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the circumstance of our being still of the principle of the proposed basis in possession of the passport was in its most essential part. To obvioverlooked; but, even if it had oc- ate a cavil on the subject of full curred, some doubt would probably powers, they were sent to you; but have arisen, how far it might be with an express injunction not to proper, in so different a state of use them, nor even to produce them things, to make use of it for lord fornally, till the French governLauderdale, without some previous ment should return to its former communication of such an intention. ground respecting Sicily. Your This whole matter is, however, very lordship stated this to M. Talleyimmaterial. The principal point to rand, and you received in return, a which I feel it necessary to advert, proposal, of giving to his majesty, is that part of M. Talleyrand's lan- or to the king of Naples, the Hans guage which imputes to this country towns in lieu of Sicily. This being needless delays in the negotiation, again a proposition entirely new, and attributes to that cause the un. could only be referred for his ma. justifiable measures pursued by jesty's consideration. On the very France in Germany and elsewhere. next day after it arrived, it was dc.
In the instructions given to lord cidedly rejected here; and, so little Lauderdale, the repeated tergiversa. were we disposod to delay, that the tions of France, during the negotia. same dispatch conveyed to you his tion, are detailed. It is from thence majesty's orders, if the demand of alone, that delay has arisen. Sicily should still be persisted in, to
Your lordship truly states, that desire your passports, and return to the offers made throngh yourself England. were so clearly and unequivocally Of this order your lordship inexpressed, that the intention of the formed M. Talleyrand, and its exeFrench government could not be cution was delayed only by a fresh doubted. But they were no sooner proposal of exchanges brought for. made than departed from. In the ward by France, and supported by first conference after your lordship's the Russian minister, as affording return to France, Sicily was de. the means by which his majesty manded. In the former offers it had might prevent, among other things, been distinctly disclaimed,“* Vous the changes meditated in Germany. l'avez-nous ne vons la demandons M. Talleyrand, it appears, now repas. Si nous la possédions elle presents this com 'n unication in the pourroit augmenter de beaucoup les following terms: “ We told you, diflicultés.” This demand, there. that if you had powers, and would fore, could not have been foreseen, enter into negotiation, we would not being in contradiction to their own sign the arrangement in Germany." assurances; and your lordship could NÍ. Talleyrand's real communication only take it ad referendum. This is to be found in your lordship's disproduced a delay attributable solely patch of the 9th July, in which he to France. Our answer was imme. says, that those changes “ were dediate and distinct. The new de- termined upon, but should not be pubmand was declared to be a breach lished if peace took place.”
3 B 4
That * You are in possession of it. We do not demand it of you. If we possessed it, the difficulties might be much increased,
That dispatch was received here that in the event of the signature on the 12th ; and on the 17th, in di. of the Russian treaty, the negotiarect violation of these assurances, in tion on the part of this country which ever form they were convey- should be pursued on any other baed, the German treaties were both sis but that of the strict uti possidetis, signed and published.
with the exception of Hanover.They must of course have been The resolution of admitting even prepared at least one day before. the possibility of equivalent for SiWhat M. Talleyrand therefore calls cily, had been adopted only in cona reasonable time allowed to your sequence of M. d'Oubril's desire, lordship to consult your government, and in order to maintain, if it had was, at the most, twenty-four hours, been possible, the union of council even supposing the utmost possible and measures between Great Britain expedition to be made by the mes. and Russia. sengers to and from England, and no But by the production of your accident or delay to occur by land lordship's full powers, his majesty or sea. These dates will undoubt
was in some sort pledged to continue edly not have escaped your lord. the negotiation. It was then judged ship's attention, and will have ena. proper, that a fresh negotiator bled you to refute, in the most deci. should be added to your lordship, sive manner, the unfounded pretences and not an instant has been lost in by which the French government giving effect to that determination ; seeks to attribute to delays on our nor has any considerable delay oe. part, the results of its own injustice, curred on this side the water, except and repeated breach of promise. in the single point respecting the
The whole of our intercourse with passport, which I have explained in France, bears indeed so different a the outset of this dispatch, character from that of delay, and
&c. the whole of the king's conduct in (Signed)
C. J. Fox. this, as in every other instance, is marked by so many striking proofs,
No. XXXI. of his desire to avert, even by the Copy of a Dispatch from the Earl of greatest sacrifices, such calamities as Lauderdale to Mr. Secretary For, he is now accused of producing, dated Paris, August 6, 1806.that your lordship may, perhaps, Received August 13. have felt it less necessary to enter into a particular refutation of such Paris, 6th Aug. 1806.-9 o'clock. a charge.
A.M. But after the experience which,
Sir, in this negotiation, we have had of The desire expressed by commo. the conduct of the French govern. dore Owen, in the uncertain state of ment, it is of the highest consequence the weather, to get off the coast of not to suffer such imputations to France as soon as possible, prevented pass unnoticed, and, by disregard, me from detaining the boat, for the to'acquire strength and currency. purpose of announcing to you my
Of the subsequent proceedings, arrival at Calais. no explanation can be necessary. After a very quick passage in his
It had not been decided here, majesty's frigate the Clyde, I was
put on shore on Sunday morning the gust 7, 1806, received August 13, 3d, about eleven o'clock. At Ca. (of no importance.) lais I received every mark of atten. tion and civility from the magistrates
No. XXXIII. and the commanders of the army, and Copy of a Dispatch from the Earl of of the marine, as well as from the Yarmouth to Mr. Secretary Fox, inhabitants of the place, who were dated Paris, August 7, 1806.in crowds on the shore, expressing Received August 13. their wishes for peace.
Paris, August 7, 1806. I have now to inform you, that SIR, on Tuesday I got to Paris about I received in due time, and in twelve o'clock, when I immediately their order, your several dispatches sent the enclosed note, (marked A.) of the 28th ult. and the 2d and to his excellency the minister for 3d inst.
messenger has foreign affairs, from whom I soon been dispatched from hence since the afterwards received the answer, receipt of them, I have been obliged (marked B.) which I also enclose. to defer till now replying to their At the hour appointed, I waited contents. upon his excellency, with whom I It was with great satisfaction that had a short conversation, in which I learnt by your dispatch of the 2d his anxiety for your speedy recove- inst. the intelligence of lord Lauderry formed the principal topic. He dale's departure from England; as, informed me that general Clarke independently of the advantages í was the person named by the empe- must derive from communicating ror to negotiate with lord Yarmouth with a person charged with the latest and myself, and appointed this day, and fullest instructions from his ma. at eleven o'clock, for the formal jesty, his arrival here afforded me exhibition of our powers.
the opportunity of evincing, in the As the frequency of communica. clearest manner, that I had in no tion gives rise to false speculations instance thought myself at liberty to in England, it is not my intention to depart from the basis, originally send a messenger, until I shall have laid down as the only one on which something more important to com. his majesty's ministers could consent municate.
to treat with the French govern
ment. Lauderdale. It must be evident, that whatever
delays have occurred in the negotiaInclosures (A) and (B) are copies of tion, are imputable to France, and
notes from the earl of Lauderdale to the perpetual variation of the to M. Talleyrand, dated August 5, terms proposed by her; and I had 1806, and from M. Talleyrand to not failed, before the receipt of your the earl of Landerdale, dated Au- dispatch of the 3d instant, repeated. gust 5, 1806.
ly to do justice to the conduct of his
majesty's government in that res. No. XXXII. Copy of a dispatch pect.
from the earl of Lauderdale to Mr. As in the line of conduct which I secretary Fox, dated Paris, Au. thought it my duty to observe pre
I am, &c.
vious to the earl of Lauderdale's ar. commonly called earl of Yarmouth, rival, I had no other object in view, have nominated, constituted, and than the fulilling, to the best of my appointed them, as by these presents abilities, the mission with which his we do nominate, constitute, and apmajesty has been graciously pleased point them, our true, certaio, and to charge me, I can, under the pre- undoubted procurators, commission. sent circumstances, have no other ers, and plenipotentiaries : giving to ambition than that of co-operating them, conjointly or separately, all with my best endeavours in the ne- and all manner of power, faculty, gotiation entrusted to us jointly, up- and authority, together with general on the same basis on which I had as well as special orders, (so that the originally placed it.
general do pot derogate from the I have the honour to be, &c. special, nor on the contrary,) for (Signed)
Yarmouth. us, and in our name, to meet and
confer with the ministers, commis. No. XXXIV.
sioners, plenipotentiaries of any Full Powers given to the Earls of other princes or states whatsoever,
Lauderdale and Yarmouth, which who may be interested therein, whe. were communicated to M. Tulley- ther our enemies or our allies, fur. rand on the 6th of August, 1806. nished with sufficient powers for (Translation.)
that purpose, as well singly and se. George the Third, by the grace of parately, as aggregately and conGod, of the united kingdom of jointly, and to consult' and agree Great Britain and Ireland, king, de- with them for the speedy restora. fender of the faith, duke of Brons. tion of a sincere friendship and aniwick and Lunenburgh. Arch-trea. ty, and of a tirm and lasting peace; surer, and prince elector of the ho- and for us, and in our vame, to sign ly Roman empire, &c. To all and all such matters and things as shall singular to whom these presents be agreed upon and concluded on shall come, greeting !
the premises, and to form such treaThe flames of war having already ty or treaties, or any other instru. raged too long in the different quar. ments as shall be necessary, and muters of the world, it is the more in- tually to deliver and receive the cuinbent upon us to re-establish the same in exchange, and to do and public tranquillity, by putting an perform all such acts, matters, and end to so many quarrels and contro. things, as may be in any way proper versies, we have therefore judged it and conducive to the purposes abore expedient to invest certain fit per- mentioned, in as full and ample a sons with full powers, on our part, manner and form, and with the like for the better carrying on this great validity and effect, as we ourself, if undertaking,
we were present, could do and per. Know, therefore, that we, repos. form; engaging and promising, on ing especial trust in the fidelity, di- our royal word, that we will accept, ligence, judgment, perspicuity, and ratify, and confirm, in the most efexperience of our right trosty and fectual manner, all such acts, matwell-beloved James, earl of Lauder. ters, and things, as shall be so transdale, and of our trusty and well-be- acted andconcluded by our said pleosed Francis Seymour, Equire, nipotentiaries, conjointly or sepa
rately, rately, and that we will never suffer plied, that it was his wish before any person to violate the same, in intermeddling with the negociation whole, or in part, or to act contra. now pending, distinctly to recal to ry thereto.
the recollection of general Clarke In testimony and confirmation of what had already passed between all which we have caused our great his majesty and the government of seal, of our united kingdom of France, and at once precisely to Great Britain and Ireland to be state the only footing on which his affixed to these presents, signed with majesty could consent to treat. our royal hand.
To effect this object, he informed Given at our court at St. James's, general Clarke, that he had prepared this first day of August, in the year a note (marked A.) which he begged of our Lord one thousand eight hun. to deliver to him as official. dred and six, and of our reign the General Clarke read the note forty-sixth.
twice with great attention, and af.
terwards placed it in his portfolio, No. XXXV.
saying that he must take it ud refeCopy of a Dispatch from the Earls of rendum.
Lauderdale and Yarmouth; to Mr. Very little passed at this meeting Secretary Fo.r, dated Paris, Au- sufficiently interesting to merit bea gust 9, 1806.-Received August ing detailed ; the general objected 13.
to the practice he apprehended lord Sir, Paris, August 9th, 1806. Lauderdale meant to introduce of
Thinking it unnecessary to send conducting the negotiation by writ. a courier to England with the de. ing; and said he was afraid the tails of the mere matters of form emperor would regard it as a means which necessarily took place after of endless delay, if a note was to lord Lauderdale's arrival, we have be delivered upon every insignifi. delayed writing till there appeared cant question which it might be something of importance to com- necessary to discuss. The reply municate to you.
consisted merely in stating the disWe have now to inform yon, tinction betwixt delivering a written that lord Lauderdale, having exhi. note for the purpose of at once bited his powers, and delivered a bringing to a point the basis on copy in the customary form, our which the negotiation was to be first meeting with general Clarke, conducted, and resorting on every the plenipotentiary of the French trivial occasion to that practice. government, took place at his The first, it was contended, must house, on Thursday 7th August at accelerate ; the latter, it was ad. noon.
mitted, would delay the negotiation; Our conversation commenced by and it would be therefore carefully general Clarke's observing that as avoided, as it was his majesty's wish lord Lauderdale had just arrived' that no delay should take place. from London, with full instructions General Clarke, with something from his majesty, he had probably like an insinuation that an unfair something new to communicate. adrantage was taken by the govern
Lord Lauderdale in substance ré. ment of Great Britain, announced