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Strange, the almost incredible, mis- through life, and the only true soconceptions which, even in stations lace in death; and if among these of high authority, have sometimes should be found many of the friends prevailed against whatever is ear- of all that is good, and the supnest and valuable in religion, and of porters of all that is charitable, in which the opposition to our Bible, another generation, then iudeed and missionary, and other Christian will the respected author have ininstitutions are among the common finite reason to rejoice that he has symptoms. But, if to this merely conscientiously chosen, if not that intellectual reformation higher at- line of doctrine and conduct which tainments have in any instance been inost directly leads to temporal added : if, as we would trust has preferment, yet thal which will been the case, 'many a youthful be found of the greatest moment in mind has been prepared to receive the supremely important day, when the truth in love, as well as in “theyihat have turned souls to righknowledge, aud 10 imbibe those seousoess shall shine as stars in the principles which are the best guide kingdom of God for ever and ever.”
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
or Church of England Sunday-school PREPARING for publication :--Sermons Teacher's Magazine; to be conducted by by the Rev. S. Clift;-Travels in the Clergymen of the Established Church. Holy Land; by W. R. Wilson ;-History The Editors remark in their Proof London, &c.; by J. Bayley ;-Pro. spectus ;-" The expediency of educat. gresses of King James; by Mr. Nichols;- ing the poor has been long admitted by Tie Encyclopedia of Antiquities; by the public voice; but the grand aim Mr. Fosbrooke ;-Views of Interesting should be to impart to them that religi. Churches ; by J. P. Neale;-Details of' ons knowledge which alone is able to the North-American Land Expedition; make them wise unto salvation. Upon by Captain Franklyn;- Memoirs of this principle the Church of England Mary Queen of Scots ; by Miss Benger; has always acted; and the utility of Journey through India, Egypt, and the Sunday Schools in her communion, Palestine ; by a Field Officer.
in promoting this valuable end, is be- In the press :-History of Roman coming every day more apparent; while Literatūre; by J. Dunlop ;-The Chro- the benevolent exertions of gratuitous nology of the Last Fifty Years;-Den- teachers afford the means of infusing drologica Britannica; by Mr. Watson ;- into the minds of the young the prin. Mr.Benson's Hulsean Lectures for 1822; ciples of religion, as they are able to -The Shipwrecked Lascar, a narrative; bear them. The post which these illustrated in verse by Miss Jaue Taylor. teachers occupy is so important, that
some publication, mainly devoted to Oxford.—The following subjects are their use, seems necessary. To enable proposed for the Chancellor's Prizes for them effectually to impart instruction the eusuing year:-For Latin Verse: to their scholars, and to train them up “Ars Geologica.” For an English Essay: in conscientious communion with the 6.On Public Spirit amongst the An. Established Church, it is essential that cients.” For a Latin Essay : “ Condi- they competently anderstand its doc. tio Servorum apud Antiquos.” Sir Ro-trine and discipline, and the Scriptureger Newdigate's Prize:“ Stonehenge.” foundation of its creeds and formularies; On the last of January 1823, (10 be and the present work is undertaken continued on the last day of each 'suc. with the view of aiding them in acquir. ceeding month), will be published, price ing this knowledge. The plan will emfourpence, the, Religious Iustructor, brace original essays upon the impor, tance of religions education to be poor,, systems, of writing represented ideas, the economy of Sunday Schools, the and not sounds or pronunciation, Their moral, religious, and mental qualifica general process was, however, modeltions of teacbers ; ecclesiastical bio- led on the spoken Egyptian language.graphy and history; illustrations of Bnt since the three systems of EgypHoly Writ; explanation of the Liturgy; tian writing Idid not express the sounds familiar sermons ; forms of prayer; pro. of words, by what means could the gress of education ; anecdotes; brief Egyptians insert proper names and review of books proper for the perusal words belonging to foreign languages of teachers, &c.”
In reply to this it has been recently FRANCE.
ascertained, from various inscriptions, The celebrated Faculty of Medicine that they had an auxiliary series of signs in Paris, lately suppressed and disper- to express the sonnds of proper names, sed by order of the governinent, is and of words foreign to the Egyptian stated to have contained, at the time of language. For example: the hieroglyits dispersion, nearly 4000 students, at phic text of the celebrated Rosetta intracted from all partsof Earope bythe ce. scription, contains the name of Ptolelebrity of the professors and the conveni. my, represented by seven or eight hieence of hospitals, &c. It is most deeply roglyphical characters. Now, the Egypa to be lamented that either angry politics tian Obelisk brought to London by M. or the deistical, not to say atheistical, no. Belzoni, from the island of Philæ, was tions of the French physiological school connected with a base, bearing a petishould ever have penetrated what ought tion, in the Greek language, addressed to be a peaceful abode of science.. by the Priests of Isis, at Philæ, to King There are but two other medical facul. Ptolemy Euergetus II. to Queen Cleo ties, those of Strasburg and Montpelier, patra his wife, and to Queen Cleopatra at which degrees and diplomas can be his sister. In the bieroglyphic inscripobtained,
tions which cover the four faces of this EGYPT.
obelisk, occurs the hieroglyphic Dame A roll of papyrus of great curiosity of Ptolemy, precisely similar to that in is stated to have been discovered in the the hieroglyphic text of Rosetta, and island of Elephantina. It contains, a, likewise the name of Cleopatra. These portion of the latter part of the Iliad, two, bieroglyphic names, which in the with, scholea fairly written in large ca. Greek have some letters in common, it pitals, such as were in use during the was considered would serve to institute time of the Ptolemys, and under the a comparison between the bieroglyphic earlier Roman emperors.
signs which compose them both; and if In a paper communicated to the Royal the corresponding letters in the two Academy of Inscriptions and Belles Greek names were found expressed in Lettres, Sept, 27, 1822, occur the fol- both the Egyptiaq serolls by the same lowing, curious remarks op Egyptiap hieroglyphics,, it was to be concluded, inscriptions. It appears that the Egyp- that in the hieroglyphic writing there tiaps had three kinds of writing :--1. existed, as in the demolic, a series of The Hieroglyphic writing, which di. signs representing sounds or pronunciarectly painted ideas, by means of cba- tions. This hypothesis is stated to be racters that represented the forms of verified by the comparison of these two sensible objects, sometimes in a proper, hieroglyphic names from further re. sometimes in a figurative, sense.-. The searches, a whole alphabet of charace Hieratic or Sacerdotal writing, the chan ters bas been discovered. racters, of which are for the most part
UNITED STATES. arbitrary, and retaiu in their forms but An academical institution oq a large very faint traces of sensible objects. scale, entitled “ Colombian College, This second system is merely a short has been lately established in the dise hand of the first. Most of the inscrip- triçt from which it takes its name tions found on Egyptian tombs are in About fifty acres of land have been pur the hiératic writing.--3, The Demotic chased, on the northern boundary of the (popular) writing, which was employed city of Washingtons on wbich site a suban in civil affairs and private concerns. It stantial edifice has been erected, cal was composed of sigps borrowed with culated for the accommodation of one out alteration from the hieratic writing. hundred students, with dwelling-houses bat it often combined them according for professors. It is the intention of to rules peculiar to itself. These three the trustees, as soon as ponctieable, to
proceed to the erection of the main col- One of the Professors, the Rev, Mr. lege edifice, large enough to accommo- Woods, has been in London, collecting date three or four hundred students. for the object; and to bim communi. The college was incorporated by an Act cations may be addressed, at No. 3, of Covgress in February 1821, and its Wardrobe Place, Doctors' Commons.operations, commenced in January 1822, The Columbian College will afford fresh under the care of the Rev. W. Stangha facilities for the iøstruction of mission, top, D.D. presidents with six profes, aries to the beatben. Most of the mis sors, two tutors, and thirty studente, sionaries who have been hitherto sent The number of students has since been out from the United States, bave atu, considerably augmented. This institu, died in the Theological Institution at tion, though promising to have an exten, Andover, in Massachusetts; and the sive national intluence, relies solely on Columbian College will supply similar individual liberality for support; and advantages to missionary students in the trustees hope that their friends in the Middle and Southern States of the Great Britain will cheerfuHy assist them Upion. in their undertaking,
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The Second Advent; by the Rev. J.
A Vindication of the Authenticity of 48. Royal 8vo. 8s. the Narratives contained in the two first
MISCELLANEOUS Chapters of the Gospels of St. Matthew Cicero de Republica, e codice Vati, and St. Luke; being an investigation of cano, deseripsit Angelus Maius. 1 vol. objections urged by the Unitarian Edi. 8vo. tors of the Improved Version of the New The History of Henry Milner, a little Testament; by a Laymau. 8vo. 10s. 6d. Boy who was not brought up according
Orton's Sacramental Meditations, to the Fashions of this Woridt; by Mrs. abridged, for young Persons. 12mo. Sherwood. 12mo. 38. 6d. 38. 60.
Part I. of Portraits of the Sovereigns Gleanings and Recollections on Moral of England; by W. H. Worthington. and Religious Subjects; by a Parent. Royal 8vo. 128 18mo. 1s.
Gems, etched by R. Dagley; with A Charge delivered to the Clergy of Illustrations in Verse; by the Rev. G. the Archdeaconry of Derby; by J. But- Croly, A. M. 8s. 6d. ler, D.D. 8vo. Is. 6d.
Lithographic Prints, illustrative of Sermons Doctrinal and Practical; by France, Switzerland, and Italy, by the Rex. H. G. White, A.M. 2 voks. 8vo. Marianne Colstow. 8vo. ll. ls.
Engravings from Antiquarian Subom The Christian's Monitor ; by W. jects. 28. 6d. Schaw. 12mo. 58.
Military Memoirs of the great Civil Exposition of the Book of Proverbs; War. 410. II, 168. by the late Rev. George Lawson, D.D. Epitome of Blackstone's Commenta.. 2 vol. 12mo. 58.
ries; by V, Wanostrocht, LL.D, 12m0. Sermons, in which such words are 12s. explaiued in the margin as are likely Time's Telescope, for 1823. 98. not to be understood by the upinformed ; Influence; a Moral Tale for Young by the Rev. B. Post, LL. B. 12mo. 48. People; by a Lady: 2 vols. 1-2mo. 128
Biblia Hebraica, Editio longé accura.. History of the English Government tissima, ab Everardo Van der Hoogbty and Constitution, from Henry VII, to V.D.M. 8vo. 11, 58.
the present Time; by Lord John Ras Asaph; or the Hernhutters: a Rhyth. sell. 8vo, 148, mical Sketch of the Church of the Unitas The Importance of Educating the In. Fratrum. 12mo. 3s. 6d.
fant Poor shewing how 300. Children, The whole Works of the Rev. T. from 18 Months to 7 Years may be ma. Adam, of Wintringham, now first col- naged by one Master and Mistress; by lected; 3 vols.; by the Rev. W. Smith. Samuel Wilderspin. 5s. 8vo. Il. 7%.
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIÉTY. chiefs, at the age of four or five years, We hope in our Appendix to present sitting among the chiefs, and paying the our readers with an outline of the So. closest attention to what was said. The ciety's last and very interesting Report, children never appear nnder any embarwhich will shortly issue from the press : rassment when they address a stranger. in the mean time, we are desirons of de- “ In every village, the children, as voting a few pages to a selection of ex- 800n as they learned any of onr names, tracts from the Society's correspoudence came up to ns and spake to ns with during the last few months. As onr li- the greatest familiarity. At the age of mits require us to confine ourselves at eight or ten years, they appear to be present to a small portion of the Socie. initiated into all the customs aud manty's labours, we shall select our extracts ners of their ancestors, by being the from the documents relative to two constant companions of their fathers, stations only ;-New Zealand and Sierra and attending them in all their pnblic Leone. From the former of these the councils, and in the field of military intelligence bas of late been deeply glory. afflicting; the latter continues to afford “ The power of their chiefs, the rites abundant cause for gratitude to Him and ceremonies of their religion, and who alone can render the efforts of his the glory of war, are the grand subjects servants conducive to the promotion of of their conversation. Their memories bis glory and the salvation of mankind. are very strong, and they shew much New Zealand
anxiety to increase their knowledge. The ferocious wars at present raging They are great and enterprising traamong the native chiefs, instigated by vellers in their own country. Many of Shanghee, a powerful native who visit- them are absent on their journeys len ed this country some time since, have and twelve months at a time. not only seriously impeded the opéra. “ In walking through the village of tions of the mission, but may even, it is Rangheehoo, one morning, I observed feared, render a temporary suspension Towlee tattooing the son of the late of it necessary. The following pas. Tippahee. The operation was very sages from the journal of the Rev. Mr. painful. It was performed with a small Marsden, during his late visits to New chisel made of the wing.bone of a piZealand, will illustrate the character geon or wild fowl. This chisel was and customs of these uncivilized but not about a quarter of an inch broad; and hopeless islanders ; and we trust will was fixed in a handle, four inches long, lead every reader to pray earuestly to so as to form an acute angle at the head; the “ Lord of the harvest,” ou bebalf of something like a little pick, with one this benighted region, that he would eod. With this chisel he cut all the dispel its delusions by the introduction straight and spiral lines, by striking the of his Gospel, and bring its bitberto head with a stick about one foot long, wild and heathen inhabitants to a prac. in the same manner as a farrier 'opens tical and saving knowledge of “ the the vein of a borse with a flean. One truth as it is in Jesus."
end of this stick was cot flat like a ." While we reinained here, we had knife, to scrape off the blood as it grshlong conversations on the advautages of ed from the cuts. The chisel appeared education, agriculture, navigation, &c. to pass through the skin at every stroke, The chiefs are, in general, very seusible, and cut it as a carver cats a piece of men, and wish for information on all wood. The cliseľ was constantly dipt subjects. They are accustomed to pub- in a liquid made from a particular tree, lic discussions from their infancy. The and afterward mixed with water; which chiefs take their children, from their communicates the blackness, or, as they mothers' breasts, to all their public as- call it, the “ amoko.' I observed prondsemblies ; where they bear all that is fesh rising in some parts, which had said on politics, war, religion, &c. by been cut almost a month before. The the oldest men. Children will frequente operation is so painful, that the whole ly ask questions in public conversation, tattooing cannot be borne at one time; and are answered by the chiefs. I have and it appears to be several years beoften been surprised to see the sops of fore the chiefs are perfectly tattooed,
“ When a chief is killed in a regular tection of the Atua, or god, of the debattle, the victors cry aloud, as soon as parted spirit. he falls, . Throw us the man,' if he falls “ As these people have no regular within the lines of his own party. If established government, it appears that the party, whose chief is dead, are in all crimes are punished, either by an timidated, they immediately comply appeal to the sword, or by plundering with the command. As soou as the vic- the offender of his little property and tim is received, bis head is immediate. laying waste his potatoe-grounds. ly cut off; and a proclamation is issued “ The people of a village between for all the chiefs who belong to the vic- Whangarooa and the North Cape had torious party to attend to assist in per- taken the bones of the father of Shang. forming the accustomed religious cere. hee's wife from the sepulchre, and had mony, in order to ascertain, by augury, made fish-hooks of them. Having satiswhether their god will prosper them in fied himself of the fact, Shungbee prothe present battle. If the priest, after ceeded to the village, where the people the performance of the ceremony, says lived who had committed the sacrilege ; that their god is propitious, they are in. and, going up within gun-shot of them, spired with fresli courage to attack the iu the open day, informed them that lie enemy; bnt if the priest returns answer, was come to punish them for spoiling the that their god will not be propitious, sepulchre where his wife's father's bonęs they quit the field of battle in sollen had been deposited, and for making his silence. The bead already in posses. bones into fish-books. They admitted sion, is preserved for the chief on whose his charge, and the jastice of his conaccount the war was nndertaken, as a duct: he then, without eatering the satisfaction for the injury which he, or village, fired upon them and killed five some one of his tribe, had received from men; whereupon the party attacked the enemy.
requested him to fire no more; for the “ When the war is over, and the head death of those who were shot was a properly cured, it is sent ronnd to all sufficient atonement for the offence cointhe chief's friends, as a gratification to mitied. Shunghee answered, that he them, and to shew them that justice bad was satisfied; and the business was thus been obtained from the offending party. decided, with the mutual consent of
“ With respect to the body of the both parties. chief, it is cut up into small portions, “ The death of a chief may be reaud dressed for those who were in the venged by his children's children, if the battle, under the immediate direction of tribe to which he belonged should ever the chief who retains the head: and if have strength to retaliate. Hence a he wishes to gratify any of his friends foundation is continually laid for uew who are not present, small portions are acts of cruelty and blood, from genera. reserved for them; on the receipt of tion to generation; as the remembrance which they give thanks to their god for of these injuries seems never to be forthe victory obtained over the enemy. gotten by them. If the Aesh should be so putrid, from « We now took our leave of Shungthe length of time before it is received, hee's family, aud went to see the Atua, that it cannot be eaten, a substitnte is the lamentations still continuing. On eaten instead.
our arrival, we found a dead chief “ They not only eat the flesh of the seated in great state. His hair was chiefs, but are wont to take their bones, dressed according to their custom, and and distribute them among their friends, ornamented with feathers and a garland who make whistles of some of them, of greeu leaves. His countenance was and fish-looks of others. These they bright and clear, having been recently value and preserve with care, as me. anointed with oil; and retained its morials of the death of their enemies. natural colour. Whether there was a
“ It is also customary with them, for body or not, we could not tell: for the a man, when he kills another in battle, mats covered the whole up to the chin. to taste the blood of the slain. He iina. He had the appearance of a living man, gines that he shall then be safe from the sitting upright in his chair. I had seen wrath of the god of him that is falleu ; one, some time before, whose head was believing, that, from the moment he dressed in a similar way; and the body tastes the blood of the man whom he has had been preserved and dried as well killed, the dead man becomes a part of as the head. This chief was a young himself, and places him under the pro. man when he died, apparently about