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formation that he was better than he pose, open, and through it the sound of had been, but that the dog was dead. our old friend's voice could be heard, They had put it away while he had travelling forth:been gone, and he was afraid that he "O Lord God, that took the dog from should miss the "faithful old feller.” me, and gave me this here rheumatics,

"He was very good to me,” he said; help me to keep a stiff and contrite "always came for a bit of bread or bis heart. I am an old man, O Lord God, cuit. And he was company to me; I and I am not one to go into that place. never knew such a sensible creature.” So God give me a stiff heart, and I He seemed to think that the dog must will remember you in my prayers, for have pined during his absence, and that that's about all I can do now, O God. this had accelerated his end by making I have been a good one in my time, () his owners think he was more decrepit Lord, and cannot remember doing harm than he really was.

to any man for a long while now, and The death of the dog, and the cold, I have tried to keep upsides with it; so, damp autumn that year, told heavily on good Lord, remember and do not forget the old man; but it was not till mid- me, now that I am down, a-lying here November that he was noted one morn- all day, and the rent goin' on. For ing absent from his post. As he did ever and ever, O Lord. Amen." not reappear, his lodging was sought We allowed a little time to pass beout. It was in a humble street, but fore we went in, unwilling that he the house was neat and clean, and the should think we had overheard that landlady seemed a good, rough prayer. He was lying in a small dingy woman. She informed us that our old bed, with a medicine bottle and glass friend was laid up with "pleurisy and beside him on an old tin trunk. There the gouty rheumatics"; that by rights, was no fire. of course, he ought to be in the in- He was-it seemed—better than he firmary; but she didn't like to turn him had been; the doctor's stuff was doing out, though where she would get her him good. rent from she didn't know, to say noth- Certain arrangements were made for ing of his food, because she couldn't let his benefit, and in less than three him starve while there he was cryin' weeks he was back again at his corner. out with the pain, and no one but her- In the spring of the following year self to turn a hand to him, with his we went abroad, and were absent seydoor open at the top of the house, eral months. He was no longer at bis where he could holler for her if he post when at last we came back, and a wanted. An awful independent old policeman informed us that he had not feller, too, or else she wouldn't hesitate, been there for some weeks. We made for that was where he ought to be, and a second pilgrimage to his lodgings. no mistake, not having a soul in the The house had changed hands. The world to close his eyes; and that's what new landlady was a thin, anxious-lookit would come to, though she would ing young woman, who spoke in a thin, never be surprised if he got up and anxious voice. Yes, the old man had went out to-morrow, he was that stub- been taken very ill-double pneumonia born!

and heart disease, she thought. AnyLeaving her to the avocations which way, she couldn't have the worry and we had interrupted by coming in, we responsibility of him, let alone her rent. went on up the stairs.

She had had the doctor, and had him The door of the back room at the top taken off. Yes, it had upset him a bit; was, as indeed she had led us to sup- he would never have gone if he'd had bis choice; but, of course, she had her hardly bear that look, and hurriedly living to get. She had his bits of asked him how he was. He tried to things locked up all right; he owed her raise himself, and answered huskily a little rent. In her opinion, he'd never that he was better than he had been. come out again. She was very sorry We begged him not to exert himself, for him, too; he'd given her no trouble and told him how it was that we had till he was took ill.

been away, and so forth. He seemed Following up her information, we re- to pay no attention, but suddenly said: paired with heavy hearts to the 'house “I'm in here; I don't mean to stay. I'll which he had so often declared he be goin' out in a day or two." We tried would never enter. Having ascertained to confirm that theory, but the expresthe number of his ward, we mounted the sion of his eyes took away one's power beautifully clean stairs. In the fifth of of comfort, and made one ashamed of a row of beds our old friend was lying, looking at him. He beckoned us apparently asleep. But, watching him closer. carefully, we saw that his lips, deep "If I'd a-had the use of my legs,” he sunk between his frosty moustache and whispered, "they'd never have had me. beard, were continually moving.

I'd a gone in the river first. But I "He's not asleep," said the nurse; don't mean to stay-I'm goin' back "he'll lie like that all the time. He home." frets."

The nurse told us, however, that this At the sound of his name he had was out of the question; he was still opened his eyes, which, though paler very ill. and smaller and more rheumy, were Four days later we went again to see still almost bright. He fixed them on him. He was no longer there. He us with a peculiar stare, as much as had gone home. They had buried him to say: "You've taken an advantage that morning. of me, finding me here.” We could

John Galsworthy. The Nation.

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BOOKS AND AUTHORS Professor Max Müller's essay dred, Quinto, and Poker Patience, and "Comparative Mythology," in the edi- the revision of all the earlier material. tion which E. P. Dutton & Co. publish, is prefaced with an introduction on How many novels C. N. and A. M. Solar Mythology by A. Smythe Palmer, Williamson have published since that D.D., and by a humorous and ironic which now appears here with the ticontribution "The Oxford Solar tle “Lord Loveland Discovers America" Myth" by the Rev. Dr. R. F. Littledale, was published in England is doubtful, in which Max Müller himself is treated but in the nearly two years since it as the development of a sun-myth. appeared serially in London, it has un

dergone little if any alteration. Professor Louis Hoffman's "Hoyle's took a fortune-hunting marquis of unGames Modernized,” a handbook long developed character to the United popular, has been still further mod- States, and thanks to the unscrupulous ernized in an edition published by E. devices of a very unreal American P. Dutton & Co., by the addition of en- friend, plunged him into profound tirely new chapters on Roulette, Trente trouble, whence he issued, a real man, et Quarante, Auction Bridge, Five Hun- and a fortunate real lover. The au


thors have shown remarkable skill in presents the advantages, not to say the preserving the uncertainty of his es- necessity of classical studies, and the cape from his embarrassments, and to enduring place which they hold as the the last, one is not quite certain that groundwork of education. The aua lurking villain may not have another thor's point of view is Russian, and blow in reserve. The thrusts at the some of the arguments which he uses yellow newspapers are very good, and are specially directed to the objections not too sharp and the talk is excellent. and opposition peculiar to Russian conThe story has sufficient merit to leave ditions; but in the main the reasoning a fair portion for each author when it is of broad application and the book is is divided between them. Doubleday, a keen, discriminating and well-balPage & Co.

anced contribution to the literature of

the subject. "Infinite riches in a little room" is

1 the commonplace which suggests it- The Temple Dictionary of the Bible, self on examining Mr. E. H. Krehbiels published by L. P. Dutton & Co. in a “A Book of Operas," and comparing its single substantial and attractive volmodest size with the long period of ume of about 1,000 pages, derives its time which it covers, nothing less than title, presumably, from the fact that the the interval between the first perform- London publishers, J. M. Dent & Sons, ance of Italian opera in New York in originated the Temple Classics, the 1825, to the performance of "Hansel Temple Shakespeare and other editions and Gretel" in 1893. The seventeen of standard works, having a commou chapters include the stories of innum. quality in their typographical and meerable operas, sketches of composers; chanical features. That this is at least gossip of actors and actresses; accounts, the third Bible Dictionary published of memorable performances; curious within twelve or fifteen months indibits of folk lore; the sources of effect- cates that Bible study has not yet gone ive scenes or songs; arguments as to out of fashion. Reverend W. Ewing, the origin of certain phrases and and the Reverend Dr. J. E. H. Thomstrains; portraits of actors in costume son, who are jointly responsible for the and in every day dress; characteristic writing and editing of the present passages of music, portraits of countless work, have a special advantage in actors, and everywhere criticism. The the fact that they have both seen long book is an amazingly full record of a missionary service in Palestine and are most interesting period, and it is in- therefore especially familiar with its dispensable to all lovers of music. The topography and the customs of its peoMacmillan Company.

ple. With them are associated as con

tributors many well-known theologA book of unique interest to students ians, conservative in their views but of the classics is Professor Zielinski's broad and tolerant in their scholarship. “Our Debt to Antiquity," translated, Prominent among them are many emiwith introduction and notes, by Profes- nent Scotch divines. Five hundred sor H. A. Strong, LL.D. and Hugh illustrations, more or less, are scatStewart, B.A., and published by E. P. tered through the volume; and the use Dutton & Co. The author is professor throughout of a system of typographic of what he describes as "the depart- condensation and abbreviation practiment of Antiquity” at St. Petersburg cally extends considerably the thouUniversity; and in the eight lectures in- sand pages, without involving the use cluded in this compact little volume, he of small type.

To all but the favored few perfectly becomes all the more firmly convinced acquainted with China, Professor J. J. and the more eager to teach that M. De Groot's "The Religion of the Buddhism and Christianity are misChinese" will be an instructive work, chievous and demoniacal. The worship for the ordinary popular theory of not only of ancestors, but of the EmChinese religion begins and ends with peror and of living men of influence and the name of Confucius, and the power naturally follows, and also sacknowledge that one of his precepts is rifice to the spirits animating everythe Chinese equivalent of the Golden thing from a rock to a star. A late deRule. The reason probably lies in the velopment is Taoism which among a comparatively slight change in the multitude of other things teaches a Chinese faith since its birth, and con- wholesome humility and unselfishness, sequently its lack of such manifesta- but is so intimately blended with anitions of itself as minds trained in a mism and Confucianism as to be less Christian atmosphere easily recognize beneficial than might be supposed. as religious. Its core being univer- Buddhism, always a solvent of any resalistic animism, there is no marvel ligion with which it comes in contact, which those who hold it may not accept has weakened both Confucianism and as truth, no measure for the terror or Taoism and by its establishment of the ferocity to which they may be monasteries and pagodas kept itself aroused by acts and aspects seeming constantly before the popular mind. perfectly innocent and harmless to a and by its theory that its religious Buddhist or a Christian. Hence the in- buildings were centres of beneficent atnumerable tales of popular outbreaks. mospheric influence has for 1500 years and governmental measures against been a potent factor in Chinese life. Its missionaries, and against secular for high abstract ethics are beneficent in eigners dwelling among them, and their influence, but are half neutralized hence more than one war, and more by superstition, and the whole system than one occasion for foreign inter is at war with Confucianism, which ference with matters in which the be- has for more than a millennium striven havior of the Chinese appears to them- to expel it from the empire. The reselves not only natural but inevitable. sult of all this is as St. Hilaire showed The Caucasian calls them inscrutable, some forty-five years ago, that every meaning only that they puzzle him, but man more or less dissembles his actual the actuality of the quality will first ap- belief, and that dissensions, quarrels, pear to many a reader of Professor De rebellions, which to an outsider seem Groot's pages.

Briefly, there is noth- entirely secular, are really religious in ing created either by God or by man in their origin. Many of the sectaries which the Chinese religion does not have developed ideas akin to Christianrecognize at least two spirits, one good, ity and these men are the most offenand one evil, and both having power sive to the state and, in Professor De over man. The air, earth, and water Groot's opinion, form the field to which teem with such spirits, and there is no missionaries may safely turn their atend to the pranks within their concep- tention with hope of success. This is tion and capacity, nor is there any limit the barest outline of the book, which to the respect rendered to them by all. is full of matter that one might call from the emperor to the most ignorant curious were it not so potent for good peasant. The Confucianist, in exact or evil in the duration of an empire and proportion to the measure of his learn- the spiritual existence of a race numing, rises superior to these beings, and bered by myriads. The Macmillan Co.


No. 3427 March 12, 1910


CONTENTS 1. English and American Elections. By Sydney Brooks

FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 643 II. Letters from America. By G. Lowes Dickinson (Conclusion.)

III. As It Happened. Book VI. Crisis. Chapter VII. "The Last In-

firmity of Noble Minds." Chapter VIII. Danger. By Ashton
Hilliers. (To be continued.)

658 IV. Golf During Thirty Years. By Horace G. Hutchinson

QUARTERLY REVIEW 670 V. Women as Letter-Writers.

TIMES 681 A Lucid Interval. (To be concluded.) BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 684 VII. Dangers in the Near East.

OUTLOOK 691 VIII. The Ethics of Biography.

SPECTATOR 694 IX. The Bird-Play.

'NATION 696 X. The Crooked Limb. By George A. B. Dewar SATURDAY REVIEW 699

A PAOE OF VERSE XI. Shadows. By Mildred Huxley

SPECTATOR 642 XII, To the Mystery. By Frederick Niven




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