Page images
PDF
EPUB

Pluperfect Tense.

Singular.

1 I might, could, would, or

should have had

2 Thou mightst, couldst,

wouldst, or shouldst have had 8 He might, could, would, or should have had

Plural.

1 We might, could, would, or

should have had

2 Ye or you might, could,

would, or should have had

3 They might, could, would,

or should have had

Subjunctive Mode.

Present

Singular.
Ifl have
If thou have
If he have

Singular.
Ifl had
If thou liadst
If he, &c. had

Singular.
If I have had
If thon hast had
If he has had

Tense.

Plural. 1 If we have

2 If ve or von have
S If they have

Imperfect Tense.

Plural.

1 Jf we had

2 If ye or you had

3 If they had

Perfect Tense.

Plural.

1 If we have had

2 If ye or you have had

3 If they have had

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular. Plural.

If I had had 1 If we had had

If thou hadst had 2 If ye or you had had

If he had had 3 If they had had

First Future Tense.

Singular.

1 If I shall or will have

2 If thou shalt or wilt have

3 If he shall or will have

Plural.

1 If we shall or will have

2 If ye or you shall or will

have _

3 If they shall or will have

Second Future Tense.
Singular. Plural.

1 If I shall have had 1 If. we shall have had

2 If thou shalt have had 2 If yo or you shall have had S If he shall have had 3 If they shall have had

Infinitive Mode.

Pretent, To have. Perfect, To have had.

Participles.

Present or active, Having.
Perfect or passive, Had.
Compound perfect, Having had.

QUESTION'S.

What is the conjugation of a verb?—You will now conjugate the verb have, through all its modes, tenses, numbers, and persons, beginning with the Indicative mode, present tense, first person singular.—In what mode and tense, number and person is We had ?— In what is He has had?—In what is / will have?—In what is have ye?—In what mode, tense, number, and person, is each of the following expressions: He may have; You cat have; I might have; They should have; We may have had; Thou couldst have had; If he have; If we had; To have had?—What kind of participle is having had ?—What kind of verb is have?

REVIEW.

Hath is now used only in poetry, and on very serious subjects. Thou, thee and ye are becoming obsolete.

All the tenses which are formed by the help of auxiliary verbs are called compound tenses; the others are simple tenses.

Shall and will, as they generally signify futurity, have been appropriated to the formation of the future tenses. But when they denote inclination, resolution, promise, &c. as they often do, they may be considered as belonging to the potential mode; as, " Will you give me that book? He shall obey roe."

It will be seen that the tenses of the subjunctive mode, only as they have a conjunction prefixed, are similar to those of the indicative, except the present, and the second future. In many cases, the subjunctive mode retains the personal terminations of the indicative, in the second and third persons singular; as, "If I have, if thou hast, if he has; if I am, if thou art, if he is; if I love, if thou lovest, if he loves, &c. In these cases, the verb, although it has the subjunctive form, is really in the indicative mode. The following rule will determine when the verb is to assume the subjunctive form, and when the indicative: When it assumes the subjunctive form, it always has a. future signification, or has some reference to future time; but in the indicative form, its signification is present.

t Questions on the Revieio.

What are called compound tenses, and what simple? —When may shall and will be considered in the potential mode?—When does the subjunctive mode assume the proper subjunctive terminations, and when the indicative?— r .

LESSON XIV.

The auxiliary and neuter verb to be, is conjugated as follows:

Indicative Mode.

Present Tense.
Singular. Plural.

1 I am 1 We are

3 Thou art 2 Ye or you are

8 He, Bhe, or it is 3 They are

Imperfect Tense.

Singular. Plural.

1 I was 1 We were

2 Thou waBt 2 Ve or you were
8 He was 8 They were

Perfect Tense.

Singular Plural.

1 I have been 1 We have been

2 Thou hast been 2 Ye or you have been

3 He hath or has been 8 They have been

Pluperfect Tense.

Singular. Plural. I I had been - 1 We had been 2 Thou hadst been 2 Ye or you had been 3 He had been 3 They had been

First Future Tense.

Singular. Plural. 1 I shall or will be 1. We shall or will be 2 Thou shalt or wilt be 2 Ye or you shall or will be 3 He shall or will be 3 They shall or will be

Second Future Tense.

Singular. - Plural. 1 I shall have been 1 We shall have been 2 Thou wilt have been 2 Ye or you will have been 3 He will have been 3 They will have been

Imperative Mode.

Singular. Plural. 2 Be thou, or do thou be 2 Beye or you, or do ye be

Potential Mode.

Present Tense.

Singular. Plural. 1 I may or can be 1 We may or can be 2 Thou mayst or canst be 2 Ye or you may or can be 3 He may or can be 3 They may or can be Imperfect Tense. Singular. Plural. 1 T might, could, would, or 1 We might, could, would, or should be should be 2 Thou mightst, couldst, wouldst, 2 Ye or you might, could, or shouldst be would, or should be 3 He might, could, would, or 3 They might, could, would, or should be - should be Perfect Tense. Singular. Plural. ' 1 I may or can have been 1 We may or can have been 2 Thou mayst or camst have 2 Ye or you may or can have been been 3 He may or can have been 3 They may or can have been

Fluperfect Tense.

Singular. Plural. 1 I might, could, would, or 1 We might, could, would, o' should have been should have been 2 Thou mightst, couldst, wouldst, 2 Ye or you might, could, would, or shouldst have been or should have been 8 He might, could, would, or 3 They might, could, would, or should have been should have been

Subjunctive Mode.

4. Present Tense.

Singular. Plural. 1 If I be 1 If we be 2 If thou be 2 If ye or you be 3 If he be 8 If they be

Imperfect Tense.

Singular. Plural. 1 If I were 1. If we were 2 If thou wert 2 If ye or you were 8 If he were 3 If they were

Perfect Tense,

Singular. Plural. 1 If I have been 1 If we have been 2 If thou hast been 2 If ye or you have been 8 If he hath or has been 3 If they have been

Pluperfect Tense.

Singular. - Plural. 1 If I had been 1 If we had been 2 If thou hadst been 2 If ye or you had been 3 If he had been 3 If they had been

First Future Tense.

Singular. - Plural. l'If I shall or will be 1 If we shall or will be 2 If thou shalt or wilt be 2 If ye or you shall or will be 3 If he shall or will be 3 If they shall or will be

Second Future Tense.

Singular. . Plural. 41 If I shall have been 1 If we shall have been 2 If thou shalt have been 2 If ye or you shall have been

3"If he shall have been 8 If they shall have been

« PreviousContinue »