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general superintendence to fall into abeyance. Evil permitted, becomes, through Divine Wisdom, the source of greater good. The contemplation of this wondrous appointment will be one of our occupations in a future state.-XVIII. General and growing persuasion, that a better state of things is now required by the Universal Church. Fitness of the present time for the advocacy and adoption of the remedy here put forward for the evils that afflict the Church. Duty of Secular powers in this crisis ; and the advantages that would arise from their performance of it.—XIX. Summaries of the Dedications of the Third, Fourth, and Fifth Parts of this work. Earnest appeal in this Sixth Part to the prelates of the Universal Church in behalf of Christian Unity: Special obligations that lie upon them, in consequence of the marvellous preservation of the Universal Episcopate, amidst the convulsions and storms that have shattered temporal institutions.--XX. Three things essential to religious union :- Personal piety; identity of belief; and agreement in discipline : and of these, the two last cannot be enforced by any authority less binding than that of the Church Universal, which can only act with effect by restoring the Apostolic office.-XXI. The Bishops of Rome have never been able to effect Unity in the Catholic Church, in consequence of their deficiency in the three sources of Unity, --personal piety; Scripturality of Creed; and unexceptionable Discipline. The astonishing influence possessed by the See of Rome in the height of its power. Means by which it lost that influence.' Its attitude of hostility to other Churches.-XXII. Infidelity cannot effect the union which the Church of Rome has failed to bring about. Christianity was confounded with Popery by the agents of the first French Revolution. Lesson given to the Churches by that memorable event. General Apostolic superintendence of the Church Universal, the only remedy for disunion.—XXIII. Statement of the mode in which the Princes and people of the civilized world may be most effectually interested in the projected union of the Churches; and of the plans to be submitted, and of the specific object proposed. The general ecclesiastical conclusions of the Ante-Nicene period, deduced from Revelation, are the only ones that can be appealed to as authoritative in this case.--XXIV. The five powers, or governments, of France, Germany, England, Russia, and the United States of America, and the leading Ecclesiastic in each of them, may reasonably be expected to listen to, and act upon, an appeal for the Union of the Churches.-XXV. 'Í'he present condition of France, and the recollection of the fearful commotions through which she has passed during the last sixty years, seem to justify the hope that she would now be a fit and willing instrument to assist, in conjunction with England, in effecting a general union of the Churches,-a measure which, more than any other, would be pregnant with important benefits to France herself.—XXVI. Expectation of the co-operation of France in this project for Union grounded upon two things,—the spirit with which the Church of that nation once defended its liberty against the encroachments of Rome ;-and the fact that it was the only Church then in connexion with Rome with which an Archbishop of Canterbury projected a union with the Church of England, against the aggressive supremacy of Rome.. XXVII. Threefold form assumed by the resistance to the usurpation of Rome. The case of the Greek and Anglican Churches. The case of the Church of France, and the Gallican Liberties. Concorduts. Important influence which that Church may exercise in any attempt to effect the union of the Church Universal. Appeal to the Protestants, as well as to the Romish ecclesiastics, of France.-XXVIII. The French Church invited by an Archbishop of Canterbury to consider with the English Church the possibility of an union. Correspondence between Archbishop Wake and Ellies Dupin and Piers Girardin. Faults committed in this negotiation by the Archbishop of Paris, and the Archbishop of Canterbury.--XXIX. Appeal to the Bishop of Rome. An carnest entreaty to that pontiff to effect a return to that simplicity and integrity of faith which once won the approval of an Apostle and the admiration of the whole Christian world. The Creed of Pius IV. condemned.' Analysis of it. The Bishop of Rome himself does not and cannot believe it. The Roman pontiff exhorted to remove the obstructions, which the groundless and exorbitant pretensions of that see oppose to the peace and union of Christendom.---XXX. Appeal to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Importance of his Grace's declaration, on his elevation to the Primacy, “ That the blessing of God was to be expected in proportion as we are true to the principle of adherence to the Word of God, and deference to ihe Scriptures, rather than to the practice or opinions of men." The station and influence of the head of the Church of England render him the fittest instrument to propose and commence an object so dear to Christians as the union in one body, and faith, and hope, of all who name the name of Christ ....


SECTION 141.-P. 497. 1. TITLE. The Daily Prayer, and the Lord's

Day Service, must be added to the observance
of the Fasts and Festivals which commemorate
the principal events of Christianity. A state of
peace and prosperity is too often the period of
the greatest spiritual danger. The punishment
of death is inflicted upon the blasphemy, which
was a crime unknown to Israel so long as its
outward danger from Egypt continued. The
causes of the blasphemy.


4. PRAYER. That we not only offer the heart to

God on all the great occasions when we commemorate the Birth and Resurrection of Christ, and the descent of the Holy Spirit on the Church, but that we remember these and all other events which concern us in our daily prayers, and in our weekly services; that we never turn back in heart to the Egypt of this world; that we never blaspheme or curse, in thought, or word, the name of God; and that

SECTION 146.-p. 540.

1. Title. He who hopes for God's grace must

we abide all our life long in the unity of the

Church of the visible and spiritual Israel.

5. Notes. On the shew-bread.-On the son of

the Israelitish woman, whose father was an


SECTION 142.-p. 503.


L TITLE. As the gradual illumination of the

clouds in the dawning of the morning proves that

the sun is rising, so the types and prophecies

proved to the ancient Church the coming, and

the ultimate glory, of the Sun of Righteous-

The ordinance of the Sabbatical Year,

and the Jubilee—the discontinuance of labour;

the remission of debts; the grant of liberty to

slaves; the restoration and redemption of in-

heritances, are all typical of the true Sabbath

of Sabbaths, “the rest, which remaineth for

the people of God."



4. Prayer. That we may read the Gospel in

the Law, and the Law in the Gospel : that,

because heaven and hell are the continuance of

that state of soul in which we live and die, we

may begin the happiness of heaven while we

are still upon earth, by delighting in God's

Law, by hating the bondage of evil, and every

act of sin; by rejoicing in the liberty wherewith

Christ hath made us free; and by beginning

the resumption of our inheritance in heaven by

faith in the Redeemer, who has purchased it

for man by His blood.

5. Note. On the year of Jubilee.

SECTION 143.—p. 516.

1. TITLE. The Christian's whole life, property,

talents, and powers, should be so devoted and

dedicated to God, and to God's service and

glory, that no other vows should be required of

him than those implied in the observance of the

means of grace, to maintain the influence of

religion in the soul. The people of Israel are

permitted, but not commanded, to make vows ;

and laws are made to regulate and confirm

them. The tenth of the possessions of every

spiritual Israelite should be devoted, in some

form, to the purposes of God.




4. PRAYER. That we give to God the affections,

the energies, the motives, and the actions.

That we be enabled to vow and pay the vow of

the dedication of our time to the private prayer,

the public worship, the observance of the Holy

Sacrament, and the study of God's Word; and

that we devote and dedicate to God the tenth

of our possessions to the setting forth of God's

glory, the extension of His Word, the enlarge-

ment of His Church, and the usefulness of His


5. Notes. On the out, or devoted thing.–On

the Law of Tithes.

observe the means of grace. The time having

arrived for the people to march from Sinai,

SECTION 150.-p. 573.

SECTION 152.-p. 589.
1. TITLE. The fulfilment of the promises as well

as of the threatenings of God may be delayed,
but will certainly be accomplished. Laws
respecting sins of inadvertence or ignorance,
and respecting pride and presumption, to be
observed when the people obtain possession
of Canaan, are passed immediately after
the sentence which condemned the existing
generation to perish in the wilderness. The
observance of the Lord's day is a Christian

privilege, and not merely a Christian duty.

The violator of the Sabbath is punished with

death. The law of fringes on the garments.



4. PRAYER. That we be encouraged by the pro-

mises, as well as warned by the threatenings of

Revelation. That we daily so increase in the

knowledge of God, and in the power of His

grace, that we avoid alike the sins of negli-
gence, carelessness, and presumption. That
we love, observe, and value the rest and peace
of the Lord's day, as our carnest of the future

rest in heaven; and that we learn from the

visible to remember the invisible.

Title. The three degrees of happiness. Man

destroys his highest happiness by refusing to
believe the possibility of attaining it. The spics
are sent to view the promised land : they bring
back the report of the danger of the attempt to
invade it.' The people desire to return to
Egypt. Intercessory prayer of Moses for their
pardon, which is granted. The declaration that
God's glory shall fill the earth. England is the

present accomplisher of the prophecy.


21-33.. xiv. 1-25.


anxious and resolute to secure our highest

happiness; that we abide in the communion of

the Church of Christ; that we promote its

unity, extend its influence, and uphold the two
chief objects for which it was instituted—the
glory of God, and the good of man; that God's
Holy Spirit would so rule the hearts of Chris-

tians, that error, disunion, and needlessly-

alienating laws, be put away, both by rulers

and people, in all Churches, and that Britain

be honoured as the accomplisher of the pro-

phecies of God.

5. Note. On the influence of England as the

accomplisher of the prophecies.

Egypt to Canaan have been regarded by the
ancient Fathers, by Roman Catholic and by
Protestant commentators, as the descriptions,
the types, the emblems of the spiritual journey.
ings, trials, dangers, temptations, judgments,
and mercies of the Christian pilgrim in his way
through earth to heaven. The most holy men
are in danger of grievous sin. Moses offends
God by the sin of unbelief. The divisions of
Christians are the curse of the Church, and
the bane of the one true religion. Edom
refuses to permit the Israelites to pass through

his territory.


3. Portion of SCRIPTURE. NUMBERS xxxiii.

19-36. xx. 1-13. 14—21.

4. PRAYER. That in all the dangers, the tempt-

ations, the afflictions, and the trials of our

faith, which befal us in the stations which the

Providence of God may assign to us in our

journey from Egypt through the wilderness to

Canaan, we may know, and study, and perform

His Will. That we learn to die, from the
death of our friends. That we never permit

the difficulties of Religion to shake our faith;

nor the divisions of Christians to lessen our


5. 'Note. On the mystical interpretation of the

wanderings and stations of the Israelites in the


SECTION 155.-p. 616.

1. TITLE. It is not possible to understand the

Holy Scriptures, unless we consider them as

one completed Revelation. Four reasons for

considering this Section as the most remarkable

portion of the Old Testament. The doctrines

of atonement of Christ to pardon sin, and the

influence of the Holy Spirit to remove the

power of sin, are the sum and substance of the

whole Revelation of God to man. The ordi-

nance of the burning of the red heifer, and the

mingling of its ashes with water, considered.


3. Portion of SCRIPTURE. NUMBERS xix.
4. PRAYER. That we learn from the institutions

of the Law of Moses the Christian lessons of
separation from the world, the necessity of faith
in the atonement of Christ to remove the guilt
and punishment of sin, and the necessity of
the Holy Spirit to destroy the power of sin in
the heart : that we never be guilty of the sin of
despair, knowing that Christ has died to save
us; and never be guilty of the sin of pre-
sumption, knowing that the Holy Spirit is

granted to cleanse us.

5. NOTES. On the offering of the red heifer.

SECTION 157.—p. 633.

1. TITLE As the events of uninspired bistory

present to the patriot the secret of political

happiness, so do the events of inspired history
present to the Christian the secret of religious

happiness. Aaron is permitted to see the ear-
nest of the conquest of Canaan. He resigns

his office, and dies. After his death the brazen

serpent is made, and set up for the gaze of

the people. This event represents the lifting

up of a better Sacrifice than the Aaronic, and a

greater High Priest than Aaron. Sihon, king

of the Aniorites, and Og, the king of Bashan,

are conquered; and the people proceed to their

fortieth encampment in the wilderness.



40. xxi. 1-3. xxxiii. 37. xx. 22–28. xxxii.

38, 39. xx. 29. xxxiii. 41. xxi. 49. xxxii.
42, 43. xxi, 10. xxxii. 44. xxi. 11. xxxiii. 45.
xxi. 12–18. 21–32. 33, to the end. xxxiii.

46, 47. xxi. 18_20.
4. PRAYER. That we begin even in this world

the happiness of heaven. That we remember
Aaron, in our willingness to put off all the
honourable engagements, and dignities, and dis-
tinctions of life, and to die when God com-
mands. That in all our spiritual sufferings
from the poison of the old serpent," we lift up
a better Sacrifice than the ancient Law pro-

vided, and pray for our cure from a greater

High Priest than was Aaron. That God would

tread down all enemies under our feet, and

enable us to persevere to the end.

5. Notes. On the position of Kadesh-barnea.-

On the period of time referred to in Numb. xx.
1.-On the meaning of DTPTN ,
will utterly destroy their cities." — On the

SECTION 156.-p. 623.

1. Title. Because the land of Canaan is rightly

regarded as a type of heaven, and the land
of Egypt as a type of the sinful world, there-
fore the wanderings of the Israelites from

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