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4. You will find my quotation in Josephus,* book first, chapter second, and section third.

EXERCISE.

1. Regularity, proportion, ORDER, and color, contribute to grandeur, as well as beauty.

2. Beauty, strength, Youth, and OLD AGE, lie undistinguished in the same promiscuous heap of matter.

3. Valor, humanity, COURTESY, JUSTICE, and HONOR, were the characteristics of chivalry.

4. For I am persuaded that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus, our Lord.

5. The roaring of the winds, the rushing of the waters, the darkness of the night, all conspired to overwhelm his guilty spirit with dread.

6. The splendor of the firmament, the verdure of the earth, the fragrance of flowers, and the music of birds, conspire to elevate the affections, and captivate the heart.

7. An ostentatious, a feeble, a harsh, or an obscure style of writing, is always considered faulty ; while perspicuity, strength, neatness, and simplicity, are beauties at which the writer should aim.

8. There is no enjoyment of property without government; no government without a magistrate; no magistrate without obedience; and no obedience where every one acts as he pleases.

9. Were we united to beings of a more exalted order, beings whose nature raised them superior to misfortune,

• Jo-soʻphus, a celebrated Jewish historian, born a. D. 87, at Jerusaleın. Ho nas of the order of the priesthood.

placed them beyond the reach of disease and death, who were not the dupes of passion and prejudice, all of whose views were enlarged, whose goodness was perfected, and whose spirit breathed nothing but love and friendship, then would the evils of which we now complain, cease to be felt.

10. When I consider the period at which this prosecution is brought forward; when I behold the extraordinary safeguard of soldiers ; when I catch the throb of public anxiety ; when I reflect what may be the fate of a man of the most beloved personal character, of one of the most respected families, himself the only individual of that family, I may almost say of that country, - who can look at that possible fate with unconcern?

PANEGYRIC ON SHERIDAN'S ELOQUENCE. - BURKE.

1. He has this day surprised the thousands who hung with rapture on his accents, by such an array of talents, such an exhibition of capacity, such a display of powers, as are unparalleled in the annals of oratory; a display that reflects the highest honor upon himself, luster upon letters, renown upon Parliament, and glory upon the country.

2. Of all species of rhetoric, of every kind of eloquence that has been witnessed or recorded, either in ancient or modern times, whatever the acuteness of the bar, the dignity of the senate, the solidity of the judgment-seat, and the sacred morality of the pulpit, have hitherto furnished, nothing has surpassed, nothing has equaled, what we have this day heard in Westminster hall. I

Sher'i-dan, (Richard Brinsley,) a distinguished statesman, wit, and dramatist, born in Dublin, Ireland, 1761.

† Burke, (Edmund,) one of the most eminent writers, orators, and statesmen of England or Ireland. He was born in Dublin in 1730, and died in the sixty-eighth year of his age.

1 West'min-ster hall, one of the largest rooms in Europe unsupported by pfl

3. No holy seer of religion, no sage, no statesman, no orator, no man of any literary description whatever, has come up, in the one instance, to the pure sentiments of morality; or, in the other, to that variety of knowledge, force of imagination, propriety and vivacity of allusion, beauty and elegance of diction, strength and copiousness of style, pathos and sublimity of conception, to which we have this day listened with ardor and admiration. From poetry up to eloquence, there is not a species of composition of which a complete and perfect specimen might not, from that single speech, be culled and collected.

SECTION IV.

RULE 3. The repetition of any word, rendered important by its connection in a sentence, usually requires an increased force of utterance.

EXAMPLES.

1. You circulated that false report, you, sir.
2. They will never submit to your dictation, never, NEVER.

3. Treason! cried the speaker; treason, TREASON, TREASON, reëchoed from every part of the house.

4. It was Homer * who gave laws to the artist; it was Homer who inspired the poet; it was Homer who thundered in the senate; and, more than all, it was HOMER who was sung by the people ; and hence, a nation was cast into the mold of one mighty mind; and the land of the Iliad,t became the region of laste, the birthplace of the arts.

QUESTION. How should the repetition of a word usually be read :

lars, being 270 feet in length, 90 feet in height, and 74 in breadth. It was built bę William II., in 1097, and repaired, with many alterations, by Richard II., in 1307. It is situated in Westminster, in the western part of the city of London.

• Ilo'mer, a Greek poet, who flourished about 850 B.C. # Il'i-ad, an epic poem, written by Homer.

NOTE. The increase of emphasis is usually expressed by an increase of force on the word repeated, as in the above examples, but not always ; sometimes the force is even diminished, in order to produce the greatest effect.

EX AMPLES.

1. Hush! hush ! he stirred not,

was he dead? 2. Tread softly, — Bow the head, — in reverent silence bou.

EXERCISE.

1. To enumerate all the painful and appalling consequences that follow in the train of intemperate habits, would consume more time than the present occasion will allow. Suffice it, therefore, to say, if such habits are formed, indulged, and persisted in, they will, sooner or later, lead to inevitable ruin.

2. What has blasted the bright prospects of so many young men of early promise, and broken the hearts of doting parents? Early habits of dissipation and intemperance. What has reduced so many from affluence to penury and want? Neglect of business, and indiscreet management, caused by INTEMPERANCE.

3. What, in so many instances, brings on premature death? Habitual, confirmed INTEMPERANCE. What causes the hus. band, once kind and affectionate, to abuse, maltreat, and, sometimes, even to murder the very wife of his bosom? Brutality, caused by INTEMPERANCE. What has cast so many children, destitute and unprotected, on the cold charities of the world? Their tears reply, INTEMPERANCE.

4. What dethrones reason, and degrades man to a mere brute? Besotting INTEMPERANCE. What supplies the poorhouse with the greater portion of its inmates? Poverty, and inability to earn a living, caused, in most cases, by intem

Give

QUESTIOX. How is the increase of emphasis sometimes best expressed ? examples.

perance. What so often disturbs the fireside barmony, and drives peace from the domestic circle? Habitual intemperance. What leads on such multitudes to the perpetration of crimes of every cast and character, crimes which consign them to the penitentiary or the gibbet? In most cases, conscience-destroying intemperance.

5. What tends more directly to debase human nature, and demoralize society? What leads to the violation of law, and such riotous conduct as breaks the silence of midnight, and disturbs the repose of peaceful citizens? Intemperance is the moving spirit. What annually consigns five hundred thousand miserable sots, in the United States, to a drunkard's grave, breaks the hearts of tens of thousands of amiable wives, and beggars hundreds of thousands of orphan child'en? The merciless monster, intemperance.

SECTION V.

RULE 4. Words used as exclamations and interjections, when attended with strong feeling or emotion, are generally emphatic.

EXAMPLES.

1. O venerable shade! O illustrious hero! Farewell !

2. What splendid views of heaven! How majestically the sun wheels his mighty round!

3. Behold the daughter of innocence! What a look! what beauty! what sweetness !

4. O liberty! O sound once delightful to every Roman ear! ( sacred privilege of Roman citizenship! once sacred TRAMPLED upon!

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QUESTION. How should words used as exclamations and interjections bt read Give examples.

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