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conquered people, amid the ruins of liberty and before the final adjournment, and was carried by the scattered fragments of the Constitution. acclamation.]

And we do declare and resolve that ever since the people of the United States threw off all SOLDIERS AND SAILORS, AT NEW YORK, JULY. subjection to the British crown, the privilege and Whereas, a mutual interchange of views betrust of suffrage hava belonged to the several tween members of this convention and delegates States, and have been granted, regulated, and to the Democratic National Convention, has fulcontrolled exclusively by the political power of ly confirmed us in our previously entertained each State respectively, and that any attempt by opinion of the purity and patriotism of that body, Congress, on any pretext whatever, to deprive and fully justifies the belief that in the selection any State of this right, or interfere with its ex- of candidates and in the construction of a platercise, is a flagrant usurpation of power which form the convention will be governed by the can find no warrant in the Constitution, and, if spirit of the address adopted by this body on sanctioned by the people, will subvert our form the 6th inst.; therefore, relying upon this beof government, and can only end in a single | lief, centralized and consolidated government, in Resolved, That we will support its nominees which the separate existence of the States will for President and Vice President of the United be entirely absorbed, and an unqualified despo- States, and that on our return home we will intism be established in place of a Federal union duce our late comrades in arms to unite with us of co-equal States.

in yielding to them a united support. And that we regard the reconstruction acts [Reported from the Committee on Resolutions (so called) of Congress, as such, as usurpations and adopted-seas 287, nays 7.] and unconstitutional, revolutionary, and void. Resolved, That the declaration of principles That our soldiers and sailors, who carried the adopted by the Democratic National Convention flag of our country to victory against a most be, and the same is hereby ratified and approvgallant and determined foe, must ever be grate-ed, and that the secretary communicate to fully remembered, and all the guarantees given that convention a copy of this resolution forthin their favor must be faithfully carried into ex- with. ecution.

Resolved, that the President of the convenThat the public lands should be distributed as tion appoint a committee of five to wait upon widely as possible among the people, and should General George B. McClellan, and assure him be disposed of either under the pre-emption of that although we are called upon by duty to suphomestead lands, or sold in reasonable quanti- port the nominee for the Presidency of the Naties, and to none but actual occupants, at the tional Democratic party now in convention, our minimum price established by the Government confidence in him is unimpaired, and that our When grants of publiclands may be allowed, ne- love for him is as ardent as ever, and that the cessary for the encouragement of important pub- highest honor that this convention could confer lic improvements, the proceeds of the sale of such upon him would but poorly express our esteem lands, and not the lands themselves, should be so for him. Also, that the said committee be reapplied.

quested to ask him to come and assist us with That the President of the United States, all his ability during the coming campaign. Andrew Johnson, in exercising the power of his Resolved, That the thanks of this convention, high office in resisting the aggressions of Con- and of all patriotic and right-minded citizens. gress upon the constitutional rights of the States are due to the President of the United States for and the people, is entitled to the gratitude of the the removal of E. M. Stanton from the War Dewhole rican people, and in behalf the partment of th overnment, a position which Democratic party we tender him our thanks for the said Stanton had disgraced and dishonored his patriotic efforts in that regard.

ever since his appointment to that office, by his Upon this platform the Democratic party ap- many acts of cruelty—both to the Union and peal to every patriot, including all the Conserv- Confederate soldiers--and by his official acts of ative element and all who desire to support the tyranny; and that the soldiers and sailors should, Constitution and restore the Union, forgetting on all occasions, meet him with the same feelings all past differences of opinion, to unite with us of outraged dignity and patriotism that he was in the present great struggle for the liberties of received with, on an ever memorable occasion, the people; and that to all such, to whatever in the city of Washington, from that great and party they may have heretefore belonged, wo glorious soldier - General William Tecumseh extend the right hand of fellowship, and hail Sherman. all such cooperating with us as friends and [The last three resolutions were offered in the brethren.

convention, and adopted unanimously, under a Resolved, That this convention sympathize suspension of the rule requiring the reference of cordially with the workingmen of the United all resolutions to the Committee on Resolutions.] States in their efforts to protect the rights and Pending the resolutions reported from the interests of the laboring classes of the country. committee above, General Thomas Ewing, jr.,

[Offered by Mr. Vallandingham, and adopted of Kansas, offered this resolution: the last day of the convention.]

Resolved, That the faith of the republic to its Resolved, That the thanks of the convention creditors, as pledged in its laws, is inviolable, are tendered to Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, and the public burdens should be lightened by for the justice, dignity, and impartiality with vigilant economy in expenditures and never by which he presided over the court of impeachment repudiation ; that all the bonds of the United on the trial of President Andrew Johnson. States issued after the passage of the legal tender

[This last was offered by Mr. Kernan, of New act, and not by law expressly payable in coin, York, after the nominations, and immediately I should be paid when redeemable in legal tender

notes, but without undue inflation of the cur- i ly said, for the purpose of seeing what light the rency, or at the option of the holders, converted action of Congress would throw upon the interinto bonds bearing a low rate of interest; that ests of the country. Its acts since the adjourn. the national bank currency should be retired ment of the Convention show an alarm lest a and its place supplied by legal tenders, so as to change of political power wlll give to the people save to the Government interest upon the what they ought to have, a clear statement of amount of that circulation, and that the policy what has been done with the money drawn from of permitting banks to supply nearly half of the them during the past eight years. Thoughtful national currency – allowing the five-twenty men feel that there have been wrongs in the bonds, bearing, as they do, interest at the rate financial management which have been kept of nearly nine per cent. per annum, to run be- from the public knowledge. yond the date when they become redeemable, The congressional party has not only allied and of contracting the currency until it shall itself with military power, which is to be brought rise to the value of gold, is a policy which favors to bear directly upon the elections in many the few against the many, is oppressive to the la- States, but it also holds itself in perpetual sesboring and the debtor classes, and tends to bring sion, with the avowed purpose of making such upon the country the dishonor of repudiation. laws as it shall see fit, in view of the elections

[He moved for the suspension of the rule requir- which will take place within a few weeks. It ing reference to the committee, which was lost, did not, therefore, adjourn, but took a recess, to yeas 78, nays 197; and the resolution was accord- meet again if its partisan interests shall demand ingly referred, and not again considered.] its reassembling.

Governor Seymour was unanimously nominat- Never before in the history of our country has ed on the twenty-second ballot. The highest Congress thus taken a menacing attitude toward numbers at any time for others were as follows: its electors. Under its influence some of the

Pendleton, 1561; Hancock, 1444; Hendricks, States organized by its agents are proposing to 132; Andrew Johnson, 65; Sanford E. Church, deprive the people of the right to vote for Presi83; Asa Packer of Pa., 271; Joel Parker, 15! ;dential electors, and the first bold steps are taken James E. English, 19; Reverdy Johnson, 3t; to stroy the rights of suffrage. It is not James R. Doolittle, 13; F. P. Blair, Jr., 131; strange, therefore, that thoughtful men see in Thomas Ewing, 1; J. Q. Adams, 1; Geo. B. such action the proof that there is. with those McClellan, 1; Chief Justice Chase, 4; Ex-Presi- who shape the policy of the Republican party, dent Pierce, 1 ; John T. Hoffman, 3; Stephen J. motives stronger and deeper than the mere wish Field, 15; Thomas H. Seymour, 4.

to hold political power ; that there is a dread of

some exposure which drives them on to acts so GOV. SEYMOUR'S LETTER OF ACCEPT- desperate and so impolitic. ANCE.

Many of the ablest leaders and journals of the UTICA, August 4, 1868. Republican party have openly deplored the vioGentlemen : When, in the city of New York, lence of congressional action, and its tendency on the 11th of July, in the presence of a vast to keep up discord in our country. The great multitude, on behalf of the National Democratic interests of our Union demand peace, order, and Convention, you tendered to me its unanimous a return to those industrial pursuits without nomination as their candidate for the office of which we cannot maintain the faith or honor of President of the United States, I stated I had our Government. The minds of business men “no words adequate to express my gratitude for are perplexed by uncertainties. The hours of the good will and kindness which that body had toil of our laborers are lengthened by the costs shown to me. Its nomination was unsought and of living made by the direct and indirect exacunexpected. It was my ambition to take an tions of Government. Our people are harassed active part, from which I am now excluded, in by the heavy and frequent demands of the tax the great struggle going on for the restoration of gatherer. good government, of peace and prosperity to our Without distinction of party, there is a strong country. But I have been caught up by the feeling in favor of that line of action which whelming tide which is bearing us on to a great shall restore order and confidence, and shall lift political change, and I find myself unable to re- off the burdens which now hinder and vex the sist its pressure.

industry of the country. Yet at this moment “You have also given to me a copy of the res- those in power have thrown into the senate olutions put forth by the Convention. showing chamber and congressional hall new elements of its position upon all the great questions which discord and violence. Men have been admitted now agitate the country. As the presiding of- as representatives of some of the Southern ficer of that Convention, I am familiar with States, with the declaration upon their lips that their scope and import; as one of its members, they cannot live in the States they claim to repI am a party their terms. They are in ac- esent without military protection. cord with my views, and I stand upon them in These men are to make laws for the North as the contest upon which we are now entering, and well as the South. These men, who, a few days I shall strive to carry them out in future, wher- since, were seeking as suppliants that Congress ever I may be placed, in public or private life.” would give them power within their respective

I then stated that I would send you these States, are to day the masters and controllers of words of acceptance in a letter, as is the custom- the actions of those bodies. Entering them with ary form. I see no reason, upon reflection, to minds filled with passions, their first demands change or qualify the terms of my approval of have been that Congress shall look upon the the resolutions of the Convention.

States from which they come as in conditions of I have delayed the more formal act of com- civil war; that the majority of the populations, municating to you in writing what I thus public-l embracing their intelligence, shall be treated as public enemies; that military forces shall be Republican organization who has not within the kept up at the cost of the people of the North, past three years warned it against its excesses, and that there shall be no peace and order at the who has not been borne down and forced to give South save that which is made by arbitrary up his convictions of what the interests of the power.

country called for; or, if too patriotic to do this, Every intelligent man knows that these men who has not been driven from its ranks. If this ove their seats in Congress to the disorder in the has been the case heretofore, what will be its acSouth; every man knows that they not only owe tion now, with this new infusion of men who, their present positions to disorder, but that every without a decent respect for the views of those motive springing from the love of power, of who had just given them their positions, begin gain, of a desire for vengeance, prompts the their legislative career with calls for arms, with keep the South in anarchy. While that exists, demands that their States shall be regarded as they are independent of the wills or wishes of in a condition of civil war, and with a declaratheir fellow-citizens. While confusion reigns, tion that they are ready and anxious to degrade they are the dispensers of the profits and the the President of the United States whenever honors which grow out of a government of mere they can persuade or force Congress to bring force. These men are now placed in positions forward new articles of impeachment? where they can not only urge their views of poli- The Republican party, as well as we, are incy, but where they can enforce them.'

terested in putting some check upon this vioWhen others shall be admitted in this manner lence. It must be clear to every thinking man from the remaining Southern States, although that a division of political power tends to check they will have in truth no constituents, they will the violence of party action, and to assure the have more power in the Senate than a majority peace and good order of society. The election of the people of this Union living in nine of the of a Democratic Executive and a majority of great States. In vain the wisest members of the Democratic members to the House of RepresentRepublican party protested against the policy atives would not give to that party organization that led to this result,

the power to make sudden or violent changes, While the chiefs of the late rebellion have but it would serve to check those extreme meassubmitted to the results of the war, and are now ures which have been deplored by the best men quietly engaged in useful pursuits for the sup- of both political organizations. The result port of themselves and their families, and are would most certainly lead to that peaceful restrying by the force of their example to lead toration of the Union and re-establishment of back the people of the South to the order and in- fraternal relationship which the country desires. dustry not only essential to their well-being, but I am sure that the best men of the Republican to the greatness and prosperity of our common party deplore as deeply as I do the spirit of viocountry, we see that those who, without ability lence shown by those recently admitted to seats or influence, have been thrown by the agitations in Congress from the South. The condition of of civil convulsion into positions of honor and civil war which they contemplate, must be abprofit, are striving to keep alive the passions to horrent to every right-thinking man. which they owe their elevation. And they clam- I have no mere personal wishes which mislead orously insist that they are the only friends of my judgment in regard to the pending election. our Union-a Union that can only have a sure No man who has weighed and measured the du. foundation in fraternal regard, and a common ties of the office of President of the United desire to promote the peace, the order, and the States can fail to be impressed with the cares happiness of all sections of our land.

and toils of him who is to meet its demands. It Events in Congress since the adjournment of is not merely to float with popular currents the Convention have vastly increased the im- without a policy or a purpose. On the contrary, portance of a political victory by those who are while our Constitution gives just weight to the seeking to bring back economy, simplicity, and public will, its distinguishing feature is that it justice in the administration of our National seeks to protect the rights of minorities. Its affairs. Many Republicans have beretofore greatest glory is that it puts restraints upon clung to their party who have regretted the ex- power. It gives force and form to those maxims tremes of violence to which it has run. They and principles of civil liberty for which the marhave cherished a faith that, while the action of tyrs of freedom have struggled through ages. their political friends has been mistaken, their It declares the right of the people to be secure motives have been good. They must now see in their persons, houses and papers, against unthat the Republican party is in that condition reasonable searches and seizures. That Conthat it cannot carry out a wise and peaceful gress shall make no law respecting an establishpolicy, whatever its motives may be.

ment of religion or the free exercise thereof, or It is a misfortune, not only to a country, but abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, to a governing party itself, when its action is un- or the right of the people to petition for redress checked by any form of opposition. It has been of grievances. It secures the right of a speedy the misfortune of the Republican party that the and public trial by an impartial jury. events of the past few years have given it so No man can rightfully enter upon the duties much power that it has been able to shackle the of the presidential office unless he is not only Executive, to trammel the judiciary, and to car- willing to carry out the wishes of the people exry out the views of the most unwise and violent pressed in a constitutional way, but is also preof its members.

pared to stand up for the rights of minorities. When this state of things exists in any party, He must be ready to uphold the free exercise of it has ever been found that the sober judgments religion. He must denounce measures which of its a blest leaders do not control. There is would wrong personal or home rights, or the rehardly an able man who helped to build up the I ligious conscience of the humblest citizen of the

land. He must maintain, without distinction of and complimentary language in which you have creed or nationality, all the privileges of Ameri- conveyed to me the decision of the convention. can citizenship.

I have carefuliy read the resolutions adopted The experience of every public man who has by the convention, and most cordially concur in been faithful to his trust, teaches him that no every principle and sentiment they announce. one can do the duties of the office of President, My opinions upon all of the questions which disunless he is ready, not only to undergo the false- criminate the great contending parties have been boods and abuse of the bad, but to suffer from freely expressed on all suitable occasions, and I do the censure of the good who are misled by preju- not deem it necessaryat this time to reiterate them. dices and misrepresentations.

The issues upon which the contest turns ale There are no attractions in such positions clear, and cannot be obscured or distorted by the which deceive my judgment, when I say that a sophistries of our adversaries. They all resolve great change is going on in the public mind. themselves into the old and ever-renewing strugThe mass of the Republican party are more gle of a few men to absorb the political power thoughtful, temperate, and just, than they were of the nation. This effort, under every conceiv. during the excitement which attended the pro- able name and disguise, has always charactergress and close of the civil war.

ized the opponents of the Democratic party, but As the energy of the Democratic party springs at no time has the attempt assumed a shape so from their devotion to their cause and not to open and daring as in this contest. The advertheir candidates, I may with propriety speak of saries of free and constitutional government, in the fact, that never in the political history of defiance of the express language of the Constiour country has the action of any like body been tution, have erected a military despotism in ten hailed with such universal and wide-spread en- of the States of the Union, have taken from the thusiasm, as that which has been shown in rela- President the powers vested in him by the sution to the position of the National Democratic preme law, and have deprived the Supreme Court Convention. With this the candidates had of its jurisdiction. The right of trial by jury, nothing to do. Had any others of those named and the great writ of right, the habeas corpus been selected, this spirit would have been per-|-shields of safety for every citizen, and which haps more marked. The zeal and energy of the have descended to us from the earliest traditions conservative masses spring from a desire to of our ancestors, and which our revolutionary make a change of political policy, and from the fathers sought to secure to their posterity forever confidence that they can carry out their purpose. in the fundamental charter of our liberties

In this faith they are strengthened by the co- bave been ruthlessly trampled under foot by tho operation of the great body of those who served fragment of a Congress. Whole States and comin the Union army and navy during the war. munities of people of our own race have been Having given nearly sixteen thousand commis- attainted, convicted, condemned, and deprived sions to the officers of that army, I know their of their rights as citizens, without presentment, views and wishes. They demand the Union for or trial, or witnesses, but by congressional enactwhich they fought. The largest meeting of ment of ex post facto laws, and in defiance of these gallant soldiers which ever assembled was the constitutional prohibition denying even to a held in New York and indorsed the action of the full and legal Congress the authority to pass any National Convention. In words instinct with bill of attainder or ex post facto law. The same meaning, they call upon the Government to stop usurping authority has substituted as electors in in its policy of hate, discord and disunion, and place of the men of our own race, thus illegally in terms of fervid eloquence they demanded the attainted and disfranchised, a host of ignorant restoration of the rights and liberties of the negroes, who are supported in idleness with the American people.

public money, and combined together to strip When there is such accord between those who the white race of their birthright, through the proved themselves brave and self-sacrificing in management of freedmen's bureaus and the war, and those who are thoughtful and patriotic emissaries of conspirators in other States; and, in council, I cannot doubt we shall gain a politi- | to complete the oppression, the military power of cal triumph which will restore our Union, bring the nation has been placed at their disposal, in back peace and prosperity to our land, and will order to make this barbarism supreme give us once more the blessings of a wise, eco- The military leader under whose prestige this nomical, and honest Government.

usurping Congress has taken refuge since the I am, gentlemen, truly yours, &c.,

condemnation of their schemes by the free peoHORATIO SEYMOUR. ple of the North in the election of the last year, To Gen. G. W. MORGAN, and others, Commit- and whom they have selected as their candidate tee, &c., &c.

to shield themselves from the result of their own

wickedness and crime, has announced his acceptGEN. BLAIR'S LETTER OF ACCEPTANCE. ance of the nomination, and his willingness to

OMAHA, NEBRASKA, July 13, 1868. maintain their usurpations over eight millions of Gen. GEORGE W. MORGAN, Chairman Commit- white people at the South, fixed to the earth with tee National Democratic Convention. his bayonets

He exclaims: “Let us have General: I take the earliest opportunity of peace.” “Peace reigns in Warsaw” was the replying to your letter, notifying me of my nom- announcement which heralded the doom of the ination for Vice-President of the United States by liberties of a nation. “The empire is peace," the National Democratic Convention, recently exclaimed Bonaparte, when freedom and its deheld in the city of New York,

fenders expired under the sharp edge of his I accept without hesitation the nomination sword. The peace to which Grant invites us is tendered in a manner so gratifying, and give you the peace of despotism and death. and the committee my thanks for the very kindi Those who seek to restore the Constitution by

executing the will of the people condemning the suffrage established, and the carpet-baggers in-
reconstruction acts, already pronounced in the stalled in their seats in both branches of Con-
elections of last year, and which will, I am con- gress. There is no possibility of changing the
vinced, be still more emphatically expressed by political character of the Senate, even if the
the election of the Democratic candidate as the Democrats should elect their President and a
President of the United States, are denounced as majority of the popular branch of Congress. We
revolutionists by the partisans of this vindictive cannot, therefore, undo the Radical plan of re-
Congress. Negro suffrage, which the popular construction by congressional action; the Sen-
vote of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, ate will continue a bar to its repeal. Must we
Ohio, Michigan, Connecticut, and other States submit to it? How can it be overthrown? It
have condemned as expressly against the letter can only be overthrown by the authority of the
of the Constitution, must stand, because their Executive, who is sworn to maintain the Consti-
Senators and Representatives have willed it. If tution, and who will fail to do his duty if he al-
the people shall again condemn these atrocious lows the Constitution to perish under a series of
measures by the election of the Democratic can congressional enactments which are in palpable
didate for President, they must not be disturbed, violation of the fundamental principles.
although decided to be unconstitutional by the If the President elected by the Democracy en-
Supreme Court, and although the President is forces or permits others to enforce these recon-
sworn to maintain and support the Constitution. struction acts, the Radicals, by the accession of
The will of a fraction of a Congress, re nforced twenty spurious Senators and fifty Representa-
with its partisan emissaries sent to the South tives, will control both branches of Congress,
and supported there by the soldiery, must stand and bis administration will be as powerless as
against the will of the people and the decision of the present one of Mr. Johnson.
the Supreme Court, and the solemn oath of the There is but one way to restore the govern-
President to maintain and support the Constitu- ment and the Constitution, and that is for the

President elect to declare these acts null and
It is revolutionary to execute the will of the void, compel the army to undo its usurpations at
people! It is revolutionary to execute the judg. the South, disperse the carpet-bag State govern-
ment of the Supreme Court! It is revolutionary ments, allow the white people to reorganize their
in the President to keep in violate his oath to own governments, and elect Senators and Repre-
sustain the Constitution! This false construction sentatives. The House of Representatives will
of the vital principle of our government is the contain a majority of Democrats from the North,
last resort of those who would have their arbi- and they will admit the Representatives elected
trary reconstruction sway and supersede our by the white people of the South, and, with the
time-honored institutions. The nation will say co-operation of the President, it will not be diffi-
the Constitution must be restored, and the will cult to compel the Senate to submit once more to
of the people again prevail. The appeal to the the obligations of the Constitution. It will not
peaceful ballot to attain this end is not war, is be able to withstand the public judgment, if dis-
not revolution. They make war and revolution tinctly invoked and clearly, expressed on this
who attempt to arrest this quiet mode of putting fundamental issue, and it is the sure way to
aside military despotism and the usurpations of avoid all future strife to put the issue plainly to
a fragment of a Congress, asserting absolute the country.
power over that benign system of regulated lib. I repeat, that this is the real and only question
erty left us by our fathers. This must be allowed which we should allow to control us. Shall we
to take its course. This is the only road to submit to the usurpations by which the govern-
peace. It will come with the election of the ment has been overthrown;'or shall we exert
Democratic candidate, and not with the election ourselves for its full and complete restoration ?
of that mailed warrior, whose bayonets are now It is idle to talk of bonds, greenbacks, gold, the
at the throats of eight millions of people in the public faith, and the public credit. What can a
South, to compel them to support him as a candi. Democratic President do in regard to any of
date for the Presidency, and to submit to the these, with a Congress in both branches con-
domination of an alien race of semi-barbarous trolled by the carpet-baggers and their allies ?

No perversion of truth or audacity of we will be powerless to stop the supplies by misrepresentation can exceed that wbich hails which idle negroes are organized into political this candidate in arms as an angel of peace. clubs—by which an army is maintained to pro

I am, very respectfully, your most obedient tect these vagabonds in their outrages upon the servant, FRANK P. BLAIR. ballot. These, and things like these, eat up the

revenues and resources of the government and GENERAL BLAIR'S LETTER TO COLONEL destroy its credit—make the difference between BROADHEAD.

gold and greenbacks. We must restore the ConWASHINGTON, June 30, 1868. - stitution before we can restore the finances, and Colonel JAMES 0. BROADHEAD.

to do this we must have a President who will Dear Colonel : In reply to your inquiries, I execute the will of the people by trampling into beg leave to say, that I leave to you to determine, dust the usurpations of Congress known as the on consultation with my friends from Missouri, reconstruction acts. I wish to stand before the whether my name shall be presented to the Demo convention upon this issue, but it is one which ocratic Convention, and to submit the following embraces everything else that is of value in its as what I consider the real and only issue in this large and comprehensive results. It is the one contest.

thing that includes all that is worth a contest, The reconstruction policy of the Radicals will and without it there is nothing that gives digbe complete before the next election; the States nity, honor, or value to the struggle. so long excluded will have been admitted, negro

Your friend,



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