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Was born bifore the procession;
With sper and target gudely grayd.
Sir Ywayne desires the damsel's permission to look at the lady of the deceased knight through a window. He falls in love with her. passes her time in praying for his soul.
Unto his saul was sho ful hulde":
The damsel", whose name is Lunet, promises sir Ywaine an interview with the Lady. She uses many arguments to the Lady, and with much art, to show the necessity of her marrying again, for the defence of her castle.
bound, obligated. [faithful.]
psaltery, a harp, of gold. [Psalter.RITSON.]
* soul mass, the mass of requiem. "There is a damsel of this name in Morte Arthur, B. vii. ch. xvi.
The maiden redies hyr ful rath",
* made him bathe immediately. y furrured, furred.
In another part of this romance, a knight is dressed by a lady.
Of tong scho was trew and renable,
In Morte Arthur, Sir Launcelot going into a nunnery is unarmed in the abbess's chamber. B. xiii. ch. i. In Morte Arthur, sir Galahad is disarmed, and clothed "in a cote of red sendall and a mantell furred with fyne ERMYNES," &c. B. xiii. ch. i. In the British Lay, or romance, of Launval (MSS. Cott. Vespas. B. 14. 1.) we have,
Un cher mantel de BLANCHE ERMINE, Couvert de purpre Alexandrine.
2 courteously she.
There is a statute, made in 1337, prohibiting any under 1007. per annum to wear fur. I suppose the richest fur was ermine; which, before the manufactures of gold and silver, was the greatest article of finery in dress. But it continued in use long afterwards, as appears by ancient portraits. In the Statutes of Cardinal Wolsey's College at Oxford, given in the year 1525, the students are enjoined, "Ne magis pre
A girdel ful riche for the nanes,
He is conducted to her chamber.
Bot yit sir Ywayne had grete drede,
tiosis aut sumptuosis utantur PELLIBUS." De Vestitu, &c. fol. 49. MSS. Cott. Tit. F. iii. This injunction is a proof that rich furs were at that time a luxury of the secular life. In an old poem written in the reign of Henry the Sixth, about 1436, entitled the English Policie, exhorting all England to keepe the sea, a curious and valuable record of the state of our traffic and mercantile navigation at that period, it appears that our trade with Ireland, for furs only, was then very considerable. Speaking of Ireland, the writer says,
-Martens goode been her marchandie,
See Hacklvyt's Voiages, vol. i. p. 199. edit. 1598.
At the sacking of a town in Normandy, Froissart says, "There was founde so moche rychesse, that the boyes and vyllaynes of the hooste sette nothynge by goode FURRED gownes." Berner's Transl. tom. i. fol. lx. a.
a In the manners of romance, it was not any indelicacy for a lady to pay amorous courtship to a knight. Thus in Davie's Geste of Alexander, written in 1312, queen Candace openly endeavours to win Alexander to her love. MS. penes me, p. 271. [Cod. Hospit. Linc. 150.] She shews Alexander, not only her palace, but her bedchamber.
Quoth the quene,
1 to see my apartments. 8 prepared.
ther men, read therein, as MS. Laud. I. 74. Bibl. Bodl.
14 rich clothes. ing or tapestry, before mentioned, pliment to Alexander. 19 knew.
23 none like it.
28 wouldest not.
24 believe. 29 like.
Oure mete schol, thar bytweone 2,
O Alisaunder, of grete renoun,
2 our dinner shall, meanwhile. put off his armour.
7 for 8 the story of 9 Greeks. 12 of the windows.
painted glass. 15 that is, for the occasion: so the paintrepresenting the Greeks victorious, was in compavilions. 17 stores. 21 stede. lodging. 22 the furniture. 25 thee. 26 imagery. 27 figure. 30 dear brother, or friend. 31 as one
After this interview, she is reconciled to him, as he only in self-defence had slain her husband, and she promises him marriage.
Than hastily she went to Hall,
They agree to the marriage.
Than the lady went ogayne
A king son, and a noble knyght.
falcon. In MSS. Laud, I. 174. ut supr. it is peny, for falcon. 3 her lace. 34 Here, y is the Saxon i. See Hearne's Gl. Rob. Glouc. p. 738. 35 be left, stay, even. 36 neither affrighted nor angry.
knights. O know.
The king Arthur es redy dight
To tak a lord at hyr owyn will.
Than said the lady onone right,
He profers hym on al wyse
To myne honor and my servyse,
P mansion, castle.
9 active to wield weapons.
on a row.
▼ opinion, word. It is of extensive signification, Emare, MS. ut supr.
I have herd minstrelles syng in SAW.
So Rob. Brunne, of Stonehenge, edit. Hearne, p. cxci.
And grete prayer gan thai make
Grete mirthes made thai in that stede,
See Du Fresne. PLE
C Fr. Plevine. VINA.
1 Bridal is Saxon for the nuptial feast. So in Davie's Geste of Alexander. MS. fol. 41. penes me,
He wist nouzt of this BRIDALE,
In Gamelyn, or the Coke's Tale, v. 1267.
And, vi. x. 13.
-Theseus her unto his BRIDALE bore.
The word has been applied adjectively,
And in your city held my nuptial feast:
Appointed to await me thirty spies.
"Under pretence of friends and guests invited to the BRIDAL." But in Paradise. Lost, he speaks of the evening star hastening to light the BRIDAL LAMP, which in
another part of the same poem he calls the NUPTIAL TORCH. viii. 520. xi. 590. I presume this Saxon BRIDALE is BrideAle, the FEAST in honour of the bride or marriage. ALE, simply put, is the feast or the merry-making, as in Pierce Plowman, fol. xxxii. b. edit. 1550. 4to.
And then satten some and songe at the
Again, fol. xxvi. b.
I am occupied everie daye, holye daye
So Chaucer of his Freere, Urr. p. 87. v. 85.
Nale is ALE. "They feasted him, or entertained him, with particular respect, at the parish-feast," &c. Again, Plowman's Tale, p. 125. v. 2110.
At the Wrestling, and at the Wake, And the chief chaunters at the NALE. See more instances, supr. vol. i. p. 56. That ALE is festival, appears from its sense in composition; as, among others, in the words Leet-ale, Lamb-ale, Whitson-ale, Clerk-ale, and Church-ale. LEET-ALE, in some parts of England, signifies the dinner at a court-leet of a manor for the