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very well

very nice

The following adverbs qualify adjectives and adverbs :-

a little.

far quite

rather As, very good

very nicely

very decidedly. pretty extensive

pretty well

pretty considerably pretty easy

pretty easily. quite regular

quite contentedly quite beautiful

quite firmly

quite uncertainly. right under

he fell right down right trusty well beloved he went right on. Far (with comparatives only) far happier

far more strictly
far grander

finished far quicker
far more illustrious far worse done
far the worst.
rather unreasonable rather quickly

rather well
rather learned

rather sadly
rather better.
a little excited

a little better

a little haughtily a little haughty

a little obscurely.

rather pretty

a little angry


Surely you are not going out in all this rain! i. e. I hope you are not going. You really are going out in all this rain. No, I am ussuredly not going out in all this rain. You have doubtless understood my meaning. You have no doubt understood my meaning, i. e. probably. You have undoubtedly not understood my meaning, i.e. certainly. It is surely better to leave it alone, i.e. is it not better? It is certainly better to leave it alone, i.e. it is better. He is certainly not handsome. You surely do not call him handsome. You do not really think so ? I do indeed. Will you strike him again? Indeed I will. Indeed I will not. I do not indeed expect you to do this, but I think you should. He is not very tall; indeed, he is not so tall as I am. He is very tall indeed. It cannot possibly be mended.

'Peradventure' is used in old English, and is a Latin compound

Peradventure it was an oversight. 'Perhaps' is formed from it, with the Latin preposition 'per,' and the English ‘hap,' instead of adventure'

Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid some heart.

Haply some hoary-headed swain may say. Well said! well done! Well, then, I will tell you. It fared ill with the conspirators. Things went ill with them. Everything went off well. He spoke thus, began thus. It happened thus. Thus fell Julius Caesar. Not thus! (any way but this !)

'Likewise' (in the same manner) in old English is joined with a verb; as, “ Ye shall all likewise perish :' but in modern English it connects clauses; as, “The old people, and likewise the boys and women, were left to guard the city.'

How things are changed! How have you managed ? How ! have you so soon forgotten all you had learnt ? He knocked at the door once (number). He used to live there once (time). Once upon a time there was a giant (time). He went at once. Go at once.

His authority was little regarded. I scolded him a little. I respected him not a little (for ‘not little').

It was least known of any. He was liked, or at least not disliked. He said nothing; at least I did not hear him. He could scarcely lift the weight. He was scarcely tall enough, hardly quick enough.

'Together' is used with a verb; "altogether' with an adjectiveThey went together. He was altogether mistaken.

The case was altogether hopeless.

'Together' strengthens 'with;' as

I will do it together with you. 'He was generally right.' (In old English generally' is rather stronger in meaning, and implies 'as a rule' or 'constantly.')

Rather' is properly the comparative of rathe,' early, quick, and means the first at hand, first chosen. Hence

Rather,' both in old and modern English, strengthens the meaning

This is rather to your credit than not. I had rather be justly found fault with than unjustly praised. Rather a tumult was made.

In modern English, 'rather' has sometimes a qualifying sense, meaning a little'

It is rather cold. It is rather cooler. We had rather a good game. • Upward,' «downward'

His progress upward. An incline downward.
These two words are also adjectives—
His upward progress.

The downward incline.
'Farther' is the adverb from ‘far,' and expresses distance-

He went farther on the road. • Further' is the adverb from 'forth, and expresses continuance

He proceeded further in the matter.




whereon or whereupon
wherewith or wherewithal


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It will be dark when I go home. A man dies when his soul leaves the body. When days are dark and friends are few. It is cold where I live. I go whither envy cannot follow, That bourne whence no traveller returns. Not so bad as we seem. According as you desire. ('As’ is also a relative pronoun (see 'such'), and a conjunction : 'As you must go, make haste.' It is also used for while;' as, “Singing as you go.') The society whereof I am a member will support me. The house wherein I dwelt. The company whereinto he was introduced. A staff whereon to lean. Whereupon I promised immediately. An object whereat to aim, A map whereby you may direct your course. The land whereto I journeyed. Water wherewith I may quench my thirst. I have not wherewithal to pay.

Wherefore I was much pleased.

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When do you go home ? Where do you live? Whither are you going?

Whence come you? Why do you say so ? Whether is this the true reason or not? How did it happen? How old are you? Whereof is this table made ?

Wherein do you trust ? Whereinto is it changing? Whereon is this to be placed ? Whereat do you aim ? Whereby shall I know this? Whereto

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