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and attentive consideration of all not apprehend that with the Indians who are in any way connected with of England a good swing would offices such as these. There are always be a sovereign cure: but, to several passages which we have be serious, we do think that the been almost tempted to quote, but Jaws have entrusted, to the officers our limits would not allow us; and of whom we speak, a power, which, we consider as the most prominent if judiciously exercised, might prove feature in tbe case, the duty of highly useful in our parishes, and presentment. The Archdeacon's re- of great assistance to the parochial marks on the maintenance of devout clergy, with whom they ought ever order in our public assemblies for to act in such matters in the strictworship are particularly good. (see est concert. A church-wardermigtit pp. 39, 40.) We do not apprehend by so doing prove himself, what ibe that the churchiwarden would be laws intended he should be, a sort of justified in resorting to soch a mode moral aid-de-camp to the minister, of enforcing decorous behaviour at and might powerfully second the cburch, as might be deduced from public labours of the latter on his a precedent of Father Ugarte, one field-day, the Sabbath, by a few of the Spanish Missionaries to well-directed attacks on the strongCalifornia, mentioned in Venegas's holds of evil in his parish during History, p. 318, vol. I. Finding that the week. He might atso, on the Indians, whom he bad collected the Sunday, visit charity schools, for public prayer and instruction, poor - house, and other patoclipaid no attention to bis reproofs for ial institutions; he might see that their troublesome conduci, the fa- the shops were shut; be might ther made a dangerous experiment empty the public houses ; he might of what could be done by fear. induce many a straggler to repair Near him stood an Indian of great to church; he might prevent inreputation for strength, and who, decorous conduct while there; and presuming on this, their only valued might assist to preserve that good superiority, was more rude ihan the order and solemnity in Divine worrest. Father Ugarte, who was a ship' which become the temple of man of uncommon strength, ob- God. So long as the oath remains, serving the Indian in the height of the daty remains : if that is modihis laughter, and, making signs of fied, the latter may be altered; but bis mockery to the others, seized till then, we cannot but maintain him by the bair, and lifting him up, the obligation in general, as our swung bio to and fro in the air. author has defined and enforced it, The historian states the effect of making, however, as no doubt the this to have been highly beneficial. Searcher of Hearts himself will The rest of the party ran away in make, every necessary allowance the utmost terror, but soon re- for what the inevitable alterations turned, one after another; and the of times and circumstances day father so far succeeded in intimi- have rendered wholly impractie dating them, that they behaved more able. regularly for the future. We do
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
thwaite –Gems etched by R. Dagley, PREPARING for publication :-Practical with Verse INustrations; by the Rev. G. Sermons, by the late Rev. R. Postle. Croly ;-Translations of ancient Greek Political and Ethical Fragments; by instruction, in Hebrew, for the benefit T. Taylor ;-Bibliotheca Biblica, con- of his brethren tbroughout the world, sisting of a select descriptive catalogue Many Jews are beginning to take much of the most importaut works of biblical interest in the instruction of the young; criticism and interpretation ; by W. and Jewish schools, on the new systein, Orme;–Academic Lectures on Subjects are likely soon to be established in dif. connected with the History of Modern ferent part of Europe, Europe; by the Rev, H, .C. O'Dono- It is compated that there are more ghue, A. M.,
than one hundred steam-yessels,plying In the press :-Sermons on the lead. in various parts of this empire, not ing Characters and Events in Genesis, merely against the currents of our rivers, by the Rev. Dr. Rudge ;- The Book of but in the face of tides and winds, in the Ecclesiastes illustrated by the Rev. G. adjacent seas. London and Edinburgh, Holden ;--The Statistics of England, by London and Calais, Liverpool and Dub. Mr.Lowe ;-Tour through Sweden, Nor. lin, Holyhead and Dublin, Bristol and way, &c. by A. De C. Brooke ;-Ser- Liverpool, Brighton and Dieppe, are inone-by, the late Rev. Henry Martyn ; now connected by steam-vessels, which reprinted from an edition printed at perform their voyages in measured time. the Charch.mission Press, Calcutta. Within the last few weeks, an iron ves.
sel, of 280 tons burden, performed its Cambridge.—The annnal prizes of first voyage from London to Paris direct. fifteen gaineas each, given by the Re. It reached Ronen in fifty-five hours, and presentatives in Parliament of this Uni. proceeded from Rouen to Paris in a versity, for the best dissertations in
day and night. Latin prose, are adjudged as follows:- A new London Bridge is to be erect. Benior Bachelors— Populis diversis ca- ed as near as possible to the west side dem instituta parum conveniunt: A. of the present bridge, and to afford a Barron and R. Lyon.-Middle Bache- clear water-way of not less than 690 lors Astronomia laus et utilitas: A. feet. It is to be faced with granite, and Ollivant, and J. A. Barnes.-Sir Wm. to consist of five archos ; the centre Browne's gold medals for the Greek ode arch to rise twenty-three feet above and for the Greek and Latin epigrams, bigh water mark. to W. M. Praed. No Latin Ode.ad- Extensive Roman antiquities have for judged.--The Porson price for the best
some time been in a course of discovery Translation of a passage from Sbakspeare at Castor, near Peterborough. Fiftyinto Greek verse, is adjudged to W. six rooms in one villa, are stated to have Barham.--All the above gentlemen are been satisfactorily traced and excavatof Trinity College.
ed, covering a space of five hundred The long projected Welsh College for square feet. Two other large villas also students for the ministry whose friends have been brought to light; with' nuare not able to afford them the advan
merous tesselated pavements, founda. tages of an Oxford.or Cambridge edu- tions of small houses, and miscellaneous cation, is about to be erected at Llam- curiosities. Mr. Artis, the explorer, peter, in Cardiganshire. The sam of proposes publishing, by subscription, a 15,0001. 3 per cents. is already collect. series of plates illustrative of his dis. ed; and his Majesty has munificently coveries, consisting of plans and secsent a donatiou of 1,0001. accompanied tions of the buildings and hypocausts, by a letter in his own hand, express- tesselated pavements, pottery, paintings ing his warm approval of the object, in fresco, sculptured stoves, coins, &c. and bis testiniony to the character of The total amount of the sums expend. the right reverend prelate to whom the ed during the year 1820 for the mainprincipality is indebted for this highly tenance of the poor in England and valuable and long needed institution. · Wales was 7,329,5941. A Quarterly Magazine in the Welsh SANDWICH ISLANDS. language, to be conducted upon the The following particulars respecting principles of the Church of Englaud, the present state of the Sandwich Is. will shortly be commenced. In forward. lands, have been published as a consing both these objects, the lord Bishop munication from the captain of an Ameof St. David's lias long been zealous and rican vessel who lately visited them on persevering,
a whaling voyage. They furnish another Dr. Hirschell, a learned Jew, is pre. proof to the many on record of the paring a work explanatory of the whole blessed effects of Christianity even op of the details of the system of mutual tbe temporal condition of mankind.
* The Sandwich Islands are now be are daily increasing amongst the oatives coming a place of great commerce, and a high sense of moral rectitude. Since the natives are maklog rapid strides to the commencement of the year 1821, no wards civilization. From the frequent less than twenty-eight ships and brigs visits they have had of late years from have visited these islands for the purpose Americans and English, they are daily of trade, or procuring supplies. The assuming our manners and customs, and natives themselves are now the owners forsaking their own. No longer is seen of ten square-rigged vessels, none less the bow or the spear--no more is heard than 120 tons, besides a numher of the shrill sound of the war conchi, or schoopers and sloops, all of which they the shrieks of the victim prepared for keep constantly going from island to sacrifice. Superstition is done away- island with sandal wood, provisions, &c. idolatry has ceased : the church.going They are priocipally manned by natives, bell' is now heard to break on the still. who manage them with skill and regular. ness of the Sabbath, and the cheering sty. While Captain Gardoer remained rays of Christianity have already begun at Woahoo, one of their vessels arrived to beam on these children of nature. from a voyage to Kamtschatka, she was There are now residing amongst them commanded by a White man, but manseveral of the Missionary Society from ned entirely by natives. For a quantithe United States, with their wives and ty of salt which she carried to the Gofamilies; by whom a school is kept, and vernor of Kamtschatka, sbe brought in à nnmber of the rising generation are return a quantity of ried salmon, cordtaught the arts of reading, writing, age, canvas, cutlery, &c. The Goverdrawing, &c, which, together with the nor also made his Owhyheeao Majesty exemplary conduct of all the society, a present of a large track of land, and and the moral and religions precepto de sent him a deed of it. They are pleased livered by the Rev. Ms. Bingham and with the success of the voyage, and will the Rev. Mr. Thurston in the church, soon undertake another."
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
A Sermon, preached af Ramsgate The Morning and Evening Sacrifice, Chapel, jo aid of the Sabscription for or Prayers for Private Persons and Fa- the Relief of the Irish Sufferers; by the milies. Post 8vo. 108, 6d.
Rev. T. Boys, M. A. 18. 6d. Biblical Fragments. Vol. II.; by M. Plain Sermons upon the relative Da. A. Schimmelpenninck. 8vo. 7s.6d, ties of the Poor; byArthurEvans,M.A, 4s.
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before the General Assembly of the An Apology for the Pastoral System Church of Scotland, explanatory of the of the Clergy; by J. H. Brooke Moun- Measures which have been successfully sain, A.M. 18. 6d.
pursued in St. John's Parish, Glasgow, Illustrative Replies, in the Form of for the Extinction of its Compulsory Essays, to the Questions proposed by Pauperism. 8vo. 26. the Right Rev, Herbert Marsh, Bishop Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, of Peterborough, to Candidates for Courdestan, Ancient Babylonia, &c.; by Holy Orders, 6s. 60.
Sir R. K. Porter. Vol. II. 4to. 41.14s.6d. A Summary of Christian Paith and A Voyage round Great Britain, by Practice, confirmed by References to William Daniell, R. A. Vol. VI. the Text of Holy Scripture; by the Rev. Switzerland; or a Journal of a Tour E. J. Burrow, D.D. F.R. and L. S, and Residence in that Country; by S. 3 vols. 12mo. 215.
Simond. 2 vols, 8vo. 248. The Imitation of Christ ; by Thomas Travels in Syria and Mount Sinai; a Kempis. Translated from the Latin, by the late John Lewis Burckhardt. by J. Payne With an Introductory 4to. 21. 88 Essay, by T. Chalmers, D.D. 12mo. 4s, Travels to Chili over the Andes, in
The Country Curate's Offering to his 1920-21 ; by Peter Schmidtmeyer. Part Parishioners, consisting of Eight Vik I. 4to. 58. Jage Sermons. 1200. 38,
Zoology; or a General View of the An Examination of the Remonstrance Structure, Functions, and Classifications addressed to the Bisliop of St. David's, of Animals; by J. Fleming, D.D. 2 vols. with Answers to Captain Gifford's Ques- 8vo. 218. tions to Trinitariana; by a Triuitarian. Ædes Althorplanæ; or an Acconnt of 8yo, 8s,
the Mansion, Pictures, and Library of
Earl Speucor; by the Rey. T. F. Dibdin. The Chronicles of Erl; by O'Connor 2 vols. 8vo.
2 vols, deiny 8vo. 278. royal, 358. The Life of the Rev. Thomas Scott, An Encyclopædia of Gardening; by with copious Extracts from his Letters; J. C. London, F. L. S. 8vo. 21. 108. by the Rev. John Scott. 8vo. 14s. The Rndiments of Perspective; by
Lives of celebrated Persons who have P. Nicholson. 8vo. 148. died within the last six years. 6 vols.
An Account of the Steam Engine; by 8vo. 41. 10s.
C. F. Partington. 8vo. 18s. The Scottisk Cryptogamic Flora; hy Essay on the Strength of Cast Iron; R. K. Greville. Royal 8vo. No. I. 48. by T. Tredgold. 8vo. 128.
A Glossary of Words, Phrases, Names, Thoughts, chiefly on Serious Subjects; and Allusions to Castoms, Proverbs, &c. by W. Danby, Esq. 2 vols. 8vo. 125. forming a necessary Supplement to The Remains of Henry Kirke White, Johnson's Dictionary; by the Rev. Ro- selected, with Prefatory Remarks; by bert Nares, &c. 4to. 21. 16s.
Robert Southey, Esq. Vol. III. 8vo. 98. A few Hints on the Nature of Accent Songs of Zion; being Imitations of the and Emphasis. 12mo. 6d.
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Pestalozzi's Practical Geography, sa- Powers; by a Citizen of the United cred, ancient, and modern; by P. H. States. 8vo. 128. Pullen, Svo. 68.
The present State of Chili, from the Remarks touching
Geography; by Mela Report laid before Congress; by Judge Britappicus. 108. 6d.
Bland. 35. 60.
GAELIC SCHOOL SOCIETY. Protestants. A political apostacy from THE Gaelic Society's Schools, we are either side was immediately followed bappy to learn, now amount to seventy. by a corresponding religious apostacy, eight, containing 293 niales, and 2,198 if the name of religion could be applied females. The expenditure for the year to a profession which possessed so little bas been 2,635l. The further the Society of its true spirit. The abolition, about have extended their labours into the seventy years ago, of the heritable juris. interior of the Highlands, and the more diction of the chiefs, dissolved this anintimately its agents have become ac- cient bond of connexion; and as the quainted with the local circumstances personal services of the people ceased to and pecqliar disadvantages connected be available to the aggrandizement of with the Islands, the more forcibly have the chief, and the iucreasing communithey been convinced, that under the or. cation with the Low Country introduced dinary means of instruction, little could among the higber classes more of the be effected for the instruction of the in- wants and the comforts of civilized life, babitants,
the income of land came to be changed “ The circumstances of the Higblan- from men to money. The people, howders," remarks the last Report, " have ever, remained; their habits, which, beey peculiarly unfavourable for im- though frugal, were desultory, were but provement. Originally the chain which. ill adapted to labour with persevering bound the different members of the clans industry, even if the limited portion of together was connected by the closest soil which they continued to occupy, ties; and whatever advantages the chief could, by any exertion, be rendered enjoyed, circulated in some degree capable of producing a comfortable through every ramification of the tribe. subsistence for such a comparatively The rents of the estate were then paid crowded population. The chain of conin men; and it was necessary, by a fami- nexion which sustained them in an inliar communication throngh the whole, timate relation with the higher classes to preserve their attachment. The pro- being thus broken, and the people havfessed religion of the chief was the ing no means of introducing or cultiprofessed religion of the people; and vating such principles of moral improveas the chiefs adhered to the house of ment as might raise them to a new and Stuart or Hanover, their followers be independent character, the consequence came with the Roman Catholics of has been an almost total extinction, in
remote districts, of the means of lotel- «Secondly, That the most desirable end lectual improvement, and of course of to be attained by learning to read is to the knowledge of the Gospel.”
be able to read the Word of God; and, Again : “ There were, and still are, “ Thirdly, That wherever the people within the Higbland districts, multi- cannot come to the school, it is necestndes almost altogether excluded from gary to take the school to the people." the means of religions instruction. Se- Under these circumstances the Socie parated into detached portions of from ty established its circulating schools for twenty to fifty families, few of these, in teaching the population of the Highfire remote glens or islands, hear more lauds and Islands to read the Word of than five scrmons in a year: many of God in their native tongue; and since them only two; and some, such as the their commencement, it bas commuinhabitants of St. Kilda, are scarcely Hicated instruction to above eighteen ever at all visited by any regular religi. thousand persons, who, bumanly speak. ous instrnctor. In ahnost the whole of jug, could not otherwise bave obtained that sequiestered population, the Bible that incalculably precious blessing. The was a sealed book; for although trans limitation of the period of teaching in lated into Gaelic by the venerable these schools has been found to have a Society for propagating Christian Koow. powerful influence on the attendance Bedge, as the schools supported by that of the pupils : and the intenseness with institution were confined chiefly to po- which many of them have applied thempulous districts, and to teaching the selves to the instructions of the teachers English guage, the Gaelic Bibles lay has been truly gratifying. in the depôts apopened, and not unfre- In consequence of the exertions of this qnently a single Bible was all that could institution, packages of Gaelic Bibles, be found in a large district. Any little which had for many years lain unopenreligions knowledge which the people ed, were unloosed; and so great bas enjoyed was preserved principally by been the subsequent demand, that not oral tradition, and by passages of the only the whole of the copies-which were Scripture transmitted by memory from then in the Highlands have been bought generation to generation."
np, but also large quantities, which were “ This deplorable state of ignorance lying in sheets in warehouses and stores, flas not been continued from penuri. have been almost all expended, and onsness, or extraordinary perversion in there are now no less than four new the people; but has been occasioned editious nearly ready to issue from the and perpetuated chiefly by their ex. press, a large number of which will be treme poverty. So strongly does their required to supply the demand. The partiality for the spot of their nativity fubdamental principle of the Society preponderate over almost every other is directed to communicating a knowfeeling, that all the discomforts arising ledge of the Word of God; and the from an increased expense without any great increase of the sale of Bibles is, corresponding additional means of de. therefore, the best evidence that its lafraying it, are not sufficient to drive bours have been successful. “ It is to them from their hamlets in the glens, to this result," add the Committee, " and the villages on the coast, where the to the influence of Sabbath-schools, and means of maintenance might be more not to the mere acquisition of the faculty easily obtained. Even on the coasts, of reading the Gaelic language, that however, at such a distance from the we have to ascribe the great moral imcapital and the enterprise of mercantile provenient which has been generally speculation, the inhabitants cavnot al- observed to pervade the sphere around ways procure any thing like a comfort. the schools; and the Committee indulge able subsistence; and not unfrequently the hope that the improvement will is a portion of that time, which would continue progressive, till the whole otherwise be eniployed in school, oh- convtry exbibits an aspect of cleanli. cupied by the scholars in wandering ness, industry, and religious feeling, along the sea-shore at the time of ebb, accordant with the natural intelligence picking up a precarious meal from the and generous sentiments of this interestfish and tangle thrown on the beach." ing people."
The conductors of the Societyconsider, “ First, That the language which a per. IRISH SOCIETY FOR EDUCATION son can be most easily taught to read, IN THE IRISH LANGUAGE. is the language which he himself is ac- This Society, established in Dublin in customed to speak; :
1810, bas vow 47 slationary schools,