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the mercury had sunk in the thermometer to 19* below Zero, and that the Wabash had been frozen so as to admit of waggons passing over, on the ice, for a month together. During that winter, about the end of January, there were in Upper Canada two or three days, the coldest by far which I experienced during my two years' residence in that country, and the mercury fell to 15° below Zero. Here then we may note more particularly what has been observed above, as to the cold of winter increasing towards the interior of America.

At Quebec, 30° below Zero (on one occasion, 33°)

At Niagara Falls 15°

At Lord Selkirk's Settlement on Red River, >
six degrees north of Niagara )

At Mr. Birkbeck's Settlement in Illinois, five
degrees south of Niagara 1

[graphic]

At a certain line, running north and south through the centre of America, the cold probably reaches its extreme, and thence westward to the Pacific, diminishes.

BATH AND WEST OF ENGLAND SOCIETY.

"Sir J. C. Hippesly, Bart, was called to the Chair (Monday, Dec. 17th), and the business commenced. Among other business of the day, it was notified by Sir J. C. Hippesly, that Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Clarence, and several ladies of distinction, had become subscribers to the New Dairy Class."

This extract from the Salisbury Journal, of December, 1821, making it appear that the " ancient society" is now becoming one of real women, I have to apologize for freedoms in page xviii. Let there be no suicide. No: Vive la bagatelle.—The ladies of the dairy will, I hope, have every fair hand withdrawn from the plough, in spite of the gentlemen's premium.

CONSTITUTION

UPPER CANADA.

MOUSE OF COMMONS.

Friday, 4th March, 1791.

MR. CHANCELLOR PITT moved, « That His Majesty's Message concerning the New Constitution for Quebec might be read." It was read accordingly.

"George R.

"His Majesty thinks it proper to acquaint the House of Commons, that it appears to his Majesty that it would be for the benefit of his Majesty's subjects in the province of Quebec, that the same should be divided into two separate provinces, to be called the Province of Upper Canada and the Province of Lower Canada; and that it is accordingly his Majesty's intention so to divide the same, whenever his Majesty shall be enabled by act of parliament to establish the necessary regulations for the government of the said provinces. His Majesty therefore recommends this object to the consideration of this House.

VOL. II. B

"His Majesty also recommends it to this House to consider of such provisions as may be necessary to enable his Majesty to make a permanent appropriation of lands in the said provinces, for the support and maintenance of a Protestant clergy within the same, in proportion to such lands as have been already granted within the same by his Majesty; and it is his Majesty's desire that such provision may be made, with respect to all future grants of land within the said provinces respectively, as may best conduce to the same object, in proportion to such increase as may happen in the population and cultivation of the said provinces; and for this purpose his Majesty consents that such provisions or regulations may be made by this House, respecting all future grants of land to be made by his Majesty within the said provinces, as this House shall think jit."

Mr. Chancellor Pitt then moved, " That the act of the 14th of his Majesty, respecting the said province, be read;" and the title being read, pro forma, he observed that the purport of his motion was to repeal part of the above act, and to introduce new regulations for the future government of the province. Feeling the importance of the subject, he should have been desirous of stating fully to the House the grounds and the principles on which he meant to proceed in forming a constitution for a valuable appendage to the British dominion, which he trusted would contribute to its future prosperity; but as it was not likely that any opposition would arise against bringing in a bill for this purpose, and as explanation would come

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