A journey through Spain in the years 1786 and 1787 ... and remarks in passing through a part of France, Volume 1

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C. Dilly, 1791 - 414 pages
 

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Page 367 - Bifcay ; and from Reinofa to the Suanzes, which is three leagues, there is a fall of three thoufand feet. Above Palencia is a branch going weftward, through Beceril de Campos, Rio Seco, and Benevente, to Zamora, making this canal of Caftille, in its whole extent, one hundred and forty leagues.
Page 232 - By refiding on their own eftates, they not only fpend money among their tenants, which, by its circulation, fets every thing in motion, and becomes productive of new wealth, but their amufement is to make improvements. By planting, draining, and breaking up lands, which would have remained unprofitable, they try new experiments, which their tenants could not afford, and which, if...
Page 79 - The axis of this wheel is embraced by four small beams, crossing each other at right angles, tapering at the extremities, and forming eight little arms. This wheel is near the centre of the horse-walk, contiguous to the vertical axis, into the top of which the...
Page 80 - ... of thofe arms which are fixed on the axis of the water wheel, and keep it in rotation. This machine, than which nothing can be cheaper, throws up a great quantity of water, yet undoubtedly it has two...
Page 371 - ... which it flows, and the purpofes for which it is employed; but men are eafily overlooked ; yet not one of thefe who falls in the vigour of his age, can be reckoned, even in the firft inftance, at lefs than forty pounds, without taking into confideration the...
Page 146 - English traveler could report in 1786 that "in every country a traveller can pass through, he will find some mechanical contrivances, some modes of expediting work, which are of late invention, or at least new to him; and I am inclined to think, that no country, if thoroughly examined, would furnish more than Spain.
Page 2 - If he is to traverfe any diftrict infefted by banditti, it will be fafe for him to go by the common carriers, in which cafe he will be mounted on a good mule, and take the place which would have heen occupied by fome bale of goods.
Page 80 - ... is fixed; but near the bottom it is embraced by four little beams, forming eight arms fimilar to thofe above defcribed, on the axis of the water wheel. As the mule, which they ufe, goes round, thefe horizontal arms, fupplying the place of cogs, take hold, each in fucceflion, of thofe arms which are fixed on the axis of the water wheel, and keep it in rotation.
Page 329 - ... ftated to the prime minifter. From this office they are commonly promoted to fome honourable and lucrative employment, as the reward of their long fervices. I was ftruck with the elegance of the dinner, in which there was great variety, yet every thing was excellent; and had I been to form a judgment of the count, merely from the arrangement of his table, I fhould have pronounced him a man of fenfe.
Page 402 - Not one acceffible fpot is left uncultivated, and even the moft ungrateful foil is forced to pay fome tribute. The higher lands are fown with wheat, the lower lands with Indian corn. The rock here is limeftone, and, when burnt, is their principal manure. In this country as much land as a pair of oxen can plough in a day...

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