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men !'”

cumstance which had placed her, in the ««Fatal chooser of the slaughter, words of Scripture,' a little lower than O'er you hovers Odiv's daughter ; the angels !"" Vol. III. pp. 343-346. Hear the choice she spreads before ye,These volumes contain a con

Victory, and wealth, and glory; siderable portion of poetry, much

Or old Valhalla's roaring hall, of which would not disgrace Sir

Her ever-circling mead and ale,

Where for eternity unite Walter Scott himself. Most of the The joys of wassail and of fight. pieces are either connected with Headlong forward, foot and horsemen, ihe story, and cannot be detached, Charge and fight, and die like Norseor, if capable of being detached,

Vol. III. pp. 26, 27. are scarcely appropriate to our The following is in a different pages. We shall, however, ven- style. It is the farewell of Cleveiure on a specimen. The follow- land to Minna. We should have ing is an imitation of an ancient thought its pathos improved if it Northern war-song.

had come from better lips, and “ The Song of Harold Harfager. under less revolting circumstances. « The sun is rising dimly red,

** Farewell! Farewell! the voice you The wind is wailing low and dread;

bear From his cliff the eagle sallies,

Has left its last soft tone with you, Leaves the wolf his darksome valleys; Its next must join the seaward cheer, In the mist the ravens hover,

And shout among the shouting crew. Peep the wild dogs from the cover,

"The accents which I scarce could Screaming, croaking, baying, yelling,

form Each in his wild accents telling, Soon we feast on dead and dying,

Beneath your frown's controlling Fair-baird Harold's flag is flying.'


Must give the word, above the storm, Many a crest on air is streaming, To cut the mast, and clear the wreck. Many a helmet darkly gleaming,

“ The timid eye I dared not raise,Many ab arm the axe nprears, Doom'd to hew the wood of spears.

The hand, that shook when press'd to

thine, All along the crowded ranks, Horses neigh and armour clanks ;

Must point the gups upon the chase, Chiefs are shouting, clarions ringing,

Must bid the deadly cutlass shine. Louder still the bard is singing,

... To all I love, or hope, or fear,• Gather footman, gather horsemen ;

Honour, or own,-a long adieu ! To the field, ye valiant Norsemen !

To all that life has soft and dear, *** Halt ye not for food or slumber;

Farewell ! save memory of you!" View not vantage, coudt not number;

Vol. II. pp. 239 210. Jolly reapers, forward still,

We have now devoted as much Grow the crop on vale or hill, Thick or scattered, stiff or lithe,

space to this tale as our limits perIt shall down before the scythe.

mit, and more perhaps than some Forward with your sickles bright,

of our gravest readers may think Reap the harvest of the fight

necessary. Our comments we must Onward footmen, onward horsemen,

reserve to another Number. To the charge, ye gallant Norsemen!

(To be continued.)


wide circulation, I am led to be To the Editor of the Christian Observer. lieve your reviewer overlooked a HAVING observed your favourable most extraordinary sentiment in Review of the Rev. Mr. Bradley's the Eighth Sermon, 4th edition, Sermons, from which, and other vol. I. pp. 145, 146;—a sentiment commendations, they have had a which fills my mind with horror, as applied to the pure and imma. is not intended for, and ought not culate human nature of our ever to be construed into, an approval blessed Redeemer, the Lord Jesus of every individual sentiment or Christ; a sentiment which to my own expression. There are few publiknowledge is spreading widely and cations, even among those whicla undermining the faith once de- we most highly esteem, and should livered to the saints, and directly with least reservation commend, leading to, and can only end in, the in which there may not be passages denial of his Divinity altogether. that we might think liable to just

In vain will the author's quali- exception. But it would far exfications undo the appalling sense ceed the bounds of a critique of which can alone be put upon the ordinary length, to analyze each following expressions :

paragraph of a work, with a view “But there are other and still to notice every sentence which apmore painful infirmities yet behind, pears to deserve either encomium the infirmities which are the effects of sin ; or blame. sinful infirmities, the pain which is caused We shall not, however, on the in the soul by its conflicts with evil lusts and present occasion content ourselves unhallowed tempers !!-**** The text with this general statement, but tells us, however, that he was in all shall freely express our own opipoints ten ted like as

are; and nion on the point at issue between again another Scripture says that he was made in the likeness of sinful flesh; dent; first, however, in justice

Mr. Bradley and our corresponthat he took our nature upon him, not as it was in our first parents in a state of to the author, transcribing the innocence, not as it is now in the glorified whole passage, with bis “ qualificasaints in kearen, but as it is impaired and tions," which our readers

may degraded by the fall.--*** He knew whut think, notwithstanding the denial it was to be under the guilt of sin." of J. S., have soine considerable,

Truly he bore the punishment of though not sufficient, tendency 10 sin. He made his soul an offering modify the “ appalling sense of for sin. “ The chastisement of his expressions.” It is as follows. our peace was upon him." "He (We quote from the 2d edition.) bore our sins in his own body on

“ But there are other and still more the tree." The purity of his cha

painful infirmities yet behind, the infirracter qualified him for this work; mities which are the effects of sin, sine for be was " the Lamb, without ful infirmities; the pain which is caused blemish and without spoi, who did in the soul by evil lusts, tempers, and, no sin, neither was guile found habits. Are these then included in the in his mouth," much less in his Apostle's words? There is one expresthoughts or dispositions.

sion in the text which seems, on the first As I presume you will think it view, to exclude at once all these

sources of sorrow from the sympathy necessary to put your readers on

of Christ. He was tempted or exertheir guard against these errors, so

cised by all the varions calamities of contrary to the avowed sentiments

buman life, but yet he was without sin. of the Christian Observer, I have The text, however, tells us, that he was taken the liberty of calling your in all points tempted like as we are ; attention to the subject.

J. S.

and again, another Scripture says, that

he was made in the likeness of sinful In reply to these strictures of flesh; that he took our nature upon him, our correspondent, so far as they

not as it was in our first parents in a

state of innocence, not as it is now in 'concern ourselves, it is only neces.

the glorified saints in heaven, but as it sary to state, that we did not review

is, impaired and degraded by the fall. the first volume of Mr. Bradley's

Not that there was any sin in him; he Sermons, but the second only; and

was perfectly barmless, perfectly pure, that, even if we had reviewed both,

without spot, or blemish, or any such a general commendation of a work

thing: but though he was free from sin,

-he felt and tasted in all their bitterness He was “ tried in all points like as many of those effects of sin to which we are ;" and he can doubtless feel man is liable in the present state. He knew what it was to be under the guilt cunstanced, not because templa

The more for us when similarly cirof sin; not that he was ever really guilty, tion or trial had any tendency to but he was dealt with as though he were. "God,' says the Apostle,' made him to

seduce him, or required, if we may be sin for us, who knew no sin.' Hence so speak, any particular effort to he was made to taste of the sufferings repel it, but because, on account that are the consequences of guilt.”

of his holy nature, the very sug

gestion of evil to his mind, though

of sage, we perfectly accord with . s. he felt not any inclination to yield that some parts of it are expressed in to it, was immeasurably painful to a manner extremely exceptionable ; of carrying the comprehensive ge

him.-Divines should also beware though we cannot for a moment sup. neralities of Scripture into exceppose--indeed the contrary is evident

tionable details. Thus, in the pas-that Mr. Bradley intended to intimate that our Lord had any pro- sage in question, the expression pensity to sin, however he might

in all points” (kata taya) seems be " exercised” with temptations to scarcely capable of sustaining so it. The origin of the improper laue minute a comparison as that which guage which

J. S. reprehends, seems Mr. Bradley bas instituted. There to us partly to lie in the equivocal are many individual temptations meaning of the word "temptation.” with which our Lord could not In one sense, our Lord could not be be literally assailed, because there tempted to any evil; for instance, of life which he did not experience.

were circumstances and conditions to pride, or ambition, or presump- He was not, for example, a parent, tion; yet, in another sense, he was tempted to these very sins,—that is, Besides ají which, the passage ap

a husband, a magistrate, or a ruler. salan tempted him to thein, as we find recorded in the Gospels. He plies to the “ infirmities” of our suffered temptation from without; tions to actual sin. The import of

nature, rather than to the temptabut, unlike us, he felt no tempta- the text is beautifully, and we think tion from within. Temptations were presented to him; but ihey glanced,

correctly, paraphrased in a wellblunted and powerless, from the im known hymn which first appeared penetrable shield of his immaculate

some years since in our work, (Vol. sanctity. This distinction should for 1812, p. 91,) and bas subsealways be kept prominently in sight, quently been transcribed in several in commenting on such passages as that which forms the subject of “ When gathering clouds around I Mr. Bradley's discourse; nor should view,” &c. even the laudable desire to comfort We perfectly coincide with the the afflicted, and support the weak, following remarks of Beza on the lead a Christian minister to such a passage in question. mode of expression respecting our “ I allow that no sufferings can blessed Lord, as may seem to inti. fall upon Christ, now he is glorified; mate that there is any immediate but thus much is certain, that by the analogy in the manner in which He expression in the text is signified experienced the force of templa- that complete sympathy between the tion, and that in which it assails members and the Head—that is, us frail and sinful creatures. In the church and Cbrist-op which general, in speaking of our Lord, St. Paul so often expatiates. Morethe term “ tried" would more near- over, the Scriptures, when speaking ly correspond with the scriptural of Christ glorified, adapt themidea, and be less liable to miscon- selves to our apprebeusions, the ception, than the word “tempted," same as when speaking of God. We

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believe that Christ dwells in glory useful nor safe....... Our Lord did at the right hand of the Father, not merely assume the substance of where he is said to be touched with our body and animal life (anime) the feeling of our infirmities; be- but became subjeet to all our affliccause, whatever injury is done to tions, and to the penalty of all our us, he considers as done to himself, sins, but still in such a manner that as when he exclaimed from heaven, every thing in him was upright and “Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou perfect: nor was there in him any me?' To go into deeper specula- thing of the flesh, that is, the vicious tions on this subject, I ihink neither principle, warring with the Spirit."


&c. &c.


bably not in quite this proportion; cach PREPARING for publication :—The Life return being more perfect than the for. of J. Goodwin, by Thomas Jackson ;- mer, and therefore augmenting the numConsiderations on Calvinism and Rege. ber. Only seven returns were deficient neration, by the Rey. W. B. Knight;- in 1821. Ossian, with original Notes and a Dis. Cambridge.-Doctor Smith's Annual sertation, by H. Campbell ;-Journal Prizes, to the two best proficients in of a Voyage to Greenland, by Capt. mathematics and natural philosophy Manby ;- The Travels of Theodore among the Commencing Bachelors of Dacas, by C. Mills ;-An Inquiry into Arts, are adjudged to Mr. H. Holditch, the Truth and Use of the lately tranş. of Caius College, and Mr. M. Peacock, lated Book of Enoch, by Mr. Overton. of Bene't College, the first and second

In the press : The works of Armi. wranglers. pius, with the Author's Life;—A System M. Dupin, a French writer, gives the of Avalytic Geometry, by the Rev. D. following illustration of the labour perLardner ;-Elements of Self-improve. formed by steam engines in this conn. ment, by the Rev. T. Finch ;-A Third try. The great pyramid of Egypt reVolume of the Remains of H. Kirke quired for its erection above 100,000 White, by Robert Southey ;-Oriental men for twenty years. The volume of Literature, as a sequel to Oriental Cus- the pyramid is 4,000,000 cubic metres, toms, by the Rev. S. Burder;-Essays its weight about 10,400,000 tons. The on the Recollections which are to sub- centre of gravity is elevated 49 metres, sist between earthly Friends, re-united from the base; and, taking 11 metres in the World to come; and on other Snb. as the main depth of the quarries, the jects, religious and prophetical; by the total height of elevation is 60 metres, Rev. T. Gisborue, A. M.

which, multiplied by 10,400,000 tons,

gives 624,000,000 tons raised one metre. The following is a summary of the re- The total of the steam-engines in Engtarns of the population of Great Britain, land represents a power of 320,000 in the years 1801, 1811, and 1921. horses. These engines therefore in work England8,331,434 9,538,827 11,260,555 for 24 hours would raise 862,800,000 Wales 541,516 611,788 717,108

tons one metre high, and consequently, Scotland 1,599,068 1,805,688 2,092,014 647,100,000 tons in 18 hours, which sur:

passes the produce of the labour spent 10,472,018 11,956,303 14,069,677 in raising the materials of the great Army, Na

pyramid. vy, &c. 470,598 640,500 310,000 The air-pump, no longer confined to

the service of experimental philosophy, 10,942,646 12,596,803 14,379,677 has been of late years introduced with This statement gives an increase in the good effect into many of our manufactwo last returns of 18 per cent. on Eng. tories. We lately mentioned a useful land; of 17 one-fifth on Scotland, and application of its powers in the pro15 six-seventhis on Wales. There doubt. cesses of dying, sizing, and wetting less has been a large increase, but pro. down paper for printing, &c. as prac.


tised in the Bank of Ireland. Another the honour of our laws that they refuse modern application is in the process of to uphold any claim, agreement, or even sogar refining. It is a circumstance ge- bond which is proved to be contra nerally known that fluids boil at a lower bouos ipores.” temperature beneath an exhausted re.

UNITED STATES. ceiver than when exposed to the ordinary The evils of dram-drinking, so forcipressure of the atmosphere. The sagar bly pointed out in this country, are felt refiner, taking advantage of this prin- still more strongly in many parts of North ciple, encloses the pan containing the America. A committee of gentlemen saccharine fluid in a close vessel, when was appointed some time since to inquire by the continued action of an air-pump, into the causes of pauperism in the city the air is so far rarified as to produce of New York. They stated, as the reebulition at a temperature vot exceed- sult of their investigation, that the most ing, perhaps, 100 deg. of Fabrenheit's prominent and alarming cause of the thermometer; which not only causes a distress of the numerous poor in that saving of time and fuel, but materially city was the inordinate use of spirituous diminishes the risk of charring the liquors. Seven cases out of eight they sugar.

could trace to this source. The" Moral It has been decided in the Court of Society” of Portland stated, in 1816, King's Bench, that, in the event of an that out of 85 persons in the work-house article pawned not being redeemed with. of that town, 71 were reduced to that in twelve months and a day, the pawn. condition in consequence of intempera broker, though authorised to sell it, may be called upon to account to the owner

INDIA, &c. for the amount of sale, deducting only A case of some interest respecting the sum advanced, with interest and ex- Indian Marriages lately came before the penses. If the article is not actually Court of the Recorder of Bombay.sold, it may be redeemed even after the Mr. A. B. had been married at Seroor, twelvemonth and day have expired; it in the presence of two witnesses, to Mrs. not being the design of the law to give C. D., by the officer commanding the the pawn-broker any advantage from forces, there being at that time no cleforfeited pledges, except recovering rical establishment at Seroor. The opi. the amount of his loan, interest, and nion of counsel was : “ Tbat this is a expenses. The rate of interest was valid marriage to some intents and purfixed as high as was considered sufficient poses, but not to all. Marriages in the for the profits of the trade, without any British dominions in the East Indies are additional source of remuneration. governed by the same law which pre

An application was lately made to the vailed in England prior to the Marriage Lord Chancellor, on the part of Mr. Act, except where solemnized by mini. Murray, the publisher of Lord Byron's sters of the Scotch Church; whicla mar. “ Cain," for an injunction to restrain a riages are rendered valid by a recent printer named Benbow from pirating act of parliament. This marriage is that work. The Lord Chancellor re binding on the parties : a subsequent plied, that, having read the poem, he marriage by either with a third person, entertained a reasonable doubt of its during the life of the other, would be character; and therefore, until the par. void. The children would be to most ties could shew that they could maintain purposes legitimate ; but as there was an action upon it, he must refuse an no priest to perform the ceremony, there injunction. The immediate consequence are certain rights convected with real of this decision unhappily may be to property, to which, according to a long inundate the country with cheap edi. series of old cases, the parties so martions of exceptionable works, hitherto

ried would not be entitled. It is improrestricted in their circulation; but the bable that the parties, or their issue, ultimate effect, we trust, will be salu- would suffer inconvenience from the tary, as authors will be discouraged in marriage being in some degree defective, writing, and booksellers in publishing, as the occasions on which such defects works in which neither can hope to se- would prove injarious are rare; but to cure a copy-right. Hone and Carlile make every thing safe, another marriage themselves stand in danger of having is necessary: it should be liad in consone of their most lucrative publications firmation of the first, and upon no acpirated with impunity by their fellow. count in the ordinary form, as if no labourer Mr. Benbow.-It is much to former marriage had taken place,"

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