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spiration. We do not doubt for a moment And these things, when too often presented to that Mr. Thomas embraces with firm and in the reader, lose their power, and become untelligent faith what we must regard as the natural. They resemble artificial flowers, distinctive elements of the “redemptive idea;” which may have beauty, but are destitute of and, therefore, regret that he has not ex life and perfume. To the reader, indeed, in hibited them with that clearness and force the calm and meditative mood of his closet, which their importance demanded, and which they are very apt to appear as somewhat akin his habits of thinking and general style of ex to the tinsel and assumed tone of the mere pression fitted him to exhibit.

actor. Besides, whilst Mr. Thomas pleads with We have written thus freely, and in a considerable power, and not a little eloquence, kindly spirit, of Mr. Thomas's volume, befor the moral force of the “ redemptive idea" cause he is a good man and a true, and because whilst he contends for its fitness to calm the he possesses elements of superiority and usestrife of intellectual doubt, to hush into peace- fulness, which should be freed from everything fulness the tempest of conscience, and to sub- that would hinder their development, or predue into harmony the conflict of the affec vent their best and most successful consecrations, he never attempts to show how, on what tion to the service of the church and the principle, or on what grounds of adaptedness, world. it accomplishes these great and important ends. Now, as Mr. Thomas goes about his THE POET OF THE SANCTUARY. A Cenwork with the tone and bearing of a philoso tenary Commemoration of the Labours and pher, as he evidently thinks that other men Services, Literary and Devotional, of the Rev. have missed their way in reference to the Isaac Watts, D.D. Preceded by Remarks great question which he has undertaken to

on the Origin of Psalmody and Christian discuss, either from prejudice, or incompetency, Hymnology in Earlier Times. By JOSIAH it was his duty to have entered into the ra CONDER, Author of " The Choir and tionale or principle of the subject. Anything the Oratory," fc. fc. pretending to present a philosophical exposi

London: Snow. tion of the gospel, or the “ redemptive idea" The name of Dr. Watts is known in all —and to this we presume Mr. Thomas's lands, and is familiar in almost all Christian little book lays claim-should do this. Any homes, especially among the Nonconformists one may affirm a thing, and dogmatise about of England. As “ The Poet of the Sancit, but it is the province of the philosopher to tuary,” he is so fully identified with the serunfold and explain its principles. Whilst, vices of Nonconformist churches, and with then, we perfectly accord with the affirma- the devotional feelings and experience of tions of Mr. Thomas as to the effects of the thousands of Christians of all denominations, “ redemptive idea," and whilst we cannot but that whatever tends to throw additional admire some of his eloquent declamation on light on his unrivalled excellence, and to vinthe subject, we desiderate a little more philo-dicate his superior claims as a Hymnologist, sophy, a little profounder exposition of first must be welcomed everywhere-not merely as principles, at the hands of one who comes be a tribute to the dead, but as a boon to the fore us in the stole of the sage. Should this living. And, hence, we cannot doubt that little book, which its author assures us has the exceedingly valuable volume now before already been “much elaborated," arrive at a us, from the pen of Mr. Conder, whose repusecond edition, we would advise him to bestow tation is so widely extended as a scholar and fresh and augmented elaboration on it—not a poet, will be eagerly sought, and universally on its phraseology and the structure of its read by those who appreciate the merits, sentences, but on its thoughts. The germs, and have felt the power of Dr. Watts as a the rudimental principles, we think, are there hymn writer. All, we are satisfied, who have already. Let Mr. Thomas work them out in studied the interesting subject of Psalmthe spirit of true philosophy, and we venture ody and Hymnology; all pastors who, with to predict the result will be a work worthy of the aid of Dr. Watts, conduct the " service of himself, whatever his claims and pretensions, song;" and all private Christians, whose deand beneficial to the church and the world. votional sentiments have been kindled and

As to the style of Mr. Thomas, we cannot expressed by his exquisite hymns, cannot fail help thinking there is room for improvement. to derive both pleasure and instruction from It is too elaborate. Not seldom, indeed, there the perusal of this volume. are samples of great power and beauty; but, The volume is divided into three parts or as a whole, it gives the reader the idea of a chapters, each of which is fraught with matperpetual strain or tension. A sense of un ter that must be deemed valuable and highly naturalness steals over the mind, as there ap- interesting. pears to be a constant effort to be fine or The First Part is a learned, elaborate, original. Antithesis, alliteration, and rhetori- and comprehensive sketch of the rise and cal stateliness are of too frequent occurrence. progress of early Hymnology. It traces the


vicissitudes and development of Psalmody and valuable and instructive. The article on Hymn writing from the days of Hilary and 'the Jansenists, with its Supplemental Notes, Ambrose to those of Dr. Watts; and contains will abundantly repay perusal. The article much that will be new to many, and highly on the Septuagint is learned and able. It instructive to all. Whilst Hymnology was divests that version of the spurious claims to deemed highly important by the early church, something like inspiration with which some and whilst hymn writing was successfully scholars have unwisely invested it, and conpractised by Continental nations before, and tends for the pre-eminent and exclusive auat the time of the Reformation, Mr. Conder thority of the Hebrew Scriptures as the word convincingly establishes the claim of Dr. of God. The other articles, especially that Watts to the high honour of being the in on Calvin, are worthy of attention. ventor of Hymns in our language. The Second Part contains a brief but interesting ROMAN CATHOLICISM AND PROTESTANT biographical notice of Dr. Watts; an examin CHRISTIANITY CONTRASTED. A Tract ation of his distinctive merits as a writer of for the l'imes. By John ROGERS, Author sacred songs ; a vindication of the superiority of “ Am I a Christian !" &c. Second of bis metrical version of the Psalms; an edition, small 8vo. pp. 24. exposure of the unreasonablenes of the pre

John Snow. judices with which he had to contend; a Mr. Rogers has but recently arrived in refutation of objections to the doctrinal sen the metropolis, having accepted the call of timents of his Hymns; and a most satisfac- the church assembling in New Tottenham tory establishinent of his pre-eminent claim Court Chapel; and we rejoice to welcome a to be regarded as “The Poet of the Sanc- brother to our circle who indicates the mental tuary." The Third Part is a very valuable power and enlightened theology displayed dissertation on the general literary merits in this seasonable and well-written tract. and labours of Dr. Watts, showing that, whilst

Mr. Rogers affords ample proof that he has he possessed the imagination and taste of a well studied the Roman Catholic controversy, Christian poet, he was distinguished by the and well understands the corruption and deep acuteness and powers of abstraction belong- subtilty by which Catholicism has so long ing to the metaphysician and the learned held its grasp of deluded millions of the theologian; that, whilst he could invest truth

Those who wish to form a correct with fascination to infant minds, he could estimate of the abominations of the coninstruct “ the students of Malebranche and fessional should read Mr. Rogers's tract. Locke;" and closing with one of the most

Thanks to the Pope and Dr. Wiseman for so beautiful and comprehensive summaries we wide a circulation of Protestant truth! ever remember to have read, of the progress of Protestant Dissent, of the development of AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE REV. WILLIAM the spirit of Christian enterprise, and of the WALFORD. Edited (with a Continuation) expansion and amazing resources of the Bri

by Join STOUGHTON. Small 8vo. pp. 376. tish Empire during the last hundred years.

Jackson and Walford. The volume, as a whole, is so full of inter

We have been favoured with an admirable est, and is so fraught with instruction on the important subject of Hymnology, and espe- review of this deeply interesting volume, but cially on the merits of Dr. Watts as

too late for insertion. But, from a rapid Poet of the Sanctuary,” that we trust it will perusal of the Autobiography of our late find a place in every Nonconformist family,

lamented friend, we cannot forbear informing and be studied by every Nonconformist

our readers that it is one of the most remark

Next pastor. The volume is got up in a style of able productions of the modern press. great elegance and beauty.

month we hope to do justice to its merits. THE JOURNAL OF SACRED LITERATURE.

THE NIGHT WATCHES. By the Author of No. XIII. January, 1851. Edited by

The Faithful Promiser.” John Kitto, D.D., F.S.A.

London : W. F. Ramsay. Edinburgh: Paton London : Simpkin, Marshall, and Co.

and Richie, ALTHOUGH we do not uniformly approve To assure our readers of the excellence of of all that appears in the pages of this jour this exquisite little volume, it is only necesnal, but, on the contrary, have been con sary to remind them that it is by the author strained to object to some of the sentiments of " The Faithful Promiser." The rapid to which it has given publicity, the great and almost unprecedented sale of that beaubody of its matter is so excellent, that it gives tiful little manual has widely scattered it us pleasure to commend it to the notice of all among the Christian homes of this land. Biblical scholars among our readers. The And, doubtless, all whose hearts have been present number is a good one. The article touched, whose spirits have been animated, on Nineveh, although not very profound, is and whose hopes have been brightened, by

66 The

the rich truths of “ The Faithful Promiser,” | casket laden with jewels, they will find the will at once possess themselves of “ The latter to be the same, only somewhat augNight Watches.” And we can assure them, mented in size, and enriched in its contents. that, if they found the former to be a little


REV. JOHN PYE SMITH, D.D., F.R.S. Chapel, to become their pastor. He accepted [The following notice of our late lamented the call, and continued the faithful and and revered friend, Dr. Smith, from The Leeds affectionate pastor of that church for about Mercury of the 8th of February, is so ex forty-seven years. cellent and truthful, that we think it a duty The life of a Professor and a Divine is not, to give it a place in our columns, without in the ordinary sense of the word, eventful. alteration or abridgment. It is a noble tes But if ever any man had the true spirit of the timony to a man whose learning, transparent age of improvement in which he lived, or simplicity of character, fearless integrity, and fought boldly in defence of sacred truth, or eminent devotedness to God, entitle liim to pressed forward resolutely as a pioneer in the the love and respect of his contemporaries, march of science and social reformation, it and the veneration of posterity.--Ev.] was the subject of this sketch. He may,

We announce, with deep regret, the death therefore, with justice, be called a soldier and of that eminent and excellent man, the Rev. a conqueror in the sacred war. With his John Pye Smith, D.D., F.R.S., who for a tongue and pen he gained achievements that half century presided over the Independent will endure when the blood-stained exploits College at Homerton, near London.

of the sword are forgot or remembered with Never has it been our happiness to know shame. & man of purer or more exalted character: It is a key to Dr. Pye Smith's life and and few indeed, if any, of his contemporaries, character to say, that he seemed ever to aim in any section of the Church of Christ, have, to be a Christian of full stature and perfect by their talents, learning, and virtues, ren- | mould, yet with no thought of himself, but dered greater service to their generation, or only of his Master. His sole standard was in their own spirit and conduct more nearly Christ. That he might follow Him, he was approached the faultless model of their Divine ready to be everything, to do everything, and Master.

to suffer everything. In his virtues there John Pye Smith was born at Sheffield, in no partial development or distorted the year 1775. He was the son of a book- growth. He was able to sacrifice his darling seller, and was intended to follow his father's tastes, and to tear himself away from his business. But his talents, distinguished piety, noblest pursuits, at the call of the humblest and ardent love of learning, clearly marked duty. Whatever partook of the character of him out for the ministry, and he became a a duty, was in his eyes sanctified, and he did student at Rotherham College. When his it as unto God. In the pulpit, in the proown academical course was finished, his fessor's chair, in the study, in the humble scholarship was so distinguished, that he was prayer-meeting, among his own family, in the at once chosen Classical Tutor of the College: sick chamber, in the scientific assembly, at and the exemplary discharge of the duties of the gathering for some patriotic object, in inthat office, together with his theological stitutions for the instruction of the poor and learning and the excellence of his character, the reclaiming of the vicious—everywhere and led to his being invited, at the early age of in everything, he displayed such a hearty twenty-five, to become Theological Tutor and interest and such a forgetfulness of self as Principal of Homerton College, the oldest of seemed to say—“I am a deblor to all.the institutions for training ministers among His mind was singularly energetic. There the Independents. In January, 1801, he was no department of knowledge which he entered on the duties of that responsible post, was not eager and able to explore, so far as which he filled with untiring devotedness and his duties permitted. He was critically acthe highest efficiency for the long space of quainted both with ancient and modern fifty years. A theological professorship is languages. His theological reading was most naturally combined with ministerial duties; extensive. From the earliest of the Fathers and in two or three years after his settle to the latest English, German, or American ment at Homerton, he received a call from divine, he neglected no author that was worth the church worshipping at the Gravel Pits reading, and that it was possible to read.




From every source he gathered materials for mons and Lectures, with some volumes. the service of truth. He was not deterred Should his course of Divinity be given to the by prejudice, but opened his mind candidly world, as many competent persons have exto every ray of light, whencesoever it might pressed the opinion that it ought, we believe

He studied both the exact and the it will greatly add to his fame and his usefulexperimental sciences. When geology offered It is stated that he was never satisfied its somewhat startling revelations, he did not to go through his Divinity lectures unimturn from it; but, on the contrary, embraced proved, but constantly amended them as new it as part of the communications of the lights were thrown on Scripture. Author of nature and of truth; and by his The taste of Dr. Smith was severe and even patient investigations he showed the tangible fastidious. Partly from this cause, and partly records of creation to be quite accordant with from not being a ready penman, his composithe word of God. Thus he rendered a tion was slow. His style was clear and ele. most important service both to religion and gant, but rather wanting in flow and force. to science: and on the publication of his Everything that proceeded from his pen bore valuable work, “ Scripture and Geology,” the the evidence of careful and patient thought. Royal Society-the first of our scientific as His spirit was generous and noble, and his sociations — did themselves and him the views of Christian duty made him the patriot honour to enrol him as one of their Fellows. and the reformer (not in the political sense His knowledge of chemistry and most of the only, but in every other). He abborred inbranches of natural philosophy was not justice, oppression, fraud, political corruption, superficial.

and all partial legislation. There was not a As in all his studies his object was truth, more ardent friend of civil and religious freeso his clear intellect easily separated the dom. In him was seen the enthusiastic advotruth from any admixture of error, and re cate of the Abolition of the Slave Trade and tained the pure and precious whilst it rejected Slavery, of Parliamentary Reform, of Catholic the evil.

Emancipation, of Free Trade, and of ConstiThe chief labour of Dr. Pye Smith's life, tutional Government,--all on Christian prinand his most enduring monument, was the ciples. He gave his support to Literary Sowork entitled “ The Scripture Testimony to cieties and Mechanics' Institutions.

He was the Messiah : an inquiry with a view to a an early and zealous friend of the cause of satisfactory determination of the doctrine Total Abstinence, which he practised for many taught in the Holy Scriptures concerning the years till his death. And no cause seemed dearer person of Christ.” This work is admitted to his heart than that of Universal Peaco. To by the greatest scholars to be the first of its advance any of these objects he would leave kind. It is marked by profound and accurate his beloved books, even when prevented, by learning, candid criticism, and by that reve almost total deafness, from enjoying public rential and Christian spirit which ought to meetings, and would be satisfied to add a govern every theological inquiry. It has single unit to the philanthropic array. As received the rare honour of being admitted, mere specimens of his habitual self-denial for though the work of a Dissenter, as an the public good, we may mention that a genauthority in the English Universities.

tleman calling upon him after he had retired As Dr. Smith knew himself to be set as a from the ministry, and was in his 75th year, champion of the truth, he felt it his duty to found him going out one dark and wet evenshrink from no controversy that became his ing to lecture at a Mechanics' Institution in high character. He was consequently in Bethnal-green : and in the year when the volved in the warfare of the pen with Pro- | Peace Congress was held at Paris, no perfessor Lee, of Cambridge, on the question of suasions of his family could induce him to the Union of Church and State; and with the stay at home, but he endured the long and Rev. Thomas Belsham, and other Unitarians, fatiguing journey to cheer on the friends of on the Divinity of Christ. He also published that sacred cause. & very able statement of the “ Reasons of the He was an ardent friend of the Voluntary Protestant Faith; with an Exposure of Popish Principle, both in religion and in education; Errors," which he republished, with a new and he gave his strenuous opposition to the preface, within the last few weeks. He ex Minutes of Council of 1846-1847. posed, in a clear and popular manner, a

With a dauntless moral courage, Dr. Pye wretched mass of infidelity put forth many Smith united one of the gentlest and meekest years since by an apostate clergyman, the spirits that ever dwelt in a human breast. Rev. Robert Taylor. And there were several The combination was indeed most remarkother minor controversies in which he was able, and was manifestly the produce of true engaged. In all his intellectual combats he Christian principle. His personal piety was conducted himself as a Christian cavalier, of the purest kind, and ever nourished at the sans peur et sans reproche.” He also pub- fountain of grace and goodness.

He was lished a considerable number of separate Ser- eminently a man of prayer—in all his ways


he acknowledged God. His practice through | presented to him about a month since by 2
life was to make use of ejaculatory prayer, so numerous and distinguished body of friends.
that he may be said to have lived in the spirit But he was barely equal to the effort, and he
of continual dependence on his Maker and returned home to Guildford to die.
Redeemer. His humility was really wonder His pure spirit departed on Wednesday
ful, considering his great intellectual powers night, the 5th February, at eleven o'clock.
and the honours he had attained. He would His end was peaceful. His work was done,
not have claimed superiority over the lowliest and exhausted nature fell asleep.
of his fellow-men. Before God his attitude On Saturday, the 15th of February, the
was that of penitent self-abasement, yet also remains of this great and good man were
of child-like confidence. Whilst he had a conveyed to Abney Park Cemetery. At a
heart that swelled with every noble aspira- quarter to one, amidst a dense crowd of spec-
tion, that fed upon the loftiest themes, that tators, drawn to the spot by affectionate
turned with abhorrence from all that was un respect to the memory of the deceased, the
just and mean, he had also a charity that put corpse was borne from the College, Homerton,
the most favourable construction on every to the Old Gravel Pits Meeting-house, in
virtue, and a modesty that deferred to every which Dr. Smith had proclaimed the glorious
judgment, except where deference was for- | gospel for so many years. The weather
bidden by rectitude. To all his fellow- being fine, the funeral procession walked to
Christians he opened a heart of the warmest the chapel, in the following order:-1. The
affection: prejudice and sectarian feeling were officiating ministers, Messrs. J. C. Harrison,
quite destroyed by brotherly love.

T. Binney, G. Clayton, and J. Davies. 2. The His views of the Divine character were not pall-bearers, Messrs. Brown, Harsant, Davey, only most exalted, but they so pervaded his and G. P. Davies. 3. Messrs. J. Macaan, life as to make it one act of service and of Goulty, Haydon, Stockbridge, Stally brass, praise. In the pulpit he often seemed rapt England, and Newth. 4. Relatives, Messrs. in adoring and loving contemplation of the E. Smith, S. J. Nash, E. B. Pye Smith, W. Divine attributes, and he laboured with emo. Nash, E. Baines, C. Reed, J. W. Smith, P. H. tions too big for utterance. He rejoiced to Pye Smith, the Right Hon. M. T. Baines, vindicate all the ways of God to man. His J. Leader, J. J. abershon, A. Fonlger, and trust in the infinite faithfulness, goodness, and H. Rutt. 5. Neighbouring ministers, Drs. wisdom of God seemed to rise higher when- | Burder, Cox, Henderson, and Messrs. Ransom, ever he was called to submit to any afHiction. Watson, Angus, and Barfitt. 6. Deacons, A more absolute resignation to the Divine Messrs. Underhill, Olding, Parker, and Carter. will can scarcely be conceived: he rejoiced in | 7. Church and congregation, Messrs. Sewell, tribulations. Pride and self-righteousness in Kent, Bonrn, Underhill, Burn, Haywood, him seemed to have no place: they were so Vinas, Coventry, Le Mare, Sewell, Le continually rebuked by his habit of self-con- Mare, sen., Johnston, Walford, A. Le Mare, demnation, that they shrunk quite out of Walker, H. L. Mare, T. Underhill, Chapsight of his fellow-men.

8. Deputation from Homerton College, He combined a spirit of the truest inde- | Messrs. Yockney and Morley, and Dr. W. pendence with a courtesy the most sincere. Smith. 9. Deputation from New College, In every word and act he was the gentleman, Drs. Harris and Lankester, and Messrs. and his politeness manifestly had its source Stoughton, P. Smith, Godwin, Nenner, Farrer, in benevolence. He followed the apostolic and Joshua Wilson, Esq. 10. Deputation injunction in “honouring all men."

from the London Missionary Society, Messrs. The life of Dr. Sinith was one of incessant | Freeman, Mannering, Prout, and Rose. activity. He prized his hours and minutes as 11. Deputation from Mill-hill School, Messrs. most precious: he read as one who was de- Edwards, White, Burkitt, Wells, S. England. vouring what he read: he laboured with in 12. Deputation from the Peace Society, tense and unwcaried assiduity: yet liis tem Messrs. Headley, Jones, Richard, and Brockper was not fretted by the numberless claims

way. His acquaintance and corre The Rev. J. C. Harrison commenced the spondence with the most learned men of Eu- service in the chapel, by reading appropriate rope and America was very large, and con portions of Scripture, and offering up solemn sumed much of his time; yet he admitted the prayer to God. The Rev. J. N. Goulty claims of the humblest friend, listened pa- read the 118th Hymn, Book I., which having tiently to every claimant on his sympathy been sung with much solemnity, the Rev. and benevolence, and poured balm into the G. Clayton delivered the funeral address, wounded spirit.

which was distinguished by its pathos and its When his strength had become quite un characteristic sketch of the deceased. Mr. equal to all public duty, he retired to Guild- | Binney concluded in prayer, ford, after which his decline was rapid. He The procession then moved, in eighteen appeared in London to receive the testimonial | mourning coaches, to the place of sepulture.


upon him.

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