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$1,000,000 for their end of the Han- therefore apprehensive lest the advent kow-Szechuan line. The Provincial of the comet should give the signal for Government accepted the money, and an outbreak of the existing anti-foreign "borrowed” it for its own purposes. feeling The uncertainty of the situSuch, it is probable, will be the fate of ation has just been proved all too all similar subscriptions. The people clearly by a mutiny at Canton amongst are too ignorant rightly to understand soldiers trained in the European style, what the money is wanted for, and the apparently against the hated un-Chinese Ministry of Finance is too cautious to customs which are forced upon them. publish accounts of the amounts re- W'arned by such danger-signals as ceived. When the subscribers begin these, missionaries and others are takto realize that their money has gone, ing steps to spread information about and that the foreigner has not, it is the comet. Picture-posters of it have only too likely that the combination of been published, containing all its outrages upon their pockets and their known portraits, from the Bayeux prejudices will lead them into trying to tapestry onwards. It is to be hoped take the law into their own hands. that these measures may have a good
On the top of all this, Halley's comet effect, though it is little that can be is coming. In a letter to the North done in so sbort a time amongst such China Daily News, the Rev. D. MacGilli- a vast population. vray speaks of his experiences during a It is a cause for special regret that recent visit to the interior. A refer- so much of the present discontent and ence to the approach of the comet, he unrest amongst the ignorant classes says, brought even officials to their should centre round the railway ques: feet with eager questions. We can un- tion. As we have noticed of late on derstand that a business which has several occasions, China has grounds such an effect upon a Chinese official for real and solid satisfaction in the must indeed be one of moment. progress which she has made in railEclipses and other signs in the heavens way development and construction on have a peculiarly disturbing effect upon her own account. Amongst other un. Chinese minds. It is natural and in- dertakings, she has carried through a evitable for them to believe that inter- difficult and arduous piece of work, the ruptions in the ordinary course of na- Pekin-Kalgan railway, by means of ture are part of a general disturbance Chinese engineers alone. Nothing of the whole established order, includ- could more disastrously impede her deing systems of government and all velopment in this direction than the emother human relations. Wars, revolu- ployment of her achievements to protions, or dynastic changes are expected mote jealousy of the foreign concessionto follow, and if there is any delay in aries, and as a means of inflaming poptheir appearance, the Chinaman will ular feeling against the introduction see to it that it is not his fault if there into China of such of the benefits of is not an adequate response upon earth European civilization as may be approto the celestial disturbances. Those priate to her circumstances. best acquainted with the country are
BY THE WATERS OF ISRAEL. .
Eyes accustomed to the sight of still Paradise, fail to provide a touch of life and running waters framed in green in the picture. Yet the haunting glory find something peculiarly desolate in of Galilee is in its story. Shorn of its the lakes and rivers of the Holy Land, wondrous legend, it would be no more and marvel that such saddening over- than any other gleam of water resting flow from Hermon and Lebanon can the eye in the midst of the desert. have inspired the Psalmist with his There is something joyous about its raptures. Even the "bowery Jordan,” image from end to end. In no light, as Disraeli called it, whose verdant neither in sun nor moon nor the thoubanks are, to the very threshold of its sand effects between, does it breathe bitter grave, in startling contrast with the silent tragedy of the Dead Sea, the the arid barrenness of the smitten plain most sinister sheet of water I ever of Jericho, rushes in muddy frenzy looked upon. Long before I had stood through a parched land that cries in upon its pebbly brink it had seemed to vain for some alleviation of its thirst. me that Lake Pontchartrain--PontThe glacial Abana, which comes tum- chartrain which lies outside New Orbling from the mountain snows to be leans, brooding with memories of the swallowed up in the streets of fanatical vanished glories of loyal Frenchmen Damascus, flows, like some other rivers and the ruined gentlemen of the Conof Syria, through smiling scenes amid federate States who came after themwhich grumbling camels pasture in was the saddest water of my travels their thousands; but Syria is a happier east and west. Yet as I drew rein be land than Palestine, and its face wears side the Dead Sea, having ridden over a less repulsive expression even in the from Jericho before the sun was up, time of drought.
the memory of Pontchartrain, which The two lakes in all that region which came all unbidden to my mind, seemed irresistibly call for contrast are obvi- hilarious by comparison with the ously Galilee and the Dead Sea. Their deathly stillness that lay before me, appearance to-day bears out their story this most unnatural of lakes wherein in the past. Galilee owes little of its no fish can live, no ephemeral insect witching beauty to its setting. True, come to being. Nor was a bathe in its there is forbidding grandeur in the water, though welcome after so hot a clear-cut purple and, ochre mountains ride over the plain, unattended by abthat tower around in an atmosphere normal experiences in harmony with peculiarly conductive to the predomi- this morbid mere. The swimmer loses nance of the middle distance. There control of his limbs. His head and body is picturesqueness in the white domes float at angles impossible in ordinary of the religious houses at Tiberias, and waters, fresh or salt The brine is so there is welcome interruption of the dense that it must at all costs be kept oval coastline in the little splashes of from the eyes, and is even said to be ruin at Capernaum and elsewhere. Nor injurious to the ears. The body, on can the frequent presence of half-naked emerging from this strange brew, dries Bedouin, whose smooth black buffaloes rapidly, but retains a coating of salt wallow luxuriously in the shallows crystals that sparkle like frost. About while their masters ply the cast-net or this dreadful sea there is none of the sit on their baunches among the reeds, sense of holy calm and infinite peace smoking the kief pipe and dreaming of which invests the dancing waters of Gennesareth, with its bird-life, its jah's brook Cherith, "which is before shoals of fishes splashing in every shal- Jordan,” but better known locally by low, and its merry fishermen, who in the Syrian name of Wady Kelt. By its calm or storm navigate its surface in crystal pools, which gleam under overcraft stout enough to live through hanging rocks hidden in blossom that even those sudden squalls, one of which scents the homes of songbirds, happy inspired surely the most majestic man- schoolboys from Jerusalem camp out in date ever uttered to the raging ele- their holidays; and there also I have ments: "Peace, be still!”.
gone to bathe and fish and rest after There is no village like Tiberias to the glare and dust of riding in the relieve the monotony of the Dead Sea plain. It carves its winding way, this shore, and that fruitless lake, with its pretty stream, through towering mounsurface a thousand feet or more below tains, and can be reached only by a the Mediterranean, and its bed another bridle track, which no doubt accounts thousand, touches the lowest depths, a for the otherwise surprising fact that very slough of despond. It is undenia- its beauties are unknown to the majorble that Tiberias as we know it to-day, ity of American tourists, who rarely is but a sorry hamlet, from which all leave Jerusalem for Jericho save in ve its former glory is departed, a dirty ag. hicles, and are therefore debarred from glomeration of hovels, with inhabitants enjoying a glimpse of what seemed to in keeping, and with the sweet Casa me the most attractive water in all that Nova of the Franciscans as the one thirsty land. There is the glamor of sympathetic spot amid all its squalor. legend about the Jordan, and there is Yet, though its palaces and synagogues strength and beauty of a kind in the be no more, Tiberias lends a character Abana; while even the Dog River, to the sacred lake which is wholly miss- where it debouches, north of Beyrout, ing from the other and final goal of into the Mediterranean, rushing the Jordan, which runs between them through the shadow of the rocks that in a turgid torrent, beset with shoals, bear the cuneiform inscriptions of dead disappointing to the fisherman, yet ever dynasties, is not without a picturthe lodestar of a million pilgrims of a esqueness of its own. Yet not one of dozen Eastern churches.
these greater streams has the quiet The Jordan and Abana may be beauty of Cherith, which moreover has famed in history, but there is a smaller fonder memories than any other for the stream running into the plain of Jeri- angler, since alone among them all it cho, between that place and Jerusalem, gives him sport with the fly-his highwhich is more lovable than either. It est test of water all the world over. is by common consent regarded as Eli
F. G. Aftalo. The Outlook.
Never a whine escaped me, not a whimper
Through all those weeks of weariness and fuss,
As Lloyd said this and Churchill labored thus.
Who heeded songs meanwhile? What oats had Pegasus?
The subjects which delight the Muse and me;
What do we care for Liberal or for Tory
So we preserve a Fress that's fancy free,
Ranging the whole wide world (through Reuter's agency)?
And through the darkness, desolate, opaque,
As though some solid issue were at stake.
Poor innocents! And yet I neither moved nor spake.
The overburdened dromedary's spine,
Is there no end to politics, no anodyne?
of awful economic rigmaroles?
For ever climbing up their slippery polls ?
And hear the "Last Results" sound forth like funeral tolls?
Ere I submit to that impendent pall,
And wreck the panes in Downing Street, and squall,
BOOKS AND AUTHORS
Lovers of dainty anthologies will re- is the equivalent of prayer is pursued. member the pretty Book of Christmas, The subjects are chosen quite irrespecwhich the Macmillans published last tive of creed, and the treatment is year. They now publish a companion that of a sympathetic observer rather volume, “The Book of Easter." The than an enquirer or investigator. They Right Reverend Bishop Doane fur- include the Barnardo Home, the Salnishes an introduction; and the book vation Army, the Little Sisters of the is composed of Easter songs and med- Poor and the Daughters of St. Vincent, itations from many sources, Easter sto- whom the author names “butterfly sisries and reflections suited to the days ters” from their peasant coifs, Westbefore Easter as well as to Easter it- minster, Saint Paul's, John Wesley's self, with copies of Easter pictures chapel, the Great Synagogue in Jewry, from the old masters and imaginative a Quaker meeting-house, and the Poor drawings by George Wharton Edwards. Brothers of the Charter-house, of whom Altogether the little book fills a place the best known is he who never existed, hitherto quite vacant.
Colonel Thomas Newcome. So through
London fares the author, looking only Mr. Charles Morley's "London at for the things which are lovely and of Prayer" is composed of papers written good report, and finding so many that for the "Pall Mall Magazine," and de- his book is one of the most cheerful scribing not places of prayer only but of the season. The illustrations are exalso places in which that labor which cellent and worthy of the text. The conventional cathedral tour might very porarily blighted their lives. It is well find a rival in a tour of London hardly possible to speak more definitely based on this work. E. P. Dutton & without diminishing the reader's inCo.
terest, but Mrs. Ray has managed this Some prefaces may be neglected, but more serious plot quite as well as her that of Professor Frederic L. Paxson's gay comedies of maidens choosing and "The Last American Frontier," must
lovers wooing and in her studies of be read, under penalty of mistaking a slightly warped but sound characters. purposely picturesque sketch for a
Also she has done her work quite withgrave historical work. As the author out the queer self-consciousness some is a professor of American history in
times exhibited by a writer attempting the University of Michigan, the latter a new style and in a manner equally rather than the former is naturally ex
remote from timidity and from awkpected, but when the bristling dates
wardness. The two sinners are inand careful statistics do not appear, tentionally made the most striking igone soon discovers that the apparentures of the tale, and the strong concarelessness is the ease of intimacy.
trast between their behavior is a darBy his title Professor Paxson means ing experiment on the reader's credthe last dividing line between the white ulity, but the author's success justiman and the red, the last wave mark fies her choice of it. If she should of the rising tide of civilization, and his work only for older readers in future happy mastery of his subject enables they will gain an entertainer well his readers to grasp it far more effect- skilled in her art and holding her pen ually than by the method of supplying and her mind in perfect control. She them with dates and incidents and has far surpassed the model which she leaving them to shape their own vision herself set up in early days. Her of the progress of settlement as a
Teddy is a trifling ghost beside the sucwhole. His use of the geographical cessful author of many tales from factor is very skilful, and the elemen- whom many more ought to come. Littary school-teacher who seizes on the tle, Brown & Co. bints afforded in this work will enliven his classes and may even hope to
"Religion in the Making,” by Prorouse his pupils to that ceaseless move
fessor Samuel G. Smith of the Uniment in human affairs, the perception versity of Minnesota, had a quaint oriof which so vivifies history. To the gin, being the result of his teaching general reader, this compact, easily sociology to upper classmen in the comprehensible account of the changes University, and teaching the Bible to by which the West and the East have special classes in the People's Church, been made one will be welcome. The St. Paul. After some years of this Macmillan Company.
work. it struck him that sociology
might be an excellent instrument for Mrs. Anna Chapin Ray's "Over the the interpretation of the Bible, and that Quicksands,” is her first essay in a new the Bible might be a rich source of sofield far larger than the pleasant pas- ciological material. Having pursued tures into which she has hitherto the conjoined study of the two subjects led her readers. The book traces for some two years with select comthe story of a deliberate and pro- panies of students, he offered work in longed sin, concealed from the world Biblical sociology to his university and from the two children whom classes, and after four years of testing it most concerned, until it tem- it, has shaped part of his work into this