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offices can ever atone; but that total abstraction from the worid, which Dr. Smith at times seems to exact, may excite some his tation; and it may be asked whether there be not danger of producing, by these means, ostentation and singularity, preciseness and affectation, which will rather disgust than improve those who obserie it. Yet some passages might possibly be produced from the charges of the late Dr. Secker, which are nearly on a level with the p.e. scriptions of Dr. Sneith.
Respecting fabricated modes and articles of faith, the Doctor says but little; though some expressions may lead the reader to decin him orthodox. He espouses the maxim of Plato, “never to attempo to handle any question on which it is impossible to decide ;” and he attributes religious contentions to a neglect of scripture phraseology:
- The inventions of men, (he says,) and not the revelation of God, are the ordinary cause of them. For, if in all disputed points mea would satisfy themselves with using only the language of scripture, and not affecéto be wise above what is written), all parties might soon be reconciled.”-So casy it is with this author to untie the Gordian knot!
We should add that Dr. Sinith is an advocate for a learned education, and diligent study. Though he says little of scripture cri. vicisin, he pleads decidedly for what he calls repeating of sermons, by which he ineans delivering them from memory, with extemporaneous additions, as they properly occur. he will by no means allow the reading them, which he treats with raillery and contempt. He makes some sensible remarks on composition, elocution, and other subjects: -- but it becomes necessary for us to take our leave, which we do by expressing our pleasure on observing that the good Doctor, amid the abstraction from worldly concerns for which he so earnestly pleads, has just published a View of the Agriculture of the County of Argyll. Art. 64. A Disser!ation on the Learning and Inspiration of the
Apostles. By William Jesse, M. A. Chaplain to the Earl of Glasgow. 8vo. Is. 60. Robinsons. 1798.
The author of this dissertation informis us, in a short advertises ment, that, reflecting on the evils produced by a neglect of theological studies, he was led into an investigation of the learning and inspiration of the Apostles.-We shall select the following passage, to the matter of which we carnestly solicit the attention of all whom it may concern, as coniing from one who evinces strong marks of sincerity:
· This review of the history of the apostles, of their education, learning, and inspiration, will,' it is hoped, convince the reader, that every one who would undertake the office of a public preacher of God's word, should first of all be well satisfied that he is furnished with sufficient abilities to undertake to steer the sacred ark, in which hundreds and thousands, with their eternal interests, are embarked ;to undertake this charge, without understanding the art of navigation, without a chart or compass, or, which is the same thing, without understanding the use of either ;-to undertake the cure of souls, without any professional abilities ;-to assume the ofice of teaching and expounding the word of God, without havirg ever
once read the Bible through in all their lives; without learning enough to give the analysis of any one book in the Bible, or of one chapter; without having ever studied a single text with its context, or even the meaning of the words and phrases of the sacred language; to undertake the office of feeding the lock of Christ, which he purchased with his own blood; and then let them perisk for lack of knowledge, through the incapacity of their pastor, his ignorance and inexperience ;-to undertake the most important and most difficult of all services, which has often made the best qualified to fear and tremble ;--to undertake this service, as raw and ignorant of theological learning, as they were when creeping through the third or fourth form at school :- This, This, of all the presumptions, of which the folly and wickedness of mankind have ever been guilty, seems to be the GREATEST !!!'
The author expresses his wishes that the example of the Bishop of London, in delivering popular discourses in these perilous times, may be imitated by some of those learned dignitaries, who are capable of becoming the glory and defence of the English church : adding that, if they think to discharge their duty by their pens, they will find themselves greatly deceived. Books and pamphlets, however excellent, will comparatively have little good effect on the generality of people, who have neither abilities nor time to read them; and very few of those learnedintidels, against whom these writers principally direct their arguments, will condescend to look into their writings. The preaching of popular discourses has ever been the great instrument of Providence to convert mankind. St. Paul preferred it, for its utility, before all miraculous gifts. He called it the power of God unto salvation. Art. 65. Naval Sermons preached on board his Majesty's Ship the
Impetueux, in the Western Squadron, during its Services off Brest : to which is added, a Thanksgiving Sermon for Naval Victories; preached at Park-Street Chapel, Grosvenor-Square, December 19, 1797. By James Stanier Clarke, F. R. S. Domestic Chaplain to the Prince of Wales, Vicar of Preston in the County of Sussex, and Morning Preacher at Park-Street Chapel. 8vo. pp. 220, 45. Boards. Payne. 1798.
We have here ten discourses, composed with elegance and spirit, and ingeniously adapted to the hearts and minds of the audience to whom they were addressed.
The texts and the subjects are appropriate to the concerns and duties of mariners. As an instance of the pleasing manner which the preacher employs to keep up the attention of his hearers, we will lay before our readers the following passage in the discourse on Eccles. xliv. 7. These were honoured in their generations, and were the glory of their times.
• The naval character nurtured by a commercial and enterprising spirit, in attaining its present greatness, has not been insensible to the co-operating power of religios. A spirit of devotion, a constant attention to the duties of a Christian, has appeared a distinct feature among the most renowned of the profession. The hardships and perils which attend it, would often break down the firmest courage, but for the consolation which religion affords. l'or we may say of
the hardy mariner, in the words of the son of Sirach: A link or nothing is his rest; and afterward be is in his sleep, as in the day of keeping watch : troubled in the vision of bis heart, as if he were escept out of a battle.
• Amid the various characters that present themselves before me, I shall select the two following, as examples for your comfort and encouragement :
• When the period arrived, in which it was ordained, that new light should dawn on the intellectual world, from the discovery af the western hemisphere; and the trackless waste of the great Atlantic ocean was to be explored by the skill and exertions of your profession; it pleased God to raise up a man, who has been hanoured in every succeeding generation. A character whose listory it becomes all those who go down to the sea in ships to study with grateful attention.
• At the early age of fourteen, Columbus began his career on that clement which bore him to so much glory. A mird, capable of deep reflection, was united to the modesty and diffidence of inte genius. By nature sagacious, penetrating and resolute ; he was grave, though courteous in his deportment; circumspect in his words and actions, irreproachable in his morals; and “ exemplary in bis attention to all the duties and functions of religion.” [Robertson's America, book ii. p. 101.]
• After experiencing variety of disappointments, he at length obtained patronage, sufficient to execute, though at the greatest risk and danger, one of the most extraordinary and daring exploits, that the human mind had ever conceived. Deeply impressed with devout sentiments, he publicly implored, in the midst of his brave followers, the guidance and protection of Heaven; and the best morning, before sun rise, stretched in search of unfrequented and unknown seas.
• Having suffered the utmost agitation and fatigue, with a mind tha: almost despaired of accomplishing the object of his voyage ; he at length was confident of being near land. Public prayers for success were immediately offered up. The sails were ordered to be furied, and every ship to lie to; keeping strict watch, lest they should be driven ashore in the night. During this interval of suspense and epectation, no man closed his eyes; all kept on deck, gazing intently towards that quarter where they expected to discover land.
· About two bours before midnight, Columbus, standing on the forecastle, observed a light at a distance. A little after midnighi, the joyful sound of Land! land! was heard: but, having been otiin deceived, every man waited, in the anguish of uncertainty and expectation, for the return of day. As soon as the morning dawned, ail doubts and fears were dispelled. The crew of the headmost ship :stantly began the Te Deum, as an hyn:n of thanksgiving to God; ad were joined by those of the other ships, with tears of joy, and transports of congratulation.
* Such is the cursory view of this extraordinary event, as related by the elegant historian. It is admirably adapted to confirm you in the practice of Christian duties, and to induce you to place the wa 2*
Most confidence in the wisdom of your superiors. It shews the blessings attendant on perseverance and devotion, with the rewards, that, even in this life, so often await the confidence of a pious mind; and it also holds up to your emulation the virtues of a distinguished character, who has entinently adorned the profession to which you belong.'
The other example is that of Capt. Cook.
To the qualities already mentioned, by which these sermons are dis. tinguished, we must add that they are extremely orthodox.
MISCELLANEOUS Art. 66. A Treatise on the Influenre of the Passions, upon the Hape
piness of Individuals and of Nations. Illustrated by striking References to the principal Events and Characters that have distinguished the French Revolution. From the French of Baroness Stael de Holstein. 8vo. Pp. 344. Ds. Boards. Cawthorne, &c. 1798.
As we noticed the original work of Madame Stael on its first appearance *, we shall have little farther to remark on it. This translation appears to be exccuted very properly. In turuing over the volume, two passages occurred to us, in which, v:e think, Madame Stael has not been very correct in her facts. She says; • After having sung the sweetest lessons of morality and philosophy, Sapphe precipitated herself from the summit of the Leucadian rock. Elizabeth, after having subdued the enemies of England, fell a victim to her passion for the Earl of Essex.? These instances of general wisdom, and personal indiscretion, are hardly applicable. Sappho never wrote any piece that could be reckoned moral; at least we possess no fragments of that nature; and if we can depend on the accounts of her last works, they would not have furnished quotations far any woman of chaTacter. As to Elizabeth, it is well known that Essex was not her first, nor second lover. We have seen a much more remarkable in. stance of the qualities of a great Princess, combined with the errors ef a frail woman.
Madame Stael has found a better text in the events of the man mentous revolution in France, from which she makes forcible appeals to the breasts of contending parties :--but what, alas ! avails fine avriting, in a dispute which must be determined by cald iron instead of the goose-quill? Art. 67. A View of the Moral and Political Epidemic, which has
devastated Europe for several Years, and now rages with equal, if not encreased Violence: shewing it to have its Rise and Progress in the Ignorance or Neglect of some of the Laws of Mind; which, if attended to, may even yet check its further Progress, and may restore Unanimity to the People, Vigour to the Government, and Security to the Country, without the load of addi. tional Loans or Taxes. By a Friend to the King and Country. 8vo. Pp. 41.
Printed for the Author. 1798.
* See M. R. vol. xxii. N. S. p. 582. Rev. Aug. 1799.
This patriotic writer sets out with telling us that all evil arises from moral or physical disease ;' an observation which reminds us of the shrewd remark attributed to one of our govenors in America, in days of yore, who heard at the same time of the damage dose to the plantations, and of the loss of several vessels, by a tempest. “ Ah,” said he, “there is more mischief done by sea and land, than “ in all the world besides.”---Proceeding on such sure ground, oor author professes to indicate the causes of all the horrors which have agitated Europe, during some years : but we confess that we are totally unable to keep pace with his imaginations. We therefore hastened forwards to the promised remedy; and this, we find, cosists in a certain degree of reform, and a MORAL UNION of the people; fine words ! if it were possible to make all parties of one mind about their signification. Happily for us, however, the terror of invasion is now completely dissipated; and, as that crisis is past, we may bope (to adopt our author's medico-political dialect) that our convalesence, though it may be protracted by accessary symptoms, is highly probable. We fear that his faith in medicine, for the cure of state-evik, is rather over-stretched;
Could he but cast
That should applaud again.
What rhubarb, senna, or what purgative drug,
Would scour these Frenchmen hence? It is very fortunate that our navy.doctors, Howe, Bridport, St. Vincent, Duncan, and Nelson, have discovered this great desideratum; and we trust that their successful practice will be effectuaily followed up. Art. 68. Aralian Nights Entertainments; consisting of One Thos.
sand and One Stories, told by the Sultaness of the Indies, to divert the Sultan from the Execution of a Vow he had made to marry a Lady every Day, and have her cut off next Morning, to avenge himself for the Disloyalty of his first Sultavess : containing a better Account of the Customs, Manners, and Religion of the Eastern Nations, the Tartars, Persians, and Indians, than is to be met with in any Author hitherto published. Translated into French from the Arabian MSS., by M. Galland, of the Royal Academy; and now rendered into English from the last Paris Llition. A new Edition, corrected. izmo. 4 Vols. 145. sewed. Longman. 1798.
This work is a new translation, from the Paris edition of 1-86, of that portion of the Thousand and One Nights which M. Gallard had rendered into French. As the original has not been consulted, no addition to the number of these pleasing fictions has been derived from that source; a more copious and correct translation of M.Gal. land's version being all that is here attempted, and that merit the Editor may clucia.