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containing 2078 scholars, of whom 888'ing the town. As he advanced, he was are adults; besides these, 6 masters, met by the most affectionate cheers of on the circulatory system, inspect and welcome, and in a moment was sure controul 10 schools each; forming a rounded by hundreds, eagerly striving total of 107 schools under the protection to sbake the band of their common of the Society.
father and benefactor. The worthy Sunday-schools have been established Rector afterwards collected his flock in in the neighbourhood of each station the church, where they all joined in the where a fixed master is placed, to be national anthem of God save the nnder his care, and to be sa perintended king' in a manner truly affecting to by his daily scholars : by this means it every one present. is expected that between 60 and 100 “Sir Charles and the party next moved new schools may be formed in the on towards Regent's Town. On his course of the ensuing year, with the Excellency's crossing the large stonesmall addition of 21. 12s. annnal charge bridge adjoining the town, he was met for each.
by a band of young school-girls, modestSchools are about to be formed in ly and neatly attired, and decorated some of the jails; a large proportion of with flowers : the eldest girl supported their inmates being acquainted with a banner on which was exhibited, the Irish language only.
“ . Fear God-Honour the king.' In the distribution of the Scriptures, 1 Peter, ii. 17. the Society is assisted by the British Obey them that have the rule over and Foreign Bible Society: 1000 copies you. Heb. xiii. 17. of the Irish Testament received from «God save the king.' 1 Sam. x. 24. that Society have been divided into ten “ His Excellency remained among his parts each; 'Hy which means 10,000 affectionate Negroes for a considerable portions of the Scriptures are put into time, when their excellent Rector and circulation. An important addition is Superintepdant, the Rev. W. Johnson, making to the stock of Irish books, led them in a body to the church, by the publication of the Scriptures in where they joined in hymos of thanksthe Irish character, under the care of giving to the Almighty, Mr. Thaddeus Connellan : the books “ The version of the national anthem of Genesis and Exodus have appeared, of God save the king,' used on these
occasions, is a solemn offering of PROGRESS OF THE COLONY OF thanksgiving." SIERRA LEONE.
Sir Charles MacCarthy afterwards We copy from a cotemporary publi- inspected the various establishments cation the following extracts from the in the peninsula: the following is an Sierra Leone Gazette, as illustrative of account of bis reception at Waterloo. the civil and religious progress of the “As the path lay througb a thick colony.
wood, the party had to grope their way Sir Charles MacCarthy, the governor, in the dark : indeed, so impenetrable arrived at Freetown, on bis return from was the barrier against light, that they his visit home, on the 28th of November, conld not distinguish one another, much and resumed without delay his active less observe a small pocket compass attention to the colony, in all its de. with which one of the gentlemen was partments. On the Monday after his furnished. Led on by a Negro child six arrival, he rode to the Negro Towns of years old, the party moved forward Kissey and Wellington ; and, on Tues- throngh woods and wilds; aud, what day, to those of Gloucester, Regent, was worse, throngh mangrove swamps, Bathurst, Leopold, and Charlotte. On whichi, occasionally taking them above these visits many gentlemen of the the middle, made them think seriously colony accompanied the Governor, who of swimming, till about nine o'clock, was every where received with the when the noise of distant voices id. warmest affection. Of bis reception at' dicated their approach to Waterloo. Gloucester and at Regent's Town, the A shont or two from the party soon set following account is given in the Colo. the inhabitants in motion; and in a few nial Gazette:
seconds, the village and its environs "As the Governor approached Glon. were entirely illuminated with torches. cester, the inhabitants, with their His Excellency was actually borde on Rector, the Rev. H. During, at their the shoulders of the crowd, from the head, greeted bis Excellency on enter point where he was met, to the house of
the Rev. Mr. Wilhelm, the Rector of value of the imports in 1821, was Waterloo, Firing, shouting, hozzaing, 105,0601.; being an increase of 38,3361. singing, and clapping their hands (their op those of 1820, In the export trade strongest demonstrations of joy), did not twenty-six vessels are employed, concease for many hours.
taining 6805 tons. The Sierra Leone • What a scene for the philanthro- Gazette remarks: pist to contemplate ! In the midst “ The success of the system pursued, of woods, in which, scarcely more than for some years past, in the internal two years ago, existed the dens of the management of this colony, has done Jeopard, are now to be found the peace away with prejudices the most inveterful habitations of man-where, instead ate; and its benigpant influence rapidly of the growl of the tiger and the howl extends over the barbarons nations adof the hyena, the ear is saluted by the joining our possessions on the coast, hum of the busy cottage, and the 80- Even the Mohammedad powersof Foulala lemn peal of the missionary bell, sum, and of Massina eagerly court our counte. moning to the praise of their omnipo- nance and connexion : their traders and tent Creator whole flocks of beings, on messengers experience, in this colony, whom the light of the Gospel has lately a probity and good faith hitherto upbeen shed ; and who, from a convic, known to them in transactions with tion of the spiritual change which has White men; nor does a single native been wrought within them, are to be return from heuce into the interior, heard rending the air with hallelajahs, without being, in some measure, diand with acclamations of gratitude to vested of his prejudices ; or without those generous individuals by whose having imbibed a feeling in favour of agency they have been thus fostered pur manners and institutions. In con. and taught.”
sequence of this intercourse with the A new charter of the colony was most distanţ tribes of the interior, promulgated on the 28th of December. knowledge of this colony is aequired by Under its operation, the different post them, which surprised our late travel, sessions of his majesty on the coast, lers; the adventurons Doekard having from the twentieth north to the twen. heard, with astonishment, the name of tieth south latitude, are consolidated MAC CARTH Y pronounced with respect into one distinct government, under the on the remote banks of the Niger. governor and the council of Sierra
"Our population gradually increases Leone. The due administration of by the influx of natives from the neiglia jastice, throughout the whole, is pró. Louring tribes; and, since the last cenvided for, and suitable courts are sus, the number of victims rescued by established. The official returns, pub- the squadron from slavery has been conlisbed in the Sierra Leone Gazette, in- siderable. Savage and uncultivated dieate growing prosperity in the com. as these new colouists are on their ara mercial concerns of the colony. In rival, it appears surprising with wbat the year 1821, thirty-two merchant ves- facility they acquire our language, and sels, of from 57 to 855 tons, had entered how soon thoy abandon their native the port of Freetown. The invoice customs."
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
witnessed during his procession to and SPAIN.-The king closed the session from the hall, and on his return to of the Cortes in person, on Sunday his palace, were no very favourable the 30th of June. The speech, what comment on this part of the speech. ever might be the feelings of the On the following day, strong sympspeaker, was couched in highly con- doms of dissatisfaction appeared in the stitutional language; and, among other barrack quarters of the royal guards; topics, expressed great confidence that and on the 2d of June four battalions tranquillity would be soon restored in broke out into ypen mutiny against the disturbed districts. The tumul- the constitutional government, in con. tuous proceedings which his majesty sequence, among other causes, of the preference given to the national mi- but ill deserves, has denominated the litia, and the understood intention of occurrence a calamity :" but we disbanding the royal guard. For se- agree with lord Liverpool that it was veral days the capital remained in a "a flagitious act;" and we may add, state of tumult and consteruation; till that it was one among several of those the royal guards, having made an at- late acts of the Ottoman government tempt to possess themselves of it by which, if they do not warrant the force, met with a vigorous and unex- armed interference of the other powers pected resistance, and were at length of Europe, at least demand their overpowered by the constitutional, prompt and energetic remonstrances, troops, and forced to give up their with a view, if possible, to secure the positions. Many were killed, and civilized world from the shock of such numbers have been made prisoners. atrocities. The Turkish government The permanent deputation of the appears to have availed itself of the Cortes, alarmed by the menacing ap- first moment of relief from the terrors pearances which took place, had con- of a Muscovite invasion, to comvoked a special junta on the occasion; mence, with its characteristic ferocity, and it is stated that it urged the king the work of murder and revenge. to disarm his guards; but that he re- If Russia, as is alleged, has given up fused to do so, alleging that they were the Greek cause, she probably has faithful to the public interest, and de- done so, for a time, in deference to served not the accusation of being mu- the wishes of the allied powers, waittinous, The open violence, however, ing for some favourable conjuncture to which they had recourse alnıost im- to come forward with more certainty mcdiately afterwards, has left no doubt of success, and with less risk of colremaining as to the hostile purposes lision with those who are jealous of which they entertained in respect to her interference, than might at present the new order of things. The defeat be the case. But, whatever may he of their plans, and the consequent dis- the conduct of other powers, we should solution of their body, has of course have been glad had our own neutrality left the king in the power of the Con- exhibited a less rigid aspect in the stitutionalists, who appear to have hi- eyes of the unhappy Greeks, who must therto used their power with great mc- be deeply stung with the apparently deration. The ministry are said to have unfeeling neglect of the Christian goresigned their situations, to which no veraments of Europe. It is clear that other persons had yet been appointed. there are, in the present case, circum
TURKEY.-The late massacre at stanceswhich those governments would Constantinople of eighty or ninety consideras justifying their interference Christians, (we use lord London in the internal affairs of other states. derry's statement,) ten or twelve of The conduct of the allied powers towhom were Greek merchants, who wards Naples is a proof of this. In were put to death in cold blood, under the spirit of this precedent, they would the pretext of their being hostages for surely be entitled to interfere for the the loyalty of the islanders of Scio, protection of the people against the while it has awakened new sympathies oppressions of their government, no in favour of the Greeks, has confirm- less than for the protection of the goed more than ever the indignation of vernment against the encroachments Europe against the Turks, and made of the people. And having interfered every humane mind increasingly de. for the latter purpose in the case of sirous to witness a curtailment of their Naples, it would manifest an excess power of doing inischief. The im- of fastidiousness to pretend that it pression which had widely gone abroad would be unjust to restrain the Turkish that these unhappy sufferers were un- government from trampling under der the guarantee of British protec- foot the dearest rights of its subjects, tion, appears from the statements of and setting at nought every law, dilord Liverpool and lord Londonderry, vine and human, for the gratification in parliament, to have originated in of its viudictive and relentless furymisinformation. The British ambas. No news of any importance have arsador had spontaneously employed his rived during the month, respecting humane representations in their fa- the naval or military operations of the vour; but had no power, and had given contending, parties. The Schah of no pledge, to secure them from mas. Persia is said to be pressing on with a sacre. Lord Londonderry, with a di. formidable army towards the Turkish plomatic courtesy, which the Porte frontier in Asia.
CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 247. 30
the two years. Mr. Ricardo, however, The pressure of distress in the maintains that there is not at present afflicted districts of Ireland, though an efficient sinking fund of more than much alleviated by spontaneous bene-' about one million and a half. The volence and parliamentary grants, still chancellor's total estimate of expendicontinues very heavy, and is likely ture for the year is 51,192,0001., and of to remain so, at least till after the income (including a loan of 7,500,0001. potatoe harvest. The harrowing de- from the sinking fund), 54,253,0001. tails of poverty and famine have been The greater part of the chancellor so widely circulated, and have called of the exchequer's resolutions were forth such extensive synı pathy, that it agreed to without a division: but on would be unnecessary for us to dwell the lottery clause the house divided ; upon particulars; especially as, in con- 74 for, and 34 against it. Mr. Vansequence of the king's letter, the cause sittart's only argument in its favour has been very widely advocated from was, that he wished those gentlemen our pulpits, and from house to house,' who opposed it would point out some throughout the kingdom. Parliament other method of raising 200,0001. as has thought an Insurrection Act ne. liule oppressive or liable to excite discessary for the peace of the disturbed content. We can scarcely believe that districts of Ireland; and we fear the so wise and estimable a man was sericircumstances of the case render some ous in the use of such an argument, such provision expedient; but we have which would apply just as well to the again to lament, that no comprehen- licensing of gambling houses, and even sive measures of a prospective kind of brothels, as practised in sonc naseem yet to have been matured, with tions. When relieving the country, a view to the permanent tranquillity, as was done lately, from two millions and for the moral and social improve- of taxes, it might, we conceive, have ment, of Ireland.
The friends of that been practicable to have suppressed country ought not, however, to be this fruitful source of vice and misery. discouraged from doing what may be The Marriage Act Amendment Bill actually in their power, be it little or has been returned from the Lords to the much, for her welfare, because they Commons, with various alterations, may not be able at once to accomplish which have been adopted. We have larger plans for the promotion of her already promised to give an abstract civil, commercial, and ecclesiastical of its provisions. Our clerical readers, interests. But as every single step ought to procure the Act itself. in this course, however inadequate to Mr. Wilberforce, on the 27th June, the full measure of her wants, is worth moved an Address to his majesty resecuring, we trust that they will be lative to the Slave Trade, which was content to think and legislate for her, unanimously agreed to. We have even if it be by small instalments, and not forgotten our pledge to bring the not to reject or to defer any measure whole subject, in no long time, before of allowed benefit, though it may fall our readers ; but we must shortly disfar short of the exigency, under the miss it for the present. The chief plea that the whole system should at points of animadversion, by the speakonce be brought under investigation. ers on the occasion, were the obstinacy
The chancellor of the exchequer of Portugal, the inhumanity and bad has detailed his plan of finance for the faith of the French government, and year; but the intricacy of the accounts the unhappy jealousy which has hirenders it difficult to convey to our therto prevented the United States of readers a clear idea of their general Anerica from conceding a qualified results. We are glad to learn that right of mutual search. We earnestly measures are under consideration for recommend the consideration of this simplifying the public accounts, and last topic to our American readers, also for revising the cumbrous and who, we have the satisfaction to know, unprofitable system of the sinking are very numerous throughout the fund as now administered, with a view Union. We are convinced that if they to some more rational and intelligible will make themselves masters of the plan of proceeding. The chancellor question, they will come to the conof the exchequer appears to calculate clusion with us, that Great Britain, a on a surplus revenue of more than five' country so notoriously jealous of her millions for next year, and of nearly maritime privileges, can have no mosix millions for the year ending Jan- tive in urging this measure on the uary 1824 ; at least of ten millions for United States, but such as ought ļo
Taise her far above unfriendly suspio justify the condemnation of the vessel, cion (even if there were room for it, and of allowing due weight to be given which there is not), on the part of a to that decisive proof of the object of nation who have rendered themselves the voyage, wliich is 'afforded by the dear to the friends of humanity and peculiar mode of fitting and equipping religion throughout the world, by their slave-vessels : zealous efforts in this common cause, “ That it is some alleviation of the and by stamping with its befitting pain produced by the almost uniform name of PIRACY what the tardier meae ienour of these distressing accounts, to sures of the old world have only yet learn that the Cortes of Spain have subbranded with the ordinary designation jected all who should be found concern. of municipal crime,
ed in slave-trading to a severe punishiThe following is the Address voted ment; and that with this evidence of a by the House.
jast estimate of the guilt of the crime, we
cannot but hope that they will not rest “ Resolved, nemi.de contradicente, Tbat satisfied with a legal prohibition, but that an humble address be presented to his they will provide the requisite means majesty, to represent to his majesty for carrying their law into execution : that the deep interest which this bouse " That we find with concern that the has so long taken, and still continues to vessels of Portugal, so far from grad. take, in the Abolition of the Slave Trade, ually retiring from the trade, have beeo has led us to peruse with no little solici. carrying it ou with increased activity, tude the papers relative to that subject,
more especially on that very part of the which by his majesty's commands were coast wbich is to the north of the Line,
Jately laid before us ; nor could we for. in direct violation of the treaty by which • bear indulging a hope that his majesty's she bad stipulated to contine her trade
renewed representations and remon- to the south of it: That we cannot but strances would have at length produced cherish the hope that the new Govern. the desired effect of cansing the vari. ment of Portugal will manifest a warmer ons governments by whose subjects the zeal for enforcing a treaty which every slave trade was still carried on, serious. law, divine or huinan, binds her to obly to consider the numerous and powerful obligations under wbich they lay, to 4 That we have observed with no litile co-operate with his majesty, heartily pleasure the zeal for the Abolition of the and efficiently, in order to put an evd Slave Trade that has been manifested by for ever to this enormous evil:
the commanders of the ships of war of “ But that we have learned with the United States of America, employed grief and shame, that with very few ex- on the coast of Africa, and the disposi. ceptions, every hope of this nature bastion they have shewn to co-operate with been altogether frustrated, and that we the officers of bis majesty's pavy for are still compelled to witness the strange their common object; but that we are and humiliating spectacle of practices concerned to have perceived in the which are acknowledged to be made up American Government to disposition to of wickeduess and cruelty by the very give up the objections it formerly urged goveriments whose subjects are never against the establishment of a mutual theless carrying them on upon a great right of examining each other's. ships and continually increasing seale: on the coast of Africa :-That we had
“ That we observe, however, with hoped that the powerful arguments used: satisfaction, that the powerful reasoning by a Committee of the House of Repre. and continued expostulations of his ma. sentatives in favour of this arrangement jesty's government, enforced by the would have their just weight; . more strong and persevering remonstrances especially that which points out the of his majesty's ambassador at the court difference, or rather contrariety, beof the Netherlands, have at length pro- tween this conventional and qualified duced an admission of the just construc. system and the right of searching neu. tion of the treaty with that power : tral vessels, without any previous treaty,
" That we are glad to see that some as claimed and practised in war. Above of the abuses have been corrected which all, that the consideration 80 strongly had prevailed in the conduct of the enforced, that it is only by the establish" courts of mixed jurisdiction at Sierra ment of some such system that the trade Leone ; but that experience bas proved can ever be effectually abolished, wonld The necessity of altering that provision, have induced the American Governwhich renders it necessary for the slaves ment to consent to it. 'when the obiert