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Now all the dreams have issued from their caves
Remorse, and haggard Care; wan Stratagem,
Like a 'scaped maniac ; delusions swim,
Now bloodshot meteors out of darkness start,
And stands and hearkens to his beating heart,
And now by cottage hearth, whose purple blaze
Nor dares the trembling, dream-pressed rustic raise
THE accounts received relative to English conviction and transportation of Mitchel there affairs have not been important. Some fresh was a short period of tranquillity in the counattempts at Chartist agitation have been try, but this was of short duration. The organmade, but these were on a comparatively ization of clubs by the physical force party was small scale, and not attended with any results extended throughout the South and West ; of moment; indeed this party seems at present incendiary speeches were made at various to be powerless. In Liverpool apprehensions public meetings, and the Felon and other were felt that an outbreak of the large body of newspapers of the party evinced a reckless Irish residents there and of sympathizers was violence amounting to frenzy. Dublin, Cork, intended, in aid of the insurrection in Ireland, Waterford and other places were placed by in consequence of which the military were re- special proclamation under the provisions of inforced in that town, and a large number of the act for preserving the peace, and proceedspecial constables sworn in to preserve the ings were taken for disarming the disaffected. peace, but up to the latest advices their ser Mr. John Martin, the proprietor of the “ Felon” vices had not been required. The proposed newspaper, Mr. Duffy of the“ Nation,” together visit of the Queen to Ireland was given up on with O'Dogherty and Williams of the “ Triaccount of the state of that country.
bune,” were arrested in Dublin and committed The attempted junction of the moral and to Newgate, charged with felony, and all pubphysical force Repealers has entirely failed. lished copies of their papers were seized by the The proceedings of the latter at the time of the police. Notwithstanding their incarceration endeavor to establish a general “ League” of they continued to write, in prison, articles as Repealers, were of a character so directly tend- inflammatory as those for which they were ing to insurrection, that the leaders of the under prosecution, until prohibited by the au“ Repeal Association” declined to join with thorities, who ascertained that their writings them, and Mr. John O'Connell and others were sent out under pretence of being commuhave publicly refused to concert with them, nications with their legal advisers. Since the and have openly denounced their acts as im. late active measures for quelling the insurrecpolitic and hopeless of success. After the l tionary movements, which will be presently
referred to, the publication of these papers has all the stages on that evening. On the second been prevented by the government. The trial reading Sir Lucius O'Brien, brother of Smith of these prisoners was appointed to take place O'Brien, declared that although his relative on the 8th August, and at the last accounts the might be the first person affected by the meajurors had been summoned and arrangements sure, he considered it necessary and could not made for that purpose. Similar threats have withhold his support. On Monday the 24th been made by the clubs to those which pre- July the measure passed the House of Lords, ceded the trial and conviction of Mitchel, that and on the following day received the royal if convicted the sentence should be forcibly assent. prevented from being carried into execution, Immediately after the receipt of a copy of but the government are determined to persevere the act in Dublin, the Lord Lieutenant issued in the prosecutions. Mr. T. F. Meagher and numerous warrants for the apprehension of the several other persons have been arrested and ringleaders of the conspiracy, but most of them held to bail for sedition, but even if they sur had made a precipitate retreat from that city, render, they cannot be tried for a considerable spreading themselves over various parts of the period.
disaffected provinces. Rewards were adverIn consequence of the extended arming and tised for the apprehension of Smith O'Brien, organization of clubs for the openly avowed Meagher and others. It having been ascerpurpose of insurrection, publicly announced by tained that the former had passed the night of the leaders to take place so soon as the harvest the 28th July among the colliers, or
6 Black should be gathered in, and which was to be Boys” of Boulagh Common, near Ballingarry, seized upon to supply the insurgent commis in the county of Tipperary, an Inspector of Posariat, the government considered it necessary lice named Trant, with thirty-seven men, proto apply to Parliament for additional powers to ceeded there for the purpose of capturing him, enable them, by arresting the leaders, to crush where he was found with a large body of armed the spirit of rebellion which was being fer followers prepared to give battle. The police mented through a great portion of the country. not being sufficiently numerous to withstand On the 22d July Lord John Russell, upon no the threatened attack, retreated to and took tice, moved in the House of Commons for possession of a small house on a cross road, leave to bring in a bill empowering the Lord where they were quickly surrounded, and Lieutenant to apprehend and detain, until the O'Brien advanced and demanded a surrender 1st of March next, such persons as he shall of their arms, which was refused. Some parsuspect of conspiring against the Queen's per-| leying took place, after which the insurgents son and government. After expressing his proceeded to pile straw and other combustible regret at the necessity of suspending the con materials about the building for the purpose of stitutional liberties of Ireland, he traced the compelling the police to surrender. À Catholic history of the “ Confederation,” and showed priest in the neighborhood, hearing of the from the avowed manifestos published in affray, came up and used his utmost exertions the “ Felon” and “ Nation” newspapers, that to persuade the people to retire, but without the fixed intention of the confederates was to
After some time the police fired, subvert entirely the Imperial government—to killing and wounding several, the number beannihilate all rights of property—to hold up ing variously estimated at from five to a much the hope of plunder to those who would join in greater amount. The firing was heard by the rebellion, and the threat of depriving all another detachment of police, who hastened to those of their property who remained faithful the rescue of their comrades, on seeing whom, to their allegiance. One of these manifestos the mob made a quick retreat. O'Brien is said entitled “ The value of the Irish Harvest," set to have ridden off alone, and at the last accounts forth that there was growing in Ireland pro-active measures were in progress for insuring duce of the value of eighty millions sterling, his capture. This is the only outbreak of and declared that it would be for the new Irish which information has been received. Council of Three Hundred to decide how this The state of siege is still maintained in Paris, should be apportioned ; thus showing that by which under its régime continues tranquil, the one sweeping confiscation the masters of this disaffected being kept in check by the vigorous Red Republic were prepared to disregard all measures under Gen. Cavaignac's administram existing social rules, and reduce everything to tion. Numerous arrests are however made as anarchy. He stated that notwithstanding all the disclosures relative to the outbreak of June persons of property and the clergy of als de progress, and the disarming of the portion of nominations were earnestly laboring to prevent the National Guard whose loyalty is suspected, an outbreak, no moral influence could prevail is being carried on with vigor. Assassinations to deter many thousands of the younger men are of frequent occurrence, and it is said the from joining in the proposed insurrection. The Communists look forward to the time when motion, which received an almost unanimous distress among the laboring classes will render support from all parties, was carried on a them the ready tools for another insurrection, division of 271 to 8, and the bill passed through | At present these doctrines have met with a de
cided check in the National Assembly. M. are proceeding rapidly to a conclusion of their Proudhon introduced a measure to confiscate a labors ; and it appears they will recommend third part of all property. He openly advocated the election of the President to be made by the measure as the beginning of a new state of universal suffrage, and not by the Assembly. things; property according to his views being | The Constitution will be presented by the cominconsistent with the principles of the revolu- mittee to the National Assembly, and as that tion, and the one being inevitably destined to body proposes to adjourn for a month it will destroy the other. For the purpose of giving yet be some time before there is any regularly a quietus to questions of this sort, the proposi- established government existing in France. tion was referred to a committee, who made a In Venice a grand popular demonstration strong report against it, on the reception of was made in favor of Charles Albert, and on which the Assembly passed a resolution of a the 3d of July the Assembly met, when the most denunciatory character, and on the divis- junction of that territory with Upper Italy was ion M. Proudhon was left in a minority of two! proclaimed amid great enthusiasm : some Piedonly one other member affording him a sup- montese troops have arrived in Venice. Seven port. The National Guard of Lyons is being engagements were fought between the Ausdisarmed.
trians and the troops of Charles Albert on the A decree has been passed requiring security 24th and 25th July, with great loss on both to be deposited by the publishers of journals
. sides : the result of which was that the latter In the departments of the Seine for all pub- were worsted and compelled to retire to the line lished more than twice a week a deposit of occupied by their reserve on the Mincio. A 24,000 fr. is to be made in the Treasury; those further battle took place on the 26th, at which twice a week 18,000, once a week 12,000; the Piedmontese were completely routed. It is more than once a month 6,000. . In other said that Charles Albert has formally applied places the amount of deposit is regulated by to the French Government for military assistthe population. Major Constantine, one of the Rome appears to be in a distracted officers charged to investigate the facts relative state, the workmen who, in French fashion, to the insurrection of June, has been arrested, were employed by the government, causing having been recognized by several of the insur- great uneasiness. The Pope has lost popugents as having repeatedly come to encourage larity from his opposition to the war with Austhem at the barricades, disguised in a blouse tria: the war government under Miami as and a casquet : according to their statements prime minister, is said to be dissolved, and the he was to have been the minister of war had church party are intriguing to regain their lost the insurrection been successful. Ledru Rol- power. "The Duke of Genoa, second son of lin, Louis Blanc and Caussidière are charged Charles Albert, has been chosen King of Sicily, before the Assembly with being implicated in and the government of Naples are making large the various risings since the Revolution. preparations for the invasion of that island. Lamartine is said not to be suspected. The The Archduke John, brother of the Emperor government has effected a loan of 150,000,000 of Austria, has been installed head of the Gerfrancs at 5 per cent. from the Bank of France, manic confederation, with the title of “ Vicar at the price of 75 1-4 with other advantages of the Empire,” which has caused great dissatwhich make the interest about 7 per cent. isfaction in Prussia : the armed force of the
The published table of receipts of taxes for empire is to consist of about 900,000 men. In the first six months of the present year shows 1820 the public debt of Prussia amounted to a decrease of 61,818,000 fr.; compared with 205,000,000 dollars, since which time it has the year 1846 the decrease is 67,652,000 fr. been reduced to 126,000,000, and the Minister The returns of the customs duties collected of Finance stated that the domains of the State during the month of June last, shows 5,890,163 were far more than sufficient to cover this sum. fr. They produced in the corresponding month | Attempts to establish an armistice between of 1846, 12,612,579 fr.; and in 1847,11,180,163. Denmark and Prussia have failed, but negotiaThe receipts of the customs during the first half tions for a settlement of the Schleswig Holstein year of 1848 did not exceed 38,150,854 fr., question are still in progress. The constituent whilst they had amounted in 1846 to 74,676,750; assembly of Austria assembled at Vienna is and in 1847 to 65,956,675. The number of composed of a motley crew, many being mere French and foreign vessels which entered the peasants understanding no language but their harbors of France during the first six months own provincial Italian, German or Bohemian; of 1848, was 6,395, measuring 881,295 tons; many can neither read nor write, and threeor 3,905 vessels and 521,373 tons less than in quarters are said to be extremely ignorant and 1847. The number of vessels of all countries incompetent; the king has not yet returned to which sailed from French harbors during the Vienna. A ministry has been formed, which last six months was 5,684, measuring 675,363 has begun with sweeping alterations among all tons, or 815 vessels and 94,884 tons less than placeholders, and appears to be actuated by a in 1847. The committee on the Constitution thoroughly radical and democratic spirit.
Dictionary of Americanisms. A Glossary of | from one's inability to remember many common
Words and Phrases usually regarded as words and_phrases which it is found not to peculiar to the United States. By John Rus-contain. For the political slang and other SELL BARTLETT, Corresponding Secretary phrases, the author acknowledges himself inof the American Ethnological Society, and debted to John Inman, Esq., editor of the ComForeign Corresponding Secretary of the New mercial Advertiser. The best idea of the manYork Historical Society. New York:
ner of its execution, may be gained from a few Bartlett & Welford. 1848.
examples; the list of authorities is often laugh
able enough: This work is so suggestive of amusement, that we very much regret the necessity of let ABSQUATULATE. To run away; to abscond. Used ting it go by with only a passing notice. The only in familiar language. title sufficiently explains its object, which is, W-was surrendered by his bail, who was security not to distinguish all the pure Americanisms, for his appearance at court, fearing he was about to abbut simply to collect “all the words usually
squatulate.-N. Y. Herald. called provincial or vulgar-all the words, ALL-FIRED. Very, in a great degree. A low whatever be their origin, which are used in American word. familiar conversation, and but seldom employ. The first thing I know'd, my trowsers were plastered ed in composition--all the perversions of lan all over with hot molasses, which burnt all-fired bad.guage and abuses of words into which people,
Maj. Jones's Courtship, p. 87. in certain sections of the country, have fallen,
Old Haines sweating like a pitcher with ice-water in it, and some of those remarkable and ludicrous
and looking all-fired tired.-Porter's Tales of the South
west, p. 50. forms of speech which have been adopted in the I was woked up by a noise in the street; so I jumps Western States."
up in an all-fired hurry, ups with the window, and outs
with my head.--Sam Slick. The author states that on comparing familiar
You see the fact is, Squire (said the Hooshier), they New England words “with the provincial and had a mighty deal to say up in our parts about Orleans, colloquial language of the Northern counties and how all-fired easy it is to make money in it; but it's of England, a most striking resemblance ap
no ham and all hominy, I reckon.-Pickings from the
Picayune, p. 67. peared, not only in the words commonly re I'm dying-1 know I am! My mouth tastes like a garded as peculiar to New England, but in the rusty cent. The doctor will charge an all-fired price to dialectical pronunciation of certain words, and
eure me.-Knickerbocker Mag. 1845. in the general tone and accent.”
TO AXE. (Ang. Sax. acsian, axian.) To ask.
This word is now considered a vulgarism; " In fact, it may be said, without exaggeration, though, like many others under the same centhat nine tenths of the colloquial peculiarities of sure, it is as old as the English language. New England are derived directly from Great Among the early writers it was used the same Britain ; and that they are now provincial in as ask is now. In England it still exists in the those parts from which the early colonists emi colloquial dialect of Norfolk and other counties. grated, or are to be found the writings of well A true born Londoner, says Pegge, in his Anecaccredited authors of the period when that emi dotes of the English Language, always axes gration took place. Consequently, it is obvious, questions, axes pardon, and at quadrilles, axes that we have the best authority for the use of the leave. In the United States it is somewhat words referred to.
used by the vulgar.--Forby's Vocabulary. Rich“ It may be insisted, therefore, that the idiom ardson's Dic. of New England is as pure English, taken as a
And Pilate aride him, art thou Kyng of Jewis? And whole, as was spoken in England at the period Jhesus answeride and seide to him, thou se ist.--Wicklif, when these colonies were settled. In making Trans. of the Bible. this assertion, I do not take as a standard the
A poor lazar, upon a tide, nasal twang, the drawling enunciation, or those Came to the gate, and ared meate.-Gower, Con. Anc. perversions of language which the ignorant and
Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby, uneducated adopt. Nor would I acknowledge
in a letter to her son, Henry VI., concludes the abuse of many of our most useful words. For
withthese perversions I make no other defence or apology, but that they occur in all countries, and As herty blessings as ye can are of God.-- Lord Horo
ard. in every language."
In the next reign, Dr. John Clark writes to The work appears to be quite full, judging Cardinal Wolsey, and tells him that,
The King axed after your Grace's welfare. — Pegge's tions that such would be the course of their opAnecdotes.
ponents, had provided themselves with locoDay before yesterday, I went down to the Post Office' foco matches and candles, and the room was and ar'd the Post-master if there was anything for me.
re-lighted in a moment. The Courier and EnMaj. Jones's Courtship, p. 172.
quirer' newspaper dubbed the anti-monopolists, I have often ared myself what sort of a gall that splendiferous Lady of the Lake of Scott's was.-Sam Slick
who used the matches, with the name of Locoin Eng. ch. 30.
focos; which was soon after given to the
Democratic party, and which they have since TO KNOW 6 FROM A bull's foot. It is a common retained.”—Hammond's Political History of phrase to say, “ He does not know B from a
New York, Vol. II. p. 491. bull's foot,” meaning that a person is very illiterate, or very ignorant. The term bull's foot is To Row UP SALT RIVER, is a common phrase, used chosen merely for the sake of the alliteration; generally to signify political defeat. The disas in the similar phrases, “He does not know tance to which a party is rowed up Salt River B from a broomstick,” or “ B from a battledoor." depends entirely upon the magnitude of the It is a very old saying ; Mr. Halliwell finds it majority against its candidates. If the defeat in one of the Digby MSS.
is particularly overwhelming, the unsuccessful I know not A from the wynd mylne,
party is rowed up to the very head waters of Salt Ne a B from a bole-foot, I trowe, ni thiself nother.
River. Archaic and Provincial Glossary. It is occasionally used as nearly synonymous CLAM-SHELL. The lips, or mouth. There is a
with to row up, as in the following example, common though vulgar expression in New Eng
but this application is rare: land, of “Shut your clam-shell,” that is, Shut Judge Clayton made a speech that fairly made the tumyour mouth, hold your tongue.
blers hop. He rowed the Tories up and over Salt River.
Crockett, Tour Down East, p. 46. COUPON. A financial term, which, together with the practice, is borrowed from France. In the
Salt River has its origin in the fact
that there is a small stream of that name in United States, the certificates of States stocks drawing interest are accompanied by coupons,
Kentucky, the passage of which is made diffi
cult and laborious as well by its tortuous course which are small tickets attached to the certifi
as by the abundance of shallows and bars. The cates. At each term when the interest falls
real application of the phrase is to the unhappy due, one of these coupons is cut off (whence the
wight who has the task of propelling the boat name); and this being presented to the State
up the stream; but in political or slang usage treasurer, or to a bank designated by him, it is to those who are rowed up—the passengers, entitles the holder to receive the interest. The
not the oarsman. [J. Inman.] coupons attached to the bonds of some of the Western States have not been cut off for several SMALL POTATOES. An epithet applied to persons, years.
and signifying mean, contemptible; as, 'He is LOCO-FOCO. The name by which the Democratic
very small potatoes.' Small potatoes are not fit party is extensively distinguished throughout
for eating, and except for the feeding of hoge the United States. This name originated in the
and cattle, are worthless; hence the expression year 1835, when a division arose in the party,
as applied to men. It is sometimes put into in consequence of the nomination of Gideon the more emphatic form of small potatoes and Lee as the Democratic candidate for Congress,
few in a hill, see Sam Slic in England for an by the committee chosen for that purpose.
explanation of the latter, ch. 6. This nomination, as was customary, had to be Give me an honest old soldier for the Presidencyconfirmed at a general meeting of Democrats whether Whig or Democrat--and I will leave your small
potato politicians and pettyfogging lawyers to those who held at Tammany Hall. His friends antici
are willing to submit the destiny of this great nation to pated opposition, and assembled in large num such hands.-N. Y. Herald, Dec. 13, 1816. bers to support him. “ The first question The very incidents of the meeting, and the names of which arose," says Mr. Hammond, “and which the speakers (noticed by the Washington Union), induce would test the strength of the parties, was the a strong suspicion that it was rather small potatoes.-N.
Y. Com. Adv., April 15, 1848. selection of Chairman. The friends of Mr. Lee, whom we will call Tammany men, supported | SISTERN, for sisters. A vulgar pronunciation Mr. Varian; and the anti-monopolists, Mr. sometimes heard from uneducated preachers at Curtis. The Tammanies entered the ball as the West. soon as the doors were opened, by means of “ Brethurn and sisturn, it's a powerful great work, back stairs; while at the same time the Equal
this here preaching of the gospel, as the great apostle
hisself allows in them words of bissin what's jest come Rights party rushed into the long room up the
into my mind; for I never knowed what to preach till I front stairs. Both parties were loud and bois
"-Carlton, The Nero Purchase, Vol. I. p. 203. terous; the one declaring that Mr. Varian was chosen Chairman, and the other that Mr. Curtis (We have heard in a conference meeting a was duly elected the presiding officer. A very speaker desiring to " hear something from the tumultuous and confused scene ensued, during female breetheren!"-Ed. Rev.) which the gas-lights, with which the hall was illuminated, were extinguished. The Equal TOOTIES. A common term in nursery language Rights party, either having witnessed similar for the feet. A corruption of footies, i. e. feet. occurrences, or having received some intima Used in England as well as with us.