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17. Sweeter than music's hallowed strains,
To cheer old age when memory wanes,
Are gentle words.
18. Holy as friendship's gifted name,
Burning with bright, unquivering flame,
Are gentle words.
RULE 8. Indirect questions, or those which cannot be answered by yes or no, generally require the falling inflection, and their answers, the same.
1. Which is the largest ocean on the globe ? The Pacific. 2. Who was the greatest Roman drator? Cicero. 3. What Roman general took Jerusalem ? * Titus.t 4. Where was Burgoyne's | army captured ? At Stillwater. 5. What is the number of fixed stars visible to the èye ? 6. How came Bonaparte to escape from the island of È Iba ? 7. Why did Julius Cæsar aspire to the imperial crown?
QUESTIONS. What inflections do indirect questions generally require ? What their answers ? Give an example.
Je-ru'sa-lem, anciently the largest and most celebrated city of Palestine, sur. rounded by a high wall, and said once to contain 1,000,000 of inhabitants.
Ti'tus, a Roman emperor who took Jerusalem and burned the temple in the year 70.
Bur-goyne', (John,) an English general, who, with his army, was taken pris oner at Stillwater, by Gon. Gates, an American officer of the Revolution, in 1777.
8. When did Alexander the Great * die, and whère ? 9. Where did Scipio † meet and conquer Hànnibal ? I 10. Who was Charles XII., $ and with whom did he make wär? 11. Wherefore did Alexander weep at the close of his con
12. What led Sir Isaac Newton || to the discovery of gravitàtion ?
13. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean ? Notòne.
14. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? By taking hèed thereto according to thy word.
EXCEPTION. When the indirect question, its answer, or a remark, is not at first understood, and a repetition is required, the inquiry is made with the rising inflection.
1. Who first discovered the American continent ? 2. What continent did you say? 3. How came this continent to be called Amèrica ? 4. What did you sáy ? 5. What was the first land discovered by Colùmbus?? 6. What was the question ? 7. Where did the first Congress meet? In Philadelphia. 8. At what place did you say? 9. John Quincy Adams ** was a great stàtesman. 10. What man did you say was a great státesman ? 11. I was speaking of the climate of Califòrnia. 12. Of what place were you speaking ?
QUESTIONS. What is the exception to the rule for indirect questions? Give an example.
* Al-ex-an'der, (the Great,) a Grocian general of great talents, but corrupt morals. † Scip'-i-o, (Africanus,) a Roman general of great courage and humanity.
Han'ni-bal, a distinguished Carthaginian general. | Charles XII., the king of Sweden. He made war with the Danes, Russians, and Poles.
|| New'ton, (Sir Isaac,) an eminent philosopher and mathematician of England.
1 Co-lum bus, (Christopher,) one of the greatest men mentioned in history He was born in Genoa, about 1435, and, in the year 1492, discovered what is now called America.
** Ad’ams, (John Q.,) the sixth president of the United States.
NOTE 1. If the answers of questions, whether direct or indirect, aro given in a careless or indifferent manner, the voice naturally inclines to a slight upward inflection,
EXAMPLES. 1. Shall I call at your house at nine o'clock ? As you please 2. Where is James this morning? He has just stepped out. 3. At what time does your school commence ? About nine. 4. Have you learned your lésson? In párt. 5. Will you be disappointed if it rains ? Not much. 6. Shall we change séats? Just as you please. 7. Have you studied chemistry? Very little. 8. How do you like it? I can hardly téll. 9. How many scholars in school? Some fifteen or twenty.
NOTE 2. Affirmative and negative sentences are sometimes made to do the office of interrogatives, by uttering them with the circumflex on the words requiring the superior emphasis, and the rising inflection on such words as take the inferior emphasis, thus raising the expectation of an affirmative or negative answer.
1. Your son will surely go to coLLEGE next week.
Indirect Questions without their Answers. 1. Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? Declare, if thou hast understanding. Who hath laid the measure thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath
QUESTIONS. When the answer is given in a careless or indifferent manner, what Inflection is commonly used ? Give an example. How are affirmative and negative Bentences made to do the office of interrogatives? Give an example.
stretched out the line upon it? Whereupon are the foundations thereof fàstened? or who laid the corner-stone thereof?
2. Who can number the clouds in wisdom? or who can stay the bottles of heaven? Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hànd, and meted out heaven with the spàn, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measùre, and weighed the mountains in scàles, and the hills in a balance ?
3. What are our joys, but dreams? And what our hopes, but goodly shadows in the summer clouds? Where are the heroes of ages past? Where, the brave chieftains ? Where, the mighty ones who flourished in the infancy of days?
4. What things are most proper for youth to learn ? Why is our experience, with regard to the misfortunes of others, of so little use to ourselves? Why is it, that we are to learn wisdom and prudence at our own expense ? Who will accuse me of wandering from the subject? Who will say I exaggerate the tendency of our measures ?
5. Who continually supports and governs this stupendous system? Who preserves ten thousand times ten thousand worlds in perpetual harmony? Who enables them always to observe such times, and to obey such laws, as are adapted to the perfection of this wondrous system? What can be more important than an inquiry into the moral government of God?
Indirect Questions without their Answers. 1. Who are the persons most apt to fall into peevishness and dejèction ? What are the scenes of nature which most elevate the mind ? What objects are most sublime? What neightens the idea of gràndeur ? What shadow can be more vain than the life of a great part of mankind ?
How few can we find whose activity has not been misemployed?
2. Where now is the splendid robe of the consulate ? Where are the brilliant tòrches ? Where are the applauses and dànces, the feasts and entertàinments ?
Where are the coronets and canopies ? Where, the huzzas of the city, the compliments of the circus, and the flattering acclamations of the spectators ?
3. Who can describe, who delineate, the cheering, the enlivening rày? who, the looks of love? who, the soft, benig. nant vibrations of the benevolent eyè ? who, the twilight, the day of hòpe? who, the internal efforts of the mind, wrapt in gentleness and humility, to effect good, to diminish evil, and increase present and eternal hàppiness?
4. Where shouldst thou look for kindness ? When we are sick, where can we turn for sùccor ? When we are wretched, where can we complàin? When the world looks cold and surly on us, where can we go to meet a warmer eye, with such sure confidence as to a mother? The world may scowl, acquaintances forsake, friends may neglect, and lovers know a change ; but when a mother doth forsake her child, men lift up their hands, and cry out, “A PRÒDIGY!”
5. We might ask the patrons of infidelity, what fury impels them to attempt the subversion of Christianity ? To what virtues are their principles favorable ? Above all, what are the pretensions on which they rest their claims to be the guides of mankind ?
6. Where are the infidels of such pure, uncontaminated morals, unshaken probity, and extended benevolence, that we should be in no danger of being seduced into impiety by their example? Into what obscure recesses of misery, into what dungeons have their philanthropists penetrated, to lighten the fetters and relieve the sorrows of the helpless captive? What barbarous tribes have their apostles vis