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with lions. The waggons forded circular shape, shallow in the crown, the Orange River, where it was a and very neat. A great concourse of quarter of a mile broad, and soon people soon collected; and when the brought them to Griqua Town. captains arrived they immediately came Here are a small missionary settle- hands, some of them iostantly asking for

forward, and saluted us by shakiug ment, and a school, conducted ac

snuff. The children, though they had cording to the British system, of seen White people before, were shy,and more ihan one hundred children, some shewed much timidity, but a little who appear to make good progress attention soon made them familiar. in their education. On arriving at The chief presented us with two pots New Lallakoo, our author was re

full of thick milk, which, from its cool. ceived in a friendly manner by the ing effects, was very agreeable, the King Mateebe, and by the Chief weather being sultry. He tasted both of Mashow, an adjoining territory. that they contained nothing poisonous.”

before he presented them, to shew A missionary station had been Vol. I. pp. 122, 123. formed at Lattakoo, since the former visit of Mr. Campbell, and From Old Lattakoo Mr. Campa commodious place of worship bell proceeded to Meriboh whey, in erected, capable of containing four the Tammaha country. It may hundred persons. Mr. Campbell here be observed, once for all, that was encouraged to proceed farther the natives of this part of Africa, north, notwithstanding the fate of as in most other districts of savage Dr. Cowan and his party, who life, are divided into an infinite were murdered by the natives, number of small tribes, passing some years ago. The reply of under different names, but appearMateebe to Mr. Campbell when he ing to have no regular acknowproposed to visit the King of Ma. Jedged boundaries, and being much show is remarkable: "I will never confounded together by a similarity hinder the progress of the word of of features, language, manners, and God.” Old Lattakoo is a place customs. Excepting that all of tfty miles to the north of the New them own independent chieftains, Town, and each contains a popu- and make predatory incursions lation of about four thousand. upon their neighbours, they bave The people of this country are perhaps little more right to be conmost persevering dancers. The sidered separate races of men, than dance which was given in honour the different inhabitants of our Engof Mr. Campbell's arrival, con- lish counties. Mr. Campbell's work tinued six hours, without interrup- abounds with hard, unpronouncetion, and without weariness. They able vames of countries which no

also wonderfully fond of European probably ever heard of snuff, and emptied his boxes with- before. But many of these crabout mercy. The following pas- bed appellations are in reality the sage presents a not unpleasiug distinctions of a people amongst picture of this uncultivated race of whom little real difference of nabeings.

tional character is to be found. It « On entering Old Lattakoo,” says must be admitted, at the same Mr. Campbell, as the inhabitants of all time, that these tribes exhibit some descriptions, old and young, rushed out considerable varieties. Perhaps, from every quarter towards the wag. The most palpable feature of ingons. We found Mahoomoo Peloo (or provement which can be mentioned, Richheart) the chief, in the square, in as distinguishing civilized from sathe middle of the town,sitting with some of his principal captains on each side vage life, consists in the possession of bím, ready to receive us. He was

of a written language. The tribes employed in sewing a leather

of Southern Africa are totally des

сар. Two women who stood near him, were

titute of this. But the degrees of occupied in making rush boppets of a barbarism are ás numerous as the

are

degrees of civilization; and the them. The interpreter sat at the tentprogress of the natives, in some of door, and repeated in their language ihe most common and useful arts, wbat was said, with an audible voice. seems to advance, as we proceed it was very gratifying to observe the farther northward into the interior. during the whole time." Vol. I. pp.

silence and attention that prevailed The following description of

167, 168. African scenery is not uninteresting. Mr. Campbell is chiefly de- Mr. Campbell proceeded to Mascribing the country between Old show. "Walking on the outside Lattakoo and Meribobwhey.

of the town," he says,

we counted “ During the whole of my journey, rather divisions of the place. As

seven or eight villages around, or from the Cape to Lattakoo, the surface of the gronnd was bare, except on the cending two eminences to see the banks of rivers; but here, as far as

extent of their cultivated land, we could be seen in every direction, it was had a view of several hundred acres covered with wood. The trees were of Caffre corn: many of the stalks pot close to each other, but scattered, were eight and nine feet high, and and sometimes in clumps, having the had a fine appearance."-The agriappearance of a pobleman's park. The culture of ihese tribes is confined only part of Africa I had observed in to patches in the immediate vicinity the former journey at all resembling it of their towns; all the rest of the was in the neighbourhood of the Mala. lareen River, about a hundred miles to country being either forest, wilderthe eastward of New Lattakoo. Long vess, or pasture-land. Their riches grass grew every where among the consist chiefly in catile, particutrees; and, though on the verge of win. larly oxen, which seem to thrive ter, the heat and the scenery around greatly in these parts. Inoculation had the feeling and appearance of an for the small-pox prevails among English summer. Therm. 80. It dif. the natives of Mashow, and is said fers from Zureveld (or Albany), that to have been derived from White part of the colony bordering on Caffraria to which the emigrants have goue. the Portuguese of Mozambique,

men to the north-east, doubtless There, the woods are very extensive; who might have been the means of but they are almost impenetrable, except to Caffres. In this part of Africa, propagating the distemper itself the traveller thinks himself surrounded among the natives of the interior, by a wood which he never reaches, the as well as its alleviation. The trees seeming to separate as he ad- population, in and about Mashow, vances." Vol. I. pp. 133, 134.

amounts to ten or twelve thouHis account of a sermon, preach- sand; and the circuit of the corn. ed to the natives of these parts, who fields, belonging to this population, now beard a Christian missionary is not less than twenty miles. The for the first time, is a piece of moral buffalo and rhinoceros, as well as scenery

which is still more interest. lions, abound bere, and are very ing.

large and ferocious. In these " 24th. At nine A. M. the tent was

countries, it appears that the king filled with the principal men, and a

is executioner, as well as judge. numerous congregation opposite the “ A message came from the king to tent-door ;-when I addressed them on the people in the square near the wagthe manifestations of God's power, wis- gons, requiring some men to come and dom, &c. in his works, by wbich they assist him in punishing a criminal. were surrouuded; of his intimate know- Several instantly ran to assist, and we ledge of their thoughts, words, and followed them to a neighbouring incloactions; the need which they and all sure. The young man was laid flat on pations have of a Saviour ; and that the ground, and four men held his God had provided the very Saviour arms and legs : the king stood at his they needed. I concluded by stating head and a servant at his feet, both that our chief business at Meribohwhey having large whips of the rhinoceros was to declare the good news unto skin, resembling a lady's whip in Enge

land, but nearly twice the length. With more thieves; and children, to prethese they scourged his back with great vent them from becoming thieves force. When he bad received a good like their parents.” Though there beating, the king was requested to be is horrible cruelty in their practice, satisfied. He immediately desisted, and ordered his servaut to cease beating there is some ingenuity in their also. The young man, on rising, began reasoning. The Bushmen are no to say something, no doubt on his own less wanting in humanity. They behalf; but he was instantly and se- even abandon the aged among themverely struck by one of those who had selves to starvation, and sometimes assisted to punish him : on attempting to expose them to be torn in pieces speak a second time, he received the same by wild beasts. A shocking story treatment as before, on which he went to this effect is related in Vol. II. quietly and put on his cloak.” “ The

P.

235. king retained his ordinary placid countenance the whole time: he appeared “ Kars, the Griqua, said that the to be performing merely an act of Bushman sitting yonder (pointiog to a justice. The crime was stealing a goat. man in the tent) had an aged mother-in. It must have been a summary business, law. During the absence of the son-infor the king was at the waggons only a

law from home, her own daughter, who short time before it bappened. He bad is his wife, dragged the old woman into heard the case, passed judgment, and the field, and left her alive among the put it in execution with his own hands, bushes, where she was torn to pieces by all in the course of a few minutes. the wolves that same night. On asking

“ These people consider it so unmanly the man if he did not think it cruel to to cry out when receiving punishment, drag the poor woman to the field to that had this person done so, it was perish ; with the utmost indifference thonght they would have thrust their he answered, that it was not he but his spears into his body." Vol. I. pp. 182 wife who did it.” -184.

From Mashow, Mr. Campbell By the custom of these tribes, travelled to Kurreechane, the farit is unlawful for the husband to thest point of his journey northJeave the wife during child-bed; a wards. On his road, he observed singular trait of humanity, which vast quantities of game. In some seems very inconsistent with the parts,

“ the whole country appear

He general complexion of their mau- ed to be a boundless forest.” ners. Domestic slavery appears to passed "many old cattle inclosures, exist among them; ihough Mr.

built of stone, some parts as neatCampbell informs us, that they ly done as if they had been erectknew of no nation wbo sold men.'

: ed by European workmen.” Mr. This must relate to their ignorance Campbell gives the following deof the European traffic in human

scription of bis caravao. beings; an abomination, compared “Travelling in the plain without trees with which all other forms of sla- we had the first full view of our whole very, or the slave-trade, seem light caravan. Waggons, men, women, chiland venial; for we find from Mr. dren, oxen, and sheep, in different comCampbell himself, that parents will panies, extended about a mile. Fortysometimes, in cases of extreme

five loaded pack-oxen behind each

other, occupied a considerable space. bunger, sell their children in ex

All the men carried assagais, and the change for food, and “the child

women either children, or something of a servant they will part with for else, on their backs, shoulders, or heads. a trifle.” It does not appear, how- On viewing them, I could not help wishever, that they ever make prisoners. ing that all the Missionary Society bad “ When the Bootsbuana tribes at. been present to witness so singular a tack a Busliman kraal, to revenge scene; Hottentots, Matchappees, Tam. robberies of cattle, they kill men, exhibiting something different in their

mabas, Mashows, and Marootzees, all women, and children;-women, say they, to prevent their breeding Vol. I. pp. 209, 210.

persons, dress, or implements, &c." It appears, from the following yards with soft wrought clay, which extract, that something like the they smooth by rolling hard vessels cairn of our forefathers, is to be over it. Every family bas a storefound in the interior of Africa. house for corn, which is preserved

in clay vessels, neatly manufactur“ At the summit of the ascent we ed, and holding each ten or twelve found a large heap of small stones, bushels. It appears

that the sugar which had been raised by each passen. ger adding a stone to the heap: it was

cane of the West Indies grows here, intended as a monument of respect to though the natives are ignorant of the memory of a king from a remote the art of extracting sugar from it. nation who was killed in the vicinity, The specimens which our author and whose head and hands were interred gives of their pottery are higbly rein that spot.” Vol. I. pp. 217, 218. spectable; the vessels being of Kurteechane is the chief town of good forms, and regularly orna

mented. the Marootzee nation. It is situated, if Mr. Campbell's map be * In some houses," Mr. Campbell correct, nearly in the 24th degree tells us, “ there were figures, pillars, of S. lat. ten degrees lower than &c. carved or moulded in hard clay, the Cape of Good Hope, and about and painted with different colours, that 900 miles distant, in an E. N. E. would not have disgraced European direction from that settlement. Its workmen. They are indeed an ingeni.

ous people. We saw among them vari. distance from Lattakoo, the far

ous vessels, formed of clay, painted of thest point of his first journey, may different colours, and glazed, for hold. be about 250 miles. Mr. Campbell ing water, milk, food, and a kind of supposes the population of this beer, made from corn. They had also place to amount to no fewer than pots of clay, of all sizes, and very 16,000 souls. From his drawing*, strong. Every part of their houses and it appears to consist of a number yards is kept very clean. They smelt of districts, composed of neat huts, maker took us to see one furnace, in

both iron and copper.

The rain. of a circular form; some of them which they smelted the iron. It was are plastered on the outside, and built of clay, almost equal in hardness painted red or yellow. The interior to stone. A round opening was left at of one house, which our author has the top for receiving the ore, and an sketched, exhibits a uniform circle excavation underneath for holding the of pillars supporting the roof, and fire, which was open behind and before, has an air of neatness, regularity, not only for admitting the fuel, but also and rude embellishment, which we

the wind from the bellows." Vol. I. should hardly bave expected to meet with in these countries. A cir

It is a custom here, when the cular yard, bounded by a stone fence, king dies without issue by his eldest encompasses every two or three of queen, for the brother of the dethese respectable hovels. The in- ceased to marry her ; and the son babitants cover the ground of their of such a marriage is legally view

* Mr. Campbell's drawings are not ed as a child of the deceased. This ill executed, with the exception of the is a curious circumstance, bearing frontispiece, which is somewhat con- a striking resemblance to the ancient fused. Here, amidst a crowd of wag. custom which prevailed among the gons and oxen, we just manage to dis- Jews.—The traditionary kuowledge tinguish the figure of Mr. Campbell, of the Marootzee people, only with his well-known umbrella over reached through a line of eleven his head. We should almost as soon

monarchs. expect to meet him without his head, as without his umbrella. He appears, “ It is remarkable," says Mr. Camphowever, under far more moderate di bell,“ how little information can be mepsions, than in the froutispiace to his obtained from the patives of South Af. first book of travels.

rica, even of countries which they have

p. 228.

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visited. They take notice of nothing ed Moeelway with ten or twelve men, but beads and cattle.

painting each other's bodies with wet " The Marootzee is the seventh nation pipe-clay of a French grey colour. beyond the colony I had visited, and I “ About eleven A. M. companies of was never once asked a single question twenty or thirty men began to arrive in respecting the people or country whence the public inclosure wbere the waggons I came. Beads and cattle are the only stood, marching two and two as regusubjects which engross their attention. larly as any trained regiment. Most of Selfishness is the predominant vice of them were armed with four assagais, or savage life in every country.” Vol. I. spears, and had also battle-axes, and pp. 242, 243.

shields made of the hide of an ox. On

entering the gate they immediately beThere is sometimes a little incon- gan to exhibit their war maneuvres in sistency in Mr. Campbell's repre- a terrific manner, now advancing, then sentations of these African tribes. retreating, and suddenly returning to They appear to have taken consi- the attack; sometimes also imitating the derable notice of the niissionaries, stabbing of an enemy. The height of whom, on more than one occasion,

their leaps into the air was surprising.

Each company, after performing these they regarded as gods. “ The

evolutions, retired from the square and curiosity of the people to see us,"

paraded through the town. Mr. Campbell observes, " was

" At length the Regent entered at great: they rushed forth from their the head of a large party, who, after houses when we passed.”

going through their evolutions, sat down Again ;

towards the eastern corner of the square,

after wbich the other companies soon " On returning to the waggons we

entered, and took their stations in refound them surrounded by more people

gular rows with their faces towards the than we had yet seen. A great con

Regent, who presided on the occasion. course also encircled the fire, to observe

The party that came with him sat, like the Hottentots cooking the victuals. For

himself, facing the meeting. Between the accommodation of those who were

three and four hundred persons might behind, the ten or twelve nearest rows

compose the peetso. sat on the ground, and some were hold.

“ The meeting commeuced by the ing up young people that they might

whole company joining in singing a see over the heads of others. When

soug; after which a chief captaiu rose dinner was put down, we extended the

and commanded silence. He then gave tent-door as wide as possible, to allow

three howls, and, resting upon his assaas many as we could to have a view of

gais, asked if they would hear him? our manner of eating, which we knew

This was followed by a hum expressive was what they wanted. Tbe different

of their assent. He then asked if they things before us, and our method of

would give attention to what he said ? using them, afforded topics for ani.

The sign was repeated. mated discussion among the spectators."

“ He began by expressing his suspi. Vol. I. p. 229.

cions that it was the Boquain nation " A greater number of natives at

who had lately stolen some of their cattended worship in the evening than on

tle, and insisted that a commando should any former occasion. The singing of

be sent against them: on saying this, the Hottentots attracted mach notice

he pointed his assagai to the north, the from them." Vol. I. p. 239.

direction in which the Boquains lived, We cannot resist the temptation

as if in the act of throwing it towards of presenting our readers with an

them. The meeting testified its approamusing account of the peetso, or

bation, according to the custom of the general meeting of chiefs at Kurree

people, by whistling. He spoke favour.

ably of the visit from the strangers. chane, though the extract is rather

"Moeelway (the young King of the

Marootzee), was then called upon to “ Ia the course of my walk during the dance before them, that they might have morning, I met a party of armed men an opportunity of cheering him. He is marching to the outer districts of the a fine-looking young man, about six feet town to suminon the captains to the bigh. He wore the red nightcap I had Peetso, and in one of the streets I pass given him, tied round with gilt tinsel

long.

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