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sprinkling of the blood of Christ upon the con- reveals. This Section, which relates the comscience, the affections, and the reason.

mencement of the exercise of the Aaronic 5. NOTE. On the history of the Sacred Fire. priesthood, the acceptance of the sacrifices, and

the descent of the fire from heaven, after the

blessing on the people, may prefigure both the SECTION 129.---p. 391.

events related, and the events predicted, in the

New Testament. 1. TITLE. All the sacrifices of the Jewish law 2. INTRODUCTION.

unite in explaining the duty and happiness of 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS ix. the Christian. The repetition of the law of the 4. PRAYER. That we so offer to God the sacritrespass offering. The portion of the sacrifices fice of holy action, and the sacrifice of undoubtappointed to the priests. The acknowledgments ing faith, that we receive the blessing of the of the corruption of our nature in the peace better High Priest than Aaron, Jesus Christ, offering, which is not to be eaten by those who the true Melchisedec, the King, the great High continue in sin. The fat and the blood are pro- Priest and Apostle of our profession; that the hibited to be eaten. Survey of the manner in glory of the Lord may appear to us; that the which all the sacrifices teach us both the mercy fire of the Holy Spirit may descend upon our

of Christ, and our own duties and happiness. hearts, to destroy the remains of unholiness 2. INTRODUCTION.

within us; and that we be found without 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS vii. fear, when the fire from heaven shall descend 4. PRAYER. That the whole work of God so be to destroy the world.

made our study, that we learn the Gospel from 5. NOTE. On the fire which came forth from the the law, and the law from the Gospel. That Lord, and on the origin of the worship of fire. the sacrifices which teach us the offices, and the love, and the redemption of Christ, as the one great Atonement for man, no less teach us to

SECTION 132.-p. 413. sacrifice the sins of our nature, and the sins of 'our life, as the proof of our faith in Christ- | 1. TITLE. Sects and schisms were not so prethat purity, prayer, and praise, be our constant valent in the Jewish as they have been in the offering-and that the peace which proceeds Christian Church. We have no reason to befrom the conviction of reconciliation with God, lieve that God accepts, even from the most through the blood of Christ, be our holy and religious and favoured Christian, any worship constant joy.

but that which He has Ilimself commanded.

The offence and death of Nadab and Abibu SECTION 130.-p. 398.

(Lev. x. 1, 2); submission to God's will is the duty of the Christian, though his beart break in

the effort. The silent grief of Aaron at the 1. TITLE. As the pleasures of the understanding,

death of his rebellious sons (ver, 3). Commilin the love of poetry and of literature, are

nion with God is the best comfort in domestic greater than those of the corrupt affections of

sorrow (8—15). The sins of infirmity are parthe heart, and the appetites of the body, so do

doned, though the demands of the law continue. the pleasures of religion, in the consciousness

Aaron's omission of duty, arising from his inthat we are preparing to live with God for ever,

ward though silent grief, is forgiven. exceed the happiness we derive from literature.

2. INTRODUCTION. That happiness is described in the emblems of

3. Portion of SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS x. Scripture : the temple service, the Holy of

4. PRAYER. That we endeavour to please God Holies, and the dress of the high priest. "The

by obeying and serving Him in the way which details of the consecration of Aaron are emble

He has Himself commanded, and not by inventmatical of the preparation of the soul for

ing or imagining new modes of worship;—that heaven. 2. INTRODUCTION.

we follow the examle of Christ in all our

afflictions, and submit to God's will, even unto 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS viji. 4. PRAYER. That as the high priest was con

death ;--that we seek for consolation under

sorrow in spiritual communion with God; and secrated to his holy office by bringing to the tabernacle the sacrifices which God appointed,

that we confess our weakness and infirmities,

after our utmost efforts at obedience and subby washing with water, by putting on the sacred

mission. clothing, by the anointing oil, by the offering of

5. Note. On the sin and punishment of Nadab the blood of the victim, and by continuing for

and Abihu. seven days in the tabernacle, we also may be consecrated to the service of God as Ilis spiritual and royal priesthood by faith and depend

SECTION 133.—p. 419. ence upon the sacrifice of Christ, by the washing of the Holy Spirit, by putting on the robes of

1. TITLE. Heaven itself would be polluted by light, perfection, and holiness, so that in body,

the presence of sinful, though pardoned men, if soul, and spirit, we become fit for the Sabbath

it were not purified by the blood of the Saviour, in beaven.

who pardons. Christ entered into heaven with

His own blood, as the high priest entered into SECTION 131.-p. 405.

the Holy of Holies upon earth, with the blood

of the sacrifices for Himself, the Church, and 1. Title. The types of the Old Testament people. The command to Aaron to go up once

figure what the New Testament more plainly every year to the Holy of Holies. The object

pre

of the atonement and intercession of Christ is explained by the sin offering of the two goats ; one of which is slain as a victim, and the other, laden with the sins of the people, is sent away from the presence of the avenging fire, which

had slain Nadab and Abihu. 2. INTRODUCTION. 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS xvi. 4. PRAYER. That as God has created the angels

in heaven, and the animals on earth, and enabled us to derive instruction from contemplating their natures and their properties, we may ever be mindful of the day, when, no longer on earth among the animals, we shall be companions of angels, and “partakers of the Divine nature;"

- that we obey the conimandments of God, in the letter of the Christian Gospel, and in the spirit of the Mosaic law, by the union of holy lives and spiritual contemplation, and that our tempers, wills, thoughts, and motives, as well as our conduct and actions, be directed and go

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verned by the will and command of Gud. 5. Note. On the scape-goat.

purification of women, with the prohibition of

touching loathsome and creeping reptiles. 2. INTRODUCTION. 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS xi.

29, to the end, and xii. 4. PRAYER. That as we have the treasure of the Gospel, and grace of God, in the “ earthen

of frail, perishing, dying bodies, we be preserved by His Holy Spirit from the temptations, the power, and the influence of the evil one; that we remember the mercy which receives us into covenant at the beginning of our mortal lives, and which has proinised to preserve us to the end; and that the Christian mothers of children be ever mindful that they are the first divinely-appointed guardians of the souls of His children.

SECTION 136.-p. 444.

SECTION 134.-p. 430.

1. TITLE. Though the peculiar precepts of the

Mosaic law are abolished in the letter, because every nation, and not one only, is now invited to become a part of the Church of God; yet the spiritual reasons for their enactment, whenever they can be discovered, are still binding on the conscience. The laws, and the possible, or probable reasons of their enactment, concerning the bcasts, the fishes, and the fowls, which might be eaten, or not eaten by the Israelites. As industry was taught by the ant, the properties of other animals pointed out the views to be

shunned, and the virtues to be practised. 2. INTRODUCTION. 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS xi.

1_28. 4. PRAYER. That having boldness to enter into

the Holy of Holies, by the blood of Christ, we may draw near to our reconciled God, with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and the service of our bodies directed by the ordinances of Ilis Church; that our sins be expiated, and our souls pardoned; that we depend on Christ alone for salvation, and earnestly long for the day of His appearing, for rest in heaven, and perpetual improvement in the knowledge of God.

1. TITLE. “By the law is the knowledge of sin."

As the diseases and infirmities of mankind are the consequences of sin alone, therefore the Scriptural account of the symptoms and proofs, the cures and continuance of leprosy, the worst disease of man, together with the Scriptural commands relating to the bodily infirmities both of men and women, explain to us the depth of the sinfulness of man, and therefore enforce the necessity of the constant remembrance of the

causes and the cure of moral evil. 2. INTRODUCTION. 3. Portion of SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS xiii.,

xiv. 1-32, 33, to the end, and xv. 4. PRAYER. That as Christ, when He came down

from the mountain, healed the leper who prayed to Him, we also may be healed by the Holy Spirit of the leprosy of habitual and wilful sin, from the indulgence of sin in the heart, from the extension of in ward evil to the conduct of life, and from the backsliding which ends in presumption or despair ; that we never be confirmed in the leprosy of sin, till we be unfit for the society of the people of God, and be banished from the Church of God, either on earth or in heaven; but that we be so recovered from the dominion of evil, that we rejoice to hear God's truth, to do God's will, and to walk in God's ways, through life and in death, to heaven.

SECTION 137.-p. 460.

SECTION 135.—p. 436.

1. Title. As the stars in the heavens are the

works of God, unaffected by the changes in astronomical theories, while new discoveries are perpetually being made of their beauties and their wonders; so it is that the Holy Scriptures, as the word of God, are unaffected by the changes in theological theories; while new discoveries are perpetually made of the wisdom and the goodness of God in the sacred pages. The probable cause of the enactments respecting uncleanness from the contact of insects; and the reasons for blending the laws respecting the

1. TITLE. All the religion which the revelation

from heaven has tanght to mankind, may be said to be summed up in the doctrines relating to the sacrifices which propitiate God's justice, and to the holiness which is acceptable to God's mercy. Three reasons are assigned for the prohibition to eat blood. The pious Israelite looked through the shadows of the law to Christ their substance. The spiritually drinking of Christ's blood is commanded us, that we may remember

His atonement, and partake of His grace. 2. INTRODUCTION. 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS xvii.,

xvii. 4. PRAYER, That as the life of Christ was offered,

and the blood of Christ was slied for us, we may offer ourselves, our souls and bodies, as

XX.

living sacrifices unto God; that as the offered 2. INTRODUCTION. sacrifice of Christ was accepted as the one 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS xxi., Atonement for our sins, we also may be ac- xxii. cepted, who have no other hope of pardon but 4. PRAYER, That we learn from the perfection that Atonement; and that, being accepted, we and spirituality of the law of God, the purity may so spiritually eat the flesh of Christ, and and the holiness which God demands of His drink His blood, that we may dwell in Him, people, as the priests who offer themselves, their and He in us, that we may be one with Him, souls and bodies, as living sacrifices unto God; and He with us.

that the knowledge of our own unworthiness

lead us to Christ, the great High Priest without SECTION 138.-p. 467.

sin, and to Christ the true Sacrifice, without spot or blemish ; that we so believe, and hope,

and love the Saviour and Redeemer of man, 1. Title. Revelation has not been given to man

that we become more and more perfect in kind merely to instruct them in true and sublime

thought, motive, will, and affection, as the sacrithoughts of God, nor to enforce only their reli

ficers of ourselves ; and more and more perfect gious duties, nor to elevate their thoughts with

also in action and conduct, as the living sacrilofty contemplations, nor to impart to them

fices to God. merely the knowledge of their own state beyond the grave; it is given to instruct them also in those virtues which the world esteems to be the character of the true gentleman, -- generosity,

SECTION 140.—p. 485. integrity, disinterestedness, highmindedness, 1. TITLE. The Scriptures can only be rightly uncourtesy, justice, and honour, founded upon love

derstood, when they are received as written with to God and regard to His revealed religion.

reference to the happiness of an immortality an2. INTRODUCTION. 3. Portion of SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS xix.,

ticipated and illustrated by events, forming one progressive system of Providence, and by institu

tions directing the mind to the same immortality. 4. PRAYER. That holiness be united with knowledge; that as we have the knowledge of God

In Christianity, privileges are duties, and duties and His attributes, as well as of our religious

privileges. The seven great objects of all the

Jewish and all the Christian revelation are illusduties to the Father, the Son, and the Holy

trated and described by the seven great festivals Ghost, and as we enjoy also the power of con

and chief institutions commanded in this Sectemplating the greatness and goodness of God,

tion, and the blessedness of the state beyond the

2. INTRODUCTION. grave, we may be so careful to walk worthy of

3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS xxii. our inestimable privileges, that we commend

4. PRAYER. That we ever delight in the conthe holy religion we profess to the favour of all men, by kindness and by courtesy, by gentle

templation of the plans of Providence, which ness and patience, by justice and highminded

begin with the past eternity, embrace the present

time, and extend to an infinite future; that by blessing those who curse us, and doing good to those who hate us.

we reject every system of opinion which banishes an ever-acting Deity from the govern

ment of His own world; that our duty to God be SECTION 139.-p. 476.

our happiness; and our happiness be our duty;

that while we set God always before us, we more 1. TITLE. The perfection required of a Christian especially commemorate the seven principal acts

is well illustrated by a right understanding of the of His mercy, which relate personally to us allLevitical law. Every Christian must consider our creation on the Sabbath, the redemption on himself as a sacrificer, and as a sacrifice; and in Good-Friday; our resurrection at Easter, our both respects, he must be blameless. But Christ sanctification at Whitsuntide; the flight of time alone is the sinless Priest, and the spotless Vic- on the New Year's-day, our future judgment on tim; and the Christian, therefore, must be our birthdays; and the hope of resting with saved by faith in Christ, leading to the love Christ on the return of the festival of the Nawhich longs and prays to be enabled to imitate tivity of our Lord ; that we may dwell in Christ, His perfections_both as the Sacrificer and the and Christ may dwell in us, for ever. Sacrifice. The law of blamelessness in priests 5. NOTE. On the sacrifices of the Patriarchs and sacrifices.

and Jews.

ness,

SECTION CXVI. EXODUS XXXII. 1-19.

Title.-The reasonings and imaginations of the heart, however plausible they

may appear, must be deemed false, when they oppose the written Revelation of God. The reasonings which probably induced Aaron to make the golden calf. The idolatry of the people. The anger of Jehovah. The intercession of Moses. Religious duties are only the religious privileges of the people of God, which may be forfeited by evil. The tables of the Law broken.

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INTRODUCTION.—When a Christian is tempted to commit any wilful sin, and complies with the temptation, he generally invents excuses and apologies for his crime. He seldom offends through ignorance. Though the expressed written law of God is remembered by him, it is broken because the momentary thought, or reasoning, or imagination, will, he thinks, be accepted as a sufficient palliation of his offence. If the experience of the hearts of us all did not demonstrate this truth, we should be unable to believe the most strange and singular narrative recorded in this Section,—the apostasy of many of the people from the worship of Jehovah to the worship of the golden calf. An express and positive law had been lately delivered to them, “ Thou shalt not make to thyself any graven "image.” They had seen the lightnings, and heard the thunders, which attended the delivery of the Law. Forty days had not elapsed since they had heard them: Moses was still in the mount from whence the Law had been spoken; yet, because he did not come down from the mountain, and continue to lead them on to the Holy Land, they assembled seditiously against Aaron, and said, "Make

us some visible images, or representations, of the God who shall go on to lead “ us into Canaan; for as to Moses, our former leader, he has left us, and cannot " or will not perform his promise.” Aaron, to prevent their folly, demanded the self-denial of sacrificing the jewels of gold which they had exacted of the Egyptians. The people gave them up (ver. 2, 3). He received them, and melted them by casting them into a mould to form the image of a calf, such as the mixed multitude among the people were accustomed to worship in Egypt as the god Apis, and such as the Jews themselves were accustomed to venerate as one of the cherubic emblems. After the figure of the calf had been roughly formed in the mould, we are told that Aaron " fashioned it with a graving tool.” The words are rightly rendered (for our Translators were the best scholars of their age), but they are difficult to be understood. They may mean, that, after the figure of the calf had been produced in a rough state from the mould, Aaron polished and adorned it with some peculiar marks, by which the Israelites should hail it as the cherubic emblem; and possibly with some of those marks also,-such as the wing, the globe, and the serpent, by which the mixed multitude and the Egyptians might welcome it as the emblem of their own god Apis.

x

VOL. II.

PART V.

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