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Upas appears to affect different quadrupeds with nearly equal force, proportioned to their size and disposition ; and a man, who was accidentally wounded in the elbow by an arrow poisoned with it, died in half an hour, with symptoms similar to those observed in animals. No antidote has yet been discovered to this poison. The Javanese state that sea-salt has proved efficacious against the virus ; but, from experiments made by Mr. Spanhoge and Mr. Delille, this remedy is almost entirely, if not quite useless, and only increases the sufferings of the victim. The common train of symptoms is a trembling of the extremities, restlessness, erection of the hair, affection of the bowels, drooping and faintness, spasms, hasty breathing, an increased flow of saliva, great agony, vomiting, difficult breathing, violent and repeated convulsions, and death.
THE COCO-NUT TREE.
“Lo !higher still, the stately palm trees rise,
Wilson's Isle of Palms.
The Coco-nut tree, in regard both to the variety and utility of its produce, is the most interesting of “those Princes of the vegetable kingdom," the palm tribe.
It grows from sixty to ninety feet high, and the stem is crowned with a cluster of about twelve or fifteen palm leaves, each twelve to fourteen feet long, and composed of a double row of opposite sword-shaped leaflets, in length from three to four feet. A single leaf closely resembles a magnified ostrich feather. The fruit or nut is very hard, and has three unequal holes at the base, covered with a black membrane ; the interior part is white and solid, commonly containing a sweetish watery liquid. Ripe nuts are known by shaking them. There is a palm called the King's Coco-nut, the fruit of which is of a bright yellow colour; nuts of this kind contain a great quantity of fluid, which, on account of its supposed cooling quality, is given to invalids, in preference to that of the common nut, but they are not esteemed so good for culinary purposes.
The tree sometimes bears fruit in five or six years from the time it is transplanted from the seed bed, but the produce is rarely abundant until the eighth or ninth year.
It continues to yield fruit from fifty to seventy years.
In good soils, and particularly during wet seasons, the tree blossoms every four or five weeks; hence there are generally fresh flowers and ripe nuts on the tree at the same time. There are commonly from