mouth expressly? hool. "Till I find more than will, or words, to - do it, | mean your malice) know, officious lords, dare, and must deny it. Now I feel Qf what coarse metal ye are moulded,—envy. How eagerly ye follow my disgrace, As if it fed yes! and how sleek and wanton 55|Ye appear in everything may bring my ruint Follow your envious courses, men of malice; You have christian warrant for them, and no doubt, In time will find their fit rewards. That seal, You ask with such a violence, the kin sme; 60 (Mine, and your master) with his own hand gave Bade me enjoy it, with the place and honours, During my life; and, to confirm his goodness,
i.e. ranked, or have gone an