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and he respects that of others, as by watchmen and patroles, constathe best mode of ensoring respect for bles and soldiers; and at the sight his own. If once the people respect of stares and bayonets, barmless and the government, and the subordi. timorous mirth takes the alarm, and nation established by law, they re. disappears. This is surely not the gulate their conduct by it, they method of accomplishing the por. grow attached to the jestitutions of poses for which magistracy was Iheir country, and defend them establisbed; whose vigilance, if I with spirit; because io so doing, may be permitted so awfol a comthey are convinced that they are parison, should resemble that of the defending themselves. So clear is Sopreme Being, should be perpetual it that freedom and cheerfulness are and certain, but invisible; should be greater enemies of disorder than acknowledged by every body, bet subjection and melancholy.
seen by nobody; should watch li6. Let me not, however, be sus. cense, in order to repress it, and pected of considering a magistracy liberty, in order to protect it. In or police, appointed to preserve the one word, it should operate as a repoblic peace, as in itself either use. straint on the bad, as a shield and Jess or oppressive. On the contrary, protection to the good. The awful it is my firm persuasion, that with insignia of justice are otherwise the out such an institution, without its mere syinbols of oppression and trunremitting vigilance, neither tran. ranny; and the police, in d rect quillity nor subordination can be opposition to the views of its inpreserved. I am well aware that stitution, only rexes and molests Jicense horers on the very con. the persons whom it is bound to fines of liberty, and that some re. shelter, comfort, and protect. straint must be devised to keep-in “Such are my ideas vpon popular those who would pass the limits. diversions. There is neither pro. This is indeed the most delicate point vince por district, town nor village, in civil jurisprudence; and it is this, but has particular usages in its 2. that so many injudicious magistrates musements, practised either habitnmistake, by confounding vigilance ally, or at particular periods of the with oppression. Hence, at every year; various exercises of strength, festival, at every public diversion, for instance, or feats of agility: or harmless amusement, they ob- balls 100, and juoketings, walks, trude upon the people the insignia holidays, disguises, maskings, and of magistracy and power. To jndge mummeries. Whatever their die by appearances, one should suppose versions may be, if they are public tha. their aim was to build their they must be innocent. It is the authority on the fears of the subject, duty then of the good inagistrate to and to purchase their own conveni. protect the people in these simple ence at the expence of the freedom pastimes, to lay out and keep in and pleasure of the public. In order the places destined for them, every other view, such precautions to remove all obstacles, and to leave are idle. For the people never the inhabitants at full liberty to divert themselves with out complete abandon themselves to their boister. exemption from restraint in their ous merriment, their rode but harm. diversions. Freedom is scared away less effusions of joy. If he appear
ometimes among them, it should be them to be published, particularly
encourage, not to intimidate them; by the late Mrs. Catharine Maccau. : should be like a father, gratified lay, but had uniformly refused. t the mirth of his children; not This gentleman dying without issue, ke a tyrant, envious of the gaiety the editor, his nephew, inherited f bis slaves.
some part of his estates which were “ In short, to return to our former left unsola, including his mansion. emark, the people do not call upon honse of Hatfield Woodhall. In the he government to divert them, but library he found the following serely to permit them to divert books, written by Mrs. Lucy hemselves,”
Hutchinson. Ist. The Life of Col.
Hutchinson. 2d. A book without a
; title, but which appears to have wemoirs of the Life of Colonel
been a kind of diary made use of Hutchinson, Gocernor of Notting.
when she came to write the life of ham Castle and Town, Representa.
col, Hutchinson. 3d. A Fragment, tive of the County of Nottingham in the long Parliament, and of the
giving an account of the early part
of her own life. This book clearly town of Nottingham in the first Parliament of Charles 11. &c. with
appears to have been Mrs. Hutchin
2. son's first essay at composition, and original Anecdotes of many of the
contains, besides the story of her most distinguished of his Contem.
life and family, several short copies poraries, and a summary Review of
of verses, some finished, some unPublic Affairs : written by his
finished, many of which are above Widow Lucy, Daughter of Sir Allen Apsley, Lieutenant of the
mediocrity. And, 4th. Two Books Tower, c. Now first published :
treating entirely of religious subfrom the original Manuscript by the
•jects; in which, although the fancy Rev. Julius Hutchinson, &c. &c.
" may be rather too much indulged, To which is prefixed the Life of
; the judgment still maintains the Mrs. Hutchinson, written by Her. ed piety, liberality and benevolence
ascendancy, and sentiments of exaltself, A Fragment.
are delivered in terms apposite, This is really a curious work, as dignified, and perspicuous. Fill be seen from the title-page. It These works had all been read, ; the history of a puritan in the and marked in several places with ime of Cromwell, written by his his initials, by Julius Hutchinson, rife in a stile that does high honour esq. of Owthorpe, the father of the o her age, and which has remained late Thomas Hutchinson, esq. just o published till the present period. mentioned, and son of Charles
The following account of the Hutchinson, esq. of Owthorpe, only ISS. is given by the editor. son of sir Thomas Hutchinson by
The Memoirs of the Life of Col. his second wife, the lady CaJutchinson had been seen by many tharine Stanhope. Lady Catha. versons, as well as the editor, in the rine Hutchinson lived to the age of Jossession of the late Thomas Hutch- 109, and is reported to have retained nson, esq. of Owthorpe, in Not. her faculties to the end of her life. inghamshire, and of Hatfield Wood. Some remarks made by the aboveall, in Hertfordshire; and he had mentioned Julius Hutchinson, are leen frequently solicited to permit declared by him to have been com
municated by his grand-mother lady ried to a gentleman of that part Catharine ; and as this lady dwelt The family of Mr. George Hates in splendor at Nottingham, and had inson likewise became extina in the ample means of information; as second generation. there is only one instance wherein Charles Hutchinson, only son the veracity of the biographer is at sir Thomas Hutchinson by lady all called in question, and even in Catharine Stanhope, married one this, it does not appear to the editor, the daughters and coheiresses of and probably may not to the reader, Francis Boteler, or latfreid Wood that there was sufficient ground for hall, Herts; which family beini objection; the opposition and the zcalous royalists, and he soliciton acquiescence of her grandson and to gain their farour, (which he de herself seem alike to confirm the so effectually, as in the end to authenticity and faithfulness of the obtain nearly their whole iaber narrative,
tance,) it is probable that he There will be found annexed a small encouragement or assistance" pedigree of the family of Hutchin, the elder branch of the family bike son, taken from a very handsome they suffered for Geir republica emblazoned genealogy in the posses. sentiments; on the contrary, its sion of the editor, originally traced certain that he purchased of his by llenry St. George, king of arms, Hutchinson and her son, after til and continued and embellished by death of col. Hutchinson, the Thomas Brand, esq. his majesty's estate at Owthorpe, which, joins writer and embellisher of letters to to what his father had given his the eastern princess, anno 1712. and what he obtained by his part
This pedigree shews that col. age, raised him to more opales: Hutchinson left four sons, of which than his father had ever possesse : the youngest only, John, left issue and he seems not to have fala two sons; and there is a tradition in short of him in popularity, for the family, that these two last des represented the town of Notting. cendants of col. Hutchinson emi. ham. in parliament from the year grated, the one to the West Indies 1690, (being the Grst general elec or America, the other to Russia; tion after the accession of king VI. the latter is said to have gone out liam,) till his death. with the command of a ship of war His son Jolñus returned into the given by queen. Anne to the czar line of conduct and connections Peter, and to have been lost at sca, which was most pataral for one of One of the female descendants of his descent, for he married Betty the former the editor once met with Norton, descended by the father's by accident at Portsmouth, and she side from the patriotic family of that spoke with great warmth of the name in Hampshire, and by the veneration in which his descendants' mother's from the Fiennes's. He in the new world held the memory scems to have bestowed a very of their ancestor col. Hutchinson. rational and well-deserved attention Of the daughters little more is upon the writings of Mrs. Hatchin. known than that Mrs. Hutchinson, son, and there is a tradition in the addressing one of her books of devo. family, that although he had many tion to her daughter Mrs. Orgill, children of his own, le treated wich ascertains that one of them was mar. kindpess and liberality the last des
cendants of his uncle, and assisted public notice. Being not the child them with money to fit them out for of his brain and fancy, but of his their emigration. The editor has adoption and judgment, he may be seen a written memorandum of his, supposed to view it with so much expressing bis regret at hearing no the less partiality, and allowed to more of them after their departure. speak of it with so much the more
" From the circumstance of these, freedom. . the only grandchildren of colonel " The only ends for which any Hutchinson, standing in need of book can reasonably be published this pecuniary assistance, from the are to inform, to amuse, or to mention Mrs. Hutchinson makes improve : but unless many persons of her husband's debts, and from of highly reputed judgment are mis. an expression contained in that taken as well as ourselves, this book which she addresses to her work will be found to attain all daughter Mrs. Orgill, desiring her three of them. In point of amuse. not to despise her advice though ment, perhaps norelty or curiosity she sees her in adversity, it is highly holds the foremost rank; and probable that, even after selling her surely we risque little in saying husband's estates, the sum to be don that a history of a period the most vided left each member of the fa- remarkable in the British annals, mily in strait circumstances. written one hundred and fifty years
“ The affection and well-merited ago by a lady, of elevated birth, of esteem with which Mrs. Hutchin. a most comprehensive and highly son speaks of her brother sir Allen cultivated mind, herself a witness of Apsley, will excitė an interest in many of the scenes she describes, the reader to know what became and active in several of them, is of him and his posterity ; the short a literary curiosity of no mean pedigree subjoined will shew, that sort. by two marriages, and by the death " As to information, although of his grandson in his minority, the there are many histories of the same family of Apsley entirely merged in - period, there is not one that is gethe noble family of Bathurst, who nerally considered satisfactory; have adopted the name Apsley as most of them carry evident marks their second title; there are five or of prejudice or partiality; nor six of the family of Apsley entomb. were any of those which are now ed in Wesminster Abbey, near to read, written at, or near the time, the entrance of Henry the seventh's or by persons who had an opporchapel.”
tunity of being well acquainted The editor then enters into an with what was passing, except that apology for the republican, as well of Clarendon. But any one who as puritanical sentiments of the should take the pains, which the writer, and adds :
editor has done, to examine Cla. "So much having been said rendon's state papers, would find for the purpose of obviating therein documents much better misapprehension as to the effect calculated to support Mrs. Hlutchof this work, it may be fur- inson's representation of affairs ther expected that some merit or than that which he himself has atility should be shewn, to justify given. Mrs. Hutchinson writing the editor in presenting it to the from a motive which will very seldom be found to induce any one discover the reasonables o to take so much trouble, that of many of those proceedings whidi giving her children, and especially had hitherto seemed incongrue her eldest son, then about to enter and inconsistent." on the stage of life, a true notion As a specimen of the style ani of those eventful scenes which had manner of this extraordinary wart just been passing before her eyes, which adds much to the stock di and which she well judged must be historical knowledge, which we do followed by others not less interes. rive from Clarendon and Rastvort. ting to the same cause and persons, and the other original writers @ will surely be thought to have pos- the time, we shall extract the &fe of sessed both the means and the ineli. Mrs. Lucy Hutchinson,(the author) Dation to paint with truth and cor written by herself. rectness : in effect she will be seen. " The almighty author of all be. to exhibit such a faithful, natural, ings, in his various providence. and lively picture of the public .whereby he conducts the lives of mind and manpers, taken sometimes men from the cradle to the tomt. in larger, sometimes in smaller exercises no lesse wisdome api groupes, as will give a more satis. goodnesse then he manifests pova factory idea to an observant reader and greatnesse in their creation, but than he will any where else disco. such is the stupidity of blind mer. ver. He will be further pleased to talls that insteed of employing thes see aroided the most common error studies in these admirable books of historians, that of displaying the of providence, wherein God dari paradoxical and the marvellous, exhibitts to us glorious characters both in persons and things. But of his love, kindnesse, wisdome, surely the use of history, being to and iustice, they ungratefully reinstruct the present and future ages gard them not, and call the most by the experience of the past, no. wonderfull operations of the greate thing can be more absurd than a God the common accidents of hawish to excite and leave the reader mane life, specially if they be such in astonishment, which instead of as are usuall, and exercised towards assisting, can only confound his them in ages wherein they are not judgment. Mrs. Hutchinson, on very capable of observation, and the contrary, has made it her busi. vhercon they seldome employ any ness, and that very successfully, to reflexion ; for in things greate and account by common and easy causes extraordinary some perhaps will for many of those actions and ef, take notice of God's working, who fects which others have left anac- either forgett or believe not that he counted for, and only to be gazed takes as well a care and account of at in womeaning wonder ; or, in their smallest concernments, eren attempting to account for, them, the haires of their heads. have employed vain subtility or " Finding myselse in some kind groundless conjecture. She has guilty of this generall neglect, I likewise not merely described the thought it might be a meannes to parties in the state by their general stirre up my thankefulnesse for character, but delineated them in things past, and to encourage my their minute ramifications, and thus faith for the future, if I recollected, enabled us to trace the springs, and as much as I have heard or can re