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THE lark ascending to the azure skies,
With dulcet notes, the ravish'd ear supplies;
And Urban's pages numerous sweets dispense,
That charm, the soul and captivate the sense.
Yes, fam'd Sylvanus ! far you stretch your flight
O'er Western climes to Eastern regions bright;
There all that's antient, curious, learn’d, or gay,
In Letters, Arts, or Science, you display:
You state what Fleets commercial make the shores,
Their golden treasures, arid their costly stores:
Proclaim what blood-stain d banners are unfurlid,
And every great event that wakes the world.

Whilom, Iberia's youth, thro' orange groves
And blooming maidens woo'd their tender loves ;
Beneath the hazel shade, the shepherd swains
Tended their fleecy care on verdant plains.
W’hat sad reverse ! how chang'd this charming scene !
The liquid red of slaughter stains the green ;
As Gallia's Duke leads on his hostile train,
Bent to destroy the liberties of Spain.

The turband hosts their gleaming sabres wield-
And Greece, by Freedom rous'd, disdains to yield.
The cry is Liberty-it spreads around, -
Their Valour strikes the Crescent to the ground.
Heroes like these what Sultan dares to sway?
Like Xerxes' hosts his power shall melt away.

The Muse departs froin such ensanguin'd fights
To India's soil, and views more pleasing sights :
She sees the happy and protected swains
Enjoy the pleasures of their native plains ;
And to their cultur'd fields and homes retire,
Tasting the sweets of Freedom's holy fire.
Say whence these sacred rights-say whence the cause !
The mighty soul of Hastings framid their laws.
He bade the horrid din of battle cease,
And gave the nations property and peace.
Ages to come shall hail his honour'd name,
And grave his deeds on brightest rolls of fame.

But hark! the ear is struck by Joy's glad note,
What pleasing tidings thro' the welkin Hoat ?
See! on the bosom of Old Thames's wave!
His streams again the Arctic vessels lave.
Safe is bold Parry, safe his hardy train,
From the dread perils of the Icy main.
What tho' his great and enterprising soul !
Found not the North-west Passage to the Pole,
Yet shall his toils Britannia's meed await,
And honours just receive from George's Regal State.

WILLIAM RAWLINS. Teversal Rectory, Dec. 31, 1823.




WE are now rapidly approaching the Centenary of our existence. This Volume terminates our NINETY-THIRD YEAR; and in each succeeding Address we have had the satisfaction of congratulating ourselves on the liberal support we continually experienced. Through every change of public taste and public opinion, the interests of the Gentleman's Magazine have remained firm and unshaken. Powerful rivals, stimulated by our success, have arisen at various intervals. Some of them, by great exertions, have struggled through a few years, and at length quietly departed this life. Others have entered the arena of Literature, with all the effrontery of aspiring coxcombs, and, after abusing and vilifying all contemporaries and existing institutions for a few months, have suddenly given up the ghost. One of them was even so unceremonious as to usurp our name; although with principles diametrically opposed; but this ungentlemanly assumption of our coat, as the Heralds would say, received the contempt and neglect it merited.

What has so long conduced to our prosperity, through the evervarying tide of public opinion, may be an object of literary speculation. Journals, like nations, have their rise, their zenith, and their fall; and their existence is frequently protracted or curtailed by peculiar circumstances, over which individual talents or exertions may have little control. On examination, it will be found that

periodical Works, the most violent in party spirit or calumnious vituperation, have the soonest fallen into disrepute; and although they might flourish for a season, their existence ceased, when the breath which fanned them into being was withdrawn. Their conductors have only consulted the ephemeral passions of the multitude ; and, as the popular effervescence has subsided, their “froth and fury" has sunk into merited contempt. On the contrary, those Miscellanies, or Journals, which have promoted the more substantial interests of Literature, retain a permanent value; and being supported by the most respectable portion of the community, are not subject to continual fluctuation or decay ; but long maintain a just and decided superiority. To this, we may venture to affirm, may be attributed our long and uniform prosperity,-unparalleled in the annals of English Literature. Amongst the political convulsions, foreign contests, and domestic struggles of the last ninety-three years, it has been our constant study to promote that species of Literature which ever retains a permanent and intrinsic value ; so that our Volumes might be a desirable acquisition to every respectable Library, and thus become valuable, as a reference, to posterity. We believe there is scarcely a subject, connected with the Arts and Sciences of the last century, of which useful information may not thence be derived. Few Publications of any, consequence have passed unnoticed. Every deceased individual of eminence or rank in life has received, in our Biographical department, some tribute due to his memory. In Topography, although an ample field is still and perhaps ever will be open for research, our pages present an ample store; as proof of this, we need only state that

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Mr. Bourn, in his valuable Gazetteer, has referred in almost every page to our Publication. In Genealogical lore none will dispute our claims. So valuable have our copious Indexes rendered this department, that pedigree-hunters generally consider it their first resource; and we observed, in the report of a recent trial, respecting the charges of a late indefatigable Genealogist, that one of the chief items of his bill was for obtaining biographical information from the Gentleman's Magazine !

Thus, notwithstanding the menacing storms that have so long, with little intermission, hovered around our political horizon, the substantial interests of Knowledge, Learning, and Truth, have received our unremitting support. Foreign wars and intestine commotions, the natural, enemies of Science, have at length happily subsided. England now presents the imposing spectacle of a powerful Nation, aggrandizing . herself, not by aggression and spoliation, but by commercial enterprize. The increase in the Revenue, and the extraordinary rise of the Funds, afford flattering proofs of her present prosperity and suc

With these national prospects, so favourable to intellectual pursuits, we may entertain sanguine expectations of long and steadily cultivating those valuable and useful branches of Literature which must flourish most when Peace and the Genius of domestic Repose smile on our native land. To effect this object no exertions on our parts shall be spared; and in soliciting the future support of our learned Correspondents, we beg to return our grateful acknowledgments for the many gems with which they have enriched our pages. In conclusion, we venture to refer our Readers with confidence to the contents of our present Volume, as classified under the respective Indexes.

Dec. 31, 1823.



Those marked thus * are Vignettes printed with the Letter-press. Alhstan, Bp. ring of 483

Raynton's Monument at Enfield 209 Altar, Roman, found at Great Bough- Richard III. groat of 305 ton 388

Richmond, co. York, Grey Friers at 201 Bloomfield, Robert, residence in Pitcher's- Ring, found near Dorchester 305. *Bp. court 497

Alhstan's 483 Bocardo, Oxford, curious door in 387 * Ripon Church, Bas-relief and date Bossal House, co. York, Medal found from 445. *Angel bolding a scroll near 305

and date 446 Bridge of Suspension, Durham 401 *Roman Altar, found at Great BoughCharlton King's Church, co. Gloucester ton 383 393

* St. George, bas-relief of, at Nuremberg Coins, iniscellaneous 305

291 Conyers, Sir J. faulchion of 612. Mo- St. Pancras Chapel, Plymouth 577

nument in Sockburn Church 613 Seals, iniscellaneous 305 Door, ancient, in the Bocardo, Oxf. 387 *Sedgefield, Durham, skeleton on * Dinsdale Church, monument in 611 brass at 522 Elwick Church, Durham 577

* Sepulchral Stone, in Dinsdale. Church Enfield, Raynton's monument at 209 611 Henry V., monogram of 257

* Sockburn Church, Monument of Sir J. House of Lords, old 489

Conyers at 613 Islington, Old Houses at 113

Sledham, Seal of Simon, rector of 305 Leasowes, in Shropshire, view of 145 Thatcher, Miss, Portrait of 9 Lilly, Wm. Portrait of 297

Three Hats Public House, Islington 113 Liverpool, Church for Welch Poor, at 199 * Thrurlon, Roman Candelabrum found * Monogram of Henry V. 257

at 229 Navestock Church, Essex 17

Westminster, Royal Palace 489 Painted Chamber, Westminster 489 Winch Bridge, Durham 401


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A New Subscriber is referred for the mention. Much inconvenience and uncerCompendium of the History of Notting“ tainty often arising from errors and deviahamshire to our Magazine for March and tions originally and apparently very slight, April 1819; and Mr. Twemlow for that of and unimportant in the deduction of pediCheshire, to December 1816, and April grees, I am induced to trouble your


spondent, and to intrude upon your pages A. H. thanks our Correspondent, Mr. E. with this communication, entirely with the Duke (Part i. p. 509), for his judicious and view of obviating such effects from haste or explanatory answers respecting Stonehenge; inadvertence." and fully agrees with him as to the grandeur The same Correspondent states, in anand sublimity of the whole structure: swer to Antiquarius, Part i. p. 328, that

R. S. says, “ The Corporation of Liver- some account of Edward Lord Windsor of pool, with their accustomed liberality, have Bradenham, will be found in Langley's Hispresented to the Trustees of the Liverpool tory of Desborough Hundred, and a more Royal Institution 1000l. for the purchase of particular relation, together with a copy mathematical instruments, &c. and voted of his last will, in a quarto volume of the them the sum of 3501. annually for the ge- History of the Windsor Family. neral purposes of that infant establishment." V. says, “With regard to the author of We understand there is to be an exhibition "Bagatelles, (pt. i. p. 15,) Iwould beg leave to of paintings in the Artists' Gallery, attach- suggest, that that little book may with some ed to the Institution, at the approaching degree of probability,-) go no further, Liverpool Musical Festival in October next. be assigned to the Rev. Bennet Allen, for

VIATOR observes, “ To prevent your merly Minister of Ilford, who was the transCorrespondent who inquires after the Scar- lator of "The Massacre of St. Bartholomew gills, from being misled by the pedigree in- from Voltaire's Henriade.” serted in Part ii. p. 594 of your Supplement E. F. J. remarks, “ Mention having been to vol. xcii. I beg leave to mention, that in made (Part i. p. 321) respecting the Barons the authentic pedigree of the antient family of Lancaster, I there saw the name of of Pigot, I have seen the following particu- Grelle, Baron of Manchester, which, with lars, which I believe may be relied upon.- many others, is not in Bankes's Extinct Thomas Pigot of Clotheram, whom your Peerage. In a MS Baronage in my possesCorrespondent N. Y. W. G. mentions as fa- sion, containing an account of the Peers of ther of Elizabeth, wife of William Scargill, each reign, from William the Conqueror, knt. was the second son of Geffrey Pigot of to Charles the Martyr ; under those created Rippon and Clotheram, knt. descended in a by William I. I have the following account right line from Randolf Pigot of Melmonly of Grelye, Baron of Manchester. Robert and Ripon, co. York, in temp. Edw. III. Grelye came into England with the ConThe elder brother of this Thomas was Sir queror, who made him Baron of ManchesRandolph Pigot of Clotheram, knt. living ter ; the last of which name was Thomas in the reign of Henry VII. and who married Grelie, Baron of Manchester, who died Joan, daughter of Sir Richard Strangwaies, without issue male, and left his daughter knt. but deceasing without issue, left his sole heir, anno 14 Edw. II. who was marestate to and amongst the four daughters of ried to Roger Lord Delaware, who hy her his brother Thomas, whose names and or- had Johu Lord Delaware, who married Marder of birth were Joan, Margaret, Eliza- garet, daughter of Robert Holland, and beth, and Margery, of whom Joan was Lord Roger Delaware, who married Ellen, married, first to Sir Giles Hussey of Gon- daughter of Lord Mowbray, and died anno thorp, co. Lipc. knt. and secondly to Thos. 44 Edw. III, and had Thos. Delaware, who Ffalkinghame [I a lopt the orthography of died without issue, and left Joane his sister the original], of North Hall near Leeds; and heir, who married Sir Thomas West, Margaret, to James Medcalfe of Nappie, knight, Lord of Compton Vallence, from co. Richmond, knt.; Elizabeth, thirddau. whom the present Lord Delaware is defirst to Sir Charles Brandon, knt. secondly scended. Arms : Gules, 3 bendlets ento James Strangeways, knt. and thirdly to hanced Or. In the plates to Edmonson's Francis Neville of Barby; and Margery to • Baronagium Genealogicum,” the Earl of Thomas Waterton, esq.

Delaware quarters the above arms of Grelye, " From the above account, it seems as representative of that antient family." scarcely probable that Elizabeth could have been the wife of Sir William Scargill, un- In our present Number, ii. p. 48, 1. 21 less she had a fourth husband, of whom the from bottom, put a full-stop after fabric. pedigree above cited, which is extremely Col. 2, I. 11 from bottom, read crocket. particular and generally accurate, makes no P. 49, 1. 6, read flowery.


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