Page images

tive, but to return to his capital as a proud conqueror, not deserted by his friends, but surrounded by captives in chains.


RULE 5. When words or clauses are contrasted, they take opposite inflections: the first member usually requires the rising inflection, and the latter, the falling. This order, however, is sometimes reversed.


1. Love and hátred, hópe and fèar, joy and grief. 2. Labor brings pleasure, but idleness, pain. 3. Charms strike the sight, but merit wins the soul. 4. Gentleness often disarms the fierce, and melts the stubborn. 5. Envy shoots at others, but wounds herself. 6. Youth indulges in hópe, but old age, in remembrance. 7. He who thinks to deceive Gód, deceives himself.

8. Pride is easily seen in others, but we rarely see it in oursèlves.

NOTE. Words and clauses, when compared with each other, also require opposite inflections.


1. Wórds are like leaves, and deeds like frùit.

2. We should estimate men more by their hearts, than by their héads.

3. We should be governed more by reason and reflection, than by feeling and impulse.

QUESTIONS. What is the rule when words or clauses are contrasted ! Give an example. When words and clauses are compared, how should they be read ! Give examples.


1. A wise son maketh a glad fáther; but a fodlish son is me heaviness of his mother. The Lord will not suffer the soul of the righteous to famish; but he casteth away the substance of the wicked.

2. He becometh poor that dealeth with a slack hand; but the hand of the dìligent maketh rich. He that gathereth in súmmer, is a wise son; but he that sleepeth in hàrvest, is a son that causeth shame.

3. Blessings are upon the head of the just; but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked. The memory

of the just is bléssed; but the name of the wicked shall rot.

4. The house of the wicked shall be overthrown; but the tabernacle of the upright shall flourish. There is a way which seemeth right unto a man; but the end thereof are the ways of death. Even in laughter, the heart is sorrowful; and the end of that mirth is heaviness.

5. A wise man feareth, and departeth from evil; but the fool rageth, and is confident. The wicked is driven away in his wickedness; but the righteous hath hope in his death. Righteousness exalteth a nation ; but sin is a reproach to any people.

6. The rich man is wise in his own conceit; but the poor man that hath understanding, searcheth him out. When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory; but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden. He that covereth his sins shall not prosper ; but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them, shall have mercy.

7. He that tilleth his land, shall have plenty of bread; but he that followeth after vain persons, shall have poverty enough. A faithful man shall abound with blessings; but he that maketh haste to be rich, shall not be innocent. The wicked flee when no man pursueth ; but the righteous are as bold as a lion.


1. Hónor is unstable and seldom the sáme; but virtue is uniform and fixed. Húnor is most capricious in her rewards ; but virtue is enlarged and infinite in her hopes. Honor is not to be depended on in the storms and tempests of human lifé ; but virtue is above the storms, because her anchor is cast in heaven. Hónor is a floating shadow; but virtue is an enduring treasure. The former disappoints expectations ; the latter crowns anticipated jòys.

2. Philosophy may destroy the burden of the body; but religion gives wings to the soul. Philosophy may enable us to look down upon earth with contémpt; but religion teaches us to look up to heaven with hòpe. Philosophy may support us to the brink of the grave; but religion conducts beyond it. Philosophy unfolds a rich store of enjoyment; religion makes it eternal. Happy is that heart where religion holds her throne, and philosophy, her noble handmaid, administers to her exaltation.

3. Randolph * seemed a man of brilliant, where Jefferson † beemed at best of large mind. The one might be taken for a philosopher; the other was certainly a man of genius : the one was imposing; the other, delightful. Jefferson shone; Randolph sparkled. Jefferson's temper seldom displeased; Randolph often, through the indulgence of his wit, or his antipathies.

4. Talent is power; tact is skill. Talent is might; tact s momentum. Talent knows what to do; tact knows how to do it. Talent makes a man respectable; tact will make bim respected. Talent is wealth ; tact is ready money.

* Randolph, (John,) a distinguished statesman of Virginia.

† Jefferson, (Thomas,) the third president of the United States, born in Virginia In 1743, and died July 4th, 1826. He drew up the Declaration of our Independence in 1776.

Take them to the bar. Talent receives-many a compliment from the bench; but tact receives fees from attorneys and clients. Take them to court. Talent feels its weight; tact finds its way. Talent is honored with approbation ; and tact is blessed by preferment.

5. Place them in the senate. Talent has the ear of the house; but tact wins its heart, and has its votes. Talent 1-alculates slowly, reasons logically, makes out a case as clear As daylight, and utters its oracles with all the weight of justice and reason ; tact refutes without contradiction, puzzles the profound without profundity, and, without art, outwits the wise. Talent is pleased that it ought to have succeeded ; tact is delighted that it has succeeded.


RISING INFLECTION. RULE 6. The pause of suspension, denoting that the sense is unfinished, generally requires the rising inflection

NOTE 1. The rising suspensive inflection usually occurs at a rhetorical pause, at the end of a clause or member of a series marked with the grammatical pause of the comma, or with a semicolon when the sense is incomplete, and the emphasis slight; but it is not so intensive as the rising slide of the direct question.

EXAMPLES. 1. They through faith, subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, quenchel the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weak

QUESTIONS. What inflection does the pause of suspension require, when the sense is unfinished ? When and where does it occur according to Note 1 ? Give to example.

ness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, and turned to flighi the armies of the aliens.

2. The road ambition travels is too narrow for friendship, too crooked for lóve, too rugged for honesty, too dark for science, and too hilly for hàppiness.

3. Charity is the comforter of the afflicted, the protector of the oppréssed, the reconciler of differences, and the intercessor for offènders. It is faithfulness in the friend, public spirit in the mágistrate, equity and patience in the judge, moderation in the sovereign, and loyalty in the sùbject.

4. Otis was a flame of fire. With a promptitude of classical allúsion, a depth of résearch, a rapid summary of historical events and dátes, a profusion of legal authorities, a prophetic glance of his eyes into futúrity, a rapid torrent of impetuous éloquence, he hurried away all before hìm. American Independence was then and there born.

5. Although the fig-tree shall not blossom, neither shall be fruit in the víne; the labor of the olive shall fail, and the field shall yield no méat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be no herd in the stáll; yet I will rejoice in the Lórd, I will jòy in the God of my salvation.

6. All the oriental luster of the richest géms, all the enchanting beauties of exterior shápe, the exquisite of all fórms, the loveliness of color, the harmony of sounds, the heat and brightness of the enlivening sún, the heroic virtue of the bravest minds, with the purity and quickness of the highest intellect, are emanations from the Supreme Deity.

7. To acquire a thorough knowledge of our own hearts and cháracters, to restrain every irregular inclination, to subdue every rebellious pássion, to purify the motives of our conduct, to form ourselves to that temperance which no pleasure can sedúce, to that meekness which no provocation can rúffe, to that patience which no affliction can overwhelm, and to that integrity which no interest can shake, this is the task which is assigned to us; a task which cannot be performed without the utmost diligence and care.

« PreviousContinue »