Cirrus

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David K. Lynch, Kenneth Sassen, David O'C. Starr, Graeme Stephens
Oxford University Press, Jan 24, 2002 - Science - 504 pages
Cirrus clouds are high, thin, tropospheric clouds composed predominately of ice. In the last ten years, considerable work has shown that cirrus is widespread--more common than previously believed--and has a significant impact on climate and global change. As the next generation weather satellites are being designed, the impact of cirrus on remote sensing and the global energy budget must be recognized and accommodated. This book, the first to be devoted entirely to cirrus clouds, captures the state of knowledge of cirrus and serves as a practical handbook as well. Each chapter is based on an invited review talk presented at Cirrus, a meeting hosted by the Optical Society of America and co-sponsored by the American Geophysical Union and the American Meteorological Society. All aspects of cirrus clouds are covered, an approach that reaches into diverse fields. Topics include: the definition of cirrus, cirrus climatologies, nucleation, evolution and dissipation, mixed-phase thermodynamics, crystallinity, orientation mechanisms, dynamics, scattering, radiative transfer, in situ sampling, processes that produce or influence cirrus (and vice versa), contrails, and the influence of cirrus on climate.
 

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Contents

Cirrus History and Definition
3
Cirrus Clouds A Modem Perspective
11
Ice Crystals in Cirrus
41
Midlatitude and Tropical Cirrus Microphysical Properties
78
Laboratory Studies of Cirrus Cloud Processes
102
Cirrus and Weather A Satellite Perspective
136
Satelllte Remote Sensing of Cirrus
147
GroundBased Remote Sensing of Cirrus Clouds
168
Radiative Transfer in Cirrus Clouds Light Scattering and Spectral Information
265
On Cirrus Modellng for General Circulation and Climate Models
297
GCM Simulations of Cirrus for Climate Studies
310
Ice Clouds in Numerical Weather Prediction Models Progress Problems and Prospects
327
Dynamical Processes in Cirrus Clouds A Review of Observational Results
346
Dynamical Processes in Cirrus Clouds Concepts and Models
375
Microphysical Processes in Cirrus and Their Impact on Radiation A Mesoscale Modeling Perspective
397
Cirrus Climate and Global Change
433

MolecularBackscatter Lidar Profillng of the VolumeScattering Coefficient in Cirrus
197
Structural and Optical Properties of Cirrus from LIRADtype Observations
211
Contrail Cirrus
231
Subvisual Cirrus
256
Cirrus The Future
449
Chapter 2 Plates Cirrus Case Studies
457
Index
469
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About the author (2002)

David Lynch is an astronomer and atmospheric physicist, specializing in infrared studies of star-formation regions, comets, supernovae and cirrus clouds. After receiving his PhD in astronomy from the University of Texas at Austin, he was a Visiting Associate in Physics at the California Institute of Technology and an Assistant Astronomer at the University of California at Berkeley. He has worked at the Hughes Research Laboratories and the Aerospace Corporation, and operates Thule Scientific, a private research institute. He has organised and chaired many meetings on atmospheric science and been Principal Investigator on a variety of NASA, NOAA, NSF and DoD programs.

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