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Another man possesseth. Where's your faction?
Shrewdly the bishop guess'd of your adherents,
When not a petty burgess of some town,
No, not a villager hath yet appear’d,
In

your assistance: that should make you whine, And not your country's sufferance as you term it.

Dal. The king is angry.

Craw. And the passionate duke,
Effeminately dolent."

War. The experience
In former trials, sir, both of mine own
Or other princes, cast out of their thrones,
Hath so acquainted me, how misery
Is destitute of friends, or of relief,
That I can easily submit to taste
Lowest reproof, without contempt or words.

Enter FRION. K. Ja. An humble-minded man !-Now, what

intelligence
Speaks master secretary Frion.

Fri. Henry
Of England hath in open field o'erthrown
The armies who opposed him, in the right
Of this young prince.

And the passionate duke,

Effeminately dolent.] Thus Bacon—" It is said that Perkin, acting the part of a prince handsomely, when he saw the Scotch fall to waste his country, came to the king in a passionate (plaintive, tearful) manner, making great lamentation,&c. Whereunto the king answered “half in sport,”—much as we have it above.

K. Ja. His subsidies you meanMore, if you have it?

Fri. Howard earl of Surrey, Back'd by twelve earls and barons of the north, An hundred knights and gentlemen of name, And twenty thousand soldiers, is at hand To raise your siege. Brooke, with a goodly navy, Is admiral at sea; and Dawbeney follows With an unbroken

army

for a second.
War. 'Tis false! they come to side with us.

K. Ja. Retreat;
We shall not find them stones and walls to cope with.
Yet, duke of York, for such thou say'st thou art,
I'll try thy fortune to the height; to Surrey,
By Marchmont, I will send a brave defiance
For single combat. Once a king will venture
His person to an earl," with condition
Of spilling lesser blood. Surrey is bold,
And James resolv’d.

War. Oh, rather, gracious sir,
Create me to this glory; since my cause
Doth interest this fair quarrel; valued least,
I am his equal.

K. Ja. I will be the man.,
March softly off; where victory can reap
A harvest crown'd with triumph, toil is cheap.

[Exeunt. ACT IV. SCENE I. The English Camp near Ayton, on the Borders. Enter SURREY, DURHAM, Soldiers, with Drums

2 His person to an earl.] Here, and in p. 80, earl is used as a dissyllable. It is necessary to notice this, as Ford occasionally varies in the measure of this and similar words, in the course of the same speech.

and Colours.
Sur. Are all our braving enemies shrunk back,
Hid in the fogs of their distemper'd climate,
Not daring to behold our colours wave
In spite of this infected air? Can they
Look on the strength of Cundrestine defaced ?
The glory of Heydon-hall devasted ? that
Of Edington cast down? the pile of Fulden
O'erthrown, and this, the strongest of their forts,
Old Ayton-Castle, yielded and demolish’d,
And yet not peep abroad? The Scots are bold,
Hardy in battle; but it seems the cause
They undertake, considered, appears
Unjointed in the frame on't.

Dur. Noble Surrey,
Our royal master's wisdom is at all times
His fortune's harbinger; for when he draws
His sword to threaten war, his providence
Settles on peace, the crowning of an empire.

[A trumpet without. and this, the strongest of their forts, Old Ayton-Castle—] The castle of Aton, Bacon says, was then esteemed one of the strongest places between Berwick and Edinburgh. With the capture of this place, the struggle terminated ; little to the honour, and less to the advantage of either side. The noble historian says nothing of the main business of this scene, which, must, I believe, be placed entirely to the account of the poet; though it is, in some measure, justified, by the chivalrous and romantic character of James IV.

3

Sur. Rank all in order: 'tis a herald's sound; Some message from king James. Keep a fix'd

station.

Enter MARCHMONT and another, in Heralds' coats. March. From Scotland's awful majesty we

come Unto the English general.

Sur. To me? Say on.

March. Thus, then; the waste and prodigal Effusion of so much guiltless blood, As in two potent armies, of necessity, Must glut the earth's dry womb, his sweet com

passion Hath studied to prevent; for which to thee, Great earl of Surrey, in a single fight, He offers his own royal person; fairly Proposing these conditions only, that If victory conclude our master's right, The earl shall deliver for his ransom The town of Berwick to him, with the Fish

garths;
If Surrey shall prevail, the king will pay
A thousand pounds down present for his freedom,
And silence further arms: so speaks king James.
Sur. So speaks king James ! so like a king he

speaks.
Heralds, the English general returns
A sensible devotion from his heart,
His very soul, to this unfellow'd grace:

For let the king know, gentle heralds, truly,
How his descent from his great throne, to honour
A stranger subject with so high a title
As his compeer in arms, hath conquer'd more
Than any sword could do; for which (my loyalty
Respected) I will serve his virtues ever
In all humility: but Berwick, say,
Is none of mine to part with. In affairs
Of princes, subjects cannot traffic rights
Inherent to the crown. My life is mine,
That I dare freely hazard; and (with pardon
To some unbribed vain-glory) if his majesty
Shall taste a change of fate, his liberty
Shall meet no articles. If I fall, falling
So bravely, I refer me to his pleasure
Without condition; and for this dear favour,
Say, if not countermanded, I will cease
Hostility, unless provoked.

March. This answer
We shall repeat unpartially.

Dur. With favour,
Pray have a little patience. -[Apart to SURREY.]

Sir, you find
By these gay flourishes, how wearied travail
Inclines to willing rest; here's but a prologue,
However confidently utter'd, meant
For some ensuing acts of peace: consider
The time of year, unseasonableness of weather,
Charge, barrenness of profit; and occasion,
Presents itself for honourable treaty,
Which we may make good use of; I will back,

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