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am I to take this? Wherewith shall I beat him? Wherewithal shall I get dinner? Wherefore do you treat me so? Whereabouts is the stable ?
c against a along amid or amidst among or amongst a around or round
a besides a between or betwixt a beyond a by
concerning a down
during cere c except or excepting c for
from a in
instead of a near ad a next ad a c notwithstanding
a athwart a c before a behind a below a beneath beside
a throughout a off
c till or until a on or upon.
a to or unto opposite ad
touching out of
toward or towards ad a over
under ad over against
a underneath. regarding
a up ad respecting
a within a c since
a c without. a through Notice the following phrases :Above. Above a hundred men. Above forty years old.
Over and above the quantity required. They shot
their arrows from above (adverb). About. The towns about Capua. What are you about ?
About a week. About a mile. What do you think
about it? I am about to die. According to. According to his promise. According to
Macaulay. According to Saint Mark. Across.
Across the river. Are you going across ? (adverb). After. After dinner. What are you after ? An hour
after (adverb). After he had done speaking (conjunction). The after proceedings did not take
long (adjective). Against. He ran against me in the street. Caesar spoke
against it. Against to-morrow. Against I come
(conjunction). Along. Along the roadside. Come along with me (adverb). Amidst, or Amid, means in the middle of. Amidst the storm
they sang. Amid the breakers. (‘Amid' is gene
rally poetical.) Stood in the midst of them. Among. Alone among crowds. Out from among the most
Around. Around the ruined column. Round the world.
Look round, or around (adverb). At. What are you aiming at? What are you at? At
the appointed signal, he fired. He rose at sunrise. He ran at full speed. He was at supper. At the bottom of a well. Begin at the beginning. Take him at his word. He valued it at fifty pounds. Good at cricket. At school; at home; at sea; at Rome. (We generally say ' in London.') At first; at last; at least; at most; at the most. At an end; at hand; at present; at once. At one; at variance; at odds; at all. At my request; at my expense. At leisure; at work. At sight; at your peril.
Twelve at a shot. At them ! Athwart is poetical, and means across. Athwart the dark
ness. And clenched the ear-rings endlong and
athwart with claws of griffin grasp (adverb). Before. Before my face. Before my time. Before Alex
ander. Death before dishonour. I never saw him before (adverb). The day before (adverb). The
day before he was killed (conjunction). Behind. Behind the rest of the procession. Behind the hill.
Behind Cicero in oratory. Behind in everything
(adverb). Below. Below the surface of the earth. Below the rank
of squire. The passengers went below (adverb).
What is written below (adverb). Beneath. Beneath my roof. This is altogether beneath you.
('Beneath' is more common in poetry, ‘below' in prose.) Beside. He sat beside the river. Besides. Besides other reasons. And besides, he was not
there (adverb). (In old English, 'beside' is used for 'besides' as a pre
position; as, 'Oxen and sheep, beside harts and roebucks.)
Between. The sea flows between England and her enemies.
War between Prussia and Austria. Between the
left between (adverb). Betwixt is poetical. Betwixt us two. Beyond. Beyond sea. Beyond measure. To go beyond any
one, i.e. cheat (old English). What is there
beyond ? (adverb.) By. Locative: The cottage by the brook Hard by yon
wood. Stand by your friends.
It was not said by me.
name; by profession ; by nature. By no means. Other phrases : Older by two years. By all you hold
sacred. By myself. By the way. One by one. By next year. By day. By night (either 1, in the night; or 2, before night). He sat by (adverb).
He lived hard by (adverb). Concerning is originally a participle. Tell me all you know
concerning this affair. Down. Down the river. Down the gulf of time.
‘Down’ is generally an adverb; as
To put down, hang down, sit down, &c. Up and down. Upside down. He is downright honest.
Consols are down to ninety. During. During the reign of Elizabeth. Ere. Ere the day, three hundred horse had met. Ere
the sun set (conjunction). 'Ere' is poetical. ('Ere' is a different word from eer,
and is not, like the latter, a contraction of ever.) Except, Excepting, are originally the imperative and participle.
No one was there, except the king and queen. All escaped, excepting two of the crew.
The use of 'except' as a conjunction is only found in
books in old English, but it is still allowable collo
quially-Do not speak except I speak to you.
None were present but the parties concerned. Who
but you ?
There were but three. Out of all the number but
I should have died. I am sorry for you.
For once. For ever. For the present. For the
for word. For as much as you have promised. ('For,' preposition joined with much.' 'As, relative
adverb. “Much, adjective, agreeing with reason’
For what is glory, but the people's praise.
is swollen. (Whately.)
originally something omitted in the expression; as, 'He was left behind,' i. e. behind his companions.