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DIRECTIONS FOR THE USE OF CAPITAL LETTERS.
It was formerly the custom to begin every noun with a capital: but as this practice was troublesome, and gave the writing or printing a crowded and confused appearance, it has been discontinued. It is, however, very proper to begin with a capital,
1. The first word of every book, chapter, letter, note, or any other piece of writing.
2. The first word after a period ; and, if the two sentences are totally independent, after a note of interrogation or exclamation.
» But if a number of interrogative or exclamatory sentences are thrown into one general group ; or if the construction of the latter sentences depends on the former, all of them, except the first, may begin with a small letter : as, ' How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning ? and fools hate knowledge?' 'Alas ! how different! yet how like the same!'
3. The appellations of the Deity : as, ' God, Jehovah, the Almighty, the Supreme Being, the Lord, Providence, the Messiah, the Holy Spirit'
4. Proper names of persons, places, streets, mountains, rivers, ships : as, 'George, York, the Strand, the Alps, the Thames, the Seahorse.'
5. Adjectives derived from the proper names of places: as, ' Grecian, Roman, English, French, and Italian.'
6. The first word of a quotation, introduced after a colon, or when it is in a direct form: as, "Always remember this ancient maxim: 'Know thyself.'" "Our great lawgiver says, 'Take up thy cross daily, and follow me." But when a quotation is brought in obliquely after a comma, a capital is unnecessary: as, "Solomon observes, ' that pride goes before destruction.'"
The first word of an example may also very properly begin with a capital: as, 'Temptation proves our virtue.'
7. Every substantive and principal word in the titles of books: as, 'Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language;' 'Thomson's Seasons;' 'Rollin's Ancient History/
8. The first word of every line in poetry.
9. The pronoun J, and the interjection O, are written in capitals : as, ' I write :' ' Hear, 0 earth!'
Other words, besides the preceding, may begin with capitals, when they are remarkably emphatical, or the principal subject of the composition.
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