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believe that Christ dwells in glory useful nor safe....... Our Lord did at the right hand of the Father, not merely assume the substance of where he is said to be touched with our body and animal life (anime) the feeling of our infirmities; be- but became subjeet to all our affliccause, whatever injury is done to tions, and to the penalty of all our us, he considers as done to himself, sins, but still in such a manner that as when he exclaimed from heaven, every thing in him was upright and “Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou perfect: nor was there in him any me?' To go into deeper specula- thing of the flesh, that is, the vicious tions on this subject, I ihink neither principle, warring with the Spirit."
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
bably not in quite this proportion; cach PREPARING for publication :—The Life return being more perfect than the for. of J. Goodwin, by Thomas Jackson ;- mer, and therefore augmenting the numConsiderations on Calvinism and Rege. ber. Only seven returns were deficient neration, by the Rey. W. B. Knight;- in 1821. Ossian, with original Notes and a Dis. Cambridge.-Doctor Smith's Annual sertation, by H. Campbell ;-Journal Prizes, to the two best proficients in of a Voyage to Greenland, by Capt. mathematics and natural philosophy Manby ;- The Travels of Theodore among the Commencing Bachelors of Dacas, by C. Mills ;-An Inquiry into Arts, are adjudged to Mr. H. Holditch, the Truth and Use of the lately tranş. of Caius College, and Mr. M. Peacock, lated Book of Enoch, by Mr. Overton. of Bene't College, the first and second
In the press : The works of Armi. wranglers. pius, with the Author's Life;—A System M. Dupin, a French writer, gives the of Avalytic Geometry, by the Rev. D. following illustration of the labour perLardner ;-Elements of Self-improve. formed by steam engines in this conn. ment, by the Rev. T. Finch ;-A Third try. The great pyramid of Egypt reVolume of the Remains of H. Kirke quired for its erection above 100,000 White, by Robert Southey ;-Oriental men for twenty years. The volume of Literature, as a sequel to Oriental Cus- the pyramid is 4,000,000 cubic metres, toms, by the Rev. S. Burder;-Essays its weight about 10,400,000 tons. The on the Recollections which are to sub- centre of gravity is elevated 49 metres, sist between earthly Friends, re-united from the base; and, taking 11 metres in the World to come; and on other Snb. as the main depth of the quarries, the jects, religious and prophetical; by the total height of elevation is 60 metres, Rev. T. Gisborue, A. M.
which, multiplied by 10,400,000 tons,
gives 624,000,000 tons raised one metre. The following is a summary of the re- The total of the steam-engines in Engtarns of the population of Great Britain, land represents a power of 320,000 in the years 1801, 1811, and 1921. horses. These engines therefore in work England8,331,434 9,538,827 11,260,555 for 24 hours would raise 862,800,000 Wales 541,516 611,788 717,108
tons one metre high, and consequently, Scotland 1,599,068 1,805,688 2,092,014 647,100,000 tons in 18 hours, which sur:
passes the produce of the labour spent 10,472,018 11,956,303 14,069,677 in raising the materials of the great Army, Na
pyramid. vy, &c. 470,598 640,500 310,000 The air-pump, no longer confined to
the service of experimental philosophy, 10,942,646 12,596,803 14,379,677 has been of late years introduced with This statement gives an increase in the good effect into many of our manufactwo last returns of 18 per cent. on Eng. tories. We lately mentioned a useful land; of 17 one-fifth on Scotland, and application of its powers in the pro15 six-seventhis on Wales. There doubt. cesses of dying, sizing, and wetting less has been a large increase, but pro. down paper for printing, &c. as prac.
tised in the Bank of Ireland. Another the honour of our laws that they refuse modern application is in the process of to uphold any claim, agreement, or even sugar refining. It is a circumstance gen bond which is proved to be contra nerally known that fluids boil at a lower bouos ipores." temperature beneath an exhausted re.
UNITED STATES. ceiver than when exposed to the ordinary The evils of dram-drinking, so forci. pressure of the atmosphere. The sagar bly pointed out in this country, are felt refiner, taking advantage of this prin- still more strongly in many parts of North ciple, encloses the pan containing the America. A committee of gentlemen saccharine fluid in a close vessel, when was appointed some time since to inquire by the continued action of an air-pump, into the causes of pauperism in the city the air is so far rarified as to produce of New York. They stated, as the reebulition at a temperature uot exceed. sult of their investigation, that the most ing, perhaps, 100 deg. of Fabrenheit's prominent and alarming cause of the thermometer; which not only causes a distress of the numerous poor in that saving of time and fuel, but materially city was the inordinate use of spirituous diminishes the risk of charring the liquors. Seven cases out of eight they sugar.
could trace to this source. The“ Moral It has been decided in the Court of Society” of Portland stated, in 1816, King's Bench, that, in the event of an that out of 85 persons in the work-house article pawned not being redeemed with. of that town, 71 were reduced to that in twelve months and a day, the pawn. condition in consequence of intempera broker, though authorised to sell it, may ance. be called upon to account to the owner
INDIA, &c. . for the amount of sale, deducting only A case of some interest respecting the sum advanced, with interest and ex. Indian Marriages lately came before the penses. If the article is not actually Court of the Recorder of Bombay.sold, it may be redeemed even after the Mr. A. B. had been married at Seroor, twelvemonth and day have expired; it in the presence of two witnesses, to Mrs. not being the design of the law to give C. D., by the officer commanding the the pawn-broker any advantage from forces, there being at that time no cleforfeited pledges, except recovering rical establishment at Seroor. The opi. the amount of his loan, interest, and nion of counsel was: “ Tbat this is a expenses. The rate of interest was valid marriage to some intents and purfixed as high as was considered sufficient poses, but not to all. Marriages io the for the profits of the trade, without any British dominions in the East Indies are additional source of remuneration. governed by the same law which pre
An application was lately made to the vailed in England prior to the Marriage Lord Chancellor, on the part of Mr. Act, except where solemnized by mini. Murray, the publisher of Lord Byron's sters of the Scotch Church; whicha mar“ Cain,” for an injunction to restrain a riages are rendered valid by a recent printer named Benbow from pirating act of parliament. This marriage is that work. The Lord Chancellor re binding on the parties : a subsequent plied, that, having read the poem, he marriage by either with a third person, entertained a reasonable doubt of its during the life of the other, would be character; and therefore, until the par. void. The children would be to most ties could shew that they could maintain purposes legitimate ; but as there was an action upon it, he must refuse an no priest to perform the ceremony, there injunction. The immediate consequence are certain rights convected with real of this decision unhappily may be to property, to which, according to a long inundate the country with cheap edi. series of old cases, the parties so mar. tions of exceptionable works, hitherto ried would not be entitled. It is improrestricted in their circulation; but the bable that the parties, or their issue, ultimate effect, we trust, will be salu. would suffer inconvenience from the tary, as authors will be discouraged in marriage being in some degree defective, writing, and booksellers in publishing, as the occasions on which such defects works in which neither can hope to se would prove injarious are rare; but to cure a copy-right. Hone and Carlile make every thing safe, another marriage themselves stand in danger of having is necessary: it should be had in consonje of their most lucrative publications firmation of the first, and upon no acpirated with impunity by their fellow. count in the ordinary form, as if no labourer Mr. Benbow.-It is much to former marriage had taken place,'
The Recorder stated, that he was do much of the figure of a whale. The cidedly of opinion that the existing mar. position and structure of its mouth riage was valid to all purposes whatever; enable it to browse upon the fuçi and but in order to sati.fy the anxiety of the submarine algæ, and the whole strucpartics, his lord ship directed the license ture of the masticating and digestive to issue, specially reciting the facts of organs shews it to be truly herbivorous. the case, and regniring a specification It never visits land or fresh water, but that ihe marriage is contracted solely in: lives in shallow inlets, where the sea is order to remove any doubts as to the two or three fathoms deep. Its nsual validity of that formerly contracted. length is eight or nine feet. The whole
Sir T: S. Raffles some time since sent adjustment of its parts is singularly to England severa) skeletons of avimals adapted to its peculiar habits; and fur. from Sumatra; among which is one of nishes a new instance to the many on the Dagong. This creature grazes, as record of the wisdom of God in the it were, at the bottom of the sea: works of creation. it is, however, without legs, and is very
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. .THEOLOGY.
Academic Education in the University Lectures in Divinity ; by the late of Cambridge ; by Enbulus. 8vo. George Hill, D.D. 3 vols. 8vo. 36s.
The Chronology of the Last Fifty Meditations on the Scriptures, on the Years, royal 18mo. 153. Importance of Religions Principles and The Elements of General History, Conduct; by the Rev. Richard Walond, Ancient and Modern; being a continue M.A. 2 vols. 12mo. 88.
ation of Professor Tytler's work, to the A Snmmary of Orthodox Belief and demise of George ihe Third ; by E. Practice, according to the Opinions and Nares, D.D. Regios Professor of Mo.. Sentiments of the first Reformerx; prin- dern History in the University of Ox. cipally compiled from Dean Nowell; ford. vol. III. by the Rev. John Prowett, M.A. 12mo. The Ionian Islands, &c. ; by F. T.C.
'A Sermon preached in the Chapel of Kendrick, Esq. 8vo. 128. the East India College at Haileybury; by
A Description of the Island of St. the Rev. J. H. Batten, D.D. 8vo. Michael; by J. Webster, M.D. &c. · Sketches of 100 Sermons, preached to 8vo. 13s. congregations in various parts of the The History, and Manners, and LiUnited Kingdom, and on the Earopean terature of Japan ; from Japanese MSS. Continent; furnished by their respec. by M. Titsinghi. 21. 188. tive Authors, vol. II. 12mo. 4s.
Memoirs of the Court of James the Discourses on the most Important First: by Lucy Aikin. 2 vols. 8vo. 1l. 4s. Doctrines and Duties of Christianity; Guicciardioi's History of Italy; by G. by P. Smith, A.M. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
Rolandi, in Italian. 10 vols. Svo. 31. 10s. Lectures on the Parables, selected The History and Chronicles of Scot. from the New Testament; by the land; written by Hector Boece, trans. Author of Geraldine.
lated by J. Bellenden. 2 vols. 4to. 51. 58. Pulpit Remains of the late Rev. Ed. large paper, 101, 10s. ward Hare, with a Memoir of his Life Popnlar Elements of Pure and Mixed and Ministry; by the late Rev. J. Ben Mathematics, with above 1000 Questions son. 8vo. 95.
and Problems; by P. Nicholson. 8vo. 20s. Faith y Pererin, Yn Dair Rhan; or, A Key to the above. 8vo. 6s. Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, in Welsh; The Works of the late Mr. Playfair, ornamented with one engravings.
with a Memoir of the Author. 4 vols. The History of Hugh Watson; or, the 8vo. 21. 128. 6d. Difference between the form of Godli Irah and Adal, a Tale of the Flood; ress and the Power thereof. 18mo. by T. Dale. 8vo. 9s. MISCELLANEOUS.
Poems on several Occasions; by Lord Lady Jane Grey and her Times; by Thurlow. Geo. Howard, Esq. 8vo. 128.
Thoughts on the Defective State of Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. W. Prisons, and Suggestions for their Im. Tennent, of the Presbyterian Church at provement; by T. Le Breton. 8vo. 7s. Trutsold, New Jersey. 18mo. 1s. 6d. Cottu on the Criminal Jurisprudence
The Life of Mr. Adam Blair, of Cross. of England, and the Spirit of the Eng. Meikle, post 8vo.
Jish Government, translated from the The Martyr of Antioch; a Tragic Yrench. 98. Drama ; by the Rev. H. H. Milman, Plain Reasons why Political Power 8vo. 8s.
should not be granted to Papists; by Thoughts on the Present System of Samuel Wix, A.M. F.R. and A.S. 8vo. 18. CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 243. 2 A
has been considerable, and has been ata CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. tended with beneficial effects. lo nine TWENTY-FIRST REPORT.
months, 1670 had been distributed, at (Concluded from p. 123.)
the expense of the Society; the greater The Madras and South India Mission part of them were Tamul tracts, with next claims our attention,
Testamevts and separate books of ScripAt the opening of the new church, tu're in that language. Tamul Testaat Madras, there were present opwards ments are much in demand. The supply of one hundred and fifty native child. having been exhausted, several hea. ren, belonging to the different schools thens and others were anxiously waiting in Madras and its vicinity, under the a fresh arrival Society's care: with the schoolmasters,
TRAVANCORE. catechists, and readers; and about one At the three stations, which at pre. hundred and fifty other male and female sent form the Society's Mission in Tra. adults, many of them avowed heathen, vancore-Cotym, Cochin, and Allepie also attended. . This church was erected the Corresponding Committee report, by the liberality of Government, for the that there is a steady progress, through accommodation of the Native Protes. the Divine blessing, toward the accomtant Christians of the Mission. A piece plishment of its designs. of ground for a burial place, was also For the more methodical coltivation granted.-Mr. Barenbruck bas begun of the wide field of labour opening beto preach in Tamul. Mrs. Barenbruck fore the missionaries resident at Cotym, has opened a girls' school. A Bible they have agreed to make a three-fold Society and School.book Society had division of their work: Mr. Bailey de. been formed at Madras. The tracts votes his time chiefly to the, clergy; printed at this station, have found a Mr. Fenn to the college; and Mr. Baker rapid circulation, in Madras and at the to the schools. The work of trausladifferent provincial Missions.
tions proceeds with spirit and effect. TRANQUEBAR.
In the college the opmber of students, The Committee, in entering on the is forty-two; of whom, twenty one laye account of the schools connected with passed through the five initiatory ordi. this station, announce the death of the nations. Their improvement has been valued Superintendant, the Rev. Mr. tolerably good. The establislıment of Schnarrè; who was removed, in the midst parocbial schools to be attached to of his career of usefulness, by a sudden every church under the jurisdiction of and violent disorder. In the Seminary the Syrian Metran, has long beeu ardentfor preparing Schoolmasters, there ly desired by the Meuay and by the were, at the time of Mr. Schnarrè's Missionaries; and was early contemlast report, eleven youths; besides five plated by Colonel Munro, in his plans Christian and ten heathen boys, Tbe for the improvement of the moral and number of children in the schools was religious condition of the people. It 1627. Mr. Schparrè had composed, was in every point of view desirable, during bis residence at Tranquebar, a that the expense of these schools should pamber of sermons in the Tamul lan. be borne by the churches themselves, guage, of which a very high character is wherever sufficient local resources given; and it is thought they will prove existed : and several schools have been a valuable help to his fellow-mission- recently established on that footing. aries.
In the course of the year, the MisTINNEVELLY.
sionaries have visited Cochin, with as In the last Report it was stated, that much regularity as they were able, for at Midsummer 1819, there were eight the purpose of performing Divine Ser. schools, containing four hundred and vice to the European inhabitants of seventy-ove scholars. The number of that place. schools has been increased to eleven, The opening of the church at Allepie, but without a corresponding increase of was mentioned in the last Report. It children; the cholera having carried off is a substantial building, and will accomsome, and deterre l others from attend. modate from 700 to 800 persons. The ing.
service waș, at first, performed both in The circulation of books and traets English and Malayalim : at the date of the last advices, Mr. Norton was about ings of regard for the Missionaries of to add a service in Portuguese. The the Established Church."— The ArchEnglish congregation consisted of about deacon of Colombo, to whom the Society forty persons; and the Native of about is under great obligations for his uniform one havdred, of all ages, Syrians, con- kindness to its missionaries, having verts from the Romish Church, and stated his want of means to publish the catechumens. Many persons might Liturgy and suitable Tracts in the native have been baptized; but Mr. Norton languages, the Committee placed the looks for sincere and dnly informed can- sum of 2001. at his disposal, in furtherdidates for that sacred ordinance. Mr. auce of this object. An extract from Norton has prepared several tracts, and the Archdeacon's letter will shew the wisbes much for a printing-press. The seasonableness of this aid :-“ Some of New Testament and tracts have been the Homilies,” he remarks,“ printed in extensively circulated. Tamul tracts Cingalese, would be very useful to those are in great demand.
who could read with facility. I am now The extent of the Society's exertions printing 1000 copies of Sellon's Abridgin the south of India, and the compa. ment of the Scriptures in Cingalese; rative expense of the different parts of but what are they among so many? Why the mission, may be ascertained from an should not the Tract Society assigo some estimate of the expeuditure of the cur. money to our disposal and discretion, in rent year. The calculation is niade in printing Tracts in Cingalese and Mala. Madras rupees,(pine of which are equal bar? I have vo funds for accomplishing to a pound sterling and a few pence over,) a hundredth part of what is requisite. and is as follows:-Madras, 7115; We have just finished printing 1000 Tranquebar, $567; Tinnevelly, 4937; copies in quarto, of the Book of ComTravancore, 14,787 ; Tellicherry, 420 ; mon Prayer in Cingalese, at the expense Printing Department, 840 ; Secretary's of the Society for promoting Christian Office, 420 : making a total of 32,086 Knowledge : but it is a work by no Madras rupees (somewhat more than means adequate to the demand; and I 36001.) for the ordinary expenditure. hope that the Society will give us a large The extraordinary expenditure of the edition in octavo.”-An application from year is calculated at 5250 rupees for the the Missionaries, of a somewhat similar erection of the senioary at Madras, and nature, bas met with a ready compli. the same sum for the payment of the ance on the part of the Committee. premises purchased for the Tinnevelly Many particulars are given by the Mission; making an entire total of 42,586 Missionaries of the state of the Natives, Madras ropees, or aboat 48001. which forcibly urge the daty of perse
The Bombay and Western India Mis- vering exertions to liberate them from sion is too much in its iufancy to furnish the bondage of their superstitions. Que any details of extensive importance.
of them writes : CEYLON MISSION.
“ You will meet, every day, with On quitting the government of Ceylon, numbers who bear about them the badges Sir Robert Brownrigg bore strong testi. of their slavery and superstition. A mony to the prudence with which the piece of thread tied round the arm is Society's cond rns had been conducted their preservative from disease; or å at that difficult station. His excellency ring of iron their protection from evil remarked :
spirits, who, they suppose, have a pe" The whole island is yow in a state culiar dread of this metal: otbers have of tranquillity, most favourable to the a small brass tube, containing some sort coltivation and improvement of the of medicine, fastened in a band round haman mind. I cannot doubt that, the waist; which they expect will act as under the guidance of Providence, the á spell, and remove the most obstinate progress of Christianity will be general, malady. Their whole religion embraces if the zeal for propagating the knows only two objects-deliverance from ledge of our redemption, among those temporal evils, and security of temporal who are ignorant of a Redeemer, be, prosperity. To ensure deliverance, they tempered with such a sound discretion have recourse to the means already menas bas been exhibited already by one of tioned: to obtain secarity, they make your mission in the centre of a heathen vows and oblations. Thus, previous to people. It is my sincere wish that you the time of harvest, while the paddy may all follow that example; and that (or rice-crop) is in blossom, they form your success may justify wy partial fecllong bands withi the leaves of the cocoa