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He is just come from Paris.
From the age of Elizabeth.
doing this,

From door to door.
Dissuade him from


the eye.

In England. In Italy. In London. (At Paris.)
Where in the world. He hit him

In bed. In fits. In debt. In physic. In a high fever. In transports of joy. I am in doubt; in hopes; in my senses. He is not right in his mind. In the afternoon. In the meantime. In June. Just in time.

Once in four years. They spend their time in quarrelling.

In English. In vain. , In appearance. Indeed. In fact. Instead of. In

In my opinion. In common. power. In my presence.

He has them well in hand, In jest. In comparison. Put it in evidence. Taken in the fact. You cannot take me in. Against a world in arms. Inasmuch as. Go in (adverb) She lay in (adverb).

Is your father in? (adverb). In and out (adverb).


In my


He fell into the river. He fell into a fever. He went into Germany. He went into public life. He did not go into the question, enter into the subject. He got into debt. She went into hysterics. Far into January Four into five equals twenty. Translate this into French.

Instead of. You shall go instead of me.

'Instead' is used as an adverb; as, 'He came instead.'


Richmond is near London. He was very near being drowned. He was nearer being ruined than he was

aware of. *Near himself' or near' in old English means parsimonious.

Which is the nearest station ? (adjective). Winter drew near (adverb). He is not near so violent as he used to be (for nearly') (adverb).



Next. They placed me next the wall.

Next' is usually an adjective or an adverb

The next town, the next page, next week, &c. (adjec

tive). Where will you go next? (adverb). Notwithstanding. I do not envy him, notwithstanding his wealth.

I do not like him, notwithstanding (adverb). I am content, notwithstanding I expected more (conjunc

tion). Of. Equivalent to the possessive case, but less forcible. We

say, ‘His father's son,' not 'The son of his father.'
In other senses-

What is this made of? Desirous of returning.
Afraid of the dark. Mindful of his duty. Capable

of great things.
Of' nearly always follows the superlative; as-

The last of the Saxon kings. The best of men.
In old English, the sign of the agent; as-

Seen of them forty days. Ashamed of himself. He
did it of himself, of his own accord. You will repent
of your folly. Tired of talking. In need of.
Proud of. Glad of. Worthy of.

Full of.

Void of. To relieve of, rob of, inquire of, speak of. What kind of man is he? Many of them. Of late. Of my opinion. Of use. Of a child. He made much of me. He has had a terrible time of it.

The city of London. The island of Malta. (But, “The

river Thames.) Off. He fell off his horse. A little way of the road.

Off his feed. Off his reckoning. Of the subject.
He answered off hand. He picked the fruit off the

tree. Twelve miles off (adverb). On or Upon. As prepositions these words are the same in mean

ing, but 'upon’ is never used as an adverb. On’is the opposite to 'off'

The fruit is on the tree. On the right hand. On both sides. On my side. Do not play tricks on


mind on,

Bestow this on me. On condition. On what grounds ? On all occasions.

On the first oppor-
tunity. On these terms. On horseback. On foot.
Upon oath.
Upon my word.

On a journey. On
the way to Paris. On a sudden. On the contrary.
On purpose.
On reflection.
On the spot.

On the arrival of the judge the trial began. To set one's



affections on. To take on himself. Have pity on, mercy on. To play on a concertina. To live upon vegetables, On that very night. On Tuesday. To set upon, sit upon, look upon, come upon, think upon; resolve on, border on, rely on. Hold

an inquest on. Adverb-Put your coat on. You must go six miles To go on, hurry on, help on. Get on with

It is going on for four o'clock. Off


your work.

and on.

Out of


is the opposite to 'into' or 'in.' Out' is an adverb

Get out of my sight. Out of anxiety to know his
fate. It is gone out of my head. Out of office,
Out of breath. Such scenes are not met with out of
England. Out of sight, out of mind. Out of hear-
ing. Out of order, Out of time. Out of my wits.
Out of humour. Out of print.
A dark cloud hangs over me.

He went over the mountains, over the sea. The garden is not over an

It did not last over a week. He wept over it. To condole with him over his misfortunes. The Roman law gave the father power over his children. To rule over, reign over.

It is known all over England.

All the world over. Over head and ears in water, in debt. Over and above, over the way,

over night. Adverb-He does not seem over happy. Read this

Say it over and over again. Moreover. The danger is over. Winter is over.



Since you

Over against. Carthage was over against Sicily. I dined at the

Royal Academy, and sat over against the Archbishop

of York. (Johnson.) Regarding, Respecting, Touching, shorter forms for “having

regard to,'having respect to,' \applying the mind to'

Lord Eldon spoke regarding the law of succession to the crown. Let me hear your opinion réspecting the subject under discussion. Did he say anything

touching my affairs ? Save. The same as 'except,' but an older word

The proposals were all refused, save mine. Since. It is three years since his death. Ever since that day.

'Since' is more properly an adverb or a conjunction

It happened ten days since (adverb). I know not
what he has been doing since (adverb).
like it so much, why do you not keep it? (conjunc-

tion). It it now a year since he died (conjunction). Through, anciently spelt “thorough, which is still used as an


He drove the sword through his breast.
through his examination. It is known through all
Europe. Through carelessness. Through grief. My
misfortunes are all through you.

All the week
Adverb-He went through at three o'clock. He went
through to London, i. e. all the way.

You must go through with what you have undertaken. Throughout. From that centre it spread throughout Europe.

It was wrong throughout (adverb).
Till or Until. Till nine o'clock.

Till night.
Until now.

then. Till within this hour.
• Till' or 'until’ is more properly a conjunction-

I did not know this until you told me.
till you come.

He got

I will stay

to me.

a man.

To. Give this to me.

(“To’ is often omitted after these verbs–Give, present, offer, send, lend, hand; as, 'He handed her a cup of tea.')

He went to Paris. The path of duty is the way to glory.

All this is nothing to you. As an orator he was nothing to Cicero. I rise to speak to that question. (See . According to.') He made a speech to the crowd. Address the letter Put it off to next week. Look to me.

See to your health.

It does not belong to me. Ask him to breakfast. Death to the tyrant.

I drink to the prosperity of your country.

To the same purport. To some purpose.

They were killed to The time to a minute. Next door to the school. To-day. To-morrow. From day to day. To the best of my power, knowledge, understanding, recollection, information, belief. To his face. Face to face.

To such a degree. He took it to heart. You do it to your own disgrace. I said nothing to his disparagement. It is not known to me. TO this end. To my taste. He was persuaded to it. Contrary to; contradictory to. Opposite to; adverse to. They came to words, to blows. Man to man. From man to man. From hand to hand. From

mouth to mouth. Next to; near to. Adverb: To and fro. Shut the door to. She came to. 'Lay to' in old English means 'apply'-' It is time for

thee to lay to thine hand.' Unto’ is only found in old English, or in imitations of

it in poetry.

'To’ is the sign of the infinitive-In time to come.' Toward or Towards. He came towards me. A kind of

reverence should be used towards all men. Cyprus

lies towards Syria. It grows cold towards evening. : Toward' is the older form. In old English the syllable

"ward' is sometimes placed after the noun; as, ‘Your faith to Godward,' i. e. toward God. In modern

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