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EXAMPLE.

I ne@d | lẽss ÃI | .xãn | drine &nds | thẻ Sõng,
Thắt like I wound | ěd snāke, drăgs its | slow length along.

7. The seventh form of iambic verse contains seven iambic feet.

EXAMPLE.

The mẹl | inchöl |ỳ dãys | Ăre cõme, | the sad | dest of the

yēar, or wāil | ing winds | ănd nā | kěd woõds, | ănd mēad I ows

brown and sēre.

NOTE. This form is rarely used, and instead thereof, the lines alternately contain four and three feet.

EXAMPLE.

Thẻ mẹl | Ănchöl |ý dãys | Pre cõme,

Thẻ sad | dễst öf | thẻ yếar,
Of wāil | ing winds | ănd nā | kěd woods,

And mēad I ows brown | ănd sēre.

2. Trochaic Verse. The Trochee is a poetic foot, consisting of one long and one short syllable; as, hāteful.

There are six forms of this verse; the first, consisting of one trochaic foot, and the last, of six.

1. The first and shortest form of trochaic verse has one trochaic foot, with an additional long syllable.

EXAMPLE.

Dreadfúl | gleams,
Dismăl | scrēams,

Lightnîngs | flash,
Thünděrs | crāsh.

QUESTIONS. What does the seventh form contain? Is this form much used ! Of what does the trochee consist ? Which syllable is accented? How many formos has truchaic verse! Or what does the first form consist!

2. The second form of trochaic verse has two trochaic feet.

EXAMPLE.

Rich thẻ | trẽasure,
Swẽẹt thẻ plẽasDre,

Joyous | mỡeting,
Happy grēeting.

NOTE. To the above form, a long syllable is sometimes added.

EXAMPLE.

SẼund thẻ | trumpets, | söund!
Lệt the joy gõ | rõund.

3. The third form of trochaic verse has three trochaic feet.

EXAMPLE.

Cõme yě wearý strāngers,
Önce more frēe from dāngěrs.

NOTE. To the above form, a long syllable is frequently added.

EXAMPLE.

Rēstlėss mõrtăls | toil fór | naūght,
Bliss in / vāin from í ēarth is | sought.

4. The fourth form of trochaic verse contains four trochaic feet, and rarely has the long syllable appended.

EXAMPLE.
SẼe thế | rũddỸ | mörnẵng | smiling,
Hear thě | grõve to | blīss bě | guiling;
Zephyrs through the woodland playing,
Streams along the valley straying.

5. The fifth form of trochaic verse has five, and the sixth, has siz trochaic feet ; but neither form is in common use.

There are no poetic compositions consisting of spondees or pyrrhics exclusively; yet they are in common use in poetry, with other forms of poetic feet.

QUESTIONS. Of what does the second consist? The third ? The fourth? The ifth and sixth ? Are there any poetic compositions consisting exclusively of spon. deos or Pyrrhics? How are they used ?

3. Anapestic Verse. The Anapest is a poetic foot, consisting of two short syllables and one long one; as, contrăvēne.

There are four forms of this kind of verse; the first, consisting of one anapestic foot, and the last, of four.

1. The first form of anapestic verse contains one anapestic foot.

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2. The second form of anapestic verse has two anapestic feet

EXAMPLE.

'Tis būt fáir | tě běliēve,
Thắt thẻ mãn | máy décõive.

NOTE. Sometimes this form has an additional short syllable.

EXAMPLE.

Thěn his cour | ăge did fāil | him,
För no ārts | could ăvāil | him.

3. The third form of anapestic verse has three anapestic feet.

EXAMPLE.

ľăm mõn | årch of ūll | 9 sūrvēy,
Ånd my right | thěre is nõne | tò dỉspūte ;
From the cen | ter all round to the sea,
I am lord | of the fowl | and the brute.

4. The fourth form of anapestic verse has four anapestic feet.

QUESTIONS. Of what does an anapest consist? Which syllable is accented! Which are unaccented? How many forms has anapestic verse? Of what does the first consist? The second? The third? The fourth?

EXAMPLE.

Oh! this thought | in the midst 1 of enjoy | měnt will stãy,
Like ă dead | lệaflėss brānch | in thě sūm | měr’s bright rāy;
And the beams of the sun | play around | itin vain ;
It may smile | in its light, but it blooms | not again.

YOTE. The above form sometimes begins with an iambus, and has an ad litional short syllable at the end of the line.

EXAMPLE.

His rõbe / wăs thě whirl | wind, his voice | wăs thệ thūn | děr, Ănd earth | åt hřs foot | stěps, wès riv | ěn ăsūn | děr.

4. Dactylic Verse. The Dactyl is a poetic foot, consisting of one long and two short syllables; as, ponděrðus.

Note 1. Poems consisting wholly of dactyls are rare. When two or three dactyls are used, it is quite common to close the line with a trochee, or a short syllable. In the following example, the first line and the third are composed of dactyls, except the last foot; and the second line and the fourth are anapests, except the first foot.

EXAMPLE.
Dāughtěr of Zion, ă | wāke from tht | sādněss ;

Ăwāke! | fòr thỹ fões | shåll opprēss | thèe'nð möre;
Bright o'er thy hills dawns the day-star of gladness;

Arise! | for the night of thy sor | row is o'er.

NOTE 2. There are no poems consisting exclusively of amphibrachs, tribrachs, or pyrrhics. These, as poetic feet, however, are occasionally thrown in with other forms of verse, merely for variety, or as substitutes.

Note 3. Although poetic lines consist of different numbers of feet, still those feet may consist of iambuses, trochees, or other forms, embodied in the same line.

QUESTIONS. How does this form sometimes begin and end? Of what does a dactyl consist? How do lines sometimes close in dactylic verse? What is note second! What is note third ?

SECTION II.

CONSTRUCTION OF BLANK-VERSE. BLANK-VERSE consists of thoughts expressed in regular poetic feet, but without that correspondence of sound at the end of the lines, which rhyme requires.

1. It is a noble, bold, and disencumbered species of versification, and is peculiarly suited to subjects, dignified and subline, which demand more free and manly numbers than rhyme.

EXAMPLE.
Some ān gěl guide | mỹ pën cil while I draw,
What noth | ing else | than an | gel can | exceed,

A man | on earth | devot | ed to the skies. 2. Epic poetry may be written in blank-verse or rhyme; and, in either case, it consists of five iambic feet, or what is equivalent thereto. Milton's “ Paradise Lost” is an epic poem in blank-verse, and each complete line has five poetic feet.

EXAMPLE.

Bút bid | hěr wëll | běwāre, I ănd still | ērēct,
Lest, by some fair | appear | ing good | surprised,
She dic | tate false, / and mis / inform | the will,

To do what God | express | ly hath | forbid. 3. Pope's translation of " Homer's Iliad,” is an epic poem in rhyme, of the same measure, unless, as occasionally, an Alexandrine is substituted for a line of regular length.

EXAMPLES.

1. Thěn Jõve from I | dă’s * top | his hõr | rõrs sprēads ;

The clouds | burst dread | ful o'er | the Gre | cian heads; Thick light | nings flash ; | the mut | t'ring thun | der rolls; Their strength | he with | ers, and unmans | their souls.

QUESTIONS. Of what does blank-Perse consist? To what subjects is it peculiarly raited? How may epic poetry be written? What poems are specimens of epic poetry?

* I'da, a mountain in Asia Minor, at the base of which was ancient Troy.

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