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are passages containing views of God more

our argument goes to prove that Exodus, and "pure and lofty." The inference, which he the succeeding books of the Pentateuch, were intends the reader should deduce from these written during the Mosaic age, it proves also contrasted passages, is, that the idea of God that Genesis must have been written prior to gradually advanced with the advance of the the said age. In reply to this, it is sufficient national mind. It would follow, as a neces to point to the representations given of the sary consequence, from this, that the passages Divine Being at the opening of this book, in on the reader's left must have been written connection with the work of creation. But long before those on the rea ler's right. Here, on this branch of the subject we cannot enter then, is the first pair of these contrasted more fully at present. We only allude to it passages:

that we may remove a disliculty which might Jehovah " But will God in occur to some minds as to the conclusivespake to Moses, say very deed dwell upon ness of our argument. ing, Let them build the earth ? Behold We are sorry that we cannot afford space me a sanctuary, that the heaven, and the for a few observations on Mr. Greg's chapter I may dwell among heaven of heavens on prophecy. We must satisfy ourselves them. ... And thou cannot contain thee; with little more, however, than merely sayshalt put the mercy how much less this ing, that it is very evident he does not under. seat above upon the house that I have stand the subject. He seems to liave a mind ark, ... and there builded." 1 Kings utterly incapable of rising into sympathy I will meet with thee, viii. 27.

with the amplitude and grandeur of the and will

theme. What does not suit the measure of with thee.” Exodus

his own narrow and stinted capacity, he is xxv. 8, 21, 22.

unable to relish. We find him enumerating Now, let it be observed, that Mr. Greg has a few petty difficulties found in the prophettold us (page 41), that “the Jehovistic docu- ical books, which have long since been brushed ments,”— viz., those portions of the Penta- away by the researches of our modern crititeuch in which the name "Jehovah' is em cism. But it does not suit Mr. Greg to tike ployed,—“ were written about the reign of any notice of the solutions that have been Solomon."

The passage quoted from the given of these difficulties. He passes by book of Exodus, it will be seen, is Jehovistic. without notice the labours of Christian scho)Here, then, he quotes a document which he lars, who, to say the least, are quite as eniaffirms to have been written about the reign nent for learning and for patient research as of Solomon; and, in order to exhibit the ad the infidel writers whom he so highly lauds. cance of the conception of God, during the These infidel critics sometimes remind us of lapse of ages, from a lower to a loftier form, the common fly, when they thus, however he compares this passage, written in the reign often driven from them, pertinaciously perof Solomon, with another passage ultered by sist in returning to suck at the wounds Solomon himself! According to Mr. Greg's which the want of critical learning and aptheory on the progressiveness of Theism, the pliances on the part of our forefathers unpassage from Exodus must have been written happily opened on the body of our own holy some hundreds of years before the passage faith. Mr. Greg especially scems to delight from 1 Kings, just as we believe and main- | in this degrading occupation. Our readers tain. But, according to Mr. Greg's avowed have seen with what gust he could indulge belief, the two passages were written at the this miserable appetite, at such passages as same time!! Here, then, is Mr. Greg quoting the Hebrews borrowing from the Egyptians, two passages, which he affirms were the pro- and the apostles believing that the world duction of the same age, in order to exhibit would end with the then existing generation. the advance which the lapse of some hun. So it is throughout his entire book. He dreds of years would produce on the Theism sometimes tries, indeed, to open a fresh of the Jews! How strange and contradictory wound. We give the following from the the conclusions to which our author's “sci- chapter before 11s. He says (in a note, page entific process” leads him. One is, that the 62, to show the “disingenuousness” of Chrisbook of Exodus was written some hundreds tian writers), “ The Messianic Prophecies are of years before the reign of Solomon! An- | interpreted literally or figuratively, as may other is, that the said book was not written best suit their adaptation to the received histill the reign of Solomon! Verily, Mr. Greg tory of Jesus. Thus, that “the wolf shall is most dexterous at the work of self-refuta- lie down with the lamb, and the lion eat straw tion! Like a genuine son of Saturn, he de like the ox,' is taken figuratively; that the vours his own offspring as soon as they are Messiah should ride into Jerusalem on an ass, born!

is taken literally.” Now, we think that Mr. It may be thought by some of our readers, Greg might have at once discerned, that there that the weapon with which we are here is enough of difference between the simple act assailing Mr. Greg has two edges; and that if of riding on an ass, and the working of such



pp. 84.

a change on the instincts of the lion and the the Tracts announced at the head of this wolf, as would, in fact, amount to a re-crea article. We have read them all, and consition of them-as sufficiently to justify the der them the best Tracts for Roman Catholics literal interpretation of the one passage, and we have yet seen. We recommend tenerothe figurative interpretation of the other. lent Christians, in all our great cities and

We beg earnestly to recommend to any of towns, to procure a large supply of them, and our readers who may wish to read a work of put them into the hands of every Rcman enlarged and comprehensive views on this Catholic that may be accessible. subject, “ The Structure of Prophecy," a book of no formidable dimensions, lately sent forth SCRIPTURE SUBJECTS PUT from the pen of Mr. Douglas, of Carers. VERSE FOR THE Young. Part I. The Even Mr. Greg himself might derive some Character of Jesus Christ. Part II. Ecripbenefit from the perusal of it.

ture Characters. Part III. Various Suljects We must pow close our strictures on this and Hymns. By EDWARD MILLER. 18mo. work, for the present, hoping again to return to it next month, and to deal with the great

John Snow. question of Inspiration.

As our excellent friend Mr. Miller is laid (To be continued.)

aside, ly affliction, from his ministry, we are

happy to find bim en ploying his pen ustfully 1. THE CHRISTIAN CATHOLIC. From the for the benefit of the young. These unpreFrench of NAPOLEON ROUSSEL.

tending rhymes are peculiarly adapted to ir2. THE RELIGION OF MONEY. From the terest and instruct the young people in all French of NAPOLEON ROUSSEL.

our families. One great characteristic of 3. THE VIRGIN AND THE SAINTS. From the little poems is, that they furnish a large

the French of NAPOLEON KotsSEL. amount of scriptural information. We give 4. THE PORTRAIT OF MARY IN HEAVEN. them conscientiously cur warm rccon mend



HOPE : a Sermon, on the Death of the late 6. HISTORY OF A PIECE OF Wood. From Mrs. Spalding, Wife of Thomas Spalding, the French of NAPOLEON ROUSSEL.

Esq. Preached in the Congregational Church, 7. THE BOOK OF Books. From the French Kentish Town. By WILLIAM FORSTER. of NAPOLEON ROUSSEL.

Small 8vo. pp. 32. 8. PURGATORY. From the French of NAPO

Ward and Co. LEON ROUSSEL.

Tuis Discourse is truly valuable for the 9. THE CHURCH OF THE POTE IS NEITHER enlightened and touching exposition it cor

CATHOLIC, APOSTOLIC, NOR ROMAN; and tains of one of the most striking sections of were she Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman, she Psa. cili. 15–18. We do not remen ber, of yet would not be the Church of Jesus Christ. | late, to have seen a more just or vivid picture From the French of NAPOLEON Rous- of the frailty of human life, when viewed even

in its most attractive lights; nor a more bajiy 10. THE SOLDIERS OF THE POPE; a Short appeal from the frailty of man to the mercy

Catechism for the Use of Roman Catholics. of God. Both sides of this picture are equally From the French of NAPOLEON Rous- forcibly sketched, and the grand scriptural

lessons are fully and wisely enforced. 11. THE BREVIARY. From the Fe ench of But the special value of the Discourse NAPOLEON ROCESEL.

consists in the truthful and beautiful parra12. JESUS AND THE JESUITS. From the tive which it contains of the Christian characFrench of NAPOLEON ROUSSEL.

ter and graces of one for whom we had lorg 13. THERE MUST BE A RELIGION FOR THE entertained a more than ordinary respect.

PEOPLE. From the French of NAPOLEON Mrs. Thomas Spalding, who was very sudROUSSEL.

denly removed from her loving circle, was a Ward and Co.

lady of distinguished excellence, who adorned TRACTS well adapted for circulation among religion in all the circles in which she moved. Roman Catholics are by no means so plenti- Mr. Forster has drawn a portrait of her which fully supplied as they ought to te. The age all ber friends will be able to recognize; and demands that this benighted class of our fel- which cannot fail to be impressive to all who low-men should have large measure of the look upon it. It is a fine pastoral testimony sympathy of the Christian church. Mr. Rous to the grace of God, which was greatly wagsel, who is acquainted with Popery in all its nified in the life and death of Mrs. Spalding. bearings, and has a great talent for dealing We hope the little aflecting memorial will be with Romanists, has conferred a great boon widely circulated; for it is eminently fitted on the Christian church by the publication of | for general usefulness.



THE GREAT EXHIBITION SPIRITUALIZED. means which will contribute to the extension By the Rev. HENRY BIRCH.

of peace, happiness, and religion throughout London: John Snow.

the world. Mr. Birch has honourably and THE Great Exhibition has been a source efficiently taken his place in the fellowship of benefit in a variety of ways; but in none of writers, who have endeavoured to make more so than in the numerous publications to the Exhibition a medium of spiritual instrucwhich it has given birth. Lessons social, tion. His lessons are pertinent and imprespolitical, intellectual, moral, and spiritual, sive, and often conveyed with great depth of have been drawn from it, and presented to feeling and felicity of expression. His little the world through the press. And it cannot book cannot fail to be useful, and, therefore, be doubted that these lessons are among the we very cordially commend it to our readers.




persecution, to leave a sphere in which God The melancholy tidings have just reached had greatly blessed his enlightened and faithus of the death of the Rev. Joseph John ful toil, he returned to his native shores with Freeman, one of the Secretaries of the Lon- a spirit unquenched, and a missionary zeal don Missionary Society. The affecting event unimpaired. The churches received him with took place on Monday, the 8th September, at a cordial greeting; and the Board of Directors Homburg, Germany, whither he had repaired recognized in him the qualifications of their for the benefit of the celebrated mineral future Home Secretary. Driven from his waters of that place.

post in the Missionary field, it was the will of Since Mr. Freeman's return from Africa, God that he should serve the same great he had experienced considerable interruption cause in his native land, and in other departof health; but none of his medical advisers ments of devoted service. How well he acanticipated any fatal termination of the quitted himself in the new duties to which symptoms under which he suffered. During he was called, is best known to those who the process, however, of drinking the waters witnessed his assiduity, his practical wisdom, at Homburg, our lamented friend was seized and his courteous deportment. He acquired with a severe cold, followed by rheumatic for himself, without a particle of assumpfever, which utterly prostrated his strength, tion, a standing in the confidence of the and brought on dropsy, which closed the Board, and, we may add, in the estimation of

The dying hours of our beloved the country, which rendered it only a fitting brother were soothed by the presence of his homage to his character to depute him on excellent wife and daughters, which, in a the highest services of the Mission. With a foreign land and among strangers, must have disinterestedness which few men with a family been an unspeakable consolation. On the would have been prepared to indicate, at the 10th of September, his mortal remains were bidding of the town and country Directors, deposited in the public cemetery at Hom he promptly and cheerfully undertook the burg; a place which, in future, will be visited arduous task, first, of a visit to the Mission by many a Christian traveller, an xious to see churches in the West Indies, and, second, to the spot where the Missionary Philanthropist those of South Africa. How well he perfound a peaceful grave.

formed the delicate and difficult duties conWe regard the removal of Mr. Freeman as fided to him, the minutes of the board, the & great public loss. He had all the enter- testimony of our Missionaries, and the verdict prise and all the benevolence of a Christian of the public, will abundantly confirm. How philanthropist. Madagascar was the interest- mysterious, that, just at the moment when ing school in which, with a heart glowing he had acquired the largest amount of in, with hallowed zeal, he acquired that noble fluence, and when his services for the Society sympathy for the oppressed and persecuted were more than ever needed, he should be with. which never forsook him. At this early drawn from his important sphere! We would period of his public life, he was thrown into be still, and know that Jehovah is God. May close intimacy with Dr. Philip, and, doubtless, the visitation be greatly sanctified to the Sofrom that dauntless advocate of the coloured ciety and to his bereaved family! We hope, race, received an impulse which invigorated next month, to furnish a memoir of our all the original tendencies of his generous deceased friend. nature. When compelled, by the Madagascar

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REMINISCENCES OF THE LATE MR. WM. GAN. tian parents, I believe this rule has all the

NELL, ONE OF THE DEACONS OF ROBERT fixedness of a positive law, in the doings of STREET CHAPEL, GROSVENOR-SQUARE. the providence of God. Here is a Christian They that have used the office of a deacon children; who could find time, amid the cares

mother, who let her“ light " shine before her weli, purchase to themselves a good degree of a rising family, to attend the prayer-meetand great boldness in the faith which is in ing; and who could exhibit sufficient conChrist Jesus."'-1 Tim. ii. 13.

sistency, and sufficient faith, to conduct her “ So teach us to number our days, that we children thither with her. We need not be may apply our hearts unto wisdom.”

surprised, therefore, to learn, that at the comThe following brief and imperfect sketch, paratively early age of nineteen years, the is intended as an affectionate tribute to the subject of this sketch is found, in all the earmemory of a good man, whom, in life, the nestness of a first love, offering himself as a writer had known and loved; and with whom, candidate for the fellowship of the church at moreover, it was his happiness, for a season, Buckingham Chapel, where, in the company to be personally associated in the work of of his godly and faithful mother, he had so the gospel. The events I have to record are often worshipped. Christian mothers, who few, and unattended by any of that striking would have Christian children, go ye and do incident which religious obituaries likewise! The grace to convert is God's; but sionally present. To me this is the great re the means through which this grace flows commendation of the present narrative. A are yours. Do you your work, in the strength really useful life commonly is thus. The river of a living, obedient faith, and rest assured which, almost throughout its entire course, God will do his. offers its broad and placid surface to the Of his further connexion with this chapel, trader or the traveller—to convey the mer. giving the detail of the walks of usefulness chandise of the one, or the person of the in which he there engaged, no facts hare other, wherever its waters can transport them, been communicated to the writer. The ma-may be but a tame and dull affair, compared tured Christian growth, however, of subsewith the Falls of Niagara, or the cataracts of quent years, and the character of active benethe Nile; but then these very circumstances, volence which then so prominently marked which to the lover of romance and incident his Christianity, are sufficient proof, to an are so attractive-if the use of rivers be the observant mind, that he was neither an idle question--are really neither more nor less an unprofitable hearer, during the rethan irremediable defects ;-detrimental, or, mainder of his attendance on the ministry of more properly, destructive, precisely in the the late Rev. E. A. Dunn. Indeed, he has degree in which, to the eye in search of such spoken to the writer, of the benefit he deobjects, they claim to be great and imposing. rived from this ministry; and commended If the analogy be true, the prayer of a man especially, in its influence on himself, the ex. of God, emulous of a useful life, may well be, perimental tone by which at times it was to be delivered from all these.

marked ; in which he conceived Mr. Dunn Mr. William Gannell was born in London, peculiarly to have excelled. in April, 1793. His parents were respectable, About the year 1827, change of residence and, what is better still, they were persons brought Mr. Gannell into the neighbourhood fearing God; and anxious therefore, as we of Robert-street Chapel. He joined the should conceive all really Christian parents church there; and from that time till his must of necessity be, to conduct their offspring removal, in the course of the present year, to early to the feet of Jesus. Evidence of this the church of the firstborn whose names anxiety we have, especially in regard to the are written in heaven," he continued zeal. mother, in her habit, as it would seem, of ously and affectionately in its fellowshiptaking her son with her to the prayer-nieet- period verging closely upon a quarter of a ing, which she herself attended at Bucking- century. His Christian character speedily ham Chapel ; of this, in after years, the son manifested itself to his fellow-members, and, oftentimes has been known most gratefully as a mark of their confidence, their suffrages and feelingly to speak. Commonly, so far as singled him out to supply one of two vacatthe writer's experience extends--and he has cies in the deaconship of the church, which long carefully observed the matter—the most occurred very shortly after his transfer to this active, and consistent, and useful members of new fellowship. the church of Christ, who have been con It was subsequent to his connexion with verted early in life to God, have come forth the church in Robert-street, that he entered from the knees of a pious mother. “ The upon that more enlarged and public sphere promise is to you and to your children, and of usefulness, by which the latter years to all that are afar off, even as many as the his life were distinguished. Having time at Lord our God shall call.” But the parents his disposal, and his heart prompting him to reap as they sow. With professedly Chris. the work, he accepted, in 1834, the appoint



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ment of Scripture Reader, ander the Berkeley to the extent of his opportunities and means and Grosvenor-square District Visiting So- I think that all the societies with which he ciety, which post he filled for about ten years; consented to connect himself, will bear the and although the writer has no actual data deceased this testimony. In one feature here on which to ground an assertion, yet, know- he greatly excelled; namely, the drawing up ing Mr. Gannell's peculiar fitness for domestic of Reports and Appeals, and other documents visitation, he ventures to express his convic- of this kind, and hence this description of tion, that few Societies have ever been better work, in which negligence, or want of clearserved,-in the direct object which his ap- ness and consistency, or absence of heart, pointment contemplated, -than was this So tell so ill upon the prosperity of a Society, ciety, during the time the deceased continued very commonly devolved upon him; and most in the discharge of this trying and anxious cheerfully, I may add, and readily, did he office. There was a definiteness and distinct. undertake this work. To him it was emphaness in his mode of addressing the conscience, tically, amid all his other avocations, a“ labour and a fulness and adaptedness in his manner of love." His last act of authorship was most of applying the mercies of the gospel, with a ' appropriate, as the closing performance of a manner so kind and evidently sincere, as left, life occupied, so largely and so long, in a suchim, I apprehend, with few superiors in this cession of attempts to extend the kingdom of peculiar field of Christian enterprise. His Christ amongst men. It consisted of an appetite for the work of Christ seems only to essay, written in a spirit of deep and earnest have been quickened by these week-day toils in piety, upon the best means of promoting a His service; and hence we find bim, in 1837, revival of religion in our churches; delivered connecting himself with the Sailɔrs' Society, originally before the members of the West as one of its preaching agents, and devoting London Mental Improvement Society, and himself, on the Lord's-day, assiduously and subsequently published, at the request of the affectionately to the work of preaching and Society and other friends. Ministers or memtract-distributing, amongst this destitute and bers of our churches, anxious to see a revival then greatly neglected class. He continued ' of religion in their midst, would do well to in this employment until his failing strength procure and study the contents of this essay. compelled him to relinquish it.

Upon the personal and domestic history of Either conte:nporaneously with this service Mr. Gannell, the writer is neither permitted to our seamen, or subsequently, he was also nor called upon to enlarge. Those who have frequently engaged in open-air preaching, in marked the lives of the more thoroughly sinthe neighbourhood of Paddington; and many cere, and useful, and aspiring amongst the pleasing instances of good resulting from these disciples of Christ, whether in or out of the efforts have been brought to light. At this ministry—will be prepared to expect that the the writer is not surprised, as the deceased life we are now briefly reviewing, was formed had no mean gift for preaching, which made more or less upon the model of that of the him a most acceptable supply, not only to “ Man of sorrows." It seems, at once, the auditories thus hastily collected in our streets, preparation and the price, especially of great but to many rural congregations which, from usefulness in the service of Christ, that the time to time, he was invited to visit in the Master's cross should rest constantly on the vicinity of the metropolis. In the brief state- shoulders of the disciple. Thus was it here. ment of facts from which I am writing, it is Mr. Gannell was long familiar with God's most significantly remarked, as perbaps the affictive providences. Again and again was best evidence of his preaching talent- he“ bereaved of his children." Not less than “ Wherever he once went, he was always again seven times was he exercised with this severe requested to supply." Other things being and distressing visitation; and thus often, equal, the Christian teacher who can com- might the mourning father have been seen, mand the attention of a street congregation, like Rachel of old, “ weeping for his children.” will hardly fail in his attempt to interest the At length, as though to complete the sad more orderly assemblies of our houses of scene of desolation which these repeated inprayer. There can be few more severe tests roads upon the domestic hearth had been, of a preacher's popular powers, than that which from time to time, effecting, the grave,—which a street-pulpit supplies.

had so frequently been opened for the chilAdverting now to a wholly different sphere dren, is now prepared for the wife--and to of labour, we find the name of the deceased the remembrance of the many voices, now on the committees of one and another of the silenced for ever, which once called him religious and benevolent institutions esta- " father,” is now dded the still more bitter blished in his own locality; and that not as a remembrance of the sealing of those lips of matter of form merely—the thing beginning love which, through all his other changes, for and ending with the enrolling of his naine in a period of thirty years, had day by day conthe list of the committee—but as a duty to tinued uninterruptedly to remind him of God's be conscientiously and punctually discharged, sparing mercy, in permitting the wife of his


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