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THE GREAT EXHIBITION SPIRITUALIZED. means which will contribute to the extension By the Rev. HENRY BIRCH.
of peace, happiness, and religion throughout London : John Snow.
the world. Mr. Birch has honourably and The Great Exhibition has been a source efficiently taken his place in the fellowship of benefit in a variety of ways; but in none of writers, who have endeavoured to make more so than in the numerous publications to the Exhibition a medium of spiritual instrucwhich it has given birth. Lessons social, tion. His lessons are pertinent and imprespolitical, intellectual, moral, and spiritual, sive, and often conveyed with great depth of have been drawn from it, and presented to feeling and felicity of expression. His little the world through the press. And it cannot book cannot fail to be useful, and, therefore, be doubted that these lessons are among the we very cordially commend it to our readers.
THE REV. JOSEPH JOHN FREEMAN.
persecution, to leave a sphere in which God The melancholy tidings have just reached had greatly blessed his enlightened and faithus of the death of the Rev. Joseph John ful toil, he returned to his native shores with Freeman, one of the Secretaries of the Lon
a spirit unquenched, and a missionary zeal don Missionary Society. The affecting event unimpaired." The churches received him with took place on Monday, the 8th September, at a cordial greeting; and the Board of Directors Homburg, Germany, whither he had repaired recognized in him the qualifications of their for the benefit of the celebrated mineral future Home Secretary. Driven from bis waters of that place.
post in the Missionary field, it was the will of Since Mr. Freeman's return from Africa, God that he should serve the same great he had experienced considerable interruption cause in his native land, and in other departof health; but none of his medical advisers ments of devoted service. How well he acanticipated any fatal termination of the quitted himself in the new duties to which symptoms under which he suffered. During he was called, is best known to those who the process, however, of drinking the waters witnessed his assiduity, his practical wisdom, at Homburg, our lamented friend was seized and his courteous deportment. He acquired with a severe cold, followed by rheumatic for himself, without a particle of assumpfever, which utterly prostrated his strength, tion, a standing in the confidence of the and brought on dropsy, which closed the Board, and, we may add, in the estimation of
The dying hours of our beloved the country, which rendered it only a fitting brother were soothed by the presence of his homage to his character to depute him on excellent wife and daughters, which, in a the highest services of the Mission.
With a foreign land and among strangers, must have disinterestedness which few men with a family been an unspeakable consolation. On the would have been prepared to indicate, at the 10th of September, his mortal remains were bidding of the town and country Directors, deposited in the public cemetery at Hom he promptly and cheerfully undertook the burg; a place which, in future, will be visited arduous task, first, of a visit to the Mission by many a Christian traveller, anxious to see churches in the West Indies, and, second, to the spot where the Missionary Philanthropist those of South Africa. How well he perfound a peaceful grave.
formed the delicate and difficult duties conWe regard the removal of Mr. Freeman as fided to him, the minutes of the board, the a great public loss. He had all the enter- testimony of our Missionaries, and the verdict prise and all the benevolence of a Christian of the public, will abundantly confirm. How philanthropist. Madagascar was the interest- mysterious, that, just at the moment when ing school in which, with a heart glowing he had acquired the largest amount of in, with hallowed zeal, he acquired that noble fluence, and when his services for the Society sympathy for the oppressed and persecuted were more than ever needed, he should be with. which never forsook him. At this early | drawn from his important sphere! We would period of his public life, he was thrown into be still, and know that Jehovah is God. May close intimacy with Dr. Philip, and, doubtless, the visitation be greatly sanctified to the Sofrom that dauntless advocate of the coloured ciety and to his bereaved family! We hope, race, received an impulse which invigorated next month, to furnish a memoir of our all the original tendencies of his generous deceased friend. nature. When compelled, by the Madagascar
REMINISCENCES OF THE LATE MR. WM. GAN. tian parents, I believe this rule has all the
NELL, ONE OF THE DEACONS OF ROBERT fixedness of a positive law, in the doings of STREET CHAPEL, GROSVENOR-SQUARE. the providence of God. Here is a Christian They that have used the office of a deacon children; who could find time, amid the cares
mother, who let her“ light " shine before her weli, purchase to themselves a good degree of a rising family, to attend the prayer-meetand great boldness in the faith which is in ing; and who could exhibit sufficient conChrist Jesus."'-1 Tim. ii. 13.
sistency, and sufficient faith, to conduct her “ So teach us to number our days, that we children thither with her. We need not be may apply our hearts unto wisdom.”
surprised, therefore, to learn, that at the comThe following brief and imperfect sketch, paratively early age of nineteen years, the is intended as an affectionate tribute to the subject of this sketch is found, in all the earmemory of a good man, whom, in life, the nestness of a first love, offering himself as a writer had known and loved; and with whom, candidate for the fellowship of the church at moreover, it was his happiness, for a season, Buckingham Chapel, where, in the company to be personally associated in the work of of his godly and faithful mother, he had so the gospel. The events I have to record are often worshipped. Christian mothers, who few, and unattended by any of that striking would have Christian children, go ye and do incident which religious obituaries likewise! The grace to convert is God's; but sionally present. To me this is the great re the means through which this grace flows commendation of the present narrative. A are yours. Do you your work, in the strength really useful life commonly is thus. The river of a living, obedient faith, and rest assured which, almost throughout its entire course, God will do his. offers its broad and placid surface to the Of his further connexion with this chapel, trader or the traveller—to convey the mer. giving the detail of the walks of usefulness chandise of the one, or the person of the in which he there engaged, no facts hare other, wherever its waters can transport them, been communicated to the writer. The ma-may be but a tame and dull affair, compared tured Christian growth, however, of subsewith the Falls of Niagara, or the cataracts of quent years, and the character of active benethe Nile; but then these very circumstances, volence which then so prominently marked which to the lover of romance and incident his Christianity, are sufficient proof, to an are so attractive-if the use of rivers be the observant mind, that he was neither an idle question--are really neither more nor less an unprofitable hearer, during the rethan irremediable defects ;-detrimental, or, mainder of his attendance on the ministry of more properly, destructive, precisely in the the late Rev. E. A. Dunn. Indeed, he has degree in which, to the eye in search of such spoken to the writer, of the benefit he deobjects, they claim to be great and imposing. rived from this ministry; and commended If the analogy be true, the prayer of a man especially, in its influence on himself, the ex. of God, emulous of a useful life, may well be, perimental tone by which at times it was to be delivered from all these.
marked ; in which he conceived Mr. Dunn Mr. William Gannell was born in London, peculiarly to have excelled. in April, 1793. His parents were respectable, About the year 1827, change of residence and, what is better still, they were persons brought Mr. Gannell into the neighbourhood fearing God; and anxious therefore, as we of Robert-street Chapel. He joined the should conceive all really Christian parents church there; and from that time till his must of necessity be, to conduct their offspring removal, in the course of the present year, to early to the feet of Jesus. Evidence of this the church of the firstborn whose names anxiety we have, especially in regard to the are written in heaven," he continued zeal. mother, in her habit, as it would seem, of ously and affectionately in its fellowshiptaking her son with her to the prayer-nieet- period verging closely upon a quarter of a ing, which she herself attended at Bucking- century. His Christian character speedily ham Chapel ; of this, in after years, the son manifested itself to his fellow-members, and, oftentimes has been known most gratefully as a mark of their confidence, their suffrages and feelingly to speak. Commonly, so far as singled him out to supply one of two vacatthe writer's experience extends--and he has cies in the deaconship of the church, which long carefully observed the matter—the most occurred very shortly after his transfer to this active, and consistent, and useful members of new fellowship. the church of Christ, who have been con It was subsequent to his connexion with verted early in life to God, have come forth the church in Robert-street, that he entered from the knees of a pious mother. “ The upon that more enlarged and public sphere promise is to you and to your children, and of usefulness, by which the latter years to all that are afar off, even as many as the his life were distinguished. Having time at Lord our God shall call.” But the parents his disposal, and his heart prompting him to reap as they sow. With professedly Chris. the work, he accepted, in 1834, the appoint
ment of Scripture Reader, ander the Berkeley to the extent of his opportunities and means and Grosvenor-square District Visiting So- I think that all the societies with which he ciety, which post he filled for about ten years; consented to connect himself, will bear the and although the writer has no actual data deceased this testimony. In one feature here on which to ground an assertion, yet, know- he greatly excelled; namely, the drawing up ing Mr. Gannell's peculiar fitness for domestic of Reports and Appeals, and other documents visitation, he ventures to express his convic- ' of this kind,-and hence this description of tion, that few Societies have ever been better work, in which negligence, or want of clear. served,-in the direct object which his ap ness and consistency, or absence of heart, pointment contemplated, -than was this So tell so ill upon the prosperity of a Society, ciety, during the time the deceased continued very commonly devolved upon him; and most in the discharge of this trying and anxious cheerfully, I may add, and readily, did he office. There was a definiteness and distinct. undertake this work. To him it was emphaness in his mode of addressing the conscience, tically, amid all his other avocations, a“ labour and a fulness and adaptedness in his manner of love." His last act of authorship was most of applying the mercies of the gospel, with a appropriate, as the closing performance of a manner so kind and evidently sincere, as left life occupied, so largely and so long, in a suchim, I apprehend, with few superiors in this cession of attempts to extend the kingdom of peculiar field of Christian enterprise. His Christ amongst men.
It consisted of an appetite for the work of Christ seems only to essay, written in a spirit of deep and earnest have been quickened by these week-day toils in piety, upon the best means of promoting & His service; and hence we find him, in 1837, revival of religion in our churches; delivered connecting himself with the Sailors' Society, originally before the members of the West as one of its preaching agents, and devoting London Mental Improvement Society, and himself, on the Lord's-day, assiduously and subsequently published, at the request of the affectionately to the work of preaching and Society and other friends. Ministers or memtract-distributing, amongst this destitute and ; bers of our churches, anxious to see a revival then greatly neglected class. He continued of religion in their midst, would do well to in this employment until his failing strength procure and study the contents of this essay. compelled him to relinquish it.
Upon the personal and domestic history of Either conte:nporaneously with this service Mr. Gannel!, the writer is neither permitted to our seamen, or subsequently, he was also nor called upon to enlarge. Those who have frequently engaged in open-air preaching, in marked the lives of the more thoroughly sinthe neighbourhood of Paddington; and many ccre, and useful, and aspiring amongst the pleasing instances of good resulting from these disciples of Christ-whether in or out of the efforts have been brought to light. At this ministry, will be prepared to erpect that the the writer is not surprised, as the deceased life we are now briefly reviewing, was formed had no mean gift for preaching, which made more or less upon the model of that of the him a most acceptable supply, not only to “ Man of sorrows." It seems, at once, the auditories thus hastily collected in our streets, preparation and the price, especially of great but to many rural congregations which, from usefulness in the service of Christ, that the time to time, he was invited to visit in the Master's cross should rest constantly on the vicinity of the metropolis. In the brief state- shoulders of the disciple. Thus was it here. ment of facts from which I am writing, it is Mr. Gannell was long familiar with God's most significantly remarked, as perhaps the affictive providences. Again and again was best evidence of his preaching talent, he“ bereaved of his children." Not less than “Wherever he once went, he was always again seven times was he exercised with this severe requested to supply." Other things being and distressing visitation; and thus often, equal, the Christian teacher who can com might the mourning father have been seen, mand the attention of a street congregation, like Rachel of old,“ weeping for his children.” will hardly fail in his attempt to interest the At length, as though to complete the sad more orderly assemblies of our houses of scene of desolation which these repeated inprayer. There can be few more severe tests roads upon the domestic hearth had been, of a preacher's popular powers, than that which from time to time, effecting, the grave,—which a street-pulpit supplies.
had so frequently been opened for the chilAdverting now to a wholly different sphere dren, is now prepared for the wife-and to of labour, we find the name of the deceased the remembrance of the many voices, now on the committees of one and another of the silenced for ever, which once called him religious and benevolent institutions esti “father," is now added the still more bitter blished in his own locality; and that not as a remembrance of the sealing of those lips of matter of form merely- the thing beginning love which, through all his other changes, for and ending with the enrolling of his naine in a period of thirty years, had day by day conthe list of the committee, but as a duty to tinued uninterruptedly to remind him of God's be conscientiously and punctually discharged, sparing mercy, in permitting the wife of his
youth still to call him " husband.” Her de sketch, we pause for an instant to notice the cease occurred in the year 1835; but God Christian disciple and the officer of the church. very graciously, after a season, provided him The great feature in Mr. Gannell's chawith another help-meet, by whom his remain- racter as a disciple of the Son of God, was his ing years were greatly soothed and comforted, simple and exclusive dependence upon “ the and who still survives to mourn his loss. precious blood of Christ." I believe that his
The circumstances of his own death were creed was literally " Christ is all." Here we affecting, and yet most mercifully ordered of discover the source of all his diligence and useGod. He had been latterly suffering from a fulness, in the gospel of the Redeemer. Here complication of disorders, the two chief seats too we learn the cause of all his personal of which appear to have been the heart and comfort and joy. Here was the red of his chest. When medical remedies failed to re- strength in the service of Christ. Here Fas lieve his distressing symptoms, he was in his hope of the glory of Christ; and here too, duced to try change of air, and with this end his unfailing stay and consolation, in all the resorted to Brighton, for a season.
sorrows of the way. It is known to the turned home, however, very much worse, with writer, that in " the valley of the shadow of the seal of death now evidently and manifestly death he feared no evil," and precisely on imprinted on his sinking and wasted frame. this very ground—that “ he knew in whom he Thus he continued, growing gradually weaker had believed, and was persuaded that He was day by day, until the evening of Wednesday, able to keep that which he had committed to the 9th of July last, when he retired to rest, Him until that day.” It was the expressive seemingly in circumstances of more than or- and truthful testimony of the Rev. Henry dinary composure and comfort. Once, some Blunt, delivered in the weariness and opprestime after midnight, his anxious wife and sion of his last illness—" Seeking all in Christ, nurse roused herself, as was her habit, to see I am sure that I shall find all, both for time how her husband was, and whether he wanted and for eternity." Thus emphatically the anything. Finding him quietly asleep, she deceased found it. It was my happiness, two again returned to rest. Again, about three or three evenings before his death, to be eno'clock, her affectionate solicitude is found gaging with him in devotion. I was reading once more prompting her, after the same the 23rd Psalm. At the close of the first silent method, to put the inquiry, "What of verse he interrupted me, speaking as well as the night?" Again she is seen bending over his parched tongne and great weakness would that wearied form, still buried, apparently, in allow him, " Excuse me, sir; but I have often profound and peaceful slumber. One of his thought that we do not give the full meaning arms, or some other portion of his person, to this expression, 'I shall not want'! It is having escaped the covering of the bed not merely, as I conceive-I shall not want clothes, she proceeded to attempt, gently, counsel, guidance, forgiveness, mercy, and all without disturbing him, to replace it-when, else that I count as blessings; but I shall not lo! the affecting reality stood revealed—that want correction ; no!" repeating with an enshe was ministering to the dead! In the brief phasis, “ I shall not want correction: God
, interval which had elapsed, with no oppor- when needed, will not withbold that." And tunity for kindly leave-taking or final adieus, with this his weary head fell back upon his and evidently without an audible struggle or pillow, and his voice again sank into silence. groan, the broken slumbers of the sick-bed had Here the dying boast of Addison is realized been exchanged for that unbroken and mys- “ See how a Christian can die!" Bebold terious sleep, which it is in the power of the the perfect man, and mark the upright, for trump of the archangel alone either to inter- the end of that man is peace." Christians rupt, or terminate. Still it was only sleep, who anticipate death with terror, retire still “Our friend Lazarus sleepeth." If ever there further beneath the shelter of the sacrifice were a case in which this idea of a Christian's of Christ, make Christ your all, and rest se death appeared necessarily the true one, of a curely that there will be no fear then! certainty this was that case; as thus silently One word only respecting the deceased in and peacefully, like the long restless and wea- his official capacity of deacon. I need do little ried babe, overtaken, so to speak, at length, more than express my conviction that he with slumber in the sweet and soft caresses “ used the office of a deacon well." He posof the mother's arms, he "fell asleep in sessed an intelligence and breadth of view Jesus."
which, coupled with a deep and genuine piety, I had intended dwelling, for a moment, upon such as I have attempted to describe, ren. some of the more prominent excellences dered him peculiarly qualified to fill this which appeared to mark the character of our post, aliko creditably to himself and satisfacdeceased friend. But my space is now too torily to the church. One part of his duty, nearly exhausted to allow of my doing more which it is feared deacons are apt, at times, to than pointing attention to two of these cha- overlook, as the great scriptural object of the ract-ristics; as, before closing this hurried institution of this office, he most faithfully discharged. I allude to his care of the poor. the ordinary level of Christian disciples: he In this work he was most active-not merely was neither indebted to wealth, position in in connexion with the distribution of the society, nor educational advantages, for any sacramental fund, but with every case of real good we may conceive him to have achieved. distress, which he could procure means to re- Never, perhaps, man less so. He was one of lieve. In this, his benevolent sympathies were the million. What he was in Christian atmuch helped by the means placed at his dis- tainments, the grace of God made him; what posal, arising from a fund raised in the chapel, he was in other attainments,—that same grace for cases of this class. I believe that in his still helping him,-he was what he made himremoval the poor of the neighbourhood have self. Thus God-made and self-made, he is lost a sincere and valuable friend.
the best of all examples we can invite others And now, in conclusion, the writer would to follow. His God is also your God: you are affectionately urge it upon deacons and mem- not straitened in Him; and for the rest, conbers of our churches, to be followers of our secration, energy, and prayer, alone are needed deceased brother, as he was of Christ. The to bring you, not merely up to the standard closing voice of this paper is an earnest invi- of the deceased, but to carry you very far tation to this! Our churches want such men; beyond it. the times in which we live call for them;
H. men of devout energy; men of Divine earn
TIE REV. JOHN JONES, estness; men who shall be so many Barna- Formerly minister of the Congregational bases in our churches—“good men, and full Church at Frome, Somersetshire, died in faith, of the Holy Ghost." And why not? The on the 31st of August, in the sixty-second deceased had no privileges to raise him above / year of his age, at Llanymynech, Salop.
THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, AND
side. Were he to stand alone in the opinion
he has indicated, he might glory in his singuA most scandalous trick has been perpe- larity. If he has attributed a greater illumitrated by a person bearing the name of W. R. nation to his brethren on the bench than has Francis Gawthorn, upon bis Grace of Canter- yet fallen to their lot, they ought to forgive bury. He wrote to the archbishop, under a him; for ho ilitended to do them honour. feigned name, professing to be converted from Alas! for them, if they are not prepared to the ranks of Dissent to the Church of Eng- accept it. land; but intimating his strong disapproba- But is not Gawthorn a paid agent of the tion of the exclusiveness of Episcopal orders, Jesuits? And onght not he, and all such men, by which all Foreign Pastors, and all the to be narrowly watched ? clergy of the Church of Scotland, are regarded as Laymen. In the simplicity of his heart, the archbishop wrote to his correspondent in
The half-yearly Meeting of the Hampthe following terms:-"I hardly imagine shire Association will be held at Christchurch, that there are two bishops on the bench, or
on Wednesday, October 8th, 185), when the one clergyman in fifty throughout our church, Rev. F. W. Meadows, of Gosport, will preach who would deny the validity of the orders of
on “ The Practical Uses of the Doctrine of those clergy solely on account of their wanting Election." On the preceding evening, the the imposition of episcopal hands." The man
Rev. J. G. Hughes, of Odiham, will preach; to whom the archbishop thus wrote turns and on the evening of the Association, the out to be a Roman Catholic; and with a vio- Rev. Robert Ferguson, LL.D., of Ryde. lation of honour never surpassed, has made a use of a letter, surreptitiously obtained, greatly to the disadvantage of the good Pre
NEW COURT CHAPEL, CAREY STREET, late. The Puseyites are all up in arms at the
LINCOLN'S-INN-FIELDS. admissions of their Archbishop; and though Amidst the growing prosperity of new inthey disavow the motives and conduct of Mr. | terests, it is refreshing to witness indications Gawthorn, they avail themselves of Dr. Sum- of life and vigour in the sanctuaries of our ner's letter as a peg on which to hang a viru- fathers. The members of the above church lent controversy on the subject of their great and congregation, associated with the memories idol,- Apostolical Succession, the most absurd of Bradbury and Burgess, of Thorp and Winand baseless of all ecclesiastical assumptions. ter, have recently (aided by a collection after
We are grieved that Archbishop Sumner a sermon by the Rev. J. A. James) freed has been dragged before the public through themselves from debt, and have adopted so dirty a medium; but we are heartily glad measures which they hope will prevent its that he has committed himself on the right | recurrence. With the Divine blessing on