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GRACIOUS! What's the matter?

What 's the rush and din?
Earthquake? Or the clatter

Of a Zeppelin ?
Some one's calling shrilly;

Ten wild horses prance;
Why, it's only Billy

Dressing for a dance.
All the household sorrows, Faint, my dear! How silly!
Hunting low and high;

That 's your ignorance. Father's vest he borrows, You 're not used to Billy Alexander's tie.

Dressing for a dance.

'T is a business weighty Everybody renders

Till his clothes are on. Frantic service, too; Find him his suspenders! Fix the room up, Katy,

Where 's his other shoe? Mr. William 's gone!

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By ALON BEMENT

Professor of Fine Arts, Columbia University, and Camoufleur of U. S. Shipping-Board.

The U-16 and the U-21 since nine that a heavy sea. To make matters more diffimorning had cruised slowly about in the cult, cross seas began cutting in between clear bright sunshine of the north Atlan the ship and the observer, finally reducing tic. The water-tight hatches had been his periods of vision to eight seconds each, opened, and the crew had come on deck, while the intervals between were lengthand sat about in groups laughing and ened to twenty or twenty-five seconds. smoking, while the pure, sweet air seeped The periscope was extended to its entire in and lightened the damp, heavy atmos- length, but even that did not make condiphere from which they had come.

tions much better, because the higher it Three hours of rest they had had, and went, the more it swung from side to side. comfort and air. It was ten minutes past

The observer on the U-16 was not partwelve, and the faint smell of cooking was ticularly disturbed, however, as the eyejust coming to them from below, when the sight of the submarine is none too good at U-21 signaled an enemy ship. It was but best. He therefore continued his observaa faint smudge far down on the western tions, with only mild anxiety showing in horizon, but instantly there was activity his face. But after a few moments of on all sides. The crews hurried below, rapid calculation his anxiety increased, the hatches were closed, the engines and, hastily calling his commander to his stopped, and the two boats lay passive and side, he explained that while his first two quiet in the gentle roll of the sea, like observations made on the surface had sleeping beasts, while the tiny smudge on shown the ship headed exactly east, his the horizon grew larger.

last one, through the periscope, proclaimed In the conning-tower of each submarine her going well to the north of that. was an officer watching through powerful The commander took his place at the marine-glasses. On came the unsuspecting dial. He had seen many ships that had ship; and as it now became apparent, from been camouflaged, and had laughed at the observations taken, that it would pass to ineffectual attempts of the enemy to rethe north of them, the U-boats started duce their visibility by painting them in their engines and moved slowly over to battle-ship gray, blended with other deliintercept it. Twenty minutes passed, cate colors.

This ship presented no when the U-21 signaled that it was no such effort at low visibility, however, longer safe to remain on the surface. Here was something quite different! InSlowly the giant U-boats settled, nosing stead of being difficult to see, she was, in a their way beneath the waves until only a way, advertised. She seemed to be painted few feet of their nickel-plated periscopes in great stripes of black and in irregular remained above the sea.

masses of white and blue of such brilliant Now that they were under water, the color that she fairly shone in the sun. He observer began to make further calcula could see her better than if she had not tions; but it was not so easy, as the wind been painted at all. had freshened in the last half-hour and the When the commander saw this 'he sea was getting rough. The U-boat began grunted in surprise and disgust. to roll heavily, as all submarines do near "Bah, it 's not camouflage-it 's an the surface, and, while the field of the peri- advertisement! What fools to think that scope is larger than the field of the ordi would deceive any one! So like those nary marine-glass, it is still no easy matter stupid English pigs!” And turning on to keep it focused on a far-away ship his observ he shouted, “And you are a with the roll and pitch that accompanies fool, too; yes, a child !"

He turned to the dial and made a swift seaman who sat in a little compartment calculation. It showed the ship's course near the bow, with the receiving disks of even a bit farther north than his observer a telephone clamped over his head. The had reported.

heavy roll of the surface lessened to a “Yes, you are a fool!” he laughed again; gentle swing that would have been sooth"you are afraid even when you are right." ing had not the engine been going full Then he went on more earnestly, “But speed ahead. you must be more careful, as it is evident There was nothing to do but listen and that your first calculations were wrong.” wait. Every man was at his station; the He looked again. "Yes, you see the U-21 engine men were clustered aft, and the is more accurate; they are going north.” torpedo crew forward.

The torpedoes And with a final grunt, he went forward were resting in their shining cradles, ready to see if the torpedoes were in readiness. to be inserted in their tubes. When the

The observer's mind was not at rest U-16 had left Bremen, there were fourwhen he took over the periscope, neither teen of these death-dealing monsters on did his face clear when he peered through board ; now there were but six. As each it. The enemy's ship now seemed to be one had cost $8000, to waste one in an headed farther north than ever.

attack was a crime in the eyes of the Ger"What is it? Is she gradually turning man admiralty. in a great curve to the north? That is Their orders were to go straight on for not likely to be!” he muttered, and eighteen minutes full speed, then wait for searched for the periscope of the U-21. the sound of the discharge of the torpedo A quarter of a mile to the westward he from the U-21. If an explosion did not could just make it out; then as he looked, follow, they were to rise and attend to it disappeared in a tumbling waste of the matter themselves.

The transport water. She had made her last observa would be easy prey for the U-21, but if, tions, and when she came to the surface by some undreamed of mischance, their again she would be within striking dis- torpedo should miss the transport, the crew tance of the oncoming ship.

of the U-16 were sure that they would be To the observer of the U-16 it now more fortunate. Aside from their purbecame apparent that the ship was a huge pose to “strafe England,” the money prize transport, heavily laden with troops, plow for sinking a ship of this character would ing steadily to the east. To sink her be large, and they began figuring out how would cause great rejoicing throughout much each man's share would be. the Fatherland and bring a substantial re With the passing of the seconds, the ward in money; but as the commander of excitement increased ; time dragged; it the U-21 was of higher rank, it was his seemed ages since they had submerged. right to attack first and the duty of the The eighteen minutes must be nearly upU-16 to come to the rescue if necessary. no, only ten had passed! The tension in

The big enemy ship was drawing near creased; they spoke in low whispers, only er; he knew her sharp eyes were searching to be stilled by some sharp command for the seas for periscopes, and that safety lay silence. Only three minutes were leftin getting theirs under. He called to the now two—and, finally, one. The moment commander, and together they made their had arrived! last hasty observations of the great ship They held their breath and waited with closing in from the west, then dived to bent heads to hear the muffled discharge intercept her as she passed.

from the U-21. It did not come! They As the dark waters closed over her waited, and still it did not come. Someperiscope the U-16 became totally blind, thing was wrong-were her engines runand the work of the observer was finished. ning properly? The listener reported Now whatever information came to her them as doing so, and added that she was must come through the ears. of a young on or near the surface. Two minutes

are lost.”

passed. The noise of the great ship was

He paused, then went on. now so close that her sound was con "Can you account for the calamity ?” fused with that of the U-boat, and they The observer hesitated, then in a low must rise at once and strike or their prey voice, as if afraid to make such a grave · would escape them. The commander gave admission, said, "My commander, our calthe order. The U-16 turned her nose culations were faulty to begin with; we upward, when through the waters came a mistook her course.” grinding crash that stopped every man in "Yes, yes, that is only too evident," his tracks. Then, as they stood, their impatiently interrupted the captain ; "but periscope came above the surface.

so did the commander of the U-21, the "The transport has run the U-21 down cleverest man of the under-sea's feet.

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International Film Service
MODELS OF CAMOUFLAGED SHIPS PLACED ON EXHIBITION IN LONDON BY THE BRITISH ADMIRALTY.
AT A DISTANCE EACH SHIP APPEARS TO BE FOLLOWING A COURSE OF ITS OWN, WHILE IN REALITY

THEY ARE GOING IN THE SAME DIRECT ON

and cut her in two!" fairly screamed the But how-how? We were all at fault, observer. “It has passed over her and is all made the same mistake; but what was almost on top of us."

that mistake?” A sharp command came, and the U-boat Again the observer hesitated: “It was dived—dived for her life, as time and the painting of her. Those accursed eternity seemingly stood still. The roar of stripes of bright color! Her advertising the ship came above them, beating in was our undoing!” strokes that seemed to smother them. The “How can that be?” queried the comblows of the enormous propeller-blades mander. "You mean that the English did were like the breaking of a thousand tor not try to make their ship invisible?" rents. Every corner of the hidden boat "No, they wanted us to see her, but shook with the vibrations; the men grew they wanted us to see her wrong. They sick with the sound. The U-16 lurched,

The U-16 lurched, did not paint her like a barber-pole for heeled half over, then righted herself as nothing. Those curious lines were for a the ship passed overhead and was gone. purpose, and that purpose was to deceive

Half an hour later the U-16 crept to us. the surface and scanned the seas. Far Then he sketched rapidly on a pad of down on the eastern horizon was a smudge paper which he took from the commander's of smoke, but nowhere could they see any desk, his superior watching him curiously signs of the U-21.

the while. In a few moments he held up The commander called his observer into to view what appeared to be the outline the small compartment which served him of a staircase. as office and stateroom combined. His air “Look at this carefully and tell me of assurance dropped from him as he what you see.” closed the door and turned a haggard face “A stairway,” answered the officer. toward his under-officer.

“The upper side or lower ?” asked the “The U-21 is gone, and her brave men observer.

THE DECEPTIVE

STAIRCASE

"The upper," promptly came the an emerged from the inky blackness of the swer. “Oh, wait a moment—no, I see, deep seas, in which they had been hiding, the lower.” After a more careful scrutiny into a night every whit as black. There

he said: "Well that they waited for the great wireless voice is strange! first I from Nauen, which nightly sent them see it one way,

messages of the victory or defeat of their and then I sister U-boats, and also gave them warn

ing of impending dangers. Then it was, too, that they returned their own message, if enemy ships were sufficiently far away to permit of safe transmission of code.

There they waited. When the waves of sound of that far-away voice finally

reached them, it was to convey the folsee it the other; in

lowing message, a message fraught with fact, it does not re

consternation and dismay. main stationary."

"The imperial U-boat 47, attacking a “Exactly,” replied the observer. · "And large freighter off the coast of Portugal, that is what the new camouflage is aiming

was rammed and sunk. The ship was at. It is called ambiguous perspective. painted in conspicuous stripes of white, But you remember when I proposed that blue and black. Warnings are hereby our admiralty should use it, they merely given to all U-boat commanders to defer laughed at me for my foolishness, as they called it. You see what the stupid English have done with it!” This last was added with some bitterness.

“Oh, well, if they are using that method," said the commander, "our calculations will merely have to take that into account in finding the range ; that is easy."

"It would be easy, my commander, if it were not possible to make such an infinite variety of designs in this camouflage, as you will see," said the observer. Then he drew rapidly for a few moments. "Take these three rectangles, for instance, they are exactly the same shape and size. Now watch what happens. With lines drawn so, the rectangle appears larger in the center, yes? With these, it is narrower in the center; and with these, it is wider at

THREE RECTANGLES OF THE SAME DIMENSIONS; one end than the other.” As the commander carefully studied the optical illusion, the observer went on: “You see no two ships need be painted alike, nor attacks on boats similarly painted until two sides of the same ship for that mat further instructions." ter. One may be able to tell that a ship The commander of the U-16 stood in is off her course, and an expert could tell deep silence for a time before sending the whether it be to port or starboard, but no return message, which read: one could tell how much or how little the "The imperial U-boat 21 was rammed variation was. Therein lies the danger. " and sunk at one-thirty to-day by enemy

That night, at exactly one o'clock, they transport painted white, black, and blue."

BUT THE UPPER ONE APPEARS LARGER IN
THE

CENTER. THE SECOND, SMALLER; WHILE
THE THIRD APPEARS WIDER AT ONE END

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