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co NTENTs.

H is to R Y OF E U Ro P E.
chapter I.

SrATE of affairs and of Public Opinion at the commencement of the year —Opening of Parliament by the Queen in person-Her Majesty's Speech—Debate in the House of Lords on the Address—Speeches of i. Ducie and Lord Lurgan, the mover and seconder—Attack on the Foreign Policy of the Government by Lord Brougham-Speeches of Lord Melbourne and of the Duke of Wellington; emphatic Language of the latter with respect to France—Address agreed to–Debate in the House of Commons—Address moved by Lord Brabazon, seconded by Mr. Grantley Berkeley—Discussion on Foreign Policy of the Govern- > ment—Speech of Mr. Grote in opposition to it—His concluding Remarks on the Domestic Policy of the Ministers—Defence of Foreign Policy by Lord John Russell–His Answer to Mr. Grote on the Princiles of the Ministry—Speeches of Mr. Hume, Mr. Milnes, Sir Robert eel, and Lord Palmerston—Address agreed to without division-Remarks on the Queen's Speech, and the Debate, and reflections on the Foreign Policy of the §."bi. on bringing up the Report on the Address—Sir R. H. Inglis’s remarks on Repeal Agitation in Ireland—Lord J. Russell's Answer —Votes of Thanks carried in both Houses to the Officers engaged in the Syrian Expedition-Remarks of the Duke of Wellington on the Bombardment of Acre—Letter of Sir Robert Stopford in acknowledgment of the Vote


Poor-Law Amendment Act-Expiration of the power of the Commissioners—State of Public Opinion and division of Parties with respect to the Law—Efforts of the Press—Lord John Russell moves for leave to bring in a Bill—Wehement Opposition of Mr. Wakley and other Members—Speeches of Sir F. Burdett and Lord John Russell—Debate on second Reading—Speeches of Mr. D'Israeli, Mr. Wakley, Mr. Gally Knight, Sir Robert Peel, Wiscount Howick, and Lord John Russell— Division on the second Reading—Motion of Mr. Townley Parker, that the Bill should be committed that day six months, rejected by a large majority—Strictures of Sir Robert Peel on the language used by the Commissioners. in their public Documents—Observations of Lord G. Somerset and Wiscount Sandon to a similar effect—Renewal of power of Commissioners for five years carried—Discussion upon Union Schools and compulsory Education—Speech of Sir Robert Peel thereupon–Mr. Colquhoun’s motion for the appointment of Chaplains to Unions—Remarks—Ultimate fate of the o at the dissolution of Parliament— Return of Mr. Walter for Nottingham–Progress and working of the Poor-Law in Ireland—Inquiry in the House of Lords respecting Clonmel Union—Resolution of the House respecting the Secretary to the Poor-Law Commissioners in iro, - - - [23 ar

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Affairs of Ireland. Registration of Voters—Lord Stanley revives his measure of 1840 for Reform of Registration—Motion for i. to bring in the Bill–Speeches of Lord Stanley and Lord Morpeth—Mr. O'Connell moves adjournment—It is negatived by 261 to 71—Lord Morpeth introduces a Bill on the same subject—sts leading provisions—Definition and extension of the elective Franchise proposed by it—Feeling of different parties in the House on the occasion—Speech of Lord Howick —Debate on second reading of Lord Morpeth's Bill—Severe denunciation of the ministerial tactics by Lord Stanley—Mr. C. Wood supports the Bill—Debate continued for four successive nights—Speeches of Sir W. Follett and Mr. C. Buller—Allusion of the latter to our Foreign Relations—View of the Bill taken by Mr. Slaney—Exposition by Sir J. Graham of the progress of ministerial concessions to the Repeal party —Speeches of Mr. O'Connell, Sir R. Peel, and Lord J. Russell— Second Reading carried by a majority of 5–Postponement of Committee on the Bill—Severe remarks thereon by Lord Stanley—Language ... of Mr. O'Connell, and of the Irish Press, on the Registration question —Lord Stanley's Bill postponed—Alteration in the ministerial Bill announced by Lord Morpeth—House goes into Committee—Lord Howick moves an amendment on the first clause—It is opposed by Lord Morpeth—Speeches of Mr. C. Wood, Lord Stanley, Mr. O'Connell, Lord John Russell, and Sir R. Peel—Amendment carried by 291 to 270—Adjournment of the House—Statement of Lord John Russell on 28th April–He acquiesces in Lord Howick's Amendment—Statement of Lord Howick—Debate thereupon—Altercation of Mr. Ward and Mr. Hume–Various divisions on amendments and other motions— Curious confusion of the debate, terminating in a majority against the Government of 11—Lord John Russell throws up the Bill—Remarks of Sir R. Peel—Reflections on the effect of the preceding transactions upon the character and prospects of the Government . - [37


Jews' Civil Disabilities removal Bill—Opposed on second reading by Sir R. Inglis—Supported by Lord John §.h"c. by majority of 113. Speech of Mr. Gladstone against the third reading—Answer of Mr. Macaulay—Bill passed by 108 to 31. In the House of Lords it is opposed by the Bishops of London and Llandaff, and other Peers; supported by the Bishop of St. David's, Marquess of Bute, and Earl of Wicklow—It is rejected by a majority of 34. Church of Scotland— Non-intrusion question—Subject introduced in the House of Lords by Lord Dalhousie–Speech of Lord Aberdeen—The Duke of Argyll takes up the question—Object of the Bill introduced by him—His Speech, and Debate on first reading—Meeting of the General Assembly of the Scotch Church–Dr. Chalmers moves the deposition of the seven Ministers of the Strathbogie Presbytery—Account of their case—Dr. Cooke opposes him—It is carried by a large majority—The deposed Ministers petition the House of Lords—Lord o presents Petition—Speech of Lord Melbourne, who declines to interfere—Expostulation of Lord Brougham with the Government on their conduct—Public Meetings in Scotland to express sympathy with the deposed Ministers—Proceedings of the Nonintrusion party—Speech of a Delegate at Belfast. Seminary of St. Sulice, in Lower Canada—Ordinance of Lord Sydenham inculpated in so of Lords by Bishop of Exeter—He accuses the Government of favouring the Church of Rome—Speech of Lord Melbourne—The Duke of Wellington objects to the Ordinance—The Bishop of Exeter moves an Address to the Crown—He is answered by Lords Normanby and Ripon—The Duke of Wellington retracts his objection to the Ordinance —The Motion withdrawn. College of Maynooth—Mr. Colquhoun moves for leave to bring in a Bill to repeal o Laws connecting it with the State—He animadverts on the Doctrines taught at the College, and their effect on the character of the Priesthood—Speeches of Lord Morpeth and Sir R. Inglis—Mr. O'Connell vindicates the College and his Church—Bill read a first time, but not proceeded with: Church-rates —Mr. Easthope brings before the House the case of Mr. Baines—His Resolution negatived by a majority of 5–He introduces a Bill to abolish Church-rates—It is read a first time, but goes no further. Public Education—Motion of Mr. Ewart for appointment of Minister of Edution—It is opposed by the Government, and withdrawn—Sir Robert Peel vindicates his own efforts to promote Scientific Instruction. Law Reform—Punishment of Death—Bills of Mr. F. Kelly and Lord John Russell—Mr. Kelly's Bill mutilated in Committee—He abandons the measure—The Government carry their Bill—Effect of the new Act. Chancery Reform—Bills of Attorney-General and of Sir E. Sugden— Appointment of two Judges in Equity opposed by the latter—Bill passes through Committee, but finally abandoned by the Government. Serjeant i. Copyright Bill rejected - - [64


Finance—Mr. Baring's Financial Statement—Development of his Plans for the Year—Speeches of Mr. Goulburn, and of Mr. Hume and other Liberal Members—Remarks of Mr. Christopher and Viscount Sandon on the threatened change in the Corn-laws—Lord John Russell announces his intention to propose a moderate fixed duty—Speech of Sir Robert Peel, of Viscount Howick, and Mr. Labouchere—Preparations on both sides for the approaching contest–Proceedings of Associations and Public Meetings—Anti-Corn-law Movements—Union of interests against the Government measure—Debate in the House of Lords on the Corn-laws—The Duke of Buckingham quotes a Speech of Viscount Melbourne's against him—Wiscount Melbourne vindicates his own consistency—Speeches of the Earls Ripon and Winchilsea—Viscount Sandon gives notice of a resolution with respect to the proposed change in the Sugar-duties – Counter-resolution announced by Lord John Russell–Notice on the same subject by Mr. O'Connell—i)ebate on the Sugar-duties—Important petitions presented on both sides—Able introductory Speech of Lord John Russell.—Wiscount Sandon moves his, Resolution-Debate lasts from 7th May to 18th.-Mr. Handley and other leading agricultural Members declare against the Ministerial plans—Dr. Lushington opposes the Budget on anti-slavery grounds–Mr. Grote's, answer to this argument — Summary of the Speeches of Lord Stanley, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Robert Peel, and Viscount Palmerston — Viscount Sandon's Resolution is carried by a majority of 36—Public excitement consequent on defeat of Ministers-The Chancellor of the Exchequer gives notice of moving “the usual Sugar-duties.” Severe Remarks of the Earl of Darlington on the tenacity of the Government—Preparations for a General Election TSir Robert Peel gives notice of a Resolution affirming want of Confidence in the Government—Lord John Russell throws up the Poor-law

Debate on Sir R. Peel's Resolution of Want of Confidence in the Go-

vernment–His Speech in introducing it—Citation of historical Prece-

dents—Distinction drawn between the present case and that of Mr. Pitt,

in 1784–Speeches of Mr. Christopher, Sir James Graham, Sir William

Follett, Mr. Serjeant Jackson, and Lord Stanley, in support of the Re-

solution—Speeches of Lord Worsley, Sir J. Hobhouse, Mr. Macaulay,

Dr. Lushington, Mr. Handley, Mr. O'Connell, Wiscount Morpeth, and

Lord John Russell, in defence of the Government—Division and Ma-

jority of one in favour of the Motion—Lord John Russell states the

course determined on by the Ministers—He declares their intention to

dissolve Parliament at once, without a discussion on the Corn Laws—

His !o respecting the Estimates—Speech of Sir R. Peel—He de-
mands a pledge that the new Parliament shall be convoked at the earliest

eriod–Lord John Russell undertakes to this effect—Speeches of Mr.

Wakley, Mr. Williers, Mr. Labouchere, the Chancellor of the Exchequer,

Mr. Herries, and Mr. Goulburn—The Estimates are voted without op-

position—Subsequent proceedings in the House of Commons—Prepa-

rations for the Elections—A large number of bills in progress are

abandoned; some others carried—Administration of justice in Chancery

Bill—Sir E. Sugden proposes to postpone its operation till the 10th of

October–Object of this Motion—Lord John Russell strongly opposes

it— It is supported by Sir Robert Peel, and carried by a majority of 18
—Lord John too. up the Bill—Remarks of Sir D. Evans on

the conduct of the Opposition—Speech of Lord Stanley—Observations

of Sir R. Peel on the transaction—Parliament prorogued by the Queen

in person, on the 22nd of June–Address of the Speaker to Her Ma-

jesty—The Queen's Speech—Proclamation issued for the Dissolution of

Parliament—Review of the Session—General Remarks - [116

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