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he found he did not like the place, exciting the Indian warrior and Neand ordered them back again to gro king to precipitate their nations Georgia. They set out on the 1st into the borrors of war; but I en. January, and on the 22d March deavoured to dispel these melanwere only thus far on their way. choly feelings by the recollection In the course of the day we did not of our Bible and Missionary Sociepass a single house or settlement; ties, and of that faithful band of but our pine avenue was literally veterans who, through evil report without interruption for thirty miles. and good report, amid occasional We stopped at night on the banks success and accumulated disapof the Flint River, which with the pointment, still continue the undiswaters of the Chetahouche, forms mayed, uncompromising advocates the Apalachicola, which falls into of injured Africa. the Gulph of Mexico.-Ofour very We bade adieu to the Indian interesting route from this place nation on the evening of the 28th, through the Indian nation to the crossing Lime Creek, the western white settlements in Alabama, I boundary, in a boat. We had trahave sent you a long account in velled that day about 40 miles, and other letters. I forgot, however, had passed as usual many large to mention, that our bost at Fort parties of emigrants, from South Bainbridge told me that he was Carolina and Georgia, and many living with his Indian wife among gangs of slaves. Indeed,at the edges the Indians when the celebrated of the creeks and on the banks of ihe Iudian warrior, Jecumseh, came rivers, we usually found a curious more than 1000 miles, from the collection of sans soucis, sulkies, borders of Canada, to induce the carts, Jersey waggons, heavy wagLower Creeks to promise to take gons, little planters, Indians, Negro up the hatchet, in behalf of the horses, mules, and oxen; the women British, against the Americans and and little children sitting down frethe Upper Creeks, whenever he quently for one, two, or three, and should require it; that he was sometimes for five or six hours, to present at the midnight convoca- work or play,while the men were ention of the chiefs which was held gaged in the almost hopeless task of on the occasion, and which termi. dragging or swimming their vehicles nated, after a most impressive and baggage to the opposite side. speech from Jecumseh, with an Often a light carriage with a sallow unanimous determination to take planter and his lady would bring up the hatchet whenever he should up the rear of a long cavalcade, and call upon them; that this was at indicate the removal of a family of least a year before the declaration some wealth, who allured by the of the last war: That when war rich lands of Alabama or the sugar was declared, Jecumseh came again plantations on the Mississippi, had in great agitation, and induced them bidden adieu to the scenes of their to muster their warriors and rush youth, and undertaken a long and upon the American troops. It was painful pilgrimage through the wilto quell these internal and insidious derness. foes, that the campaign was under. We left Lime Creek early on the taken, during which the small stoc- 29th, and, after riding a few miles, kaded mounds which I have men- arrived at Point Comfort ; a fine tioned, were thrown up in the In- cotton plantation, whose populous dian country by the Americans. neighbourhood, and highly cultiIt was with mingled sentiments of vated fields, reminded us that we shame and regret that I reflected on were vo longer travelling through a tbe miseries which we have at dif- nation of hunters. Indeed, the apferent periods introduced into the pearance of oaks in the place of our very centre of America and Africa, by pine woods, was indicative of a material change in the soil; and we breakfast for us. She could not soon opened on some of the beau- refrain the expression of her surtiful prairies which you have fre. prize at the sight of a White servant, quently seen described, and which, having never seen one before, and as they were not large reminded me was much more astonished when I of our meadows in the well wooded told her that the White and Black parts of England. As travellers, servants in my country eat at the however, we paid dearly for the same table. advantages offered to the landhold- We arrived in the evening at a ers by the rich soil over which we few palings which bave dignified the were passing. Our road, which place with the appellation of Fort had hitherto been generally ex- Dale, where travellers are accomcellent for travelling on horseback, modated tolerably on a flourishing became as wretchedly bad ; and we plantation. Our landlord was an passed through three swamps,which intelligent man; and among bis i feared would ruin our horses. books I saw the Bible, the koran, a They were about a mile long each; hymn book, Nicholson's Encyclopebut we estimated the fatigue of dia, Sterne, Burns, Cowper, Celebs, crossing any of them as equivalent Camilla, and the Acts of the Alabama to at least 15 or 20 miles of common Legislature, of which he was a memtravelling. They were overshadow- ber. The next morning we breaked with beautiful but entangling fasted at a retired house 20 miles trees, without any regular tract distant, kept by one of three families through the verdure which covered who came out of Georgia two years the thick clay in which our horses since to settle and to protect each frequently stuck, as much at a loss other. The husband of one of the where to take the next step, as bow party bias since been sbot by the Into extricate themselves from the dians in the woods. He died in three last. Sometimes they had to scram- hours after he was found weltering in ble out of the deep mire upon the his blood, and was attended by the trunk of a fallen tree, from which woman who gave me the account. they could not descend without The wife of another of the party again sinking ou the other side. was' murdered by the Indians a few Sometimes we were so completely days afterward when on a visit to entangled in the vines, that we were some friends fifteen miles distant, compelled to dismount to cut our where five women and four children way out of the vegetable meshes in were butchered and scalped ; and which we seemed to be eutrapped. the house of the narrator was soon These swamps are ten times more afterwards burnt to the ground bythe formidable than even the flooded same enemy, provoked probably by creeks, over. two of which, in less some injury or insult offered by trathan three miles, we had this day to vellers through their nation, which have our horses swum by Indians, they would retaliate on the Whites whose agility in the water is beau- whenever they bad an opportunity. tiful. The traveller himself is either We passed in the afternoon by conveyed over in a boat, or, if the “ Indian Path;" and about twilight creek is very 'narrow, crosses it on a arrived at Murder Creek, a deep large tree, which has been so dexte. glen, where we took up our abode rously felled as to fall across and for the night. The name sounded form a tolerable bridge. We slept rather terrific, after the dismal that night at a poor cabin just erect- stories we had heard in the day; but ed, and setting off early on the 30th, as the man and his wife, my servant, and passing by Pine Barren Spring, two travellers in a bed, and three in and two very bad swamps, stopped their blankets on the floor, all slept to breakfast at a solitary house, where in the same room as myself, a siogle our host's talkative daughter made glance in any direction was sutficient, with the aid of the glimmering attracted my attention during the of our wood fire,to dispel any fearful morning, was a finger-post of wood visions of the night. This little fastened to a tree and pointing down creek aud valley derive their name a grass path, and on which was writfrom the murder of 18 or 20 Whites ten“To Pensacola." I felt more lone. by the ladians, bfteen years since. lyand more distant from home at that They were camping out when the moment, than at any time since I Indians fell upon them; and the lost sight of my native shores. In scene of the massacre is marked out the afternoon we were surprized by by a black stump in the garden. one of the most sublimely dreadful

We left Murder Creek by moon- spectacles I ever bebeld. Thou. light, at 4 o'clock on the 1st inst.; sands of large pine trees lay torn and passing by Burnt Corn, where and shattered on each other, only we quitted the usual roud to Mo, one in four or five baving been left bile, we took the nearer but more standing, by a dreadful hurricane solitary route to Blakeley. We which occurred a fortnight before, breakfasted with a very pleasing and the ravages of which extended family in the middle of the forest. nearly twelve miles. Some had They were the first whom I heard been thrown down with such pro. regret that they had quitled Geor, digious violence, that their thick gia; they said that although they truoks were broken into two or three could do better here than in Geor- pieces by the fall s others were gia, the manners of their neighbours splintered from the top nearly to the were rough and ill suited to their bottom; while others were lyiug on taste, They stated, however, that each other four or five thick, with things were improving; that the their branches intertwined as if they laws respecting the observance of had been torn up by the roots in a the Sabbath were enforced ; and body. But it is in vain to attempt that they hoped wuch from the li- to describe the spectacle. I will beral provision made by Goverg- only say that the most dreadful ment, in the sale of the public laods, tossing of the ocean neverimpressed for an extensive school in the centre me so strongly with the idea of uns of everytownship of six miles square. controllable power, as this magniTheir children were attending gratis ficent scene of devastation. Our (as is customary) the school in their road was so completely buried that township, which is already esta. we had to hunt our track at some blished, although the population is distance in the woods. My servant as yet very scanty. The master who observed, “What a many hundred teaches Latio, and, I believe, French, miles people in England would go has a salary of 700 dollars per ap- to see such a sigbat!” It is such num, and the neighbours are pro- hurricanes as these that Volney viding him with assistant tutors. describes, as twisting off and lay. This liberal provision for schools in ing level the largest trees within the all the newly settled countries, does limits of their range ; and he very great credit to the American Go- aptly compares their course through vernment; and it is impossible to the forest, to that of a reaper estimate too highly its probable ul. through a field of wheat. timate effects. Our bost and his We had intended to stop at sunfamily gave us a little provision for set, as in these latitudes there is the night; as they told us that we little or no twilight; but as usual must not expect to get a bite' for we could not persuade ourselves ourselves or our horses in less than that the night would close upon us fifty miles, and we had already tra. immediately, and the ground was velled thirteen. Our road again lay 90 wet on the Table-land of the through a most solitary pine barren ridge,'t hat we proceeded in order to on a higha ridge. The only thingwhich discover a better place to rest for CHRIST, OBSERV, No. 251.

42

was

near one.

the night, till we found ourselves be- several times bent our steps, our nighted among the swamps, our spirits depressed by every succeshorses sinking and stumbling, sive disappointment. and frequently passing through At last, just as the moon rose, we water two or three feet deep, out of reached an elevated spot, where we wbich we could scarcely see our lighted our fire, toasted our bacon, way. The damps of the night in and after securing our horses by a this watery region, prevented our little fence of saplings, lay down on alighting to try to make a fire, till our blankets under the trees with the moon should enable us to pro- no common satisfaction. ceed ; and indeed we did not think We started before four o'clock it prudent to disinount on account the next morning, and breakfasted of the alligators which abound here: at a house about ten miles distant. we had about sunset passed very The settlement establish

Our ears were stunned ed about fifteen years since-the with the frog concerts which now Indians, contrary to their usual and then arose and depressed our custom, having permitted it; but spirits, by intimating that we were although the owner had more than approaching another swamp, al. 2000 head of cattle grazing in the though it was too dark to see it. woods, he had neither milk nor What different emotions the frog butter to give us to our coffee. concerts in Africa excited in Mungo This is an extreme case; but it is Park, who bailed them as symptoms not uncommon, in this part of the of his approach to the water, for country, to be unable to procure which he was panting. This was either milk or butter where eighthe first time I had really felt in an teen or twenty cows are kept, solid awkward situation, and my servant's animal food being much preferred. spirits began to fail him. He told Humboldt, you recollect, in the acme afterwards, that for two hours, count of his journey from the mounthe perspiration was dropping from tains of Parapara to the banks of his face, and his knees were shaking the Apure, mentions arriving at a as if he was in an ague; the more so farm where he was told of herds of as he was afraid that our pound of several thousand cows grazing in bacon, which was in bis saddle-bag, the steppes; and yet he asked in would allure the alligators to him. vain for a bowl of milk. At the We were suddently surprized by house where we breakfasted, we a number of moving lights, which saw the skin of a bear drying in the led us to suppose that some persons sun: seven miles fartber we passed were scouring the forest; but we a large panther, or tyger, as it is heard no noise : even when many called, which had been lately killed of them appeared to be moving and stuffed. At the next house round us within a few yards' dis- was the skin of a rattle-spake, which tance, all was silent when we the woman who lived there had stopped our horses. At last it killed a few nights before. At this flashed across my mind that these retired house we were detained moving lights must proceed from two or three hours by a violent the beautiful fire-flies we had often thunder storm with extremely heavy heard of, but which I had supposed rain. As soon as the rain abated were confined to the East. Even we set off again to Blakeley, which at such a moment I was delighted we were anxious to reach as it was with their beauty, evanescent as Saturday night. Indeed for the last it was ; for they soon disappeared. three days we had travelled fortyOccasionallywe were again

deluded five miles each day, in order to ar, by a solitary fire-fly at a distance, rive before Sunday; but to our diswhich twinkled like a light from a appointment, we found there was cottage-window, and to which we no church or meeting there of any I am,

description : and we accordingly quences, have received able and crossed the bay in the morning to early attention from your corresgo to church at this place [Mobile), pondents, I am encouraged to prowhere we were equally disappoint- pose the following queries, which ed; for, to the disgrace of Protest- appear to me of great importance ant America, no place of worship to Christians in this highly intellecis established here except a Catho- tual age; and the solution of which lic church, built by the French or will go far towards settling, without Spanish.

much controversy, some questions &c.

which greatly divide the opinions (To be continued.)

of professedly religious persons.

i. How far, consistently with the To the Editor of theChristian Observer. required by the Gospel, and with a

spiritual-mindedness and self-denial A VICAR of a country parish who conscientious regard to its active is desirous of establishing a small duties, may the love of intellectual parochial library, would be much pursuits, and the admiration of liobliged to any correspondent of terary talents, be safely allowed ? the Christian Observer who is prac- 2. Supposing a person's natural tically conversant with the de- taste to be chiefly for those branches tails of the subject, to give him and of literature, which, however adornothers similarly circumstanced, the ed by eminent talent, can, in result of his experience respecting of fact, be considered only as elethat prime point, the choice of gant; and that the pleasures thence books. The Society for promoting arising, are those exclusively of Christian Knowledge has laudably a contemplative kind, abstracted patronised this great object; and from surrounding objects, and opmany excellent and invaluable pub- posed to the existing realities of lications appear on its list; . but life : what is the extent of sacriihe writer has many doubts as to fice required by religion ? -the propriety of its exclusive plan, In this query, I do not include which allows of no other works novels; though I should perhaps being admitted into the same li- allow quidquid valeant for the brary with those from Bartlett's few splendid exceptions to their, Buildings. Who would exclude, general worthlessness. The literafor example, the Cheap Repository ture here alluded to is of a more Tracts, or Mr. Watkins's Tracts, intellectual and refined character. or many of the Bristol Tracts, &c. ? 3. How far is it allowable to Is there any, select but sufficiently study and admire, though only in extensive and varied list extant, of a literary point of view, those cheap, scriptural, and popularly in- writers who have expended the teresting books and tracts fit for the treasures of an elevated intellect on purpose, such as a judicious Chris- trifling—of course, I exclude motian and clergyman can cordially rally bad.subjects ? recommend, and which bis pa- 4. Keeping in view the inherent rishioners are likely to be gratified depravity, and, in a religious sense, with, and to read “ to their souls' the nothingness of man, what is, healıb?"

the sober estimate we may form of A COUNTRY VICAR.

human talent; and what is the de. gree of admiration with which we

may legitimately regard mental atTo the Editor ofthe ChristianObserver. tainments ? HAVING frequently observed, in I cherish the hope that these your pages, that many questions queries will be answered by some difficult to answer accurately, but one who bas known by experience, involving great practical conse- or learned by observation, the fre

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