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and from the Shastras, the Vedas, and the Zendavesta. There, too, the faithful in the Koran will mingle with the student of the Talmud and Rabbinical writings, while both the rude and the philosophic sceptic will be gathered from all quarters.

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The last reason for the performance of this duty which we adduce, is, that this assembly is composed of men of mind and influence.

All souls, indeed, are equal in indi

Oh, Christians, how important is it, that many, that all of this heterogeneous concourse of human, responsible beings, should be under evangelical in-vidual value-the soul of the ploughstruction! and what a duty falls upon you to earnest and believing prayer, that the Spirit of Christ may render this instruction saving! "Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence!"

A third argument for importunate prayer for an especial effusion of the Holy Spirit, is, that so many in this multitude are labouring under most destructive errors.

It is indeed cheering to believe, that numerous persons whose minds are enlightened and purified by Divine grace will be there; and the efforts and the prayers of foreigners shall join with those of our own countrymen on this stirring occasion. Many a meeting of Christian fellowship will be held besides those of the Peace Society and the Evangelical Alliance. May the utterance of their respective sentiments, both in private and public, be made, as with tongues of Pentecostal fire! Yet charity herself must look on the many who meet as in a fearful state of spiritual delusion -as indeed "too superstitious," but still, as erecting altars to "the UNKNOWN GOD." Ignorant, alas! of the EXCELLENCY OF THE KNOWLEDGE," amidst an unequalled display of human ingenuity -in moral darkness in a crystal house, and so brilliant as to require a veil to moderate the descent of natural light. This is a painful reflection, and should teach us to invoke the rising of the Sun of Righteousness on these sombre parts of a scene so bright with genius.

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boy who reads the Scriptures is equal in worth to the soul of Tyndale who translated them. When, however, you think of the comparative influence on the world of these two minds, you see how superior the one is to the other.

It was this consideration which gave ardour to St. Paul's desire to preach the gospel at Rome. His enlarged mind saw, at once, that Rome being the mistress of the world, was not only the centre of political power, but also the focus of all that was splendid in civilization, in art, in literature; as she likewise sent her sons to all civilized nations, and was constantly visited by the choicest spirits from all her allies and tributaries. Through Rome, no doubt, if he did not visit Great Britain in person, he preached to the aborigines of an island which, in its turn, was to be the rendezvous of the nations. And what a meeting of rank and talent, of master minds, is now held in our metropolis! What a triumph over much that opposes the gospel would be achieved by a Pentecostal outpouring of the Holy Spirit! What mutual and social power should be consecrated and pressed into the work of the churchthe universal diffusion of the Word of the truth!

Let then the importance and the necessity of these holy influences, at this season, be especially considered: let it be fully believed that, without this influence, all other means of converting the heart and furthering the cause of the salvation of the nations will fail;

and let the thought weigh on the heart of the Christian, that unless we become a blessing to this collection of strangers and foreigners, it will be sure to be a moral injury to us, whatever benefits of a temporal kind may result from an exhibition of art and science, of peace

and industry, of wealth and dignity, such as the sun never shone on before the year of our redemption, One thousand eight hundred and fifty-one.


J. K. F.

From the Italian.

SINNERS obdurate in spirit!

Lo, your Saviour visits earth, Pressed by woe for your demerit, Man of sorrows from his birth: Man of sorrows night and day, Sinners, weep, for well you may.

Now the terrors of the garden,


Lone Gethsemane, assail; How can you your heart thus harden, As you hear his plaintive wail ?— While ye hear his heartstrings quake, Sinners! weep for Jesus' sake.

"Abba, Father! if it may be,

Take this bitter cup away;
Yet thy will, thy will, I pray thee,
Thine, not mine, must ever sway."

Let that prayer your passions wake;
Sinners! weep for pity's sake.

Hark again!" To save my brothers,
Welcome cross, the thorn, and nail;
Yes! I'll bear the guilt of others;
Wrath Divine and human, hail!"

Ah! if you've a heart to break,
Sinners! weep for his dear sake.

On his lips Divine, that ever

Preached of pity from above,
Lo the traitor, to dissever,
Prints his sign,-the kiss of love:

You, O sinners! traitors too,
Weep him thus betrayed for you.

Judas having basely sold him,

Now fast bound behold him go; Yes, in crowds of foes behold him, Struck, derided, versed in woe:

Love and grief were ne'er so great; Sinners! weep your Saviour's fate. Now the scourge in blows atrocious,

Draws out blood from every vein, Till they leave not-how ferocious!Nerve or member free from pain: Man of woe, and yet Divine; Sinner! weep; the sin was thine.

Next behold this Lord of glory,
Crowned with cruel, matted thorns,
Reed in hand, his face all gory,
Whilst the robe his form adorns:
O'er insulted majesty,

Sinner! weep; he wept for thee.
With the tree upon his shoulders,
For Golgotha, lo, he's bound;
Salem's daughters, sad beholders,
With their tears bedew the ground:
Sinners! join the pious crowd;
Weep for Jesus; weep aloud.
See, at last, yon cross erected,

See him on that shameful tree!
There he pays the price expected,
And by ransom sets us free:

Sinner! weep, and glory give;

The Immortal dies that you may live.


Chorus.-Come, let us go to Jesus; hasten quick away:

Lo! Hell's dark tempest lowers-it falls if we delay.

To save poor sinful man, from heaven to earth He ran;

Sweet mercy moved, nor ought His eager haste could stay.

Life-giving waters flow, from Him: then sin

ners! go,

And, for the healing stream, with humble patience pray.

To-day, to-morrow, lo! in darkness and in woe

We move, nor mid the gloom, can find one cheering ray.

He died that we might live-and who to Jesus give

Their willing hearts in faith, triumph o'er death's decay.

Jesus alone has power to save in life's last hour

What hosts to Him have fled, and oh! how blest are they!

From the Rev. W. Morton's
"Woman of Shunem.”

Review of Religious Publications.

Series of Essays. With Addresses and Ap-
peals to the Sunday-school Teachers of
Crown 8vo., pp. 324.

John Snow.

It is most refreshing to observe the deternined outburst of Protestant feeling which has been called forth by the insolent efforts of the Pope, urged on by Irish agitators, to map out this free country for the onslaught of his unscrupulous agents.

While we continue to adhere, with unshaken firmness, to our original conviction, that the Pope, as a Foreign Prince, had no territorial function to exercise in Great Britain, and therefore most thoroughly believe that, in his late rescript, he was guilty of a most flagrant insult on the Majesty of the British throne, we now begin to think that this impudent aggression, which the Parliament of this country has resented and substantially overthrown, will be overruled for unintended good to the Protestant cause. The noise and riot which Papists have made about the resistance of a measure which they well know would not have been allowed in any Catholic country in Europe, has afforded a most instructive illustration of the spirit which animates Romanism, even in this enlightened and free country. It is the same turbulent, bitter, scheming, anti-social, ascendant thing it ever was;-and its late doings may teach slumbering Protestants, that further concessions to such a system are incompatible with the well-being of the State, and with the religious tranquillity of our hearths and homes. We have already conceded too much to Popery, both at home and in our colonies; and, whether our liberal statesmen like the vaticination or not, we predict that all Roman Catholic endowments and grants, in Ireland and the colonies, will cease before the lapse of a few years. To this great object the current of public opinion must be vigorously directed; and all honest-hearted Protestants must not allow themselves to rest satisfied until the nation is purged of the heinous sin of upholding Antichrist, and paying its Priests, to bewilder the minds, and corrupt the morals of our fellow-countrymen. We are much gratified to find that Dr. Campbell has felt himself impelled to enter upon the controversy of the day. We must have all strong-headed, stout-hearted men enlisted in this warfare. Our literature must teem with exposures of Popery, addressed to all ranks and classes in the community:the hoary imposture must be laid open in its own naked deformity;-the detestable thing


must be looked out of countenance, as the devil's great scheme for deceiving the nations;-and whether it skulks in the Established Church, in the hypocritical guise of Anglo-Catholicism, or steps forth, in its own proper colours, under the ambitious leadership of Dr. Wiseman, it must be held up to the British people as the antagonist both of God and man, and shown to be such by an appeal to the sure and unerring Word of the living God, and to the facts of history.

We like Dr. Campbell's idea of addressing his very able volume to the Sunday-school Teachers of Great Britain. Should they become thoroughly well informed on the subject of Popery, they can do wonders to check its progress. The time has come, we believe, when the children of the poor must be made acquainted with the snares everywhere laid for their feet by the covert or avowed agents of Rome. Liberalism in education has greatly tended to keep the people in ignorance of Protestant truth. The spirit of Tractarianism and Romanism, in these times, must rouse all Bible Christians to do their duty,—to stand up, in all their circles, for Bible-truth, in opposition to ritualism, priestcraft, and will-worship, in all their forms and modifications.

The volume before us is fitted to do good service in the present battle with Antichristian powers. It is, indeed, well entitled to a very extensive circulation; and, when the author's promised work on "Popery, Ancient and Modern," &c., makes its appearance, it will, with its companion, be a complete handbook for young people on the subject of which it treats.

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Meanwhile, there is great power for good in these Essays on Popery and Puseyism Illustrated." The Dedication to Sundayschool Teachers is pregnant with valuable suggestions, which they cannot too seriously or deeply ponder. "The fact," observes Dr. Campbell," of the juvenility of your charge is a prime element in the consideration, which shows the importance attaching to your labours. The mind is impressible, the heart tender, and the memory tenacious. This, too, is the time to establish the empire of sound moral feeling, so essential to the advancement of true religion, and the best interests of the nation. The celebrated apothegin of our great countryman, Chillingworth, The Bible, and the Bible alone, is the Religion of Protestants,' is a fit inscription for the door-posts and the lintels of the British Sunday-school. The apothegm is gloriously true; and hence the Bible is, of all objects on earth, the most offensive to the

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Popish Priesthood. They are the subjects of the strongest possible conviction, that the result would be as that of the junction of fire and stubble; that, to throw the Sacred Scriptures, faithfully translated, into the midst of the Popedom, would be to envelope it in flames, and utterly to destroy the mighty fabric of wood, hay, and stubble, beyond the possibility of rescue or restoration. This view of the matter serves at once powerfully to demonstrate and strikingly to impress the value of your labours. Who can calculate the extent to which you are filling the minds of the rising race with the words which are spirit and life?' Is not this the reason why you are held in such dread and detestation by the Vatican, by the Papal Priesthood, and all the emissaries of Rome? There is no power in Britain they so much fear as that of the English Sunday-school they mock the Established Clergy; they laugh at the Bishops, and they defy the Legislature; but they survey the British Sunday-school with solemn hate, and depressing apprehension! Now, this hate, and that apprehension, bespeak a great truth; they show wherein consists the weakness of Popery, and the strength of Protestantism. The fact, moreover, involves a great practical principle, which deserves to be seriously pondered till deeply felt, and till all concerned be led with vigour to act upon it. It shows the infinite importance of the Protestant churches pouring out their strength in this direction; since no species of labour is so full of hope for Protestantism, and so fraught with peril to the Papacy."

We should have had great satisfaction in furnishing ample quotations from each of the Essays in this volume. But our space forbids; and we must content ourselves by presenting to our readers some faint conception of the plan pursued by the author in treating a great subject.

He commences with the "Rule of Faith and the Test of Truth;" in which he shows that Popery and Puseyism are equally wide of truth, and equally repudiate the sufficiency and supremacy of Holy Scripture. He shows that "from Adam to Moses," -" from Moses to Christ,"- "from the commencement of Christ's ministry to his ascension,”"—" from the ascension of Christ to the death of all the apostles," nothing but the " living, Divine oracle," was sanctioned or tolerated by High Heaven. Dr. Campbell then grapples with Popish and Puseyite objections to this view of "the rule of faith and test of truth;" and then charges "the system of Tradition with misrepresentation as to the Apostles and the Fathers," -"with impiously derogating from the perfection of Divine Wisdom,"- -"with heaping dishonour upon the Divine Spirit,”—and "with the subversion of the authority of Christ."

The Second Essay is devoted to "the Doctrines of Popery," and contains a summary view of the system; in which it is shown that it contains no scriptural exhibition of the radical depravity of human nature,-of the nature of true repentance,-of faith in the Lord Jesus as the only means of the sinner's salvation,-of justification,-of the work of the Holy Spirit,-and of the real position of the Word of God. Then "the Romish Catechism" is examined with a searching severity, and its dogmas and follies thoroughly exploded. This is a valuable section of the volume, extending over thirty pages, and furnishing famous weapons for the use of Sunday school Teachers, in combating the errors of the Church of Rome. We should be glad to see Dr. Wiseman attempt an answer to Dr. Campbell, and get these two Doctors pitted against each other.

The Third Essay is on "Confirmation, Papal and Puseyite," in which there is much suggestive matter for the consideration of all those who practise this human rite. Then, IV., we have " Papal and Puseyite Apostolical Succession," which is handled with great intelligence and becoming severity, and shown to be "wholly unsupported by Scripture, by fact," and to involve "a palpable absurdity." "The true Doctrine of the Apostolic Succession" is then finely stated. The Fifth and last Essay is entitled, "Christian Salvation considered in its relation to Popery and Puseyism.” This is a chapter of solemn warning, in which it is shown that the Popish and Puseyite doctrine deeply derogates from the glory of the Father, from the glory of Christ, from the glory of the Holy Ghost; that "it lures the souls of men to destruction; that instead of curing, it aggravates the worst disease of human nature-pride."

We hope that these Essays will find their way into every Sunday-school throughout the kingdom.

SERMONS FOR THE TIMES. By the Rev. RICHARD BURGESS, B.D., Rector of Upper Chelsea, and Prebendary of St. Paul's. Seeleys.

FROM his long residence in Rome, and the opportunities he enjoyed when there and in other parts of Italy, of investigating the real character of the Papacy, as practically exhibited at head quarters, Mr. Burgess is well qualified to grapple with its corrupt opinions and deadly practices. He has very reasonably, therefore, made his contribution to the general stock of Protestant truth and argument now issuing from the British press, and which we would fain hope will do much, by God's blessing, to stem the torrent of Antichristian folly and delusion which now threatens to deluge our beloved country.

The Discourses were all written and deli

vered to the Author's Congregation, as he in- The fifth Discourse is on "THE MEDIATION forms us, at a period of comparative tran- AND INVOCATION OF SAINTS," and is a very quillity, and when the present storm only keen and cutting, but at the same time arguloomed in the distance. They are now pub-mentative,exposure of the abominable idolatries lished in the hope of preserving some from error, and confirming many in the truth, if the Lord vouchsafe his blessing."

From the calm and temperate spirit which pervades the several discourses contained in this volume, we have reason to believe that it will be found highly adapted to a large class of persons, particularly in the Establishment, who are not prepared to examine works of a more determined and controversial tone. There are many, at the present moment, whose faith in the leading tenets of Protestantism has been considerably shaken by listening to certain teachers of the Tractarian School, but who have not yet found their way to Rome; and to such we cannot help thinking that Mr. Burgess's mode of handling Protestant truth will be very useful. Not that he writes hesitatingly, or that he shrinks from the essential verities for which the Reformers contended; but that he feels his way quietly and dignifiedly through the labyrinth of Popish presumption and superstition, and brings out the truth in a way calculated to breed conviction in minds which have been sinfully tampered with, by men whose ordination vows bound them to uphold the doctrines of the Reformation; but who have done more to spread Popery in England, during the last twenty years, than all the avowed agents of Rome combined.

Mr. Burgess's first Discourse is on "THE CHURCH"; and is intended to destroy the figment that any individual community of professed Christians has a right to assume this all-comprehensive and definite title. Of course the Romish assumption is rebuked and refuted.

The second Discourse is entitled "DIVINE SERVICE"; and here the line is well drawn between the scriptural notion of worship rendered to God, exclusively through the Divine Mediator, and the gorgeous and idolatrous follies of Romanism,-its invocation of saints, -its image-worship,-indulgences, &c.

In his third Discourse, Mr. Burgess admirably handles the great question of "SCRIPTURE AND TRADITION," and shows the nakedness of the pretension that would supplant the true sayings of God by the uncertain and contradictory statements attributed to inspired


The next Discourse is devoted to the cardinal point, the "FORGIVENESS OF SINS, AND PLENARY INDULGENCE." Here the Author has taken firm and definite standing against the "Mother of Harlots and Abominations," and has shown that Popery is nothing short of an actual antagonist to the Divine method of forgiveness revealed in the gospel.

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which spread like a moral pestilence over the face of every Roman Catholic country, and essentially identify Rome with "the Man of Sin," and with that system of "lying wonders," which the Apostle Paul so fearfully depicts.

The last Discourse, on "TRANSUBSTANTIATION," is one of the best in the volume, full of historical reference, and forcible scriptural appeal.

We have read this series of Discourses with great satisfaction; and, though we would not be understood as approving of every expression, or even of every opinion which they contain, we do most cordially and earnestly recommend them to the careful perusal of all who wish to understand the merits of the Popish controversy.

NINEVEH: ITS RISE AND RUIN; AS ILLUSTRATED BY ANCIENT SCRIPTURES AND MODERN DISCOVERIES: A Course of Lectures, delivered at Claremont Chapel, London. With Additions and Supplementary Notes. By the Rev. JOHN BLACKBURN, Pastor. Crown 8vo., pp. 244.

Partridge and Oakey.

So admirable a use has been made by Mr. Blackburn of the antiquities of Assyria which have recently been brought to light, and many of which have been deposited in the British Museum, in the illustration of Holy Scripture, and particularly of the history of God's ancient people, that we cannot but deeply regret that his Lectures on Nineveh have not had the advantage of an earlier notice. The delay has been accidental; and if any reference of ours shall have the effect of giving a fresh impulse to the sale of a work which ought to be in the library of every private family, every Sunday-school, and every Christian congregation, Church and Dissent, we shall, indeed, exceedingly rejoice.

As the work is not an ephemeral, but a well-digested series of Essays on a topic of thrilling interest, still under the deep consideration of learned and critical inquirers, we are the less concerned that our critique appears somewhat later than we had intended.

The particular merits of Mr. Blackburn's labours is this, that he has given a distinct bird's-eye view of all that is most surely known of Assyrian history, from ancient and modern sources; and that he has, with much patient and discriminating research, applied the whole to the successful illustration of various portions of the Word of God. He has, in fact, produced a most instructive and exciting little volume, which is well entitled, from the care which has been taken in pre

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