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You will return and sojourn with my sister,
I)ismissing half your train, come then to me;
I am now from home, and out of that provision .
Which shall be needful for your entertainment.
Lear. Return to her, and fifty men dismiss'd :
No, rather I abjure all roofs, and choose
To wage' against the enmity o' the air;
To be a comrade with the wolf and owl,-
Necessity's sharp pinch!—l{eturn with her?
Why,the hot-blooded France, that dowerless took
Qur youngest born, I could as well be brought
To knee his thronc, and, squire-like, pension beg
To keep base life afoot *;-Return with her?
Persuade me rather to be slave and sumpter”
To this detested groom. [Looking on the steward.
Gon. At your choice, sir. [ine mad;
Icar. Now I pr’y thee, daughter, do not make
I will not trouble thee, my child; farewell:
We’ll no more meet, no more see one another:—
But yet thou art my flesh, my blood, my daughter;
Qr, rather, a disease that's in my flesh,
Which I inust needs call mine: thou art a bile,
A plague-sore, an embossed 'carbuncle,
In my corrupted blood. But I’ll not chide thee;
Let shame come when it will, I do not call it:
I do not bid the thunder-bearer shoot,
Nor tell tales of thee to high-judging Jove:
Mend, when thou canst; be better, at thy leisure:
I can be patient; I can stay with Regan,
I, and my hundred knights.
Reg. Not altogether so, sir;
I look’d not for you yet, nor am provided
For your fit welcome: Give ear, sir, to my sister;
For those that mingle reason with your passion,
Must be content to think you old, and so—
But she knows what she does.
Lear. Is this well spoken now?
Reg. I dareavouchit, sir: What, fifty followers:
ls it not well ? What should you need of more?
Yea, or so many? sith that both charge and danger
Speak 'gainst so great a number How, in one
house,
Should many people, under two commands,
Hold amit o hard; almost impossible.
Gon. Why might not you, my lord, receive
attendance
From those that she calls servants, or from mine?
Reg. Why not, my lord? If then they chanc'd
to slack you,
We could controus them: If you will cometome,
(For now I spy a danger) l intreat you
To bring but five-and-twenty; to no more
Will I give place, or notice.
Lear. I gave you all
Reg. And in good time you gave it.
Icar. Made you my guardians, my depositaries;
But kept a reservation to be follow'd
With such a number: What, must I come to you
With five-and-twenty, Regan said you so?
Reg. And speak it again, my lord; no more
with me. [favour'd,
Lear. Those wicked creatures yet do look well-

'' i.e. to make war. . a journey; though sometimes used for the case

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When others are morewicked; not being the worst, Stands in some rank of praise:—I’ll go with thee; [To Goneril.

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And thou art twice her love.
Gon. Hear me, my lord;
What need you five-and-twenty, ten, or five,

To follow in a house, where twice so many

Have a command to tend you ?
Reg. What need one *
Lear. O, reason not the need: our basest beggars
Are in the poorest thing superfluous:
Allow not nature more than nature needs,
Man's life is cheap as beast's: thou art a lady;
If only to go warm were gorgeous,
Why, nature needs not what thougorgeous wear'st,
Which scarcely keeps thee warm.—But, for true
- need,—- need :
You heavens, give me that patience, patience I
You see me here, you gods, a poor old man,
As full of grief as age; wretched in both !
If it be you that stir these daughters' hearts
Against their father, fool me not so much
o bear it tamely; touch me with noble anger!
O, let not women's weapons, water-drops,
Stainmyman's cheeks!—No, you unnatural hags,
I will have such revenges on you both,
That all the world shall,—I will do such things, --
What they are, yet I know not; but they shall be
The terrors of the earth. You think, I'll weep;
No, I’ll not weep: -
I have full cause of weeping; but this heart
Shall break into a hundred thousand flaws,
Or ere I’ll weep :—O fool, I shall go mad :
[Ereunt Lear, Gloster, *. and Fool.
Corn. Let us withdraw, 'twill be a storm.
[Storm and tempest heard.
Reg. This house is little; the old man and his
people
Cannot be well bestow'd. [from rest,
Gon. 'Tis his own blame; he hath put himself
And must needs taste his folly.
Reg. For his particular, I’ll receive bim gladly,
But not one follower,
Gon. So am I purpos'd.
Where is my lord of Gloster?

Re-enter Gloster.

Corn, Follow'd the old man forth:-He is reGlo. The king is in high rage. [turn'd. Corn. Whither is he going? [whither. Glo. He calls to horse; ilt will I know not Corn.'Tisbest to give him way; he leads himself. Gon. My lord, entreat him by no means to stay. Glo, Alack, the night comes on, and the bleak winds Do sorely ruffle; for many miles about There’s scarce a bush. Reg. O, sir, to wilful men, The injuries, that they themselves procure, Must be their school-masters: Shut up your doors;

* i.e. in a servile state. to carry them in. : Embossed is swelling, protuberant. 3 P And

He is attended with a desperate train;

* Sumpter is a horse that carries necessaries on

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At Storm is heard, with thunder and lightning
Enter Kent, and a Gentleman, meeting.
Kou. WHO ’s there, besides soul weather 2
Gent. One minded like the weather,
In OSt o
Kent. I know you : Where’s the king?
Gent. Contending with the fretful element:
Bids the wind blow the earth into the sea,
Or swell the curled waters 'bove the main',
That things might change, or cease: tears his
white hair; -
Which the impetuous blasts, with eyeless rage,
Catch in their fury, and make nothing of:
Strives in his little world of man to out-scorn
The to-and-fro-conflicting wind and rain. [couch,
This night, wherein the cub-drawn bear would
The lion and the belly-pinched wolf
Keep their fur dry, unbonneted he runs,
And bids what will take all. -
Kent. But who is with him *
Gent. None but the fool; who labours to out-jest
His heart-struck injuries.
Kent. Sir, l do know you;
And dare, upon the warrant of my note',
Commend a dear thing to you. There is division,
Although as yet the face of it be cover'd [wall;
With mutual cunning, 'twixt Albany and Corn-
Who have (as who have not, that their great stars
Throne and set high?) servants, who seem no less;
Which are to France the spies and speculations
Intelligent of our state; what hath been seen,
Either in snuffs and packings" of the dukes;
or the hard rein which both of them have borne
Against the old kind king; or something deeper,
Whereof, perchance, these are but furnishings";-
But, true it is, from France there comes a power
Into this scatter'd “kingdom ; who already,
Wise in our negligence, have secret fee
In some of our best ports, and are at point
To show their open banner.—Now to you:
If on my credit you dare build so far
To make your speed to Dover, you shall find
Some that will thank you, making just report
Of how unnatural and bemadding sorrow

The king hath cause to plain.

* The main seems to signify here the main land, the continent.

* My observation of your character.
* i.e. colours, erternal pretences.
“That is, “Crack nature's mould, and spill (or destroy) all the seeds of

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are drawn dry by its young.
packings underhalid contrivances.
* 1: ant-couriers, Fr.
matter that are hoarded within it.”

words. " Subscription for obedience.

" i.e. shameful, dishonourable.

III.

10|| am a gentleman of blood and breeding,
And from some knowledge and assurance, offer
This office to you. -
Gent. I will talk further with you.
Kent. No, do not.

15|For confirmation that I am much more

Than my out-wall, open this purse, and take
What it contains: If you shall see Cordelia,
(As fear not but you shall,) shew her this ring;
And she will tell you who your fellow is

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I will go seek the king, [to say *
Gent. Give me your hand: Have you no more
Kent. Few words, but, to effect, more than all

- ct; [your pain

--- y -
25|That, when we have found the king, (in which

That way; I’ll this,) he that first lights on him,
Holla the other. [Ereunt severally.

S C E N E II.
.30 Another Part of the Heath.

Storm still. Enter Lear, and Fool.
Lear. Blow, winds, and crack your checks :
rage blow !

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You sulphurous and thought-executing fires,
Vaunt-couriers’ to cak-cleaving thunder-bolts,
Singemy whitehead'And thouall-shakingthunder,
Strike flat the thick rotundity o' the world !

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That make ingrateful man!
Fool. Onuncle, courtholy-water’in a dry house

is better than this rain-water out o' door. Good

nuncle, in, and ask thy daughtersblessing; here's

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Lear. Rumble thy belly full! Spit, fire! spout,
rain - --
Norrain, wind, thunder, fire, are my daughters:
I tax not you, you elements, with unkindness;

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You owe me no subsorption"; why then let faii
Your horrible pleasure; here I stand, your slave,
A poor, infirm, weak, and despis'd old man:—
But yet I call you servile ministers,

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Your high-engender'd battles, 'gainst a head
So old and white as this. O O' 'tis foul 11

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Fool. He that has a house to put's head in, has
a good head-piece. -
The cod-piece that will house,
Before the head has any :
The head and he shall louse;
So beggars marry many'.
The man that makes his toe
JWhat he his heart should make,
Shall of a corn cry, woe
And turn his sleep to wake. l
—For there was never yet fair woman, but she
made mouths in a glass.
Enter Kent. -
Lear. No, I will be the pattern of all patience,
I will say nothing.
Kent. Who's there
Fool. Marry, here’s grace, and a cod-piece”;
that's a wise inan, and a fool. -
Åent. o sir, are you here? things that love
night,
Love not . nights as these ; the wrathful skies
Gallow the very wanderers of the dark,
And make them keep their caves: Since I was man,
Such sheets of fire, such bursts of horrid thunder,
Such groans of roaring wind and rain, I never
Remember to have heard: man's nature cannot
The affliction, nor the fear. Ucarry
Lear. Let the great gods, -
That keep this dreadful pother o'er our heads,
Find out their enemies now.Tremble,thou wretch,
That hast within thee undivulged crimes,
Unwhipt of justice: Hidethee, thou bloody hand;
Thou perjur’d, and thou simular man of virtue
That art incestuous: Caitifs, to pieces shake,
That, under covert and convenient seeming",
Hastpractis'd on man's life!—Close pent up guilts,
Rive your concealing continents", and cry
These dreadful summoners' grace.—I am a man,
More sinn'd against, than sinning.
Kent. Alack, bare-headed !
Gracious my lord, hard by here is a hovel;
Some friendshipwillitlend you’gainst the tempest;
Repose you there: while I to this hard house,
§. hard than is the stone whereof 'tis rais'd;
Which even but now, demanding atter you,
Deny’d me to come in) return, and force
Their scanted courtesy.
Lear. My wits begin to turn.
Come on, my boy: How dost, my boy? Art cold?
I am cold myself—Where isthis straw,iny fellow 50
The art of our necessities is strange,
That can make vile things precious, Come, your
hovel. -
Poor fool and knave, I have one
That’s sorry yet for thee.
Fool. He that has a little tiny wit,
h'ith heigh, ho, the wind and the rain,--

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partin my heart

* i.e. A beggar marries a wife and lice. That there is no discretion below the girdle. 3 frighten. “Convenient seeming is appearance such tinent stands for that which contains or incloses. offenders before a proper tribunal.

between the

Must make content with his forbun's fit; For the rain it raineth every day. Lear. True, my good boy.—Come, bring us to this hovel. [Erit. Fool. This is a brave night to cool a courtezan. I'll speak a prophecy ere I go: When priests are more in word than matter; When brewers mar their malt with water; When nobles are their tailors' tutors’; No heretics burn'd", but wenches' suitors: Then comes the time, who lives to see’t, That going shall be us'd with feet.— When every case in law is right; No squire in debt, nor no poor knight; When slanders do not live in tongues; Nor cut-purses come not to throngs; . . . When usurers tell their gold i' the field; And bawds, and whores, do churches build; Then shall the realm of Albion Come to great confusion. This prophecy Merlin shall make; for I live before his time. [Erit. S C E N E III. An Apartment in Gloster's Castle. - Enter Gloster, and Edmund. Glo. Alack, alack, Edmund, I like not this unnatural dealing: When I desired their leave that I might pity im. they took from me the use of mine own house; charg'd me, on pain of their perpetual displeasure, neither to speak of him, entreat for him, nor any way sustain him. Edm. Most savage, and unnatural: Glo. Go to; say you nothing: There is division ukes; and a worse matter than that: I have received a letter this night;-'tis dangerous to be spoken. I have lock'd''the letter in my closet: these injuries the king now bears will be revenged home; there is part of a power alread footed: we must incline to the king. I will see him, and privily relieve him: go you, and maintain talk with the duke, that my charity be not of him perceived: If he ask for me, I am ill, and gone to bed. If I die for it, as no less is threaten’d me, the king my old master must be relieved. There is some strange thing toward, Edmund; pray you, be careful. - [Erit. Edm. This courtesy, forbid thee, shall the duke Instantly know; . of that letter too:— This seems a fair deserving, and must draw me That which my father loses; no less than all: The younger rises, when the old doth fall. [Exit. S C E N E IV. A Part of the Heath, with a Horel. Enter Lear, Kent, and Fool. Kent. Here is the place, mylord; good my lord,

’ i. e. invent fashions for them.

enter:

* Alluding perhaps to the saying of a contemporary wit,

Gallow, a west-country word, signifies to scare or as may promote his purpose to destroy. Con* Summoners mean here the officers that summon * The disease to which

P 2

wgilches' suitors are particularly exposed, was called in Shakspeare's time the brenning or oriš. 3

Thy tyranny of the open night's too rough
For nature to endure. [Storm still.
Lear. Let me alone.
Kent. Good my lord, enter here.
Lear. Wilt break my heart?
Kent. I'd rather break mine own: Good my
lord, enter. [tious storm
Lear. Thou think'st’tis much, that this conten-
Invades us to the skin: so 'tis to thec;
But where the greater malady is fix’d, l
The lesser is scarce felt. Thou'dst shun a bear;
But if thy flight lay toward the raging sea,
Thou'dst meet the beari' the mouth. When the
mind's free,
The body's delicate: the tempest in my mind
Doth from my senses take all feeling else,
Save what beats there.—Filial ingratitude :--
Is it not as this mouth should tear this hand,
Forlifting food to 'ti-But I will punish home!—
No, I will weep no more.—In such a night
To shut me out!—Pour on; I will endure:--
In such a night as this O Regan, Goneril!—
Your old kind father, whose frank heart gave you

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O, that way madness lies; let me shun that; 25
No more of that,
Kent. Good my lord, enter here. [ease;

Lear. Pr'ythee, go in thyself; seek thine own This tempest will not give me leave to ponder On things would hurt me more.—But I’ll goin:— In, boy; go first.—[To the Fool.] You houseless poverty,’— Nay, get thee in. I’ll pray, and then I’ll sleep.– [Fool goes in. Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are, That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm, How shall your houseless heads, and unfed sides, Your loop'd and window'draggedness,defendyou From seasons such as these? O, I have ta'en Too little care of this Take physic, pomp ; Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel: That thou may'st shake the superflux to them, And shew the heavens more just. Edg. [on] Fathom and half, fathom and half Poor Tom , Fool. Come not in here, nuncle, here's a spirit. Help me,help me! [The Fool runs outfrom the hovel. Kent. Give me thy hand.—Who's there? Fool. A spirit, a spirit; he says, his name's poor Tom. the straw Kent. What art thou that dost grumble there i' Come forth. Enter Edgar, disguised as a madman. Edg. Away the foul fiend follows me! Thro' the sharp hawthorn blows the cold wind.— Humph! go to thy cold bed, and warm thee. Lear. Hast thougiven all to thy two daughters? And art thou come to this? Edg. Who gives anything to poor Tom whom the foul fichd hath led through fire and through flame, through ford and whirlpool, over bog and

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* So the five senses were called by our old writers. influence. 'The young favours: which was the fashion of that time.

15

20

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40

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pelican is fabled to suck the mother's blood.

quagmire; that hath laid knives under his pillow, and halters in his pew ; set ratsbane by his porridge; made him proud of heart, to ride on a bay trotting horse over four-inch'd bridges, to course his own shadow for a traitor:—Bless thy five wits'' ---Tom's a-cold.--O, dode, do de, dode.--Bless thee from whirlwinds, star-blasting, and taking?' Do poor Tom some charity, whom the foul fiend vexes: There could I have him now, and there, --and there, and there again, and there. [Storm still. Lear. What, have his daughters brought him to this pass?— all 2 Could'st thousave nothing? Didst thou give them Fool. Nay, he reserv'd a blanket, else we had been all shamed. Lear. Now, all the plagues that in the pendulous air ters Hang fated o'er men's faults, light on thy daughKent. He hath no daughters, sir. Lear. Death, traitors nothing could have subdued nature To such a lowness, but his unkind daughters.Is it the fashion, that discarded fathers Should have thus little mercy on their flesh? Judicious punishment!’twas this flesh begot Those pelican' daughters. Edg. Pillicock sat on pillicock-hill;Halloo, halloo, loo, loo! Fool. This cold night will turn us all to fools and madmen. Edg, Take heed o' the foul fiend: Obey thy parents; keep thy word justly; swear not; commit notwith man's sworn spouse; set not thy sweet heart on proud array:--Tom's a-cold. Lear. What hast thou been? Edg. A serving-man, proud in heart and mind; that curl’d my hair, wore glovesin my cap", serv'd the lust of my mistress's : and did the act of darkness with her: swore as many oaths as I spake words, and broke them in the sweet face of heaven: one that slept in the contriving of lust, and wak'd to do it: Wine lov'd I deeply; dice dearly; and in woman, out-paramour'd the Turk: False of heart, light of ear", bloody of hand; Hog in sloth, fox instealth, wolf in greediness, dog in madness, lion in prey. Let not the creaking of shoes, nor the rustling of silks, betray thy poor heart to women: Keep thy foot out of brothels, thy hand out of plackets, thy pen from lenders' books, and defy the foul fiend.—Still through the hawthorn io. the cold wind: Says suum, mun, ha no nonny, dolphin my boy, boy, Sessy; lct him trot by. [Storm still. Lear. Why thou wert better in thy grave, than to answer with thy uncover'd body this extremity of the skies.—ls man no more than this? Consider him well: thou owest the worm no silk, the beast no hide, the sheep no wool, the cat no perfume:– Ha! here's three of us are sophisticated!—Thou art the thing itself: unacconimodated man is no

* To take is to blast, or strike with malignant “ i.e. his mistress'

* i.e. ready to receive malicious reports.

more

more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou art—Off,off, you lendings:—Come; unbutton

Go into the house. -
Lear. I'll take a word with this same learned

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wild field, were like an old lecher's heart; a small
spark, and all the rest of his body cold.—Look,
here comes a walking fire.
Edg. This is the foul fiend Flibbertigibbet; he
beg ns at curfew, and walks 'till the first cock; he
gives the web and the pin", squints the eye, and
makes the hare-lip; mildews the white wheat,
and hurts the poor creature of earth.
.Saint Mithold footed thrice the world’;
He met the night-mare, and her nine fold;
Bid her alight,
And her troth plight,
And, Aroynt thee, witch, aroynt thee's
Kent. How fares your grace?
Enter Gloster, with a torch.
Lear. What’s he?

10

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Lear. Let me ask you one word in private.
Kent. Importune him once more to go, my lord,
His wits begin to unsettle.
Glo. Canst thou blame him [Storm still.
His daughters seek his death —Ah, that good
Kent
He said it would be thus:--Poorbanish'd man —
Thou say'st, the king grows mad; I’ll tell thee,
friend,
I am almost mad myself; I had a son,
Now out-law'd from my blood; he sought my life
But lately, very late; I lov’d him, friend,-
No father his son dearer: true to tell thee, [this
The grief hath craz'd my wits. What a night's
I do beseech your grace,—
Lear. Q, cry you mercy, sir:—

* Koi. Who's there? What is't you seek? Noble philosopher, your company. : Glo. What are you there? Your names? Edg. Tom's ... - [warm. f Edg. Poor Tom; that eats the swimming frog, Glo, In, fellow, there, to the hovel: keep thee , the toad, the tadpole, the wall-newt, and the wa-25 Lear. Come, let's in all.

, ter-newt; that in the fury of his heart, when the Kent. This way, my lord.

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green mantle of the standing pool; who is whipt

from tything to o all

and imprison'd; who hath had three suits to his

back, six shirts to his body, horse to ride, and

weapon to wear,
But mice, and rats, and such small deer",
Have been Tom's food for seren year.

Beware my follower:—Peace, Smolkin; peace,

thou fiend!

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Lear. With him;
I will keep still with my philosopher.
Kent. Good my lord, sooth him; let him take

Glo. Take him you on.
Kent. Sirrah, come on ; go along with us.
Lear. Come, good Athenian. -
Glo. No words, no words; hush. -
Edg., Child" Rowland to the dark tower came,
His word was still,—Fie, foh, and fum,
I smell the blood of a Britishman.[Ereunt. *

Glo. What, hathyour grace no better company;

Edg. The prince of darkness is a gentleman; S C E N E V. Modo he's call’d, and Mahu. [vile, 40 Gloster's Castle. . ... Glo. Our flesh and blood, my lord, is grownso Enter Cornwall, and Edmund.

That it doth hate what gets it.

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Corn. I will have my revenge, ere I depart this house. Edm. How, my lord, I may be censur'd, that

45 nature thus gives way to loyalty, something fears
me to think of.
Corn. Inowperceive, it was not altogether your
brother's evil disposition made him seek his death;
but a provoking merit, set a-work by a repro-
vable badness in himself.
Edm. How malicious is my fortune, that I must
repent to be just!This is the letter which he spoke

To obey in all your daughters' hard commands:
Though their injunctions be to bar my doors,
* And let this tyrannous night take hold upon you;
Yet have I ventur'd to come seek you out,
And bring you where both fire and food is ready.
Lear. First let me talk with this philosopher:-
‘What is the cause of thunder?
Aent. My good lord, take his offer;

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* Diseases of the eye. * hold significs a down, or ground hilly and void of wood. . . 'These verses were no other than a popular charm, or night-spell against the Epialtes; and the last line is the formal execration or apostrophe of the speaker of the charm to the witch, aroynt thee right, i. e. d part forthwith-Bedlams, gipsies, and such-like vagabonds, used to sell these kind of spells or chains to the le. They were of various kinds for various disorders. : A tything is a division of a lace, a district; the same in the country, as award in the city. In the Saxon times, every hundrid was divided into tythings. * Deer in old language is a general word for wild animals. * In the old times of chivalry, the noble youth who were candidates for knighthood, during the season of their probation, were called Infans, Warlets, Damoysels, Bacheliers; the most noble of the youth potticularly, Infans. Here a story is told, in some old ballad, of the famous hero, and giant-killer Roland, before he was knighted, who is, therefore, called Infans; which the ballad-maker uansated, Child Roland. 3 P3

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