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Great rivals in our youngest daughter's love,
Longinourcourt have made their amorous sojourn,
And here are to be answerd.—Tell me, mydaugh-
. now we will divest us, both of rule, [ters,
nterest of territory, cares of state,)
Which of you, shall we say, doth love us most
That we our largest bounty may extend
Where nature doth with merit challenge.—Go-
Our eldest born, speak first. [neril,
Gon. Sir, I [ter,
Do love you more than words can wield the mat-
Dearer than eye-sight, space and liberty;
Beyond what can be valuedrich or rare; [nour:
No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, ho-
As much as child e'er lov’d, or father found
A love that makes breath poor, and speech unable;
Beyond all manner of so much' I love you.
Cor. What shall Cordelia do Lové, and be
silent. Aside.

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And find, I am alone felicitate (sesses; In your dear highness' love. - Č. Then poor Cordelia [Aside.

And yet not so; since I am sure, my love's
More pond’rous than my tongue.
Lear. To thee, and thine, hereditary ever,
Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom;
No less in space, ... and pleasure,
Than that confirm'd on Goneril.–Now, our joy,
Although the last, not least; to whose young love,
The vines of France, and milk of Burgundy,
Strive to be interess'd; what can you say, to draw
A third, more opulent than your sisters? Speak.
Cor. Nothing, my lord.
, Lear. Nothing?
Cor. Nothing. [again.
Lear. Nothing can come of nothing: speak
Cor. Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave
My heart into my mouth: I love your majesty
According to iny bond; nor more, nor less.
- Lear. IIow, how, Cordelial mend yourspeech
- a little,
Lest it may mar your fortunes.
Cor. Good my lord,
You have begot me, bred me, lov'd me: I
Return those duties back as are right fit,
Obey you, love you, and most honour you.
Why have my sisters husbands, if they say,

* That is, beyond all assignable quantity.

They love you all? Haply, when I shall wed, That lord, whose hand must take my plight, shall

carry Half my love with him, half my care, and duty:

5 Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters,

To love my father all.
Lear. But goes thy heart with this?
Cor. Ay, my good lord.
Lear. So young, and sountender *
Cor. So young, Iny lord, and true. . [dower:
Lear. Let it be so—Thy truth then be thy
For, by the sacred radiance of the sun,
The mysteries of Hecate, and the night;
By all the operations of the orbs,
From whom we do exist, and cease to be;
Here I disclaim all my paternal care,
Propinquity and property of blood,
A.' as a stranger to my heart and me
Hold thee, from this", for ever. The barbarous

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Or he that makes his generation messes
To gorge his appetite, shall to my bosom
Be as well neighbour'd, pitied, and reliev'd,
As thou my sometime daughter.
Kent. Good my liege,
Lear. Peace, Kent - -
Come not between the dragon and his wrath:
I lov'd her most, and thought to set my rest
On her kind nursery.—Hence, and avoid my
sight!— o: Cordelia.
So be my grave my peace, as here I give
Her father's heart from her —Call France;—
Who stirs
Call Burgundy.—Cornwall, and Albany,

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Let pride, which she calls plainness, marry her.
I do invest you jointly with my power,
Pre-eminence, and all the large effects [course,
I hat troop with majesty. Ourself, by monthly
With reservation of an hundred knights, -
By you to be sustain'd, shall our abode , stain
Miake with you by due turns. Only, we shall re-
The name, and . the addition to a king;
The sway, revenue, execution of the rest",
Beloved sons, be yours: which to confirm,
This coronet part between you.[Giving the crown.
Kent. Royal Lear,
Whom I have ever honour'd as my king,
Lov’d as my father, as my master follow’d,

50|As my great patron thought on in my prayers,"

Lear. The bow is bent and drawn, make from the shaft.

Kent. Let it fall rather, though the fork invade

The region of my heart: be Kent unmannerly,

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* That seems to stand without relation, but is referred

to find; the first conjunction being inaccurately suppressed.—I find that she names my deed, I find

that I profess, &c. * i. e. from this time.

* Square here means compass, comprehension.
: i, o, the execution of all the other business.

: Walidity, for worth, value. And, in thy best consideration, check ment, This hideous rashness: answer my life, my judgeThy youngest daughter does not love thee least; 'or are those empty-hearted, whose low sound Reverbs no hollowness. Lear. Kent, on thy life, no more. Kent. My life I never held but as a pawn To wage against thine enemies; nor fear to lose it, Thy safety being the motive. ar. Out of my sight! Kent. See better, Lear; and let me still remain The true blank” of thine eye. Lear. Now, by Apollo, Kent. Now, by Apollo, king, hou swear'st thy gods in vain. Lear. O vassal miscreant! [Laying his hand on his sword. Alb. Corn. Dear sir, forbear. Kent. Do; kill thy physician, and the fee bestow Upon the foul disease. Revoke thy gift; Or, whilst I can vent clamour from my throat, I'll tell thee, thou dost evil. ... Lear. Hear me, recreant; On thine allegiance hear me!— Since thou hast sought to make us break our vow, (Which we durst never yet,) and, with strain'd ride , To comeo our sentence and our power", (Which nor our nature nor our place can bear,) Our potency made good, take thy reward. Five davs we do allot thee for provision To shield thee from disasters of the world; And, on the sixth, to turn thy hated back Upon our kingdom: if on the tenth day following, Thy banish'd trunk be found in our dominions, The moment is thy death: Away! By Jupiter, This shall not be revok'd. Aent. Why, fare thee well, king: since thus thou wilt appear, Freedom lives hence, and banishment is here.— The gods to their dear shelter take thee, maid, [To Cordelia. That justly think'st, and hast most rightly said.— And your large speeches may your deeds approve, [To Regan and Goneril. Hoo. effects may spring from words of love.— Thus Kent, O princes, bids you all adieu: He'll shape his old course in a country new. [Erit. Upon the gad's Edmund! How now? what - news? " Edm. So please your lordship, none. [Putting up the letter. Glo. Why so earnestly seek you to put up that letter? Edm. I know no news, my lord. Glo. What paper were you reading? - Edm. Nothing, my lord. Glo. No? What needed then that terrible dispatch of it into your pocket? The quality of nothing hath not such need to hide itself. Let's see: £ome, if it be nothing, I shall not need spectacles. Edm. I beseech you, sir, pardon me: it is a letter from my brother, that I have not allo'er-read; and for so much as I have perus'd, I find it not fit for your overlooking. Glo. Give me the letter, sir. Edm. I shall offend, either to detain or give it. The contents, as in part I understand them, are to blame. Glo. Let’s see, let’s see. Edm. I hope, for my brother's justification, he wrote this but as an assay or taste of my virtue. Glo. [reads.]. “This policy, and reverence of “age, makes the world bitter to the best of our “times; keeps our fortunes from us, 'till our old“ness cannot relish them. I begin to find an idle “ and fond bondage in the oppression of aged ty-- ranny; who sways, not as it hath power, but “ as it is suffered. Come to me, that of this I may “speak more. If our father would sleep ’till I “wak'd him, you should enjoy half his revenue “for ever, so live the beloved of your brother, “Edgar.”—Hum!---Conspiracy —“Sleep, 'till I “wak'd him!—you shall enjoy half his reve“nue !”—Myson Edgar Had hea hand to write this? a heart and brain to breed it in 2—When came this to you? Who brought it? Edm. It was not brought me, my lord, there's the cunning of it; I found it thrown in at the casement of my closet. Glo. You know the character to be your brother's Edm. If the matter were good, my lord, I durst swear it were his; but, in respect of that, I would fain think it were not. Glo. It is his. Edm. It is his hand, my lord; but I hope, his heart is not in the contents. [this business Glo. Hath he never heretofore sounded you in Edm. Never, my lord: But I have often heard him maintain it to i. fit, that, sons at perfect age, and fathers declining, the father should be as ward to the son, and the son manage his revenue. Glo. O villain, villain!—llis very opinion in

- Re-enter Gloster, with France, Burgundy, and Attendants.

Glo. H.'s France and Burgundy, my noble ord.

Lear. My lord of Burgundy, We first address towards you, who with this king Haye rivall'd for our daughter; What, in the least, Will you require in present dower with her, Or cease your quest of love”

Bur. Most royal majesty,

I crave no more than hath your highness offer'd,
Nor will vou tender less.
Lear. Right noble Burgundy,
When she was dear to us, we did hold her so :
But now her price is fall'n: Sir, there she stands;
If aught within that little seeming “substance,
Or . it, with our displeasure piec'd,
And nothing more, may fitly like your grace,
She's there, and she is yours.
Bur. I know no answer. [owes’,
Lear. Sir, will you, with those infirmities she
Unfriended, new-adopted to our hate, [oath,
Dower'd with our curse, and stranger'd with our
Take her, or leave her?
Bur. Pardon me, royal sir;
Election makes not up" on such conditions.
Lear. Then leave her, sir; for by the power
that made me,
I tell you all her wealth-For you, great king,
o: France.
I would not from your love make such a stray,
To match you where I hate; therefore beseech you
To avert your liking a more worthier way
Than on a wretch whom nature is asham'd
Almost to acknowledge hers.
France. This is most strange
Thatshe, who even but now was your best object,
The argument of your praise, balm of your age,
The best, the dearest, should in this trice of time
Commit a thing so monstrous, to dismantle
So many folds of favour! Sure, her offence
Must be of such unnatural degree,
That monsters it, or your fore-vouch'd affection
Fall into taint”; which to believe of her,
Must be of faith, that reason without miracle
Should never plant in me.
Cor. I yet beseech your majesty,
(If for I want that glib and oily art, [tend,
To speak and purpose not; since what I well in-
I'll do.’t before I speak) that you make known
It is no vicious blot, murder, or foulness,
No unchaste action, or dishonour'd step,
That hath depriv'd me of your grace and favour:
But even for want of that, for which I am richer:
A still-soliciting eye, and such a tongue
That I am glad I have not, though not to have it
Hath lost me in your liking.
Lear. Better thou [better.
Hadst not been born, than not to have pleas'd me
France. Is it no more but this? a tardiness in
Which often leaves the history unspoke,
That it intends to do?—My lord of Burgundy,
What say you to the lady? Love is not love,
When it is mingled with regards, that stand
Aloof from the entire” point. Will you have her?
She is herself a dowry.
Bur. Royal Lear,
Give but that portion which yourself propos'd,

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* Means the same as reverberates.

is shot—see better, says Kent, and keep me alwa “ i.e. our potter to erecute that sentence. The term originated from romance.—A quest was the expedition in which a knight was eni. e. is possessed of:

passing due bounds. adition.

aged. * Seeming is specious. is here used for corruption and for disgrace.


* The blank is the white or exact mark at which the arrow

ys in your tiew. i. e. pride exorbitant; pride
* 2west of love is amorous cape-
" i.e. makes not advances.
* Entire for single.

O 2

* Taint Ani

And here I take Cordclia by the hand,
Dutchess of Burgundy.
Lear. Nothing; I have sworn: I am firm.
Bur. I am sorry then you have so lost a father,
That you must lose a husband.
Cor. Peace be with Burgundy
Since that respects of fortune are his love,
1 shall not be his wife.
France. Fairest Cordelia, thou art most rich,
- bein
Most choice, forsaken; and most lov’d, despis'd!
Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon:
Be it lawful, I take up what’s cast away.
Gods, gods: 'tis strange, that from their cold'st
My love should kindle to inflam'd respect.
Thy dowerless daughter, king, thrown to my
Is queen of us, and ours, and our fair France:
Not all the dukes of wat'rish Burgundy 2
Shall buy this unpriz'd precious maid of me.—
Bid them farewell, Cordelia, though unkind:
Thou losest here, a better where' to find.
Lear. Thou hast her, France: let her be thine;
for we
Have no such daughter, nor shall ever see
That face of her's again:—Therefore be gone,
Without our grace, our love, our benizon.
Come, noble Burgundy.
[Flourish. Ereunt Icar, Burgundy, &c.
France. Bid farewell to your sisters.
Cor. The jewels of our father, with wash’d eyes
Cordelia leaves you: I know you what you are:
And, like a sister, am most loth to call [ther:

Your faults, as they are nam'd. Use well our fa-35

To your professing bosoms I commit him:
But yet, alas' stood I within his grace,
I would prefer him to a better place.
So farewell to you both.
Reg. Prescribe not us our duties.
Gon. Let your study -
Be, to content your lord; who hath receiv'd you
At fortune's alms: You have obedience scanted,
And well are worth the want that you have
wanted *.
Cor. Time shall unfold what plaited 'cunning
Who cover faults, at last shame them derides.
Well may you prospers
Brance. č. my fair Cordelia. J
[Ereunt France and Cordelia.
Gon. Sister, it is not a little I have to say, of
what most nearly appertains to us both. I think,
our father will hence to-night. -
Reg. That’s most certain, and with you; next
month with us.


poor; 10

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Gon. You see how full of changes his age iss the observation we have made of it hath not been little he always lov'd our sister most; and with what poor judgement he hath now cast her off,

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Teg. 'Tis the infirmity of his o yet he hath ever but slenderly known himself. Gon. The best and soundest of his time hath been but rash ; then must we look to receive from his age, not alone the imperfections of longengrafted condition, but thesewithal the unruly waywardness that infirm and choleric years bring with them. Reg. Such unconstant starts are we like to have from him, as this of Kent's banishment. Gon. There is further compliment of leavetaking between France and him. Pray you, let us hit together “: If our father carry authority with such dispositions as he bears, this last surrender of his will but offend us. Reg. We shall further think of it. Gon. We must do something, and i'the heat". [Ereunt,

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A Castle belonging to the Earl of Gloster. Enter Edmund, with a letter. * - Edm. Thou, nature, art my goddess; to thylaw My services are bound: Wherefore should I Ständ in the plague” of custom ; and permit The curiosity’ of nations to" deprive me, For that I am some twelve or fourteen moonshines base? Lag of a brother Why bastard wherefore When my dimensions are as well compact, My ... generous, and my shape as true, As honest madam's issue? Why brand they us With base? with baseness? bastardy? base, base? Who, in the lusty stealth of nature, take More composition, and fierce quality Than doth, within a dull, stale, tired bed, Go to the creating of a whole tribe of fops, Got 'tween asleep and wake —Well then, Legitimate Edgar, I must have your land: Our father's love is to the bastard Edmund, As to the legitimate: Fine word, legitimate! Well, my legitimate, if this letter speed, And my invention thrive, Edmund the base

|Shall top the legitimate. I grow; I prosper:

Now, gods, stand up for bastards!
Enter Gloster.
Glo. Kent banish'd thus ! And France in cho-
ler parted -
And the king gone to-night ! subscrib'd' his
Confin'd !. exhibition * ! All this done

Here and where have the power of nouns—Thou losest this residence to find a better residence

in another place. 2

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meaning is, “You well deserve to meet with that want of love from your husband, which you have professed to trant for our father.” - - - - * i. e. We must strike while the iron’s hot. quiesce, submit tamely to the plagues and injustice of custom

*i.e. complicated, involved cunning. • ‘That is, Wherefore should I ag. * Curiosity, in the time of Shak:

speare, was a word that signified an over-nice scrupulousness in manners, dress, &c.—The curiost of

ruttions rheans, the idle, nice distinctions of the world.

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the letter Abhorred villain! Unnatural, detested, brutish villain! worse than brutish —Go, sirrah, seek him; I'll apprehend hin:—Abominable yillain!—Where is he? Edm. I do not well know, my lord. If it shall please you to suspendyour indignation against my brother, 'till you can derive from him better testimony of his intent, you should run a certain course; where, if you violently proceed against him, mistaking his purpose, it would make a great gap in your own honour, and shake in pieces the heart of his obedience. I dare pawn down my life for him, that he hath writ this to feel my affection to your honour, and to no other pretence of danger. Glo. Think you so? Edm. If your honour judge it meet, I will place you where you shall hear us confer of this, and by an auricular assurance have your satisfaction; and that without any further delay than this very evenGlo. He cannot be such a monster.— [ing. Edm. Nor is not, sure. Glo. To his father, that so tenderly and entirely loves him.—Heaven and earth !—Edmund, seek him out; wind me into him, I pray you; frame the business after your own wisdom: I would unstate myself, to be in a due resolution". Edm. I will seek him, sir, presently; convey" the business as I shall find means, and acquaint you withal. Glo. These late eclipses in the sun and moon portend no good to us: Though the wisdom of nature can reason it thus and thus, yet nature finds itself scourg'd by the frequenteffects”; love cools, friendship falls off, brothers divide: in cities, mutinies; in countries, discord; in palaces, treason; and the bond crack'd''twixt son and father. This villain of mine comes under the Fo there’s son against father: the king falls from bias of nature; there's father against child. We have seen the best of our time: Machinations, hollowness, treachery, and all ruinous disorders, follow us disquietly to our graves! Find out this villain, Edmund: it shall lose thee nothing; do it carefully: —And the noble and true-hearted Kent banish’d 1 his offence, honesty! Strange strange! [Exit. Edm. This is the excellent foppery oftheworld! that, when we are sick in fortune, (often the surfeit of our own behaviour) we make guilty of our disasters, the sun, the moon, and the stars: as if we were villains, by necessity; fools by heavenly compulsion; knaves, thieves, and treachers, by spherical predominance; drunkards, lyars, and adulterers, by an enforc'd obedience of planetary influence; and all that we are evil in, by a divine thrusting on: An admirable evasion of whore

* To do upon the gad, is, to act by the sudden stimulation of caprice, as cattle run madding when

they are stung by the gad-fly.

*i. e. weak and foolish.

* Pretence is design, purpose. “The

meaning is, according to Dr. Johnson, Do you frame the business, who can act with less emotion; I would unstate myself; it would in me be a departure from the paternal character, to be in a due resolution, to be settled and composed on such an occasion.—Mr. Steevens comments on this passage thus: “Edgar has been represented as wishing to possess his father's fortune, i. e. to unstate him; and therefore his father says, he would unstate himself to be sufficiently resolved to punish him.”—To

custate is to confer a fortune. * To convey, here

... natural philosophy can give account of eclipses, yet we feel their consequences. 3 O 3

means to manage artfully. * That is, though


master man, to lay his goatish disposition to the
charge of a star! My father compounded with
my mother under the dragon's tail; and my nati-
vity was under ursa major; so that it follows, I
am roughandlecherous.—Tut, I should have been
that I am, had the madienlieststar in the firmament
twinkled on my bastardizing. Edgar—
Enter Edgar.
and pat he comes, like the catastrophe of the old
comedy. My cue is villainous melancholy, with allo
sigh like Tom o'Bedlam.—O,these eclipses do
portend these divisions! fa, sol, la, mi—
Edg. How now, brother Edmund What se-
rious contemplation are you in
Edm. I am thinking, brother, of a prediction I 15
read this other day, what should follow these
Edg. Do you busy yourself with that
Edm. I promise you, the effects he writes of,
succeed unhappily; as of unnaturalness between|20
the child and the parent; death, dearth, dissolutions
of ancient amities, divisions in state, menaces and
maledictions against king and nobles; needless
diffidences, banishment of friends, dissipation of
cohorts, nuptial breaches, and Iknow not what. 25
Edg. How long have you been a sectary astro-
Edm. Come, come; when saw you my father
Edg. Why, the night gone by. 3
Edm. Spake you with him?
Edg, Ay, two hours together.
Edm. Parted you in good terms? Found youno
displeasure in him, by word or countenance?
Edg. None at all. 35
Edm. Bethink yourself, wherein you may have
offended him: and at my entreaty, forbear his pre-
sence, until some little time hath qualified the heat
of his displeasure; which at this instant so rageth
in him, that with the mischief of your person it 40
would scarcely allay.
Edg. Some villain hath done me wrong.
Edm. That’s my fear. I pray you have a con-
tinent forbearance, ’till the speed of his rage goes
slower; and, as I say, retire with me to m ;: 45
ing, from whence I will fitly bring you to hear my
; speak: Pray you, go; there’s my key:—sf
you do stir abroad, go arm’d.
Edg. Arm'd, brother:
Edm. Brother, I advise you to the best; go|50
arm'd; I am no honest man, if there be any good
meaningtowards you; I have told you what I have
seen and heard," but faintly ; nothing like the
image and horror of it: Pray you, away.
Edg. Shall I hear from you anon 55
Edm. I do serve you in this business.-
[Exit Edgar.
* A credulous father, and a brother noble,
Whose nature is so far from doing harms,

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That he suspects none; on whose foolish honesty
My practices ride easy!—I see the business—
Let me, if not by birth, have lands by wit:

All withme's meet, that I can fashion fit. [Elit.

The Duke of Albany's Palace.
Enter Goneril, and Steward. -
Gon. Did my father strike my gentleman for
chiding of his fool
Stew. Ay, madam. [hour
Gon. By day and night! he wrongs me; every
He flashes into one gross crime or other,
That sets us all at odds: I’ll not endure it: -
His knights grow riotous, and himself
On every trifle: When he returns from hunting,
I will not speak with him: Say, I am sick:
If you come slack of former services,
You shall do well; the fault of it I’ll answer.
Stew. He's coming, madam; I hear him.
[Horns within.
Gon. Put on what weary negligence you please,
You and your fellows; I'd have it come to ques-
If he dislike it, let him to my sister, [tion:
Whose mind and mine, I know, in that are one,
Not to be over-rul’d. Idle old man,
That still would manage those authoritics
That he hath given away!—Now, by my life,
Old fools are babes again; and must be us'd
With checks as flatteries when they are seen ab-
Remember what I have said. [us'd',
Stew. Very well, madam.
Gen. And let his knights have colder looks
among you; - [so:
What grows of it, no matter; advise your fellows
I would breed from hence occasions, and I shall,
That I may speak:—I’ll write straight to my
To hold my very course:—Prepare for dinner.

An open Place before the Palace.
Enter Kent, disguised.

Kent. If but as well I other accents borrow,
That can my speech diffuse’, my good intent
May carry o itself to that full issue
For which I raz'd my likeness.-Now, banish'd
Kent, [demn'd,
If thou canst serve where thou dost stand con-
(Somayit come!) thy master, whom thou lov'st,
Shall find thee full of labours.
Horns within. Enter Lear, Knights, and Attend.

Lear. Let me not stay a jot for dinner; go, get

it ready.

How now, what art thou?
Kent. A man, sir.

*The sense, according to Dr. Johnson, is this: “Old men must be treated with checks, when as they are seen to be deceived with flatteries: or, when they are weakenough to be seen abused by flatteries, they are

then weak enough to be used with checks. There is a

in our author, very requently the same as to ...}

well as I have §§ my dress—To diffuse speec

lay on the words used and abused—Toabiscis, * Thát is, If I can change my speech as h, signifies to disorder it, and so to disguise*

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