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Art. 24.

tions which have given this drama such celebrity on our stage, (see the Review for July,) we shall not detain them with

any

remarks on the play in its primeval state.

Pizarro in Peru: or, the Death of Rolla ; being the Original of the New Tragedy, now performing at the Theatre-Royal, Drury-Lane. Translated from the German Edition of Aug. Von Kotzebue. · With Notes, &c. By Thomas Dutton, A. M. 8vo. 25. Od West. 1799.

Mr. Dutton has decorated his translation of Kotzebue's play with a variety of notes and illustrations, and also with criticisms on the other versions by Mr. Lewis and by Miss Plumptie: in order, no doubt, that his readers may infer the superiority of his performance; and, to do him justice, we think that he has succeeded. He has likewis extended his strictures to Mr. Sheridan's celebrated Pizarro; and not only to the play, as given to the public from the pen of that gentleman, but to many circumstances in the conduct and managiment of the exhibition. The present critic has thrown out many remarks, serious, ludicrous, and satiric, that merit the attention of those who cater for the public in the dramatic line.

Should Mr. D. proceed in exercising the office of censor of the stage, he certainly may become as formidable to our playwrights and actors, of the present age, as Parson Collier was to those of the last century. Collier did some good'; and so may his successor,

We must not forget to observe that, in his . General Remarks,' printed at the end of this miscellaneous publication, Mr. 1). has thrown out some harsh strictures on Mrs. H. Morf, in retaliation of her scvere censure of the German Novels, German Dramas, and Gere man Philosophy, in her late work on Female Education. * Art: 25. The Virgin of the Sun; a Play, in Five Acts"; translated

from the German of Kotzebue. · By James Lawrence, Esq. 8vo. 2 s: 6d.

1799. As we have already given our opinion of this play in the Rexicw for lune t, we have only to observe that the present translation is respectably executed. Art. 26. The Votary of Wealth ; a Comedy, in Five Acts; as per

formed at the Theatre-Royal, Covent-Garden. By J. G. Holnan, Muthor of « Abroad and at Home.”- 8vo, 25. Longman and Rica. 1799Considering the present state of the drama, this is a comedy rather of the superior class: the plot has no glaring defects, and the larguage is easy and simple. It appears, indeed, more calculated to be acted than for perusal: but the facility of the public must be allowed to furnish an excuse for productions of this kind. The author's friend has very justly observed, in the prologue, that

* To please the town is not a task severe.' * This work has not yet passed under our Review, but it has not been overlooked; and we shall shortly.pay that attention to it which its importance requires.. # Vid. Miss Plumptre's translation,

Art.

Art. 27. What is She? A Comedy, in Five Acts, as performed at

the Theatre-Royal, Covent-Garden. 8vo. 25. Longman ang Rees. 1799.

The chief merit of this picce consists in its ridicule on fashionable follies. Absurdities, like those which the author attacks, can only be preserved to memory at the expence of much wit, like carcases embalmed in the most precious spices : but when they are exposed in their own jargon, as in this play, we laugh at them one moment, and almost disbclieve them the next. This piece, in the Green-Room phrase, is well cast for the stage ; and, while the modish style of some of the characters remains intelligible, it will bear a perusal.

ARTS, Gc. Art. 28. The Coal Viewer, and Engine Builder's Practical Com

panion. By John Curr, of Sheffield. 4to. 21. 125. 6d. Boards. I. and J. Taylor, &c.

This work contains practical remarks on the conveyance of coals under ground, with descriptions of machines and rail roads, contrived by the author for those situations; proportions of the different materials used in constructing fire engines ; tables of their several powers and expences ; tables of the quantity and weight of coal in a statute acre; and general estimates of opening collieries:with descriptive plates. The whole is detailed with great minuteness ; and, -being professedly the result of much experience in conducting works in the neighbourhood of Sheffield, the publication is likely to prove of considerable u:ility to those who are concerned in similar undertakings, Art. 29. The Artist's Repository, and Drawing Magazine, exhibiting

the Principles of the Polite Arts in their various Branches. 7th Edition. 4to. 5 Parts, cos. 6d. each, C. Taylor, Hatton-Street. The same Work in 8vo. in Numbers, at 1s. cach.

Few publications, intended for instruction in the art of design, treat of more than one of the various branches ; and thus it is difficult for a student to obtain considerable information, without much expence and labour in collecting what he requires from a number of distinct works. By the little care, also, that is taken to distinguish subjects of the imagination from those which strictly relate to the practice of the art, his attention is confused, and his progress is retarded. These evils appear to be carefully avoided in the present undertaking; which affords an extensive supply of information on the operative parts of the art : first by way of precept in the form of lectures, withi illustrative plates which serve as examples for imitation of almost every requisite, from the commencement to the completion of the pupil; and then by a dictionary of terms, including, under separate heads, directions for chusing and applying the different articles applicable to the art ; with their price, &c.

The execution of this performance entitles it to every commuendation, and fully justifies the great demand which it has ex. perienced in the sale of so many editions.

. Art. 30. Thoughts on Outline, Sculpture, and the System that guiled the

ancient Artists in composing their Figures and Groupes; accompanied with free Rempasks on the Practice of the Moderns, and liberal

Hints cordially intended for their Advantage. To which are annexed 24 Designs of classical Subjects invented on the Prin. ciples recommended in the Essay. By George Cumberland. 4to. 155. Boards. Robinsons. 1796.

That there were certain principles, at present unknown, which in the best times guided the antient works of statuary, cannot be doubted; when we consider that any one, who is at all accustomed to the view of them, can almost with certainty decide immediately what is of that school, and that even the most laboured copies may be detected by good judges.

Writers on antique works have usually confined their observations to the subjects; which, generally being of fabulous and mysterious representation, have opened to them an extensive field of inquiry : but few have attempted to describe the principles of the operative part, by which so much beauty and excellence were produced. Iuto this inquiry, Mr. Cumberland has entered with all the enthusiasm of a real amateur, and with the advantage of being well acquainted with the practice of the art. In the attempt, he has undoubtedly made some advances in the developement of antient principles; and we hope, from the specimen which he has given, to see the subject pursued with increased effect ; for we must regard the present per. formance as only furnishing hints for that purpose. We are parts. cularly sorry, therefore, that a variety of circumstances have so long delayed our notice of this work.

MEDICAL, &c. Art. 31. Facts and Observations relative to the Nature and Origin of

the Pestilential Fever, which prevailed in the Ciry of Philadelphia, in 1793, 1797, and 1798. By the College of Physicians of Phila. delphia. 8vo. 9d. Printed at Philadelphia ; London, reprinted for Phillips. 1799. After the various and contradictory accounts of these epidemics which have reached us, we are happy to receive some official inform. ation, on which we can safely depend. The facts stated in this short memoir ascertain two important points: ist, that the Pliile delphia fever was imported from the West Indies, not generated in the city ; 2d, that it was highly contagious. This seems to have been the disease prevalent among the seamen, noticed by Mr. Lempriere *, and distinguished by him from the endemic tropical fever of the islands. The College, we thought, had adverted to this distinction : they observe ;

• It may not be improper here to remark, that very erroneous opinions on this subject have arisen, from confounding this pestilential fever with the malignant remittents of the West Indies and America. The difference still holds good, that these last are not contagious, if we may give credit to the writings and observations of physicians who have practised in the West Indies, added to our own. But the malignant fever which prevailed in this city in 1793, 1797, and 1798, was always more or less so, according to circumstances.

* In his work on the Diseases of Jamaica: of which we have prepared an account, but have not yet been able to make room for it.

• A striking

• A striking peculiarity, which does not occur in any other disease, attends the yellow fever in the West Indies. The natives and persons who have resided long in those islands, are very seldom seized with this fever. It was likewise remarked, and it is a circumstance that deserves particular attention, that very few, if any, of the Creole French in this city, suffered from the contagious malignant fever which prevailed here in 1793, 1797, and 1798, though the disease was introduced into their families; and children born in this country of Creole parents, died with it last autumn, while the parents : and the children born in the West Indies, were entirely exempt from it. To European French, Irish, and other strangers, the disease was remarkably fatal. It is an observation founded in long and extensive experience, and which admits not of an exception, that strangers are the greatest sufferers from the diseases of the country into which they migrate : were the yellow fever a disease of our country, the Creoles would probably have been among the first to experience its fatal effects; but as it is of West Indian origin, and their constitutions are assimilated to it, they escaped it here as they do in their native country. The natives of the West Indies being so seldom affected with the yellow fever, has given rise and currency to the opinion, that it is not contagious in that country, and with respect to them the observation is well founded; but then it is as highly contagious to Europeans and Americans in the sea-ports of the West Indies, as it is in this city when introduced here.'

This opinion, however, is not quite so clear as might be wished: for our army physicians, if we rightly understand them, assert that the tropical continued (or proper yellow] fever is not conta rious, when it affects our troops, but that it arises from a particular state of the atmosphere. The Philadelphian College seem to exempt only the remittent" fever of the islands from the suspicion of contagion. The question is no trifing subtlety, for the means of prevention must depend, in a great measure, on its solution; as the College de--* clare the Philadelphian fever (p. 20.) to be essentially the same as the yellow fever. The rise of the last epidemic is clearly and satisfactorily traced to the clandestine landing of some sick persons out of a vessel from St. Domingo.

The measures recommended, in consequence of this opinion respecting the origin of the disease, seem well calculated to ensure the city against the farther inflictions of this dreadful scourge.

· Let an entire new health-law be made, constituting a Board of Health, to consist of five persons, two of whom to be practitioners of physick. The smallness of the number will ensure responsibility, and a constant residence in the city; and the professional knowledge of the medical characters will be necessary to assist in directing the measures of the board. Let no person whose private interest may be affected by quarantine laws, be a member of this board.

· Let a sufficient sum of money, per annum, be subject to the draughts of the board, who shall render to the Assembly a yearly account of their expenditures. Let this board sit daily during the months of July, August, September, and October ; and, during these months, let every vessel from the Mediterranean, Coast of

Africa,

Africa, West Indies, and continent of America, to the Southwad of Florida, perform an effectual quarantine. Let the cargoes of suspicious vessels be unloaded, and, with the vessels, be puritied at ile island.

· Let a resident physician, or health-officer, be appointed, who shall never be absent from the island during the above mentioned months, and a consulting physician, who shall reside at Philadel. pia.

• Let the punishıment of a master of a vessel, who evades the laws by landing cargo, crew, or passengers, contrary to the intent and meaning of it, be the same as for murder of the second degree. Let 210 vessel of war ever be allowed to come above the fort.

• Let co-operative laws be procured from the neighbouring legislatures, or from congress.

Let the Board of Health have power, with the concurrence of the

governor, to cut off the intercourse with infected persons and places; let the long projected hospital be erected.

Let the most diligent and scrupulous attention be given to cleaning and watering the streets, gutters, and wharfs, throughout the city and liberties.

The hospital here mentioned, we presume, must be a fever-hospital; the best safeguard, undoubtedly, on such occasions. Art. 32. A few Facts and Observations on the Tellow Fever of Ibe

West Indies, by which is shewn, that there have existed two Species of Fever in the West India Isfands for several Years past, indiscriminately called Yellow Fever, but which have proceeded fror, very different Causes; with the Success attending the Method of Cure. By James Anderson, late Surgeon of the both Regi. ment of Foot. 8vo. Robinsons.

1798. · It is Mr. Anderson's opinion that the proper yellow fever of the West Indies is not contagious, but that a highly infectious fever raged in the islands, which has been described under the same name, and which seems to hare resembled the endemic in many of its symptoms. It broke out on board the ship in which Mr. Anderson was returning to England, with a detachment of troops under his care.

His practice, which seems to have been very successful, consisted chiefly in giving large doses of calomel with James's powder, in the first days of the disease, so as to keep the bowels very open. Art. 33. Memoirs of Medicine; including a Sketch of Medical

History, from the earliest Accounts to the Eighteenth Century. By Richard Walker, Esq. Apothecary to the Prince of Wales. 8vo. pp. 250. 55. Boards. Johnson. 1799,

This book comprehends a sketch of the history of medicine, drawn up in a light and amusing manner, for the use of students; to whom it will be no disagreeable guide, in the early part of their reading. It is, indeed, exactly such a view of the subject as is generally presented by lectures on the theory and practice of medicine, at the commencement of their course; and it is not improbable that some resource of this kind may have furnished the canvas on which Mr. Walker has laboured. It is bus just to repeat, that

IS.

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