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London: C. J. CLAY AND SONS,
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE,
AVE MARIA LANE.
Glasgow: 50, WELLINGTON STREET.
Leipzig: F. A. BROCKHAUS.
Reto Fork: THE MACMILLAN COMPANY.
[All Rights reserved]
His edition contains the whole of Crashaw's Poems, English and Latin, now for the first time collected in one volume.
Although not English Classics,' it has been thought best to include Crashaw's Latin and Greek poems, for completeness' sake. These are reproduced faithfully from the original issues printed at the Cambridge University Press in 1634 and 1670 and from photographs of the Sancroft MS. No attempt has been made to "improve" Crashaw's spelling or punctuation save in the one or two trifling instances mentioned in the notes, and save in the use of the modern type-forms for j, s, u, m, etc.
The arrangement of the text is as follows:
I. Epigrammatum Sacrorum Liber, from the volume (5×3 ins.) of 1634. A few additional epigrams that occur in the second edition of 1670 will be found on pp. 299—306.
II. Steps to the Temple and The Delights of the Muses. The text of 1648 (5 × 38 ins.) has been followed, but only those poems have been printed which were not revised at a later date for the volume entitled Carmen Deo Nostro, 1652 (see III. below). The text of the first edition of Steps to the Temple. Sacred Poems, with other Delights of the Muses... Printed and Published according to Order... Printed by T. W. for
Humphrey Moseley,... 1646, has been collated with that of 1648, and both texts with that of Carmen Deo Nostro, and the verbal alterations, omissions and additions in these three texts will be found in the Appendix, this course being deemed more satisfactory than to form an eclectic text by guesswork. Certain poems belonging to these three volumes are also in Archbishop Sancroft's MS. (see IV. below) and in the British Museum MSS. (see V. below); variations between these MSS. and the printed volumes will be found in the Appendix. In the text, the latest published form has been printed in each case. For the loan of copies of the texts of 1646 and 1648 I am indebted to the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge.
III. The revised collection of poems entitled Carmen Deo Nostro (6 × 4 ins.), printed and published in Paris in 1652 and adorned with small plates engraved from Crashaw's own drawings, has been followed from the first page to the last. It bears evidence of having been printed abroad, as its simple errors of the press are numerous. These have been corrected and their places marked by square brackets, and in the Appendix will be found reproductions of the engravings, with indications of their place. Copies of the edition of 1652 are very rare indeed, and it has been thought well to preserve its eccentricities of spacing and its generosity in the matter of titles and half-titles.
IV. The volume of Crashaw's (and other) poems, copied by Archbishop Sancroft and now preserved in the Bodleian, was kindly forwarded from Oxford to the Cambridge University Library, to enable me to collate it. I am much indebted to the authorities at Oxford for this privilege, and to the University Librarian here for making the examination of the MS. as easy as possible.
A great many poems in it were first published by Dr. Grosart in his Fuller Worthies' edition of 1872-3; they were rearranged by him to fall in with the scheme of his edition, but in the following pages they will be found printed in the order in which they occur in the MS., the poems published by Crashaw being, of course, omitted. As indicated above (see II.), verbal differences between MS. and published text will be found in the notes to the latter.
The evidence that some poems other than those indicated in the MS. by the initials R.C. are Crashaw's is mainly based upon Abp Sancroft's table of contents. to his volume, a photograph of which I have had made. I regret that in one case the evidence seems clear that a poem printed by Dr Grosart as Crashaw's cannot be his, and it does not therefore find a place in the present
Abp Sancroft's table of contents begins thus: 'Mr Crashaw's poëms transcrib'd fro his own copie, before they were printed; among wch | are some not printed. Latin, on ye Gospels v. p. 7. On other subjects. p. 39. 95. 229. English sacred | poëms p. 111. on other subjects-39. 162. 164. v. 167. v. 196. 202. v. 206. 223. v. Suspetto di Herode. | translat'd fro Car. Marino. p. 287 v.' The table then gives the titles of poems other than Crashaw's, and amongst these are indexed the two unsigned poems written on p. 205 of the MS., 'On a Freind. On a Cobler': of these, Dr Grosart printed one as Crashaw's and not the other. Dr Grosart took '202. v. 206' to mean that all the poems on and between those pages were Crashaw's. If that were so then the verses On a Cobler' would be Crashaw's and these he omitted. But, apart from the fact that these two poems are indexed elsewhere among Abp Sancroft's miscellaneous and anonymous collection, they are preceded by a
poem to which Abp Sancroft affixed the initials R. Cr., are followed by one bearing the same initials, and are themselves unsigned.
Dr Grosart printed the following seven poems as Crashaw's Three 'On ye Gunpowder-Treason' (see pp. 349-354), two Upon the King's Coronation (PP. 355-6), Upon the birth of the Princesse Elizabeth (pp. 357-8) and An Elegie on the death of Dr Porter (pp. 362-3). The external evidence, however, is not so strong as Dr Grosart indicated on p. xxii of the Preface to Vol. I. of his edition of 1872. He says 'All entered thus 164 v. 167 are by him and so these being entered under his name in Index as 167 v. 196 must belong to him.' Of the poems in the MS. on pp. 164-167, the first, 'Upon a gnatt burnt in a candle,' though lacking the initials, I take to be Crashaw's, because it is the only one on that page and that page is credited to him in the Index. Pp. 165 and 6 contain 'Love's Horoscope,' signed R. Cr., p. 166 Ad amicam,' signed T. R. [Thomas Randolph]. On p. 167 begins the long poem Fidicinis et Philomelae' (Musicks Duell'), signed R. Cr., which extends to p. 171 and is followed by other poems, all bearing the initials R. Cr., on pp. 171– 179. On pp. 180-187 the five Gunpowder-Treason and King's Coronation poems are transcribed and they lack the initials. Pp. 187-190 contain the 'Panegyrick upon the Birth of the Duke of York,' with the initials R.Cr., pp. 190-192 the poem Upon the birth of the Princesse Elizabeth,' mentioned above, and again lacking initials, pp. 192-195 contain poems certainly by other hands, whose authors are either there given or indexed by Abp Sancroft, and p. 196 contains Ex Euphormione with the initials R. Cr. again.
The Elegie on the death of Dr Porter' is attributed to Crashaw by Dr Grosart because it is 'entered in Index