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143; Saxius, Hist. Lit. Typ. Mediol. p. DLIX; Orlandi, Orig. e Progress. della Stampa, ec. p. 101 ; De Bure, No. 2711; Ernesti, Fabr. B. Lat. v. i. p. 405; Harles, Brev. Not. Lit. Rom. p. 259, and Suppl. v. i. p. 406-7; Santander, Dict. t. iii. p. 33; Beloe's Anecdotes, v. iii. p. 334-5; Dibdin's Bibl. Spencer. v. ii. p. 62-6, and Introd. v. i. p. 398-99; and Brunet, t. ii. p. 134-5. fol.

Absque Ulla Nota. This edition is equally rare with the preceding, but still less known. De Bure saw a copy in the Duke de la Vallière's Collection, of which he has given an account in his Bibl. Instructive: Mr. Dibdin inspected one in the possession of Lord Spencer, and Brunet states that he has seen two. De Bure observes, that the characters of this edition bear a very close resemblance to those of the Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius, and Statius, which was printed in 1472, by Jo. de Colonia; and the reason which this bibliographer adduces in support of this supposition is, that these four poets were bound up together with this edition of Horace in the original wood-binding; which circumstance seems to insinuate that this edition was intended to form part of a collection of these five poetical writers, by the same printer, and that it was printed a short time after. I shall endeavour to present my reader with as accurate an account of the contents, as from the few descriptions which have been given of this volume, I may be enabled to learn: it commences on the recto of fol. 1. with the first Ode of the first Book, as follows; Quinti Horatii Flacci Venusini Carminum Liber primus ad Mecænatem.

Ecænas Atauis edite regibus:
O & præsidium & dulce decus meum:
Sūt quos curriculo puluerē olympicū

Collegisse iuuat metaque feruidis
E uitata rotis palmaq; nobilis
Terrarum dominos euehit ad deos

&c. &c. &c.

After the Odes, &c. the Art of Poetry commences, which occupies eight leaves ; after which the Satires and Epistles succeed; but this arrangement is not alike in all copies; in that which De Bure inspected the following order was observed; the first part of the volume was occupied by the Odes, after which the Art of Poetry was arranged; which was followed by the Satires, with the following

head-line ;

Quinti Horatii Flacci sermonum liber primus ad

Mecænatem. Satyra prima. The Satires are subjoined, and last of all we have the Epistles: at the end of this copy, as well as of the one before described, are the following verses ;

N atales grate numeras. ignoscis amicis
L enior & melior fis accedente senecta.
Q uid te exempta uiuat spinis de pluribus una.
V iuere si recte nescis: decede peritis.
L usisti satis. edisti satis atq; bibisti
Tempus abire tibi est: ne potum latius æquo
Rideat : & pulscet lasciua descentius ætas.

F I N 1 S.

A page consists of 33 lines. This volume comprises 123 leaves; it is printed in a round Roman character, and has neither paging-figures, catch-words, nor signatures. Brunet informs us that F. Didot's copy sold for £31. 11s. 10d. See Maittaire, v. i. p. 766; De Bure, No. 2711; Santander, t. iii. p. 34-5; Brunet, t. ii. p. 135 ; and Dibdin's Bibl. Spencer. v. ii. p. 66-9. Santander describes an ancient edition, Absque ulla nota, which he assigns to the press of Jo. Phil. de Lignamine. See his Dict. Choisi, t. iii. p. 33-4. Mediol. 4to. 1474. Apud Zarotum.

The first edition with a date ; it is extremely rare and valuable: the text appears to have been either taken from the same MS, as the Ed. Pr. or from the Editio Princeps itself, for in those few passages where I have compared them, I have found exactly the same readings; but it is not free from typographical errors. It is briefly called “ perrara” in the Cat. Bibl. Pinell. v. ii. p. 325. The following arrangement is observed in the disposition of the contents of this volume: Ist. we have the Odes, Epodes, and Secular Poem, which are immediately followed by the Art of Poetry, and the Satires; with the Epistles the volume concludes; which consists of 123 leaves, on the reverse of the last of which, after the colophon, is the following line; “ Quisquis hæc coemerit: nung penitebit.'

This printer published, for the first time, in this year, the Commentaries of Acro and Porphyrio, which are considered by Mr. Dibdin as a part of this volume; but they were, in my opinion, printed separately; though, perhaps, intended by Žarotus as a supplement to the volume now under description; for an account of which,

66

refer to it under the head of Commentaries, &c. A copy of this edition was sold at Dr. Askew's sale for £9. 19s. 6d.; at Laire's for £36. 7s. 6d. There is a copy in the Bodleian. Consult Maittaire, v. i. p. 336; Panzer, v. ii. p. 15; De Bure, No. 2712; Saxii Hist. Lit. Typogr. Mediol. p. 561; Laire, Ind. v. i. p. 340-1; Gaignat, t. i. p. 461; Santander, t. iii. P. 35; Bibl. Dict. v. iii. p. 132 ; Beloe's Anecdotes, v. iii.

p. 327-8; Dibdin's Bibl. Spencer. (where the reader will find a copious and accurate description,) v. č. p. 71-5, and Introd. v. i. p. 399-400; and Brunet, t. ii. p. 135. This edition is supposed to have been preceded by one containing the Odes and Art of Poetry only, illustrated with the Commentaries of Acro and Porphyrio; it is absque ulla nota, and is supposed to have been executed by Guldinbeck, at Rome; which supposition is strengthened by the similarity of the characters of this edition to those used by that printer in printing his . Summa S. Thomæ de Articulis Fidei.' See Maittaire, v. i. p. 766 ; Audiffredi, Edit. Rom. p. 413-14; Santander, t. iii. p. 38, (who assigns the date of 1475 to it); Dibdin's Bibl. Spencer. v. ii. p. 69-71 ; Beloe's Anecdotes, v. iii. p. 335-6 ; and Brunet, t. i. p. 136. FERRAR. 4to. 1474. (Epistolæ et Odæ.) Apud Aug.

Carnerium. “ Few books,” says Mr. Beloe, are so scarce as the “ above; besides Lord Spencer's copy, two more only are “known, namely, one at Wilton, and one in Count Delci's “ collection- Maittaire, Panzer, Ernesti, and Santander, erroneously call this edition an 8vo. which error Mr. Dibdin has copied into his Introduction, but corrected in his Bibl. Spenceriana. It has neither paging-figures, catch-words, nor signatures ; a full page contains 26 lines. On the recto of fol. 1. it commences with the following title ;

QVINTI ORATII FLACCI EPI
STOLARVM LIBER PRIMVS.

R ima dicte mihi suma dicēde camæna
Spectatū satis et donatū iā rude queris
&c. &c. &c.

The poet is sometimes called Oratius, and sometimes Oracius. This edition is pot free from typographical errors : it concludes with the following tetrastich :

F errarie impressit regnāte sub hercule diuo

R egia quo gaudet nunc lionora uiro:
C arnerius puer Augustinus: cui dedit almā
B ernardus lucem bibliopola bonus.
M.CCCC.LXXIIII.

See Maittaire, Ed. 1 ma

V.

t. i. p. 108, (where this bibliographer observes ; " in exemplari quod vidi, deerant Sermones et de Arte Poet.") ed. 2nda t. i. p. 336; Panzer, (where it is cited under the head of

Opera,') t. i. p. 394; Ernesti, Fabr. B. Lat. t. i. p. 405-6 ; Santander, t. iii. p. 36; Beloe's Anecdotes, iii.

p. 326-7; Dibdin's Bibl. Spencer. v. ii. p. 75-7, and Introd. v. i. p. 400 ; and Brunet, t. i. p. 135. NEAP. 4to. 1474. Per Arnaldum de Bruxella.

Of this edition very little is known; Panzer describes it as being extremely rare, and as having been seen by no one except Morell.

« Rarissimis edd. adnumeranda est-_” is the observation of Harles respecting it, in his Suppl. ad Brevior. Not. Lit. Rom. v. i. p. 407.

Mr. Beloe describes it as being one of the scarcest books in the world, and which has eluded “all our collectors' anxious wishes to procure." It does not appear to have been known to any of the bibliographers. A minute description of it may, however, be found in Giustiniani, Saggio istorico-critico sulla tipografia di Napoli, p. 46, (1793). Anecdotes, v. iii. p. 329. See Panzer, t. ii. p. 155; Santander, t. iii. p. 36; and Brunet, t. ii. p. 135. MEDIOL. fol. 1476. Apud Phil. de Lavagnia. £8. 8s.

This edition is both rare and valuable, and is sought after by amateurs; the execution is very beautiful; it is supposed by Mitscherlich to have been printed from that of Zarotus, published in 1474. It commences, in large capitals, thus :

QVINTI HORATII FLACCI
VENVSINI CARMINVM LIBER
PRIMVS AD MECOENATEM

Ecænas Atauis edite regibus :
m
O & præsidium & dulce decus meum
&c. &c. &c.

The text is not free from typographical or editorial errors. On the recto of the last leaf is the following colophon:

Hoc opus Horatii emendatissimum impressum est
opā & impensis Philippi de Lauagnia Ciuis medio
lanensis. Anno a Natali Christiano. MccccLxxvi.
die xvi. Februarii. Amen.

This volume has signatures, which are placed in the corner of the right margin, near the bottom of the page; but neither catch-words nor paging-figures. A copy of this edition, at Gaignat's sale, brought £5, 5s. This same printer published another edition

66

in 1477, of whicb, Mr. Beloe observes, “ critics speak less favourably.” It abounds with typographical errors, and some times whole verses are omitted. See Maittaire, v. i. p. 366; Saxius, p. 565; Panzer, v. ii. p. 22 and 27; De Bure, No. 2713; Santander, t. iii. p. 36; Beloe's Anecdotes, v. iii. p. 323; Dibdin's Bibl. Spencer. v. ii. p. 78-9, and Introd. v. i. p. 400-1; and Brunet, t. ii. p. 135-6. VENET. fol. 1478. Apud Phil. Cond. Petrum.

There is a previous edition, said by Maittaire to have been executed by this same printer (in 1477,) the existence of which is extremely doubtful; “Una eademque videtur esse quæ p, “ 127 et 133. a Maittario memoratur Horatii editio Veneta à. 1477. et 1478. utraque apud Philippum Condam Petri, utra

que die XV. Septembris finita. Nec fortasse diversa quam

p. 137. refert Venetam ex eiusdem Philippi oficina a. 1479, “ finitam tamen die XVIII. Sept. Notus est typographorum “ dolus, qui eorundem librorum, ut recentes appareant, exem“plis quibusdam licet ante excusorum numeros aliis proximi, “ aliis secundi, aut tertii post anni inscribunt." Ernesti, Fabr. B. Lat. v.i. p. 496, note R.) The first, then, that I shall describe, will be that of 1478. This edition, which was the most ancient one with which Bentley was acquainted, and which he thought was really the first, is highly spoken of by him; but modern critics do not think

so favourably of its merits : it is elegantly printed. In the following year, 1479, this printer published a reimpression of this edition, which, Mitscherlich says, is even more incorrect than the preceding; in refutation of the suppositions of some bibliographers, who have supposed this to be the same edition with that of 1478, he states, that though the pages of these two editions exactly correspond, there is a material difference in the characters of both, which in this (1479) edition are not so fine as those of the preceding. A copy of the former edition, at the Duke de la Vallière's sale, brought £5. Consult Maittaire, v. i. p. 376, 387, and 398 ; Panzer, v. jii. p. 141 and 147; De Bure, No. 2714 and 2715; Santander, Dict. t. iii. p. 37; Beloe's Anecdotes, v. iii. p. 330-1; Dibdin's Introd. v. i. p. 401-2, and Bibl. Spencer. v. ii. p. 79-81; Mitscherlich's Preface; and Brunet, t. ii. p. 136.

fol. Absque Anni Nota, sed 1481. “ Cum Commentariis Helenii Acronis et Pomponii Porphy“rionis ex emendatione Raphaëlis Regii sine loci nota lucem “ vidit.” Ernesti, Fabr. B. Lat. v. i. p. 397-8. “ Classicis “ adnumeratur edit

. Hor.-ex emendatione Raphael. Regii " Patauii a. 1481. scripta est epistola Regii ; at Venetiis “ librum praelo exiisse sine anni nota, et primam esse editio

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