« PreviousContinue »
that as there had been two plenipo. made by lords Lauderdale and Yar. tentiaries appointed by his majesty, mouth to reccive the Turkish am. it was the emperor's intention to bassador at four o'clock, and re. do the same, and that the name of questing that the meeting should the person selected would be com take place on Saturday the 9th at municated to us.
moon. It is proper to state, that in the General Clarke and monsieur course of this conversation, lord Champagny, minister of the interior, Yarmouth recalled to general the newly appointed plenipotenClarke's recollection, that in all the tiary, afterwards put off this meet. interviews he had had with him, he ing till four o'clock to day, as the uniformly stated the uti possidetis latter was obliged to attend the as the only basis upon which he emperor's privy council at St. could possibly treat. General Cloud. Clarke in reply said, that he could Late on Friday night lord Yar. make no answer to what lord Yar. mouth received the answer to the niouth stated, without alluding to note delivered by lord Lauderdale, conversations which he affected to a copy of which (marked D.) is consider as loose, calling them inclosed, to which lord Lauderdale “6 *des romans politiques ;" at the and lord Yarmouth immediately re. same time by his silence he clearly turned the answer, also enclosed, admitted what lord Yarmouth most (marked E.) distinctly stated.
General Clarke and M. Cham. Our first interview terminated pagny came to the meeting appointwith an appointment to meet at cd at four o'clock, and a conversa. lord J.auderdale's apartments on tion took place which lasted for up. Friday, the 8th, at twelve o'clock, wards of two hours. Into the de. the general observing that it might tails of this it is impossible now to be perhaps necessary to put off enter. The general object of it the appointment, as he wished to was to engage lord Lauderdale to have full time to consider the note depart from the basis which he had which had been delivered, and as insisted should be recognized, to the new plenipotentiary might wish prevail upon him to consult his to have an opportunity carefully to government, or to take ten or fif. read the correspondence that his teen days for consideration ; but therto had taken place. He pro. it terminated by lord Lauderdale's mised at the same time if this was declaring that the last note was to the casc, to give us notice by writ- be considered as a prelude to his ing in the morning.
demanding passports, for which he On Friday the eighth at eleven should apply to M. Talleyrand in o'clock the inclosures (marked B. the course of the evening. and C.) were left at lord Lander. The letter, a copy of which dale's apartments, and an answer (marked F.) is inclosed, was diswas sent to general Clarke, stating patched to M. Falleyrand half an that ito appointment had been hour after the departure of the
* Political Romances,
plenipotentiaries, and it appears good faith which he has ever evinchighly improbable that any propo. ed, to treat otherwise than con. sition should be made which can jointly with his ally the emperor of alter our resolution of leaving Russia. France, the moment the passports Since that time, his majesty har. arrive.
ing found that circumstances which We have the honour to be, &c. it is unnecessary to detail here, · (Signed) Lauderdale. permitted his majesty to negotiate
Yarmouth. separately: he received with grcat
pleasure, the proposal of treating First Inclosure (A.) generally, tipon the basis of uti Copy of a Note delivered by the Earl possidetis, which was to be scru.
of Lauderdale to General Clarke,on pulously observed except in the the 7th of August, 1806.
case of Hanover, which was pro(Translation.)
posed to be ceded to his majesty Paris, August, 7, 1806. with all its dependencies. The undersigned plenipotentiary It is true, that this proposal was of his Britannic majesty, previous not made either directly, or through to entering upon the negotiation the channel of an accredited miactually pending between his so. nister: of its authenticity, however, vereign and the court of France, no one could entertain the smallest thinks it necessary briefly to retrace doubt. the circumstances in which it origi. Independently of the authority nated. At the same time, he con. which it derived from the character ceives it consistent with that cha- of the person employed to commu. racter of opennes and sincerity, nicate it, it seemed to agree comwhich, as his Britannic majesty's pletely with what had been pre. plenipotentiary, he is determined viously announced. For the invariably to support, to declare emperor desires nothing that Eng. the only basis upon which France land possesses,” (an arowal made herself originally laid down; and at the commencement of the corto define the nature of the discussion respondence between the two into which he is about to enter. courts) was a natural prelude to
The strong and energetic lan- such a proposal. guage in which the French govern- His majesty regarded the cession ment a few months since, expressed of Hanover as a proof of the spirit its desire for peace, whilst it inspire of justice in which the proposal ed his majesty with the confidence was conceived, because this electo. in the real sincerity of the wishes of rate, although occupied on account the court of France, left him only of a supposed identity of interests to regret that the proposal of treat-, and of measures, in fact had no ing with his majesty separately relation whatever with the disputes from his alties, appeared to prevent which produced the present war; both France and England from pro- and his majesty saw in the principle fiting by that happy disposition of hitherto acknowledged as the gene. their respective governments ; it ral basis of negotiation, a basis being at that time impossible for peculiarly adapted to the relative his majesty, conformably with the situations of the two parties, which
he he considered a proof that France subsisted with the emperor of Rus. was as sincerely disposed as Great sia ; and as a proof of his sincerity, Britain to put an end to an order his majesty fixed upon the person by of things, equally prejudicial to the whom the communication had been interests of both countries.
made, to announce the readiness In fact, it appeared to his majesty with which he had acceded to the to be the only principle upon which basis proposed for the conclusion of it was probable that a negotiation a treaty. could be brought to a successful The undersigned is by no means issue. From the nature of the disposed to conceal the satisfaction interests of the parties engaged in his majesty derived from these hap. it, there was but little hope that py prospects of speedily restoring any satisfactory arrangement could to his subjects the blessings of be made on the ground of recipro. peace, upon just and equitable cal restitutions, by giving up their principles, such as were conformrespective acquisitions ; whilst on able to the honour of his crown; the other hand, the priuciple of nor the regret which his majesty selt, uti possidetis naturally presented it. when, almost at the very moment of self, as the mode of terminating his declaring his acceptance of the the unfortunate hostilities between proposal that had been made to the two nations, both of whom him, it was signified that this prin. were in possession of conquests' ex- ciple was suddenly abandoned by tensive and important in point the demand of the evacuation and both of territory and of influence; cession of Sicily; a demand which France on the continent of Europe, has hitherto been modified merely and Great Britain in other parts of by projects of indemnity for his the world.
Sicilian majesty, which appear to This truth appeared still more be totally inadequate and inadmis. striking to his majesty, upon re. sible. flecting that the state of possession This demand, so incompatible in which the two nations held their with the avowed principles upon respective acquisitions could scarce. which the two powers were treating, ly suffer any important change by was in itself sufficient to put an end the continuance of the war; the to the negotiation, but the anxiety superiority of the naval force of of his majesty the king of Great Great Britain being, according to Britain and Ireland to concur with all appearance, not less firmly es. bis ally the emperor of Russia, tablished on the seas, than that of and to secure to his subjects the the armies of France on the conti. blessings of peace, induced him to nent of Europe.
ceive any new proposal for obIt was under the impression which taining for his Sicilian majesty, in these ideas naturally produced, exchance for Sicily, a real and sathat his majesty accepted, without tisfactory equivalent, such as that hesitation, the proposal of treating sovereign should consent to acupon the principle of uti possidetis, cept. with the reservation due to the No satisfactory proposal of this connection and the concept that nature having yet been made, the
undersigned must declare that he Great Britain and Ireland may very cannot consent to treat upon any fairly form views in other parts of other principle than that of the the world of infinite importance to uti possidetis, as originally proposed the commerce and to the power of to his sovereign by the court of his empire, and consequently that France; at the same time he is desir- he cannot, conformably with either ous it should be well understood, that the interests of his people or the the adoption of this principle will honour of his crown, negotiate upon pot prevent hiin either from listen. any principle of inferiority either ing to any just and adequate in. avowed or supposed. He can treat demnification to his Sicilian majesty upon no other footing than the sup. for the cession of Sicily, or from position, that the continuation of accepting any proposition for the hostilities is equally disadvantageous exchange of territory between the to both parties. There can be no two contracting parties, vpon just reason to suppose that the conquests and equal principles, such as may which his majesty proposes to retend to the reciprocal advantage of tain by the peace can be wrested the two countries.
from him by war; and the underThe undersigacd is well aware signed is persuaded that the best that since the uti possidetis was proof of the equity of the conditions, proposed by the court of France, upon which he proposes to treat, is peace has been concluded between to be found in the fact, that they France and the emperor of Russia, were proposed by France herself and that, in consequence, the rela- at the first opening of the commu. tive situation of the two countries nications between the two governis no longer the same; but, on the ments, which have led to the mission other hand, he must also observe, with which his sovereign has been that since that timo France has ac- pleased to entrust to him conjointly quired fresh advantages in conse: with the earl of Yarmouth. quence of the extensive changes (Signed)
Lauderdale. which she has made in the constitution of the German empire; an Second Inclosure (B) is a copy of a arrangement, the preventing' of note from General Clarke to the which was represented by France to Earls of Lauderdale and Yar. the court of Great Britain as a pow mouth, dated August 8,1806, un. erful motive for the immediate con. important, clusion of peace on the basis of uti possidetis. If then this principle Third Inclosure (C) is a Copy of a formerly appeared just to France, it note from M. Talley rand to the cannot fail at present, according to Earls of Lauderdale and Yarher own views of the subject, to be mouth, dated Angust 8, 1806, more favourable to her interest than stating the appointment of M. de to those of the British empire.
Champagny. The undersigned thinks it, at the same time, necessary to observe,
Fourth Inclosure (D.) that although France may have other Copy of a Nole from General Clarke important views upon the continent to the Earls of Lauderdale und of Europe, bis majesty the king of Furmouth, duted August, 8, 1806.
in this capital, having previously Paris, August 8th, 1806. made known to him that he was The undersigned minister pleni. duly authorised by his government. potentiary of his majesty the empe. Since that period, Russia has conror of the French, king of Italy, cluded her peace with France. The has laid before his government the undersigned has been appointed note transmitted yesterday by his minister plenipotentiary to negotiate excellency lord Lauderdale, pleni. with the plenipotentiary of his Bri. potentiary from his Britannic ma. tannic majesty, and the first step jesty.
was an exchange of his powers with His majesty the emperor of the those of his excellency the earl of French, king of Italy, .could not Yarmouth, whom he was bound to see without pain, that a negotiation believe, as it is expressed in his ex• which has already been the subject cellency's full powers, authorized to of so much discussion, which has negotiate, conclude, and sign a defi. occasioned the dispatching of so nitive treaty between France and many messengers by both parties, the united kingdom of Great Britain which was in a word brought to and Ireland. maturity, should have suddenly Very frequent conferences, most taken a retrogade direction, so as to of them of several hours, have since present obstacles founded, not in the taken place between the two pleninature of the stipulations, but on potentiaries, who, with good faith the very ground on which that nego. on both sides, endeavoured to do tiation was commenced.
away the difficulties, and put aside The court of France bas con. - every thing that could have tended stantly refused to admit in the same to irritate their minds, or to embar. Degotiation, the courts of England rass and unnecessarily retard the and Russia, and whatever désire his progress of negotiation. majesty the emperor of the French, Instead of transmitting to each king of Italy, may have to see a other notes, more or less ingenious, general peace shortly re-established, but which rather remove than apno consideration could induce him proximate the object which it is to violate that principle of his poli. wished to attain ; instead of begin. cy. The negotiations which France ning those written controrersies, had commenced at Petersburgh, had which are not less injurious to moreover conrinced his majesty the humanity than open hostilities, and emperor of the French, king of which prolong the miseries of Italy, that the English cabinet de- nations, instead, above all things, ceived itself with respect to the of negotiating peace in the same nature of its relations with Russia. manner in which war is carried on,
After several months of discus. the plenipotentiaries had free consion, the cabinet of London yielded ferences, in which his majesty the this point, and his excellency the emperor and king granted all which earl of Yarmouth arrived publicly be could grant, without losing sight at Calais, and afterwards at Paris, of the dignity of his crown, his love for the purpose of treating for for his people, and the interest of peace. IIe had conferences with his allies. his excellency the minister for foreign His majesty will never be reduced affairs immediately after his arrival to make further sacrifices.