Protestant Nations Redefined: Changing Perceptions of National Identity in the Rehetoric of the English, Dutch, and Swedish Public Churches, 1685-1772

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BRILL, 2005 - Religion - 664 pages
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This volume reconstructs the various meanings attached to the concepts of nation and fatherland in eighteenth-century English, Dutch and Swedish political preaching. After discussing sermons as a medium of national ideology, it analyses the decline of the Israelite prototype of nation, the changing relationship between religious and national communities, international Protestantism, the weakening stereotype of popery, redefinitions of the Protestant monarchy, and the diversification of national vocabulary. It also compares the rise of non-theological languages of classical patriotism, freedom, economy and nature in three political cultures, revealing how the secular worship of nation arose even within the public presentation of religion. As post-nationalist comparative history, this study will be welcomed by readers with varied national and scholarly backgrounds interested in the Enlightenment and nationalism.

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Contents

State Sermons as a Medium of Official Political Ideology
25
11 English State Sermons in Context
31
112 Choosing the Preacher
36
113 The Limits of Preaching
38
114 The Decision to Print
41
115 The Future of 30 January Sermons Debated
45
12 Sermons Related to the House of Orange Within Dutch Political Culture
49
122 Pamphlet Sermons Related to the House of Orange
54
51 The Relative Strength of AntiCatholicism in English Constructions of the National Community
305
52 Limited AntiCatholicism in Dutch Descriptions of the National Community
324
53 Rare AntiCatholic Rhetoric in Uniformly Lutheran Sweden
329
Interaction Between the Concepts of Nation and Protestant Prince
333
61 The British Protestant Monarchy from William of Orange to George III
334
62 The House of Orange as a Princely and Protestant Element Within the Constitution of the Dutch Republic
348
63 The Heirs of the Vasa Dynasty as Evangelical Princes
360
Definitions and Redefinitions of the Nation and Fatherland
367

123 The Decision to Commission and Print a State Sermon
58
124 The Limits of Preaching
62
125 The Geographical and Chronological Extent of the Sermons
66
13 Swedish State Sermons in the Age of Liberty
69
132 The Order to Preach
74
133 The Limits of Preaching
76
134 The Outward Contexts of Preaching
79
135 The Decision to Print
81
136 The Swedish State Sermons as Summaries of Official Political Ideology
84
Israelite Parallels in the Language of Nation
86
21 The Possibilities and Limits of an English or British Israel in EighteenthCentury Anglican Thought
91
212 Late SeventeenthCentury Experiences
98
213 Our Israel in the Reign of Anne
103
214 The Weakening of the Language of Israel in the Hanoverian Era
109
22 The Several Layers of the Dutch Israel in Reformed Thought
121
222 The Several Layers of Israel Under William III
128
223 Increasingly National Constructions of Israel Under William IV
133
224 Israel Between Two Williams
139
225 The Rise of the New Dutch Israel Under William V
141
23 The Concept of the Swedish Israel in Lutheran Constructions of National Community
146
232 The Swedish Israel in the Age of Absolutism
151
233 The Concept of the Swedish Israel 171960
154
234 The Swedish Israel in the Latter Stages of the Age of Liberty
161
235 The Concepts of the Children of God and Swea
165
236 Revived Parallels Between Israel and the People of Sweden in the Coup of Gustavus III
170
Interactions Between the Concepts of Nation and Protestantism
174
31 Protestantism the English Nation and the Rise of the British Nation
175
312 The Unique Purity of Anglican Faith
179
313 A Protestant Nation
183
A Watershed
195
315 The Church of England as Nation
198
316 The Widening of the Bounds of a Christian Nation
203
32 Indefinite Concepts of the Protestant Netherlands
209
322 Protestantism and the Fatherland
214
323 The Reformed Church and the Fatherland
216
324 Protestantism or Christianity?
222
33 Unified Religious and National Identities in EighteenthCentury Sweden
224
332 A Christian Fatherland
228
333 The Fear of God as a Basis for National Identity
231
334 Complete Unity as the Ideal of State Ideology
234
International Protestantism and the Limits of the Nation
237
41 England as a Special Case Among European Protestants
240
412 The Bulwark of the Reformation
244
413 The Rhetoric of European Freedom
251
414 Continental Persecutions and Protestant Immigration
261
415 The Blessed Provinces and Protestant Beggars of the North
265
42 The Netherlands in the Middle of Protestant Europe
270
422 The Williamite Rhetoric of FrontLine Protestantism
272
423 The Interest of Europe and Protestantism in the MidEighteenth Century
277
424 The Admired English Exemplary Swedes and Pitied Germans
280
425 Redefinitions of the Protestant Community
285
43 The Lutheran Island of Sweden
288
432 Prejudices Against Foreign Protestants
294
The Stereotype of Popery in Constructions of the National Community
299
71 English and British National Identity Redefined
370
712 A Sinful and Guilty Nation
374
713 A Punished Nation
383
714 The Rise of the Idea of a Godly and Virtuous Nation
387
715 Towards National Successes
391
716 A Free Nation
397
717 A Trading Nation
399
718 The Nation in War and Peace
403
719 National Spirit Conceptualized
406
72 The Stable Concepts of Fatherland and Nation in Dutch State Sermons
412
722 Volk and Natie as Synonyms for Vaderland
415
723 Negative and Positive Understandings of Nation
419
724 Old Metaphors and New Derivations of Vaderland and Natie
423
73 The Swedish Concepts of Fatherland and Nation from the Late Age of Absolutism to the Coup of Gustavus III
426
732 Our Beloved Fatherland
429
733 Fosterlandet as an Alternative Name for Nation
433
734 The Foreign Word Nation Turns Swedish
434
735 Varying Paces in the Change of Values
441
The Rise of Classical Patriotism in the Language of Nation
443
81 Classical Patriotism Enters English State Sermons
447
812 The Semantic Field of Patriot at the Beginning of the Eighteenth Century
453
813 Patriotism Becomes a Keyword of Public Debate
459
814 Anglican Patriotism During the Seven Years War
464
82 Classical Patriotism in Dutch State Sermons
471
822 The Vocabulary of Classical Patriotism Gains Popularity
472
823 Expressions of Love of Country in the 1750s and 1760s
477
83 Classical Lutheran and Enlightened Patriotism in Swedish State Sermons
480
832 The Rise of the Concept of Citizen
484
Associations Between Freedom and Protestantism in the Language of Nation
493
91 Protestantism and British Liberty
494
912 Further Connections Between Anglicanism and Political Liberty
496
913 Protestant Freedom in the Hanoverian Era
498
914 Toleration Established
501
915 The Rise of the Concept of British Liberty
503
916 Gradually Secularizing Liberty
507
92 The Free and Protestant Netherlands
513
922 A Free People in Politics
518
93 Religious and Political Concepts of Liberty in Swedish Lutheranism
522
932 Lutheran Religious Liberty
524
933 Political Liberty Venerated
527
The Rise of a Commercial Nation
535
A Truly Commercial Nation?
546
103 Occasional References to Economy by the Swedish Clerical Estate
552
The Language of Nature in Protestant State Sermons
558
111 Nature and Nation in English State Sermons
561
112 The Language of Nature in Dutch State Sermons
570
113 Natural Law and Natural Metaphors in Swedish State Sermons
573
Conclusion
579
National as an attribute in state sermons preached in the presence of the highest EnglishBritish authorities on national anniversaries 16851772
601
Bibliography
613
Index of Names
643
Index of Subjects
649
Index of Places
662
Copyright

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Page 627 - False Notions of Liberty in Religion and Government destructive of both. A Sermon (on 1 Pet.

About the author (2005)

Pasi Ihalainen is a Research Fellow of the Academy of Finland.

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