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Et, divers sums of public money 2,3241. 68, 6d. in full satisfaction of entrusted to him in that capacity. all wages, fees, and other profits The second was, that after the pas. and emoluments, heretofore en sing of the act of parliament in joyed by former treasurers of the 1785, for the better regulating the navy; and that lord Melville him. ofice of treasurer of the navy, he self declared before the naval com. had in breach and violation of that missioners, that he considered the act, permitted Trott r, his paymas. said additional salary to be in full ter, illegally to take from the bank satisfaction of all other profit and of England, for other than imme. emolument; Cate application to navy purposes, That soon after lord Melville's large sums of money, froin the mo. acceptance of the office of treasurer Dies issued to the bank on account of the nary, viz. in August 1782, of the treasurer of the navy, and there was a considerable difference place the same in the hands of his between the balance of public mo. private banker, in his own name, ney charged to the treasurer, und subject to his sole control and and the actual balance to the disposition. The third was, that he credit of the treasurer at the mad fraadulently and corruptly bank ; and though it did not appermitied Crotter to apply the mo. pear in evidence, that the whole of hey, 80 abstracted illegally from this difference was occasioned by the bank of England, to purposes of the application of public money to private use and emolument, and had the private use and profit of lord himself fraudulently and corruptly Melville, yet it was satisfactorily derived profit therefrom. We shall shewn that certain payments were brefly state the evidence substan- made to his private use out of the lated on each of these charges by public money entrusted to him as the commons.

treasurer of the navy, soon after On the first of these charges com. his acceptance of that office. Thus pretending the first and tenth it was shewn, that a particular bank articles of impeachment, it was note of 10001. issued from the exprored in evidence by the com. chequer on the 6th of November

1782 for navy services, was paid That on the 19th of June 1782, by Mr. Douglas, paymaster of the the house of commons resolved, navy under lord Melville, to the

that it is the opinion of this house of Messrs. Moffat and Ken. Roase, that from henceforward the sington, on the 22d November paymaster of his majesty's forces, 1782, in discharge of a bill to that and the treasurer of the navy, for amount, drawn by a person of the the time being, shall not apply any name of Newbigging, on the right

or sums of money entrusted to honourable Henry Dundas, under tem, for any purpose of advantage the designation of lord advocate for of interest to themselves, cither di. Scotland. Another bank note of rectly or indirectly ;"

1000l. issued from the exchequer, bat the warrant appointing lord on the 22d of November 1782, for Melfille to the office of treasurer public nary services, was traced to the nary in August 1782, granted the house of Messrs. Drammond, him an additional salary of one of the private bankers of lord

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Melville, to whom it was paid by surer's “ old account," by creatin lord Melville himself, as appeared a debt to a corresponding amour from an entry made and proved on his “ new account,” by whic in the books of Messrs. Drum. the former difference of 7,6001. mond.*

66 the old account” was reduced It was also proved, that although, 1,6001.; at which it continued t according to the obligations under the death of Mr. Douglas in Decen which lord Melville held the office of ber 1785. treasurer of the navy, there ought It was further proved, that the to have been no difference between fraudulent drafts having occasion, the balance charged to the trea. a difference of 6,0001. between t surer and the balance to his credit balance charged to the treasure at the bank, yet in May 1783, and the bank balance in the 6 ne there was a difference amounting account,” this difference was i to the sum of 23,0001. ; which dif- creased to 10,000l. by two sums ference, before the end of July 2,0001. each, drawn from the bar 1783, was reduced to 7,600, in con- by Mr. Douglas, to the name sequence of various payments made Mr. George Swalfield (chief cashi into the bank on account of the to the victualling branch of t treasurer of the navy, by Messrs. navy, the one in Aug Muir and Atkinson, and other pri. 1784, and the other in May 178 vate persons, from which it is appa. both of which there is reason to h rent, that the money so repaid had lieve were applied to the use of lo been used for some private purpose Melville, because no part of the and applied to private profit and sums was ever received by N advantage.

Swaffield, or in any way entered It was also shewn in evidence, the official books of the navy pa that before the end of March 1785. office; and because Mr. Doug during the second treasurership of paid 2,000.. to the account of lo lord Melville, certain drafts were Melville with Messrs. Drummor drawn under the authority of the on the day on which the last-mi treasurer of the navy, the produce tioned suum of 2,0001. was thus fri of which was not applied to any duiently drawn from the bank. public purpose, but to the discharge It'was also proved that the tri of part of the debt due on the trea. surer's debt on the new accour

* The private arcount book of Mr. Douglas, paymaster of the navy under Melville, in the years 1782, 1783, 1784, and 1785, containing the particulars of money transactions with that nobleman, and referring to accounts which had b settled betwixt them, and to balances agreeing both as to their date and amo with balances proved by other evidence to have been due on these accounts lord Melville, was produced in court ; and extracts from it are printed in the port of the managers to the house of commons of the 4th of March 1806, wl show, that every farthing of the public money, diverted from its proper destinal to naral services, and occasioning thereby a difference between the treasur balances and the balances to his credit at the bank, amounting at one time 23,000!. had been applied to the private use of lord Melville ; but whatever vietion the perusal of that book may produce on those who examine its conte it was not admissible eridence against lord Melville, and was therefore rejected the court.

vas, in October 1785, reduced after the 1st of July 1785 no mom from the above-mentioned sum of ney for the service of the navy shall 10.000!. to 9,000l., by the pay- be issued from his majesty's ex. Bent of 1,0001. to the bank, chequer to the treasurer of the na. through the hands of Mr. Davis of vy, or shall be placed, or directed the nary pay-office, being the to be placed in his hands or posses. 2000nt of one quarter's salary due sion, but the same shall be issued to the right honourable Henry and directed to be paid to the goDundas as treasurer of the navy ; vernor and company of the bank of at which sum of 9,0001, the dif. England and to be placed to cerference in the “ new account" con. taio acoounts according to the serteaed till the death of Mr. Douglas vices for which it is craved and a December 1785.

issued ;)) All these facts were confirmed by " And the monies to be issued the proof adduced by the commons, unto the governor and company of that after the death of Mr. Doug- the bank of England, on account as, lord Melville confessed in the of the treasurer of his majesty's Donth of January 1786, to Mr. nary, shall not be paid out of the Trotter (who succeeded Douglas as vank, unless for nuvy services, and in paymaster of the navy, that he was pursuance of drafts to be drawn on zadebted to the public in the sum the governor and company of the of 10,600!. ; which sum of 10,6001) bank of England, and signed by the exactly corresponds with the deficie treasurer of the navy for the time tky of 1,6001.on the old accountt" being, or the person or persons au. and of 9,0eol. on thcsónew account.” thorized by him; proved to be the residuary balances “And that upon the death, resig. of divers payments made by the au: nation, or removal of the present, thority of lord Melville, for pur. and every other treasurer of his maposes extra-official and unexplained, jesty's navy hereafter to be appoint. to a much greater amount, and re- ed, the balance of cash, for which Caced to the above-mentioned sums he shall at that time have credit on by different repayments, all of his account or accounts, as treasurer which were traced back by the of his majesty's navy with the .go. Commons to private sources.

vernor and company of the bank of On the second of these charges, England, shall, at the end of the contained in the second article of current month after a successor shall impeachment, it was in the first be appointed to the said office, acplace shewn by the commons. tually vest in such successsor, in

That subsequent to the appoint. trust for the service of the navy, and ment of lord Melville for the be forthwith transferred, carried second time to the office of trea. over and placed to the account of Sarer of the navy, an act of parlia. such successor." best was passed, intituled, 66 an And, in the next place, proved, act for better regulating the office that, in direct breach and violation 6 treasurer of his majesty's of the said statute, lord Melville Dary;"

gave permission to Trotter, his payWhereby it is, among other master, to draw from the bank of things, enacted, " that from and England, for other purposes than



for immediate application to navy lument, and did not prohibit him services, sums of money issued to to do. the governor and company of the It further appeared in eviden bank of England on account of the that "Trotter, by desire of lo treasurer of the navy, and to place Melville, opened an account, call the same in the hands of his private the chest account, in which he d banker ; that Trotter, in 'conse- bited lord Melville with 10.601 quence of this permission, did draw being the sum of money, for whi from the bank of England large sums lord Melville, by his own confessic of public money, and place the was indebted to the public, wh same in the hands of his private Trotter first became paymaster u bankers, in his own name and at der him ; that various advanc his own disposal, and beyond the were made, at subsequent perio control of the treasurer of the on the same account, in navy. By which the said statute quence of requisition from jo was grossly violated, and the enact. Melville to Trotter, of the natu ment relative to the transfer of the of commands ; with which requi balance of public money, on the tions Trotter invariably compli death, resignation or removal of the without any remonstrance : that i existing treasurer of the navy, to his interest was ever charged to lordMe successor, would have been in a ville, or paid by him on these a great measure frustrated and ren. vances : that Trotter always coi dered nugatory, if Trotter had sidered lord Melville to be imm died, while these balances of pub. diately indebted to the public lic money were in the hands of his this chest account: and lord Me private banker.

ville understood and knew himse It was also shown, that the rea. to be so indebted : that Trotti sons aseigned by lord Melville for having advanced to lord Melvil granting permission to Trotter, to in 1797, the sum of 10,0001. i place the public money in the hands order to pay the instalments on h of his private bankers, were frivo. subscription to the loyalty loan lous and unfounded, and were, aud having in the first instance de therefore, probably not his real bited lord Melville for that sum i motives for permitting such a another account kept between then breach and violationof the law intituled their aecount curren

On the third of these charges, did afterwards, for his own greate comprehending the third, fourth, security, transfer the same to th sixth, seventh, cight, and ninth chest account, and did presenta cop articles of impeachment, it was of the said accont bearing on the fac proved by the commons that Trot. of it a statement of the above tran: ter, by permission and connivance action, to lord Melville, by whoi of lord Melville, applied to his pri. it was regularly, duly, and formall vate use and emolument the public settled and signed, and to whor money so taken illegally from the the origininal book or a duplicat bank of England and placed in the thereof, sor settled and signed hands of his private banker, and de. was delivered ; and that at subse rived great profit therefrom, ‘and quent periods, Trotter presente that lord Melville knew and un.. other statements and duplicates a derstood that he derived such emo. the said accounts, containing th

same charge, which lord Melville make advances of money to lord did in like manner settle and sign. Melville from his private fortue,

It was further proved, that not. which did not exceed at that time wi hstanding lord Melville must the sun of 1,000l, or 2,0001. ; and bare known from this transaction, that nevertheless within three that the money advanced to him by months after his nomination to the Trotter, by means of which he was office of pay master, he advanced enabled to bold the loyalty loan, was 4,0001. to lord Melville, without public money, he permitted the divi. interest, his pecuniary circum. den is accruing on that stock to be stances being perfectly known to carried to his credit in his account lord Melville, when he accepted of current with Trotter till May 1800, that loan. when by a paper signed with hisIt was also shewn, that while Own hand, he authorized Mark lord Melville was thus receiving ada Sarott to dispose of the saine, which tances of inoney, without interest, was accordingly done, and the pro. from Trotter, his attention must duce carried to the credit of lord have been forcibly drawn to the Melville in his account with Messrs. transactions of that personage in Thomas Coults and Co. his bankers. regard to public money, by a very

It was also shewn in evidence, singular conversation, which took that there was an account between place between himself and Trotier lord Melville ad Trotter, called in 1789, wherein Trotter had the their account current, which was audacity to propose to him, lord opened within less than three Melville, treasurer of his majesty's months after the appointment of navy, holding his place by authori. Trotter to the office of paymaster ty of a warrant, which strictly pro. in January 1786, and was nothibited him from deriving any emo. finally closed till May 1800, when lument from the public money in lord Melville left the nary pay. his possession, to lay out the public office : that during that interval it money for his lord Melville's bad been frequently balanced and private interest and advantage; signed by both parties, and dupli. but though this proposal was re. cates exchanged: that no interestjected by the noble lord, it appear. was ever charged or either side in ed not, that then, or at any subse. this account, though the balance quent period. he made any inquiry upoo it against lord Melville was into th amount of the public mo. generally from 10,0001. to 20,000l.; ney in the hands of Trotter, nor and that large sums of money were into the uses to which it was appliadvanced by Trotter aod placed ed, or risks to which it was expos. to this account, derived from the ed; instead of which, he continued pablic money illegally drawn by to accept advances of money from him from the bank, on the pretence Trotter, without paying interest for of nary services, and placed by them, or even inquiring from what perni sion of lord Melville in the source the money was derived. hands of his private banker.

With respect to the account curIt was further proved, that when rent between lord Melville and Trotter was made paymaster of the Trotter, it further appeared, that dary in 1786, he was unable to the first item of that account, con

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